An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Author: Edmund Wilson,Edward J. N. Wilson
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198508298
Category: Science
Page: 252
View: 7668
This book is a very simple introduction for those who would like to learn about the particle accelerators or 'atom-smashers' used in hospitals, industry and large research institutes where physicists probe deep into the nature of matter itself. The reader with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics will discover a wide spectrum of technologies.

An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators

Second Edition
Author: Mario Conte,William W MacKay
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813101415
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 8969
This book provides a concise and coherent introduction to the physics of particle accelerators, with attention being paid to the design of an accelerator for use as an experimental tool. In the second edition, new chapters on spin dynamics of polarized beams as well as instrumentation and measurements are included, with a discussion of frequency spectra and Schottky signals. The additional material also covers quadratic Lie groups and integration highlighting new techniques using Cayley transforms, detailed estimation of collider luminosities, and new problems.

The Physics of Particle Accelerators

An Introduction
Author: Klaus Wille (prof.)
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198505495
Category: Science
Page: 315
View: 9726
This text provides the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the key ideas behind the physics of particle accelerators. Supported by a clear mathematical treatment and a range of calculations which develop a genuine feeling for the subject, it is a thorough introduction to the many aspects of accelerator physics.

Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen

Eine Einführung
Author: N.A
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663110397
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 368
View: 8389
Bei der Erforschung der Materie spielen seit den zwanziger Jahren dieses Jahr hunderts die Teilchenbeschleuniger eine wichtige Rolle. Sie liefern seither die für die Experimente mit Atomkernen oder Elementarteilchen erforderlichen Strahlen mit wohldefinierten Eigenschaften. Dabei sind die für diesen Zweck entwickel ten Anlagen vor allem wegen der erforderlichen sehr hohen Teilchenenergien im Laufe der Zeit immer größer geworden und haben inzwischen Dimensionen von über 10 km erreicht. Bei ringförmigen Beschleunigern für Elektronenstrahlen tritt ab Energien von einigen 10 MeV eine intensive elektromagnetische Strah lung, die Synchrotronstrahlung, auf, die wegen ihrer interessanten Eigenschaften seit etwa drei Jahrzehnten vor allem für Experimente im Festkörperbereich ge nutzt wird. Die Bedeutung dieser Synchrotronstrahlung hat inzwischen weltweit so zugenommen, daß heute viele Anlagen ausschließlich für diesen Zweck gebaut werden. Das vorliegende Buch hat sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die wichtigsten physikalischen Grundlagen der Beschleuniger in systematischer Weise zu erläutern und dabei die Aspekte der Teilchen- und Hochenergiephysik wie auch die Erzeugung der Synchrotronstrahlung zu behandeln. Es war wegen der großen Vielfalt der Be schleunigertypen und ihrer diversen Anwendungen allerdings nicht möglich, alle heute im Beschleunigerbereich wichtigen Teilaspekte hier zu behandeln. Daher wurde bewußt eine Auswahl getroffen, bei der neben den für alle Beschleuniger wichtigen Grundlagen besonders die Aspekte der Elektronenspeicherringe in den Vordergrund treten. Dieser Beschleunigertyp hat sich inzwischen sowohl in der Elementarteilchenphysik als auch zur Erzeugung von Synchrotronstrahlung als außerordentlich erfolgreich erwiesen. Die Kriterien zur Optimierung für die bei den unterschiedlichen Einsätze werden ausführlich behandelt.

An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators

Author: D. A. Edwards,M. J. Syphers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527617280
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 7582
The first half deals with the motion of a single particle under the influence of electronic and magnetic fields. The basic language of linear and circular accelerators is developed. The principle of phase stability is introduced along with phase oscillations in linear accelerators and synchrotrons. Presents a treatment of betatron oscillations followed by an excursion into nonlinear dynamics and its application to accelerators. The second half discusses intensity dependent effects, particularly space charge and coherent instabilities. Includes tables of parameters for a selection of accelerators which are used in the numerous problems provided at the end of each chapter.

