A Topological Aperitif


Author: Stephen Huggett,David Jordan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447136942
Category: Mathematics
Page: 166
View: 6247
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This book takes a new look at the subject, choosing a geometric approach rather than the usual algebraic or combinatorial approach. It starts with a wealth of examples of how to be mathematically certain whether two objects are the same from the point of view of topology. After introducing surfaces, the book explores the properties of polyhedra drawn on these surfaces. More refined tools are developed in a chapter on winding number.

Topology Now!


Author: Robert Messer,Philip Straffin
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883857441
Category: Mathematics
Page: 240
View: 6731
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An undergraduate textbook on topology designed to have very few prerequisites.

Explorations in Topology

Map Coloring, Surfaces and Knots
Author: David Gay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080492667
Category: Mathematics
Page: 352
View: 2797
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Explorations in Topology gives students a rich experience with low-dimensional topology, enhances their geometrical and topological intuition, empowers them with new approaches to solving problems, and provides them with experiences that would help them make sense of a future, more formal topology course. The innovative story-line style of the text models the problems-solving process, presents the development of concepts in a natural way, and through its informality seduces the reader into engagement with the material. The end-of-chapter Investigations give the reader opportunities to work on a variety of open-ended, non-routine problems, and, through a modified "Moore method", to make conjectures from which theorems emerge. The students themselves emerge from these experiences owning concepts and results. The end-of-chapter Notes provide historical background to the chapter’s ideas, introduce standard terminology, and make connections with mainstream mathematics. The final chapter of projects provides opportunities for continued involvement in "research" beyond the topics of the book. * Students begin to solve substantial problems right from the start * Ideas unfold through the context of a storyline, and students become actively involved * The text models the problem-solving process, presents the development of concepts in a natural way, and helps the reader engage with the material

Newsletter


Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 5871
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A Taste of Topology


Author: Volker Runde
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387257907
Category: Mathematics
Page: 176
View: 4825
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Having evolved from Runde’s notes for an introductory topology course at the University of Alberta, this essential text provides a concise introduction to set-theoretic topology. In places, Runde’s text treats its material differently to other books on the subject, providing a fresh perspective.

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 8252
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Mathematical Reviews


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 6798
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Quantum Theory for Mathematicians


Author: Brian C. Hall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461471168
Category: Science
Page: 554
View: 3154
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Although ideas from quantum physics play an important role in many parts of modern mathematics, there are few books about quantum mechanics aimed at mathematicians. This book introduces the main ideas of quantum mechanics in language familiar to mathematicians. Readers with little prior exposure to physics will enjoy the book's conversational tone as they delve into such topics as the Hilbert space approach to quantum theory; the Schrödinger equation in one space dimension; the Spectral Theorem for bounded and unbounded self-adjoint operators; the Stone–von Neumann Theorem; the Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin approximation; the role of Lie groups and Lie algebras in quantum mechanics; and the path-integral approach to quantum mechanics. The numerous exercises at the end of each chapter make the book suitable for both graduate courses and independent study. Most of the text is accessible to graduate students in mathematics who have had a first course in real analysis, covering the basics of L2 spaces and Hilbert spaces. The final chapters introduce readers who are familiar with the theory of manifolds to more advanced topics, including geometric quantization.

The Power of q

A Personal Journey
Author: Michael D. Hirschhorn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331957762X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 415
View: 9203
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This unique book explores the world of q, known technically as basic hypergeometric series, and represents the author’s personal and life-long study—inspired by Ramanujan—of aspects of this broad topic. While the level of mathematical sophistication is graduated, the book is designed to appeal to advanced undergraduates as well as researchers in the field. The principal aims are to demonstrate the power of the methods and the beauty of the results. The book contains novel proofs of many results in the theory of partitions and the theory of representations, as well as associated identities. Though not specifically designed as a textbook, parts of it may be presented in course work; it has many suitable exercises. After an introductory chapter, the power of q-series is demonstrated with proofs of Lagrange’s four-squares theorem and Gauss’s two-squares theorem. Attention then turns to partitions and Ramanujan’s partition congruences. Several proofs of these are given throughout the book. Many chapters are devoted to related and other associated topics. One highlight is a simple proof of an identity of Jacobi with application to string theory. On the way, we come across the Rogers–Ramanujan identities and the Rogers–Ramanujan continued fraction, the famous “forty identities” of Ramanujan, and the representation results of Jacobi, Dirichlet and Lorenz, not to mention many other interesting and beautiful results. We also meet a challenge of D.H. Lehmer to give a formula for the number of partitions of a number into four squares, prove a “mysterious” partition theorem of H. Farkas and prove a conjecture of R.Wm. Gosper “which even Erdős couldn’t do.” The book concludes with a look at Ramanujan’s remarkable tau function.

