An Introduction to Particle Accelerators


Author: Edmund Wilson,Edward J. N. Wilson
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198508298
Category: Science
Page: 252
View: 522
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This book is a very simple introduction for those who would like to learn about the particle accelerators or 'atom-smashers' used in hospitals, industry and large research institutes where physicists probe deep into the nature of matter itself. The reader with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics will discover a wide spectrum of technologies.

An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators


Author: Mario Conte,William W. MacKay
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812779604
Category: Science
Page: 374
View: 9803
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"This book provides a concise and coherent introduction to the physics of particle accelerators, with attention being paid to the design of an accelerator for use as an experimental tool. In the second edition, new chapters on spin dynamics of polarized beams as well as instrumentation and measurements are included, with a discussion of frequency spectra and Schottky signals. The additional material also covers quadratic Lie groups and integration highlighting new techniques using Cayley transforms, detailed estimation of collider luminosities, and new problems."--BOOK JACKET.

The Physics of Particle Accelerators

An Introduction
Author: Klaus Wille (prof.)
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198505495
Category: Science
Page: 315
View: 465
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This text provides the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the key ideas behind the physics of particle accelerators. Supported by a clear mathematical treatment and a range of calculations which develop a genuine feeling for the subject, it is a thorough introduction to the many aspects of accelerator physics.

An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators


Author: D. A. Edwards,M. J. Syphers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527617280
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 8335
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The first half deals with the motion of a single particle under the influence of electronic and magnetic fields. The basic language of linear and circular accelerators is developed. The principle of phase stability is introduced along with phase oscillations in linear accelerators and synchrotrons. Presents a treatment of betatron oscillations followed by an excursion into nonlinear dynamics and its application to accelerators. The second half discusses intensity dependent effects, particularly space charge and coherent instabilities. Includes tables of parameters for a selection of accelerators which are used in the numerous problems provided at the end of each chapter.

Particle Accelerator Physics


Author: Helmut Wiedemann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540490450
Category: Science
Page: 948
View: 1391
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This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics. This is the first modern and comprehensive textbook in the field. It begins by gathering the basic tools, recalling the essentials of electrostatics and electrodynamics as well as of particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. It includes coverage of advanced topics of coupled beam dynamics. There is an exhaustive treatment of radiation from accelerated charges. Appendices gather useful mathematical and physical formulae, parameters and units, and solutions to the many end-of-chapter problems are given.

A Practical Introduction to Beam Physics and Particle Accelerators


Author: Santiago Bernal
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681741407
Category: Science
Page: 120
View: 1687
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This book is a brief exposition of the principles of beam physics and particle accelerators with emphasis on numerical examples employing readily available computer tools. Avoiding detailed derivations, we invite the reader to use general high-end languages such as Mathcad and Matlab, as well as specialized particle accelerator codes (e.g. MAD, WinAgile, Elegant, and others) to explore the principles presented. This approach allows the student to readily identify relevant design parameters and their scaling and easily adapt computer input files to other related situations.

Introduction to Accelerator Dynamics


Author: Stephen Peggs,Todd Satogata
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107132843
Category: Science
Page: 220
View: 1853
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How does a particle accelerator work? The most direct and intuitive answer focuses on the dynamics of single particles as they travel through an accelerator. Particle accelerators are becoming ever more sophisticated and diverse, from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to multi-MW linear accelerators and small medical synchrotrons. This self-contained book presents a pedagogical account of the important field of accelerator physics, which has grown rapidly since its inception in the latter half of the last century. Key topics covered include the physics of particle acceleration, collision and beam dynamics, and the engineering considerations intrinsic to the effective construction and operation of particle accelerators. By drawing direct connections between accelerator technology and the parallel development of computational capability, this book offers an accessible introduction to this exciting field at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, accelerator scientists, and engineers.