Particle Accelerator Physics

Author: Helmut Wiedemann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319183176
Category: Science
Page: 1021
View: 3298
This book by Helmut Wiedemann is a well-established, classic text, providing an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics. The present 4th edition has been significantly revised, updated and expanded. The newly conceived Part I is an elementary introduction to the subject matter for undergraduate students. Part II gathers the basic tools in preparation of a more advanced treatment, summarizing the essentials of electrostatics and electrodynamics as well as of particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. Part III is an extensive primer in beam dynamics, followed, in Part IV, by an introduction and description of the main beam parameters and including a new chapter on beam emittance and lattice design. Part V is devoted to the treatment of perturbations in beam dynamics. Part VI then discusses the details of charged particle acceleration. Parts VII and VIII introduce the more advanced topics of coupled beam dynamics and describe very intense beams – a number of additional beam instabilities are introduced and reviewed in this new edition. Part IX is an exhaustive treatment of radiation from accelerated charges and introduces important sources of coherent radiation such as synchrotrons and free-electron lasers. The appendices at the end of the book gather useful mathematical and physical formulae, parameters and units. Solutions to many end-of-chapter problems are given. This textbook is suitable for an intensive two-semester course starting at the senior undergraduate level.

A Practical Introduction to Beam Physics and Particle Accelerators

Second Edition
Author: Santiago Bernal
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1643270907
Category: Science
Page: 138
View: 1400
This book provides a brief exposition of the principles of beam physics and particle accelerators with an emphasis on numerical examples employing readily available computer tools. However, it avoids detailed derivations, instead inviting the reader to use general high-end languages such as Mathcad and Matlab, as well as specialized particle accelerator codes (e.g. MAD, WinAgile, Elegant, and others) to explore the principles presented. This approach allows readers to readily identify relevant design parameters and their scaling. In addition, the computer input files can serve as templates that can be easily adapted to other related situations. The examples and computer exercises comprise basic lenses and deflectors, fringe fields, lattice and beam functions, synchrotron radiation, beam envelope matching, betatron resonances, and transverse and longitudinal emittance and space charge. The last chapter presents examples of two major types of particle accelerators: radio frequency linear accelerators (RF linacs) and storage rings. Lastly, the appendix gives readers a brief description of the computer tools employed and concise instructions for their installation and use in the most popular computer platforms (Windows, Macintosh and Ubuntu Linux). Hyperlinks to websites containing all relevant files are also included. An essential component of the book is its website (actually part of the author's website at the University of Maryland), which contains the files that reproduce results given in the text as well as additional material such as technical notes and movies.

Particles and Fundamental Interactions

An Introduction to Particle Physics
Author: Sylvie Braibant,Giorgio Giacomelli,Maurizio Spurio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400724632
Category: Science
Page: 498
View: 3499
The book provides theoretical and phenomenological insights on the structure of matter, presenting concepts and features of elementary particle physics and fundamental aspects of nuclear physics. Starting with the basics (nomenclature, classification, acceleration techniques, detection of elementary particles), the properties of fundamental interactions (electromagnetic, weak and strong) are introduced with a mathematical formalism suited to undergraduate students. Some experimental results (the discovery of neutral currents and of the W± and Z0 bosons; the quark structure observed using deep inelastic scattering experiments) show the necessity of an evolution of the formalism. This motivates a more detailed description of the weak and strong interactions, of the Standard Model of the microcosm with its experimental tests, and of the Higgs mechanism. The open problems in the Standard Model of the microcosm and macrocosm are presented at the end of the book. For example, the CP violation currently measured does not explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the observable universe; the neutrino oscillations and the estimated amount of cosmological dark matter seem to require new physics beyond the Standard Model. A list of other introductory texts, work reviews and some specialized publications is reported in the bibliography. Translation from the Italian Language Edition "Particelle e interazioni fondamentali" by Sylvie Braibant, Giorgio Giacomelli, and Maurizio Spurio Copyright © Springer-Verlag Italia, 2009 Springer-Verlag Italia is part of Springer Science+Business Media All Rights Reserved

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics

Author: W. Noel Cottingham,Derek A. Greenwood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521588324
Category: Science
Page: 235
View: 1136
This graduate textbook provides a concise, accessible introduction to the Standard Model of particle physics. Theoretical concepts are developed clearly and carefully throughout the book--from the electromagnetic and weak interactions of leptons and quarks to the strong interactions of quarks. Chapters developing the theory are interspersed with chapters describing some of the wealth of experimental data supporting the model. The book assumes only the standard mathematics taught in an undergraduate physics course; more sophisticated mathematical ideas are developed in the text and in appendices. For graduate students in particle physics and physicists working in other fields who are interested in the current understanding of the ultimate constituents of matter, this textbook provides a lucid and up-to-date introduction.

