Against Criminology


Author: Stanley Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135153341X
Category: Social Science
Page: 323
View: 4841
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During the 1960s, traditional thinking about crime and its punishment, deviance and its control, came under radical attack. The discipline of criminology split into feuding factions, and various schools of thought emerged, each with quite different ideas about the nature of the crime problem and its solutions. These differences often took political form, with conservative, liberal, and radical supporters, and the resulting controversies continue to reverberate throughout the fields of criminology and sociology, as well as related areas such as social work, social policy, psychiatry, and law. Stanley Cohen has been at the center of these debates in Britain and the United States. This volume is a selection of his essays, written over the past fifteen years, which contribute to and comment upon the major theoretical conflicts in criminology during this period. Though associated with the "new" or radical criminology, Cohen has always been the first to point out its limitations particularly in translating its theoretical claims into real world applications. His essays cove a wide range of topics-political crime, the nature of individual responsibility, the implications of new theories for social work practice, models of crime used in the Third World, banditry and rebellion, and the decentralization of social control. Also included is a previously unpublished paper on how radical social movements such as feminism deal with criminal law. Many criminology textbooks present particular theories or research findings. This book uniquely reviews the main debates of the last two decades about just what the role and scope of the subject should be.

Textbook on Criminology


Author: Katherine S. Williams
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199592705
Category: Social Science
Page: 660
View: 4352
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This text offers an engaging and wide-ranging account of crime and criminology. It provides a clear and comprehensive consideration of the theoretical, practical, and political aspects of the subject, including the influence of physical, biological, psychological, and social factors on criminality.

Prisoners on Criminology

Convict Life Stories and Crime Prevention
Author: William S. Tregea
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739145894
Category: Social Science
Page: 396
View: 2529
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William S. Tregea makes prisoners’ stories come alive with eighty prisoner essays integrated in informational chapters tracing shifts in criminality, the U.S. prison build up, and inner cities. The chapters review criminological theories through case studies of prisoners’ own insights on their lives at the individual, family, and community levels.

C. Wright Mills and the Criminological Imagination

Prospects for Creative Inquiry
Author: Jon Frauley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317170237
Category: Social Science
Page: 298
View: 4121
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In spite of its widespread use within criminology, the term ’criminological imagination’, as derived from C. Wright Mills’ classic The Sociological Imagination, has yet to be fully developed and clarified as an analytic concept capable of guiding theorizing or empirical enquiry. This volume, with a preface by Elliot Currie, engages with and reflects on this concept, exploring C. Wright Mills’ work for criminological enquiry. Bringing together the latest work of leading scholars in the fields of criminology and sociology from around the world, C. Wright Mills and the Criminological Imagination investigates the emergence and lineage of a criminological concept indebted to Mills’ thought, adapting and applying it to a specifically criminological context. With attention to theoretical concerns and, as well as the application of the criminological imagination in concrete empirical research, this volume sheds new light on the methodological and analytical aspects of the criminological imagination as a multifaceted concept and explores the possibilities that it offers for the emergence of an imaginative criminological practice. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in sociology and social theory, criminology, criminal justice studies, law and research methods.

Crime and Social Theory


Author: Eamonn Carrabine
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137609915
Category:
Page: N.A
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States of Violence and the Civilising Process

On Criminology and State Crime
Author: Rob Watts
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137499419
Category: Social Science
Page: 413
View: 5397
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This book offers a distinctive and novel approach to state-sponsored violence, one of the major problems facing humanity in the previous and now the twenty-first century. It addresses the question: how is it possible that large numbers of ordinary men and women are able to do the killing, torturing and violence that defines crimes against humanity? In his striking analysis, Rob Watts shows how and why states, of all political persuasions, engage in crimes against humanity, including: genocide, homicide, torture, kidnapping, illegal surveillance and detention. This book advances a new interpretive frame. It argues against the ‘civilizing process’ model, showing how both states and social sciences like sociology and criminology have been complicit in splitting 'the social' from 'the ethical' while accepting too complacently that modern states are the exemplars of morality and rationality. The book makes the case that it is possible to bring together in the one interpretative frame, our understanding of social action involving personal motivation and ethical responsibility and patterns of collective social action operating in terms of the agencies of ‘the State’. Rob Watts identifies and charts the pathways of action and ‘practical’ (i.e. ethical) judgements which the perpetrators of these crimes against humanity constructed for themselves to make sense of what they were doing. At once challenging and highly accessible, the book reveals the policy-making processes that produce state crime as well as showing how ordinary people do the state’s dirty work.