Particle Accelerator Physics I

Vol. 1-
Author: Helmut Wiedemann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540646716
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6428
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Teilchen und Kerne

Eine Einführung in die physikalischen Konzepte
Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 354035087X
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 4799
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Die Grundidee dieses einführenden Lehrbuchs besteht darin, eine einheitliche Darstellung von Kern- und Teilchenphysik aus experimenteller Sicht zu geben. Die Reduktion der komplex aufgebauten Materie der Atomkerne und Nukleonen auf wenige Grundbausteine und Wechselwirkungen ist die erste Botschaft dieses Buchs. Der zweite Teil, der den Aufbau von Nukleonen und Kernen aus diesen Grundbausteinen beschreibt, macht deutlich, dass Komplexität, die aus der Vielkörperwechselwirkung entsteht, in immer größerem Maß die Gesetzmäßigkeiten der zusammengesetzten Systeme bestimmt. Behandelt wird die Kernmaterie bei hohen Temperaturen und die Rolle von Kern- und Teilchenphysik bei astrophysikalischen Vorgängen. Die neue Auflage bietet stark überarbeitete Übungsaufgaben und eine ganze Reihe von Ergänzungen und Verbesserungen, besonders in der Neutrinophysik und beim doppelten Betazerfall. Das in straffem und klarem Stil abgefasste Lehrbuch eignet sich gut als Begleittext zu den einführenden Vorlesungen an Hochschulen.

Accelerator Physics

Example Problems with Solutions
Author: William W MacKay,Mario Conte
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813100931
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 6589
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This manual provides solutions to the problems given in the second edition of the textbook entitled An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators. Simple-to-solve problems play a useful role as a first check of the student's level of knowledge whereas difficult problems will test the student's capacity of finding the bearing of the problems in an interdisciplinary environment. The solutions to several problems will require strong engagement of the student, not only in accelerator physics but also in more general physical subjects, such as the profound approach to classical mechanics (discussed in Chapter 3) and the subtleties of spin dynamics (Chapter 13).

Particles and Fundamental Interactions

An Introduction to Particle Physics
Author: Sylvie Braibant,Giorgio Giacomelli,Maurizio Spurio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400724640
Category: Science
Page: 498
View: 5681
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The book provides theoretical and phenomenological insights on the structure of matter, presenting concepts and features of elementary particle physics and fundamental aspects of nuclear physics. Starting with the basics (nomenclature, classification, acceleration techniques, detection of elementary particles), the properties of fundamental interactions (electromagnetic, weak and strong) are introduced with a mathematical formalism suited to undergraduate students. Some experimental results (the discovery of neutral currents and of the W± and Z0 bosons; the quark structure observed using deep inelastic scattering experiments) show the necessity of an evolution of the formalism. This motivates a more detailed description of the weak and strong interactions, of the Standard Model of the microcosm with its experimental tests, and of the Higgs mechanism. The open problems in the Standard Model of the microcosm and macrocosm are presented at the end of the book.

Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators


Author: Andrzej Wolski
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783262796
Category: Science
Page: 608
View: 7870
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Particle accelerators are essential tools for scientific research in fields as diverse as high energy physics, materials science and structural biology. They are also widely used in industry and medicine. Producing the optimum design and achieving the best performance for an accelerator depends on a detailed understanding of many (often complex and sometimes subtle) effects that determine the properties and behavior of the particle beam. Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators provides an introduction to the concepts underlying accelerator beam line design and analysis, taking an approach that emphasizes the elegance of the subject and leads into the development of a range of powerful techniques for understanding and modeling charged particle beams. Contents:Electromagnetism and Classical Mechanics:Electromagnetic Fields in Accelerator ComponentsHamiltonian for a Particle in an Accelerator Beam LineSingle-Particle Linear Dynamics:Linear Transfer Maps for Common ComponentsLinear Optics in Uncoupled Beam LinesCoupled OpticsLinear Imperfections in Storage RingsEffects of Synchrotron RadiationSingle-Particle Nonlinear Dynamics:Examples of Nonlinear Effects in Accelerator Beam LinesRepresentations of Transfer MapsSymplectic IntegratorsMethods for Analysis of Single-Particle DynamicsCollective Effects:Space ChargeScattering EffectsWake Fields, Wake Functions and ImpedanceCoherent Instabilities Readership: Undergraduate students who are looking for an introduction to beam dynamics, and graduate students and researchers in the field. Key Features:Basic ideas are introduced from the start using an approach that leads logically into the development of more advanced concepts and techniques. In particular, linear dynamics is treated consistently using a Hamiltonian formalism, which provides a suitable foundation not only for perturbation theory, but also for more modern techniques based on Lie operators. The use of a consistent approach makes the progress from introductory to advanced material as straightforward as possibleThe treatment of nonlinear dynamics using Lie operators provides a number of powerful techniques for the analysis of accelerator beam lines. Lie operators are generally found only in more advanced and specialized treatments of nonlinear dynamics. Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators provides an accessible introduction to the subject, and illustrates the use of techniques such as Lie transforms and normal form analysis through examples of particular relevance for beam dynamicsAs well as providing a clear description of the important topics in beam dynamics and an explanation of the physical principles, attention is given to techniques of particular importance for computer modeling of beam dynamics. For example, there is a chapter on symplectic integration that gives explicit formulae for methods that are of some importance in accelerator modeling codes, but have not previously been presented in a book of this kindKeywords:Accelerator Physics;Beam Dynamics;Particle AcceleratorsReviews: “This is a recommendable addition to the literature, covering its topics clearly and thoroughly.” CERN Courier