Physics of Particle Accelerators

Author: Month,Dienes
Publisher: American Inst. of Physics
ISBN: 9780883183847
Category: Science
Page: 2310
View: 1802

Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Ionenoptik

Author: Frank Hinterberger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366209312X
Category: Science
Page: 365
View: 3771
Die Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger führt in die verschiedenen Beschleunigertypen und deren Bauelemente ein, um dann ausführlich auf die Ionenoptik mit magnetischen Elementen und elektrostatischen Linsen einzugehen. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt ist die Bahndynamik der Kreisbeschleuniger, wobei sowohl Aspekte der transversalen als auch der longitudinalen Bahndynamik eingehend behandelt werden. Methoden zur Injektion und Extraktion sowie zur Strahlkühlung schließen das Buch ab. Zahlreiche durchgerechnete Beispiele im Text und Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung. Das Buch ist Einführung und Fachbuch für alle, die mit Teilchenbeschleunigern zu tun haben.

Introduction to Accelerator Dynamics

Author: Stephen Peggs,Todd Satogata
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107132843
Category: Science
Page: 220
View: 3663
How does a particle accelerator work? The most direct and intuitive answer focuses on the dynamics of single particles as they travel through an accelerator. Particle accelerators are becoming ever more sophisticated and diverse, from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to multi-MW linear accelerators and small medical synchrotrons. This self-contained book presents a pedagogical account of the important field of accelerator physics, which has grown rapidly since its inception in the latter half of the last century. Key topics covered include the physics of particle acceleration, collision and beam dynamics, and the engineering considerations intrinsic to the effective construction and operation of particle accelerators. By drawing direct connections between accelerator technology and the parallel development of computational capability, this book offers an accessible introduction to this exciting field at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, accelerator scientists, and engineers.

Klassische Mechanik

Author: Herbert Goldstein,Charles P. Poole, Jr.,John L. Safko, Sr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527662073
Category: Science
Page: 700
View: 4034
Der Goldstein geh?rt zu den Standardwerken f?r die Vorlesung in Klassischer Mechanik, die Pflichtvorlesung und Teil des Theorie-Lehrplans jedes Physik-Studienganges ist. Der von Beginn an hohe mathematische Anspruch der theoretischen Physik, der gerade in der ersten Vorlesung viele ?berraschend trifft, l?sst zwei Gruppen von Studierenden entstehen: jenen, die mathematisch und theoretisch begabt sind, sich evtl. sp?ter zur theoretischen Physik hin orientieren und mit der Vorlesung wenig Probleme haben; und jenen, die zwar z.B. experimentell begabt sind, indes Schwierigkeiten haben, den abstrakten Formalismus auf die Physik etwa des Praktikums zu ?bertragen. Erstere Gruppe nutzt f?r die theoretische Physik Lehrb?cher, die hohes Niveau voraussetzen und mathematisch streng die Formeln herleiten; letztere Gruppe ben?tigt Werke, welche die Formeln ausf?hrlicher erkl?ren und mit vielen Beispielen illustrieren. In der ersteren Gruppe haben sich Klassiker wie "Jackson: Classical Electrodynamics" etabliert, die seit Jahrzehnten sowohl von Studenten gelobt als auch von Dozenten empfohlen werden. Der "Goldstein" geh?rt in diese Kategorie. F?r diese aktuelle Ausgabe haben Charles Poole und John Safko die Texte ?berarbeitet und neueste Themen, Anwendungen und Notationen eingearbeitet, womit sie den Anforderungen an einen modernen Lehrstoff auf diesem Gebiet gerecht werden. Neu aufgenommene numerische ?bungen bef?higen die Studenten, Physikprobleme computergest?tzt zu l?sen. Mathematische Techniken werden detailliert eingef?hrt, so da? der Text auch f?r Studenten ohne den entsprechenden Hintergrund der Theoretischen Mechanik verst?ndlich ist. Bis zu 40 ?bungsaufgaben am Ende jedes Kapitels!

Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators

Author: Andrzej Wolski
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783262796
Category: Science
Page: 608
View: 664
Particle accelerators are essential tools for scientific research in fields as diverse as high energy physics, materials science and structural biology. They are also widely used in industry and medicine. Producing the optimum design and achieving the best performance for an accelerator depends on a detailed understanding of many (often complex and sometimes subtle) effects that determine the properties and behavior of the particle beam. Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators provides an introduction to the concepts underlying accelerator beam line design and analysis, taking an approach that emphasizes the elegance of the subject and leads into the development of a range of powerful techniques for understanding and modeling charged particle beams. Contents:Electromagnetism and Classical Mechanics:Electromagnetic Fields in Accelerator ComponentsHamiltonian for a Particle in an Accelerator Beam LineSingle-Particle Linear Dynamics:Linear Transfer Maps for Common ComponentsLinear Optics in Uncoupled Beam LinesCoupled OpticsLinear Imperfections in Storage RingsEffects of Synchrotron RadiationSingle-Particle Nonlinear Dynamics:Examples of Nonlinear Effects in Accelerator Beam LinesRepresentations of Transfer MapsSymplectic IntegratorsMethods for Analysis of Single-Particle DynamicsCollective Effects:Space ChargeScattering EffectsWake Fields, Wake Functions and ImpedanceCoherent Instabilities Readership: Undergraduate students who are looking for an introduction to beam dynamics, and graduate students and researchers in the field. Key Features:Basic ideas are introduced from the start using an approach that leads logically into the development of more advanced concepts and techniques. In particular, linear dynamics is treated consistently using a Hamiltonian formalism, which provides a suitable foundation not only for perturbation theory, but also for more modern techniques based on Lie operators. The use of a consistent approach makes the progress from introductory to advanced material as straightforward as possibleThe treatment of nonlinear dynamics using Lie operators provides a number of powerful techniques for the analysis of accelerator beam lines. Lie operators are generally found only in more advanced and specialized treatments of nonlinear dynamics. Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators provides an accessible introduction to the subject, and illustrates the use of techniques such as Lie transforms and normal form analysis through examples of particular relevance for beam dynamicsAs well as providing a clear description of the important topics in beam dynamics and an explanation of the physical principles, attention is given to techniques of particular importance for computer modeling of beam dynamics. For example, there is a chapter on symplectic integration that gives explicit formulae for methods that are of some importance in accelerator modeling codes, but have not previously been presented in a book of this kindKeywords:Accelerator Physics;Beam Dynamics;Particle AcceleratorsReviews: “This is a recommendable addition to the literature, covering its topics clearly and thoroughly.” CERN Courier

An Introduction to Beam Physics

Author: Martin Berz,Kyoko Makino,Weishi Wan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750308083
Category: Science
Page: 324
View: 2850
The field of beam physics touches many areas of physics, engineering, and the sciences. In general terms, beams describe ensembles of particles with initial conditions similar enough to be treated together as a group so that the motion is a weakly nonlinear perturbation of a chosen reference particle. Particle beams are used in a variety of areas, ranging from electron microscopes, particle spectrometers, medical radiation facilities, powerful light sources, and astrophysics to large synchrotrons and storage rings such as the LHC at CERN. An Introduction to Beam Physics is based on lectures given at Michigan State University’s Department of Physics and Astronomy, the online VUBeam program, the U.S. Particle Accelerator School, the CERN Academic Training Programme, and various other venues. It is accessible to beginning graduate and upper-division undergraduate students in physics, mathematics, and engineering. The book begins with a historical overview of methods for generating and accelerating beams, highlighting important advances through the eyes of their developers using their original drawings. The book then presents concepts of linear beam optics, transfer matrices, the general equations of motion, and the main techniques used for single- and multi-pass systems. Some advanced nonlinear topics, including the computation of aberrations and a study of resonances, round out the presentation.

Nuclei and particles

an introduction to nuclear and subnuclear physics
Author: Emilio Segrè
Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Pub Co
Category: Science
Page: 966
View: 5440

Accelerator Physics

Example Problems with Solutions
Author: William W MacKay,Mario Conte
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813100931
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 654
This manual provides solutions to the problems given in the second edition of the textbook entitled An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators. Simple-to-solve problems play a useful role as a first check of the student's level of knowledge whereas difficult problems will test the student's capacity of finding the bearing of the problems in an interdisciplinary environment. The solutions to several problems will require strong engagement of the student, not only in accelerator physics but also in more general physical subjects, such as the profound approach to classical mechanics (discussed in Chapter 3) and the subtleties of spin dynamics (Chapter 13).