The Heart of Cohomology


Author: Goro Kato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402050364
Category: Mathematics
Page: 191
View: 5337
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If you have not heard about cohomology, The Heart of Cohomology may be suited for you. The book gives Fundamental notions in cohomology for examples, functors, representable functors, Yoneda embedding, derived functors, spectral sequences, derived categories are explained in elementary fashion. Applications to sheaf cohomology. In addition, the book examines cohomological aspects of D-modules and of the computation of zeta functions of the Weierstrass family.

Amazing and Aesthetic Aspects of Analysis


Author: Paul Loya
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493967959
Category: Mathematics
Page: 722
View: 3302
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Lively prose and imaginative exercises draw the reader into this unique introductory real analysis textbook. Motivating the fundamental ideas and theorems that underpin real analysis with historical remarks and well-chosen quotes, the author shares his enthusiasm for the subject throughout. A student reading this book is invited not only to acquire proficiency in the fundamentals of analysis, but to develop an appreciation for abstraction and the language of its expression. In studying this book, students will encounter: the interconnections between set theory and mathematical statements and proofs; the fundamental axioms of the natural, integer, and real numbers; rigorous ε-N and ε-δ definitions; convergence and properties of an infinite series, product, or continued fraction; series, product, and continued fraction formulæ for the various elementary functions and constants. Instructors will appreciate this engaging perspective, showcasing the beauty of these fundamental results.

Engineering Differential Equations

Theory and Applications
Author: Bill Goodwine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441979190
Category: Mathematics
Page: 745
View: 2263
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This book is a comprehensive treatment of engineering undergraduate differential equations as well as linear vibrations and feedback control. While this material has traditionally been separated into different courses in undergraduate engineering curricula. This text provides a streamlined and efficient treatment of material normally covered in three courses. Ultimately, engineering students study mathematics in order to be able to solve problems within the engineering realm. Engineering Differential Equations: Theory and Applications guides students to approach the mathematical theory with much greater interest and enthusiasm by teaching the theory together with applications. Additionally, it includes an abundance of detailed examples. Appendices include numerous C and FORTRAN example programs. This book is intended for engineering undergraduate students, particularly aerospace and mechanical engineers and students in other disciplines concerned with mechanical systems analysis and control. Prerequisites include basic and advanced calculus with an introduction to linear algebra.

Topological Vector Spaces and Their Applications


Author: Vladimir I. Bogachev,Oleg Smolyanov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319571176
Category: Mathematics
Page: 456
View: 7812
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This book gives a compact exposition of the fundamentals of the theory of locally convex topological vector spaces. Furthermore it contains a survey of the most important results of a more subtle nature, which cannot be regarded as basic, but knowledge which is useful for understanding applications. Finally, the book explores some of such applications connected with differential calculus and measure theory in infinite-dimensional spaces. These applications are a central aspect of the book, which is why it is different from the wide range of existing texts on topological vector spaces. Overall, this book develops differential and integral calculus on infinite-dimensional locally convex spaces by using methods and techniques of the theory of locally convex spaces. The target readership includes mathematicians and physicists whose research is related to infinite-dimensional analysis.

Basic Topology


Author: M.A. Armstrong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475717938
Category: Mathematics
Page: 251
View: 3878
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In this broad introduction to topology, the author searches for topological invariants of spaces, together with techniques for their calculating. Students with knowledge of real analysis, elementary group theory, and linear algebra will quickly become familiar with a wide variety of techniques and applications involving point-set, geometric, and algebraic topology. Over 139 illustrations and more than 350 problems of various difficulties help students gain a thorough understanding of the subject.

