An Introduction to Decision Theory


Author: Martin Peterson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107151597
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 348
View: 5502
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Now revised and updated, this introduction to decision theory is both accessible and comprehensive, covering topics including decision making under ignorance and risk, the foundations of utility theory, the debate over subjective and objective probability, Bayesianism, causal decision theory, game theory, and social choice theory. No mathematical skills are assumed, with all concepts and results explained in non-technical and intuitive as well as more formal ways. There are now over 140 exercises with solutions, along with a glossary of key terms and concepts. This second edition includes a new chapter on risk aversion as well as updated discussions of numerous central ideas, including Newcomb's problem, prisoner's dilemmas, and Arrow's impossibility theorem. The book will appeal particularly to philosophy students but also to readers in a range of disciplines, from computer science and psychology to economics and political science.

An Introduction to Decision Theory


Author: Martin Peterson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108179525
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 2864
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Now revised and updated, this introduction to decision theory is both accessible and comprehensive, covering topics including decision making under ignorance and risk, the foundations of utility theory, the debate over subjective and objective probability, Bayesianism, causal decision theory, game theory, and social choice theory. No mathematical skills are assumed, with all concepts and results explained in non-technical and intuitive as well as more formal ways. There are now over 140 exercises with solutions, along with a glossary of key terms and concepts. This second edition includes a new chapter on risk aversion as well as updated discussions of numerous central ideas, including Newcomb's problem, prisoner's dilemmas, and Arrow's impossibility theorem. The book will appeal particularly to philosophy students but also to readers in a range of disciplines, from computer science and psychology to economics and political science.

An Introduction to Decision Theory


Author: Martin Peterson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107394333
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4252
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This introduction to decision theory offers comprehensive and accessible discussions of decision-making under ignorance and risk, the foundations of utility theory, the debate over subjective and objective probability, Bayesianism, causal decision theory, game theory, and social choice theory. No mathematical skills are assumed, and all concepts and results are explained in non-technical and intuitive as well as more formal ways. There are over 100 exercises with solutions, and a glossary of key terms and concepts. An emphasis on foundational aspects of normative decision theory (rather than descriptive decision theory) makes the book particularly useful for philosophy students, but it will appeal to readers in a range of disciplines including economics, psychology, political science and computer science.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics


Author: Mark Colyvan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521826020
Category: Mathematics
Page: 188
View: 4635
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This introduction to the philosophy of mathematics focuses on contemporary debates in an important and central area of philosophy. The reader is taken on a fascinating and entertaining journey through some intriguing mathematical and philosophical territory, including such topics as the realism/anti-realism debate in mathematics, mathematical explanation, the limits of mathematics, the significance of mathematical notation, inconsistent mathematics and the applications of mathematics. Each chapter has a number of discussion questions and recommended further reading from both the contemporary literature and older sources. Very little mathematical background is assumed and all of the mathematics encountered is clearly introduced and explained using a wide variety of examples. The book is suitable for an undergraduate course in philosophy of mathematics and, more widely, for anyone interested in philosophy and mathematics.

Decision Theory with a Human Face


Author: Richard Bradley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107003210
Category: Mathematics
Page: 346
View: 7372
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Explores how decision-makers can manage uncertainty that varies in both kind and severity by extending and supplementing Bayesian decision theory.

Decision Theory as Philosophy


Author: Mark Kaplan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521624961
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 8275
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Kaplan presents an accessible new variant on Bayesian decision theory.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language


Author: Michael Morris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459805
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 6396
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In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully explained whenever it is introduced. The range of topics covered includes sense and reference, definite descriptions, proper names, natural-kind terms, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical approaches to meaning, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of meaning, and scepticism about meaning. The book will be invaluable to students and to all readers who are interested in the nature of linguistic meaning.

The Foundations of Causal Decision Theory


Author: James M. Joyce
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521641647
Category: Computers
Page: 268
View: 4149
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The early chapters of the book introduce the nonspecialist to the rudiments of expected utility theory.