Beam Measurement

Author: S I Kurokawa,S Y Lee,E Perevedentsev,S Turner
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981455684X
Category: Science
Page: 740
View: 7520
This volume comprises the proceedings of the 8th Joint School on accelerator physics. On this occasion, the US, CERN, Japan and Russia Particle Accelerator Schools collaborated to present the topic of “Beam Measurements”. The aim was to provide an introduction to the principles of beam dynamics and measurements in circular particle accelerators. This was achieved by a series of lectures under the headings of “single-particle dynamics”, “multi-particle dynamics” and then “beam measurements”, along with practical courses on feedback and signal processing, maps and (no) simulations, practical diagnostic measurements, and spectrum and network analyzers. The resulting proceedings represent a unique summary of the currently available knowledge on beam measurements applied to circular particle accelerators. Contents: Single-Particle Dynamics:Basic Phase Space (A Hofmann)Measurement and Correction of Accelerator Optics (F Zimmerman)Longitudinal Motion in Storage Rings and Quantum Excitation (N A Vinokurov)Multi-Particle Dynamics:Space Charge (K Schindl)Impedance and Wakefields (Y H Chin)Robinson and Coupled-Bunch Instabilities (Y H Chin)Beam Lifetime (K Hirata)The Beam-Beam Effect (J Gareyte)Beam Cooling (D V Pestrikov)Beam Measurement:Bunched Beam Signals in Time and Frequency Domain (J M Byrd)Beam-Line Instruments (U Raich)Closed Orbit Control (J Safranek)Beam-Based Lattice Diagnostics (J Safranek)Detection and Correction of Nonlinear Resonances (D V Pestrikov)Dynamic Aperture, Theoretical Aspects and Observational Features (F Willeke)Signatures of Microwave Instability (E Shaposhnikova)Overview of RF Systems for Storage Rings and Their Diagnostics (K Akai)Beam Profile and Size Measurement by the Use of SR Interferometers (T Mitsuhashi)Noise Effects in Accelerators (J Ellison)Seminars and Round-Table Discussions:Accelerators for Medicine (U Amaldi)Performance Related Measurements on LEP (S Myers)The LHC: Beam Measurements and Instrumentation (H Schmickler)Particle Acceleration in Plasmas (R Bingham)Larger Circular Colliders (E Keil)Future Linear Colliders (R Brinkmann)Practical Courses:Bunch Feedback Systems and Signal Processing (J D Fox & E Kikutani)Maps and (no) Simulations (E Forest)Practical Diagnostic Measurements (M Lamont et al.)Spectrum and Network Analyzers (J M Byrd & F Caspers) Readership: Nuclear and accelerator physicists. Keywords:Accelerator Optics;Beam-Beam Effect;Nonlinear Resonances;Interferometers;Linear Colliders

Radiation and Detectors

Introduction to the Physics of Radiation and Detection Devices
Author: Lucio Cerrito
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319531816
Category: Science
Page: 210
View: 1481
This textbook provides an introduction to radiation, the principles of interaction between radiation and matter, and the exploitation of those principles in the design of modern radiation detectors. Both radiation and detectors are given equal attention and their interplay is carefully laid out with few assumptions made about the prior knowledge of the student. Part I is dedicated to radiation, broadly interpreted in terms of energy and type, starting with an overview of particles and forces, an extended review of common natural and man-made sources of radiation, and an introduction to particle accelerators. Particular attention is paid to real life examples, which place the types of radiation and their energy in context. Dosimetry is presented from a modern, user-led point of view, and relativistic kinematics is introduced to give the basic knowledge needed to handle the more formal aspects of radiation dynamics and interaction. The explanation of the physics principles of interaction between radiation and matter is given significant space to allow a deeper understanding of the various technologies based on those principles. Following an introduction to the ionisation mechanism, detectors are introduced in Part II, grouped according to the physical principle that underpins their functionality, with chapters covering gaseous detectors, semiconductor detectors, the scintillation process and light detectors. The final two chapters describe the phenomenology of showers and the design of calorimeters, and cover additional phenomena including Cherenkov and transition radiation and the detection of neutrinos. An appendix offers the reader a useful review of statistics and probability distributions. The mathematical formalism is kept to a minimum throughout and simple derivations are presented to guide the reasoning and facilitate understanding of the working principles. The book is unique in its wide scope and introductory level, and is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering. The reader will acquire an awareness of how radiation and its exploitation are becoming increasingly relevant in the modern world, with over 140 experimental figures, detector schematics and photographs helping to relate the material to a broader research context.

Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Frank Close
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192804340
Category: Science
Page: 148
View: 8307
Particle Physics provides a compelling introduction to the fundamental constituents of the universe. Beginning with a guide to what matter is made of and how it evolved, the author goes on to describe the techniques used to study it. He discusses quarks, electrons, and the neutrino, exotic matter, and antimatter. He also investigates the forces of nature, accelerators and detectors, and the future of particle physics.