Abstracts on Criminology and Penology


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Crime
Page: N.A
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Bimonthly. Abstracts of journal articles and monographs. Covers material from psychiatric literature as well as from criminological sources. Entries arranged in classified order. Author, subject indexes.

Cases on Technologies for Teaching Criminology and Victimology: Methodologies and Practices

Methodologies and Practices
Author: Sette, Raffaella
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605668737
Category: Education
Page: 320
View: 6945
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Presents state-of-the-art research and teaching into the study of corruption and those affected by it. Analyzes the benefits and disadvantages of various teaching methodologies in universities, police academies, and crime victim services.

Droits et voix - Rights and Voices

La criminologie à l'Université d'Ottawa - Criminology at the University of Ottawa
Author: Veronique Strimelle,Françoise Vanhamme
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 2760319091
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 5830
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Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l’histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l’accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s’inscrivent dans cet ordre d’idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l’Université d’Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa’s Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.

Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

International Perspectives
Author: K. Carrington,M. Ball,E. O'Brien,J. Tauri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137008695
Category: Political Science
Page: 365
View: 6105
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This is a provocative collection of timely reflections on the state of social democracy and its inextricable links to crime and justice. Authored by some of the world's leading thinkers from the UK, US, Canada and Australia, the volume provides an understanding of socially sustainable societies.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences
Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412936322
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 7855
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The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.

The Persistent Prison?

Rethinking Decarceration and Penal Reform
Author: Maeve Winifred McMahon
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802076890
Category: Social Science
Page: 274
View: 2349
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The Prison system is widely believed to be an immutable element of contemporary society. Many criminologists and sociologists of deviance believe that decarceration movements have failed to yield progressive reform, and that feasible alternatives to the prison system do not exist. Maeve McMahon challenges these views. Reconstructing the emergence of critical perspectives on decarceration, she examines analytical and empirical problems in the research. She also points out how indicators of community programs and other penalties serving as alternatives to prison have typically been overshadowed through critical focus on their effects in 'widening the net' of control. McMahon presents a detailed analysis of decreasing imprisonment, and of the part played by alternatives in this, during the postwar period in Ontario. Drawing from extensive documentary research, and from interviews with former correctional officials, she charts the changing climates of opinions, and socio-economic factors, which facilitated decarceration. By situating her analysis in the context of theoretical and political arguments about the possibility of decarceration, McMahon provides in her work a stimulus to the development of progressive penal politics not just in Canada, but in all western countries.

Corporate Manslaughter and Regulatory Reform


Author: P. Almond
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137296275
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 5948
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This book provides an account of the international emergence of corporate manslaughter offences to criminalise deaths in the workplace during the last twenty years, identifying the limitations of health and safety regulation that have prompted this development.

Michel Foucault


Author: Barry Smart
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415112345
Category: Philosophy
Page: 316
View: 599
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In investigating the major works of Michel Foucault, Barry Smart focuses on the analysis of the relations of power and knowledge and addresses controversial issues concerning the state and resistance to power. This detailed discussion of the contribution of Foucault's work to social analysis and research is sure to promote fresh interest in the stimulating originality of Foucault's project.

State Crime in the Global Age


Author: William J. Chambliss,Raymond Michalowski,Ronald Kramer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134025629
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 6337
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State Crime in the Global Age brings together original writings from leading scholars in the field to explore the many ways that the use and abuse of state power results in grave social harms that outweigh, by far, the consequences of ordinary street crime. The topics covered include the crimes of empire, illegal war, the bombing of civilians, state sanctioned torture, state sacrifice of human lives, and judicial wrongdoing. The book breaks new ground through its examination of the ways globalization has intensified potentials for state crime, as well as bringing novel theoretical understandings of the state to the study of state crime, and exploring strategies for confronting state crime. This book, while containing much that is of interest to scholars of state crime, is designed to be accessible to students and others who are concerned with the ways individuals, social groups, and whole nations are victimized by the misuse of state power.

