An Introduction to Decision Theory


Author: Martin Peterson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107151597
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 348
View: 7438
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Now revised and updated, this introduction to decision theory is both accessible and comprehensive, covering topics including decision making under ignorance and risk, the foundations of utility theory, the debate over subjective and objective probability, Bayesianism, causal decision theory, game theory, and social choice theory. No mathematical skills are assumed, with all concepts and results explained in non-technical and intuitive as well as more formal ways. There are now over 140 exercises with solutions, along with a glossary of key terms and concepts. This second edition includes a new chapter on risk aversion as well as updated discussions of numerous central ideas, including Newcomb's problem, prisoner's dilemmas, and Arrow's impossibility theorem. The book will appeal particularly to philosophy students but also to readers in a range of disciplines, from computer science and psychology to economics and political science.

Einführung in die nicht-klassische Logik


Author: Graham Priest
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783897855427
Category: Nonclassical mathematical logic
Page: 306
View: 3336
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Und Marx stand still in Darwins Garten

Roman
Author: Ilona Jerger
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843715823
Category: Fiction
Page: 288
View: 4691
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England, 1881. Zwei bedeutende Männer leben nur wenige Meilen voneinander entfernt: Charles Darwin in einem Pfarrhaus in Kent und Karl Marx mitten in London. Beide haben mit ihren Werken, der eine zur Evolution, der andere zur Revolution, die Welt für immer verändert. Beide wissen es und sind stolz darauf. Und doch sind sie schlaflos und melancholisch. Darwin hat den Schöpfer abgeschafft, fühlt sich missverstanden und forscht inzwischen still am Regenwurm. Marx grollt der Welt, wartet ungeduldig auf ein mutiges Proletariat, das den Kapitalismus hinwegfegt, verzettelt sich beim Schreiben und kommt über Band 1 des 'Kapitals' nicht hinaus. Eines Abends begegnen sich die beiden bei einem Dinner zum ersten Mal. Schnell kreist ihre Diskussion um Gott und Gerechtigkeit — doch unausweichlich kommt es zum Streit, und der Abend endet in einem Eklat. Dennoch haben der großbürgerliche Naturforscher und der ewig klamme Revolutionär mehr gemeinsam, als sie sich eingestehen wollen. In ihrem wunderbaren Roman verbindet Ilona Jerger Fabulierlust mit wissenschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Erkenntnissen, die den Weltenlauf maßgeblich beeinflusst haben. Ein warmherziges und humorvolles Porträt zweier großer Männer, deren Disput zeitgemäßer nicht sein könnte.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Art


Author: Richard Eldridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521805216
Category: Art
Page: 285
View: 2454
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Richard Eldridge presents a clear and compact survey of philosophical theories of the nature and significance of art. Drawing on materials from classical and contemporary philosophy as well as from literary theory and art criticism, he explores the representational, expressive, and formal dimensions of art, and he argues that works of art present their subject matter in ways that are of enduring cognitive, moral, and social interest. His accessible study will be invaluable to students and to all readers who are interested in the relation between thought and art.

The Philosophy of Social Science

An Introduction
Author: Martin Hollis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521447805
Category: Philosophy
Page: 268
View: 1761
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An introduction to the philosophy of social science from a well-known author.

An Introduction to Property Theory


Author: Gregory S. Alexander,Eduardo M. Peñalver
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107375371
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 4452
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This book surveys the leading modern theories of property - Lockean, libertarian, utilitarian/law-and-economics, personhood, Kantian and human flourishing - and then applies those theories to concrete contexts in which property issues have been especially controversial. These include redistribution, the right to exclude, regulatory takings, eminent domain and intellectual property. The book highlights the Aristotelian human flourishing theory of property, providing the most comprehensive and accessible introduction to that theory to date. The book's goal is neither to cover every conceivable theory nor to discuss every possible facet of the theories covered. Instead, it aims to make the major property theories comprehensible to beginners, without sacrificing accuracy or sophistication. The book will be of particular interest to students seeking an accessible introduction to contemporary theories of property, but even specialists will benefit from the book's lucid descriptions of contemporary debates.

Mach, was Du willst

Design Thinking fürs Leben
Author: Bill Burnett,Dave Evans
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843713634
Category: Self-Help
Page: 288
View: 7099
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Design Thinking hilft, kreative Lösungen für komplexe Probleme zu finden. Die Autoren übertragen dieses Prinzip auf das Leben und die Berufswahl. Denke wie ein Designer: Stelle Fragen, suche Verbündete, mache Fehler, baue Prototypen, denke interdisziplinär – und werde zum Designer deines eigenen Lebens! Diese Ideen präsentieren die beiden Professoren seit sieben Jahren an der Stanford University,was zu chronisch überbuchten Kursen führt.