Making Better Decisions

Decision Theory in Practice
Author: Itzhak Gilboa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444336517
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 232
View: 2751
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Making Better Decisions introduces readers to some of the principal aspects of decision theory, and examines how these might lead us to make better decisions. • Introduces readers to key aspects of decision theory and examines how they might help us make better decisions • Presentation of material encourages readers to imagine a situation and make a decision or a judgment • Offers a broad coverage of the subject including major insights from several sub-disciplines: microeconomic theory, decision theory, game theory, social choice, statistics, psychology, and philosophy • Explains these insights informally in a language that has minimal mathematical notation or jargon, even when describing and interpreting mathematical theorems • Critically assesses the theory presented within the text, as well as some of its critiques • Includes a web resource for teachers and students

Decision Theory and Rationality


Author: José Luis Bermúdez
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191567728
Category: Philosophy
Page: 208
View: 3460
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The concept of rationality is a common thread through the human and social sciences — from political science to philosophy, from economics to sociology, and from management science to decision analysis. But what counts as rational action and rational behavior? José Luis Bermúdez explores decision theory as a theory of rationality. Decision theory is the mathematical theory of choice and for many social scientists it makes the concept of rationality mathematically tractable and scientifically legitimate. Yet rationality is a concept with several dimensions and the theory of rationality has different roles to play. It plays an action-guiding role (prescribing what counts as a rational solution of a given decision problem). It plays a normative role (giving us the tools to pass judgment not just on how a decision problem was solved, but also on how it was set up in the first place). And it plays a predictive/explanatory role (telling us how rational agents will behave, or why they did what they did). This controversial but accessible book shows that decision theory cannot play all of these roles simultaneously. And yet, it argues, no theory of rationality can play one role without playing the other two. The conclusion is that there is no hope of taking decision theory as a theory of rationality.

Elementary Decision Theory


Author: Herman Chernoff,Lincoln E. Moses
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486143775
Category: Mathematics
Page: 384
View: 1720
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This well-respected introduction to statistics and statistical theory covers data processing, probability and random variables, utility and descriptive statistics, computation of Bayes strategies, models, testing hypotheses, and much more. 1959 edition.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Art


Author: Richard Eldridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113986792X
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 1478
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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Art is a clear and compact survey of philosophical theories of the nature and value of art, including in its scope literature, painting, sculpture, music, dance, architecture, movies, conceptual art and performance art. This second edition incorporates significant new research on topics including pictorial depiction, musical expression, conceptual art, Hegel, and art and society. Drawing on classical and contemporary philosophy, literary theory and art criticism, Richard Eldridge explores the representational, formal and expressive dimensions of art. He argues that the aesthetic and semantic density of the work, in inviting imaginative exploration, makes works of art cognitively, morally and socially important. This importance is further elaborated in discussions of artistic beauty, originality, imagination and criticism. His accessible study will be invaluable to students of philosophy of art and aesthetics.

Introduction to Statistical Decision Theory


Author: John Winsor Pratt,Howard Raiffa,Robert Schlaifer
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262161442
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 875
View: 1114
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Unlike most introductory texts in statistics, Introduction toStatistical Decision Theory integrates statistical inference withdecision making and discusses real-world actions involving economic payoffs and risks.

An Introduction to Political Philosophy


Author: Colin Bird
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459694
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 7119
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Providing a comprehensive introduction to political philosophy, this 2006 book combines discussion of historical and contemporary figures, together with numerous real-life examples. It ranges over an unusually broad range of topics in the field, including the just distribution of wealth, both within countries and globally; the nature and justification of political authority; the meaning and significance of freedom; arguments for and against democratic rule; the problem of war; and the grounds for toleration in public life. It also offers an accessible, non-technical discussion of perfectionism, utilitarianism, theories of the social contract, and of recently popular forms of critical theory. Throughout, the book challenges readers to think critically about political arguments and institutions that they might otherwise take for granted. It will be a provocative text for any student of philosophy or political science.

An Introduction to Property Theory


Author: Gregory S. Alexander,Eduardo M. Peñalver
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521113652
Category: Law
Page: 234
View: 2294
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An introduction to the leading modern theories of property and applies those theories to concrete contexts in which property issues have been especially controversial.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science


Author: Kent W. Staley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521112494
Category: Science
Page: 300
View: 1368
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This book explores central philosophical concepts, issues, and debates in the philosophy of science, both historical and contemporary.

What Makes Law

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law
Author: Liam Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521834279
Category: Law
Page: 222
View: 7626
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This advanced introduction to central questions in legal philosophy attempts to breathe new life into stalled research.

An Introduction to Ethics


Author: John Deigh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052177246X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 241
View: 7698
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This book examines the central questions of ethics through a study of the great ethical works of Western philosophy.

An Introduction to Gödel's Theorems


Author: Peter Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107022843
Category: Mathematics
Page: 406
View: 3488
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A clear and accessible treatment of Gödel's famous, intriguing, but much misunderstood incompleteness theorems, extensively revised in a second edition.