New Perspectives on Sport and 'Deviance'

Consumption, Peformativity and Social Control
Author: Tim Crabbe,Tony Blackshaw
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134440898
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 4158
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The everyday makeup of contemporary sport is increasingly characterised by a perceived explosion of 'deviance' - violence, drug taking, racism, homophobia, misogyny, corruption and excess. Whereas once these behaviours may have been subject to the moral judgments of authority, in the face of dramatic socio-cultural change they become more a matter of populist consumer gaze. In addressing these developments this book provides a new and insightful approach toward the study of 'deviance' in the realm of sport. New Perspectives in Sport and 'Deviance' awakens the sociology of sport to the possibilities of re-imagining 'deviance' and offers an evocative approach which will appeal both to academics and students in the field of sociology of sport and sociology of deviance.

Girls, Women, and Crime

Selected Readings
Author: Meda Chesney-Lind,Lisa Pasko
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412996708
Category: Social Science
Page: 265
View: 5603
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Edited by Meda Chesney-Lind and Lisa Pasko, Girls, Women and Crime: Selected Readings, Second Edition is a compilation of journal articles on the female offender written by leading researchers in the field of criminology and women's studies. The individual sections in the book survey four major areas: theories of female criminality, literature on female juvenile delinquents, women as offenders and women in prison. The readings in Girls, Women, and Crime focus on two central questions: How does gender matter in crime and the justice system? What characterizes women's and girls' pathway to crime? In answering these key questions, the contributors reveal the complex worlds females in the criminal justice system must often negotiate-worlds that are frequently riddled with violence, victimization, discrimination, and economic marginalization.

Inventing Criminology

Essays on the Rise of 'Homo Criminalis'
Author: Piers Beirne
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791412763
Category: Social Science
Page: 274
View: 9241
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This book traces the intellectual history of criminology, analyzing the influence of early classical European concepts of criminality and the development of positivist methodologies. It is an original and carefully researched work, adding significantly to our knowledge of the history of criminology. From Cesare Beccaria’s Dei delitti e delle pene to Charles Goring's The English Convict , Beirne offers refreshing and challenging insights on the intellectual and social histories of a variety of important concepts and movements in criminology.

Crimes Against Nature

Environmental Criminology and Ecological Justice
Author: Rob White
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134733488
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 6177
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Crimes Against Nature provides a systematic account and analysis of the key concerns of green criminology, written by one of the leading authorities in the field. The book draws upon the disciplines of environmental studies, environmental sociology and environmental management as well as criminology and socio-legal studies, and draws upon a wide range of examples of crimes against the environment – ranging from toxic waste, logging, wildlife smuggling, bio-piracy, the use and transport of ozone depleting substances through to illegal logging and fishing, water pollution and animal abuse. The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 sets out theoretical approaches and perspectives on the subject; Part 2 explores the (national and international) dimensions of environmental crime and the explanations for it; Part 3 deals with the range of responses to environmental crime - environmental law enforcement, regulation, environmental crime prevention and the role of global institutions and movements.

Crime and Inequality


Author: Chris Grover
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134732996
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 3768
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This book examines key relationships between material circumstances and crime, and analyzes the areas of social policy – in particular social security and labour market policy – that are most important in terms of dealing with inequality at the lower end of the income hierarchy. It seeks to explain why inequality is linked to offending behaviour and the evidence underpinning explanations for this, and looks in detail at the relationship between offending and anti-social behaviour and its management through social policy interventions. Crime and Inequality draws upon both criminological and social policy approaches to understand this vital relationship, moving beyond criminological approaches which often fail to analyse the way the state attempts to manage poor material circumstance, offending and anti-social behaviour through social policy. The main aims of the book are threefold: to draw upon the disciplines of both criminology and social policy to understand the relationship between crime and inequality; to provide an in-depth analysis of those aspects of social policy that have a bearing on the context, management and punishment of offending behaviour; to examine government crime and anti-social behaviour policies in the context of social security and labour market policies, and to identify the tensions that have resulted from attempts to address social justice issues while also making individuals responsible for their actions.