An Introduction to Ethics


Author: John Deigh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052177246X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 241
View: 1181
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This book examines the central questions of ethics through a study of the great ethical works of Western philosophy.

Comparative Decision Making


Author: Philip H. Crowley,Thomas R. Zentall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199856818
Category: Psychology
Page: 448
View: 9982
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Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and instructive, but the contributors to this volume broaden this perspective to characterize the decision making behavior of groups, non-human organisms and even non-living objects and mathematical constructs. A diverse array of methods is brought to bear-mathematical, computational, subjective, neurobiological, evolutionary, and cultural. We can often identify best or optimal decisions and decision making processes, but observed responses may deviate markedly from these, to a large extent because the environment in which decisions must be made is constantly changing. Moreover, decision making can be highly constrained by institutions, natural and social context, and capabilities. Studies of the mechanisms underlying decisions by humans and other organisms are just beginning to gain traction and shape our thinking. Though decision making has fundamental similarities across the diverse array of entities considered to be making them, there are large differences of degree (if not kind) that relate to the question of human uniqueness. From this survey of views and approaches, we converge on a tentative agenda for accelerating development of a new field that includes advancing the dialog between the sciences and the humanities, developing a defensible classification scheme for decision making and decision makers, addressing the role of morality and justice, and moving advances into applications-the rapidly developing field of decision support.

An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic


Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643614
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 3688
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This is an introductory 2001 textbook on probability and induction written by one of the world's foremost philosophers of science. The book has been designed to offer maximal accessibility to the widest range of students (not only those majoring in philosophy) and assumes no formal training in elementary symbolic logic. It offers a comprehensive course covering all basic definitions of induction and probability, and considers such topics as decision theory, Bayesianism, frequency ideas, and the philosophical problem of induction. The key features of this book are a lively and vigorous prose style; lucid and systematic organization and presentation of ideas; many practical applications; a rich supply of exercises drawing on examples from such fields as psychology, ecology, economics, bioethics, engineering, and political science; numerous brief historical accounts of how fundamental ideas of probability and induction developed; and a full bibliography of further reading.

An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic Desk Examination Edition


Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521005340
Category: Science
Page: 302
View: 3423
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The book has been designed to offer maximal accessibility to the widest range of students.

Anleitung zur Unzufriedenheit

warum weniger glücklicher macht
Author: Barry Schwartz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783548368672
Category:
Page: 284
View: 9553
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Einführung in die Verhaltensökologie

mit 33 Tabellen
Author: John R. Krebs,Nicholas B. Davies
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783826330469
Category:
Page: 484
View: 8611
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What Makes Law

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law
Author: Liam Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521834279
Category: Law
Page: 222
View: 6349
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This advanced introduction to central questions in legal philosophy attempts to breathe new life into stalled research.

Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations

An Introduction
Author: David G. Stern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521891325
Category: Philosophy
Page: 208
View: 310
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Wittgenstein's seminal work has inspired a diversity of readings. David Stern explores both the work itself & the reactions it has provoked over the years, offering a broad introduction that pays particular attention to the arguments in the text & to theway in which the work is written.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics


Author: Mark Colyvan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521826020
Category: Mathematics
Page: 188
View: 451
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This introduction to the philosophy of mathematics focuses on contemporary debates in an important and central area of philosophy. The reader is taken on a fascinating and entertaining journey through some intriguing mathematical and philosophical territory, including such topics as the realism/anti-realism debate in mathematics, mathematical explanation, the limits of mathematics, the significance of mathematical notation, inconsistent mathematics and the applications of mathematics. Each chapter has a number of discussion questions and recommended further reading from both the contemporary literature and older sources. Very little mathematical background is assumed and all of the mathematics encountered is clearly introduced and explained using a wide variety of examples. The book is suitable for an undergraduate course in philosophy of mathematics and, more widely, for anyone interested in philosophy and mathematics.

Philosophischer Versuch über die Wahrscheinlichkeit


Author: Pierre Simon marquis de Laplace
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Probabilities
Page: 198
View: 3137
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Sprache und Geist

mit einem Anhang: Linguistik und Politik
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518276198
Category: Psycholinguistics
Page: 188
View: 7913
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Die Logik oder die Kunst des Denkens


Author: Antoine Arnauld,Pierre Nicole
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783534037100
Category: Logic
Page: 349
View: 471
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