Nostradamus 2014: Prediction, Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems


Author: Ivan Zelinka,Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan,Guanrong Chen,Václav Snášel,Ajith Abraham,Otto Rössler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319074016
Category: Computers
Page: 462
View: 4438
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The prediction of behavior of complex systems, analysis and modeling of its structure is a vitally important problem in engineering, economy and generally in science today. Examples of such systems can be seen in the world around us (including our bodies) and of course in almost every scientific discipline including such “exotic” domains as the earth’s atmosphere, turbulent fluids, economics (exchange rate and stock markets), population growth, physics (control of plasma), information flow in social networks and its dynamics, chemistry and complex networks. To understand such complex dynamics, which often exhibit strange behavior, and to use it in research or industrial applications, it is paramount to create its models. For this purpose there exists a rich spectrum of methods, from classical such as ARMA models or Box Jenkins method to modern ones like evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy logic, geometry, deterministic chaos amongst others. This proceedings book is a collection of accepted papers of the Nostradamus conference that has been held in Ostrava, Czech Republic in June 2014. This book also includes outstanding keynote lectures by distinguished guest speakers: René Lozi (France), Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan (Singapore) and Lars Nolle (Germany). The main aim of the conference was to create a periodical possibility for students, academics and researchers to exchange their ideas and novel research methods. This conference establishes a forum for presentation and discussion of recent research trends in the area of applications of various predictive methods.

Notes on Lie Algebras


Author: Hans Samelson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461390141
Category: Mathematics
Page: 162
View: 7894
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(Cartan sub Lie algebra, roots, Weyl group, Dynkin diagram, . . . ) and the classification, as found by Killing and Cartan (the list of all semisimple Lie algebras consists of (1) the special- linear ones, i. e. all matrices (of any fixed dimension) with trace 0, (2) the orthogonal ones, i. e. all skewsymmetric ma trices (of any fixed dimension), (3) the symplectic ones, i. e. all matrices M (of any fixed even dimension) that satisfy M J = - J MT with a certain non-degenerate skewsymmetric matrix J, and (4) five special Lie algebras G2, F , E , E , E , of dimensions 14,52,78,133,248, the "exceptional Lie 4 6 7 s algebras" , that just somehow appear in the process). There is also a discus sion of the compact form and other real forms of a (complex) semisimple Lie algebra, and a section on automorphisms. The third chapter brings the theory of the finite dimensional representations of a semisimple Lie alge bra, with the highest or extreme weight as central notion. The proof for the existence of representations is an ad hoc version of the present standard proof, but avoids explicit use of the Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt theorem. Complete reducibility is proved, as usual, with J. H. C. Whitehead's proof (the first proof, by H. Weyl, was analytical-topological and used the exis tence of a compact form of the group in question). Then come H.

Mathematical Models

From the Collections of Universities and Museums – Photograph Volume and Commentary
Author: Gerd Fischer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658188650
Category: Mathematics
Page: 216
View: 9827
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This book presents beautiful photos of mathematical models of geometric surfaces made from a variety of materials including plaster, metal, paper, wood, and string. The construction of these models at the time (of Felix Klein and others) was not an end in itself, but was accompanied by mathematical research especially in the field of algebraic geometry. The models were used to illustrate the mathematical objects defined by abstract formulas, either as equations or parameterizations. In the second part of the book, the models are explained by experts in the field of geometry. This book is a reprint thirty years after the original publication in 1986 with a new preface by Gert-Martin Greuel. The models have a timeless appeal and a historical value.

Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations ICOSAHOM 2014

Selected papers from the ICOSAHOM conference, June 23-27, 2014, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
Author: Robert M. Kirby,Martin Berzins,Jan S. Hesthaven
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319198009
Category: Computers
Page: 530
View: 9961
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The book contains a selection of high quality papers, chosen among the best presentations during the International Conference on Spectral and High-Order Methods (2014), and provides an overview of the depth and breadth of the activities within this important research area. The carefully reviewed selection of papers will provide the reader with a snapshot of the state-of-the-art and help initiate new research directions through the extensive biography.

Introductory Problem Courses in Analysis and Topology


Author: E.E. Moise
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461381835
Category: Mathematics
Page: 94
View: 2759
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Practical Analysis in One Variable


Author: Donald Estep
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387226443
Category: Mathematics
Page: 623
View: 6417
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This text places the basic ideas of real analysis and numerical analysis together in an applied setting that is both accessible and motivational to young students. The essentials of real analysis are presented in the context of a fundamental problem of applied mathematics, which is to approximate the solution of a physical model. The framework of existence, uniqueness, and methods to approximate solutions of model equations is sufficiently broad to introduce and motivate all the basic ideas of real analysis. The book includes background and review material, numerous examples, visualizations and alternate explanations of some key ideas, and a variety of exercises ranging from simple computations to analysis and estimates to computations on a computer.