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics


Author: W. Noel Cottingham,Derek A. Greenwood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521588324
Category: Science
Page: 235
View: 2962
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This graduate textbook provides a concise, accessible introduction to the Standard Model of particle physics. Theoretical concepts are developed clearly and carefully throughout the book--from the electromagnetic and weak interactions of leptons and quarks to the strong interactions of quarks. Chapters developing the theory are interspersed with chapters describing some of the wealth of experimental data supporting the model. The book assumes only the standard mathematics taught in an undergraduate physics course; more sophisticated mathematical ideas are developed in the text and in appendices. For graduate students in particle physics and physicists working in other fields who are interested in the current understanding of the ultimate constituents of matter, this textbook provides a lucid and up-to-date introduction.

An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model


Author: Robert Mann
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887608
Category: Science
Page: 614
View: 1538
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An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr. Mann reviews special relativity and classical mechanics, symmetries, conservation laws, and particle classification; then working from the tested paradigm of the model itself, he: Describes the Standard Model in terms of its electromagnetic, strong, and weak components Explores the experimental tools and methods of particle physics Introduces Feynman diagrams, wave equations, and gauge invariance, building up to the theory of Quantum Electrodynamics Describes the theories of the Strong and Electroweak interactions Uncovers frontier areas and explores what might lie beyond our current concepts of the subatomic world Those who work through the material will develop a solid command of the basics of particle physics. The book does require a knowledge of special relativity, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetism, but most importantly it requires a hunger to understand at the most fundamental level: why things exist and how it is that anything happens. This book will prepare students and others for further study, but most importantly it will prepare them to open their minds to the mysteries that lie ahead. Ultimately, the Large Hadron Collider may prove the model correct, helping so many realize their greatest dreams ... or it might poke holes in the model, leaving us to wonder an even more exciting possibility: that the answers lie in possibilities so unique that we have not even dreamt of them.

Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Frank Close
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192804340
Category: Science
Page: 148
View: 6271
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Particle Physics provides a compelling introduction to the fundamental constituents of the universe. Beginning with a guide to what matter is made of and how it evolved, the author goes on to describe the techniques used to study it. He discusses quarks, electrons, and the neutrino, exotic matter, and antimatter. He also investigates the forces of nature, accelerators and detectors, and the future of particle physics.

The Principles of Circular Accelerators and Storage Rings


Author: Philip J. Bryant,Kjell Johnsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521619691
Category: Nature
Page: 384
View: 1448
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This book is a basic introduction to the principles of circular particle accelerators and stage rings, for scientists, engineers and mathematicians. Based on the CERN accelerator school, it starts with a historical introduction to the field and an outline of the basic concepts of particle acceleration and focussing. It goes on to give more details of how the transverse and longitudinal motions of the particle beam can be analysed including treatments of lattice design, transition crossing, and other radio frequency effects. Operational and diagnostic techniques and the optimisation of luminosity are given appropriate emphasis. One chapter is devoted to radiation and the special features of synchrotron light sources. Although the book emphasizes circular accelerators, much of the treatment applies equally to linear machines and transfer lines. The book will be an essential reference to any one working with particle accelerators in the capacity of designer, operator or user, as well as for those intending to go to the frontiers of accelerator physics.

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS, FOURTH EDITION


Author: MITTAL, V. K.,VERMA, R. C.,GUPTA, S,\. C.
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9387472620
Category: Science
Page: 415
View: 5507
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This thoroughly revised book, now in its Fourth Edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to this increasingly important area of nuclear and particle physics. It combines coverage of basic concepts, principles and applications, along with the latest developments. Beginning with the historical developments of the subject, properties and constituents of the nucleus, quantitative facts about nucleus, etc., the book moves on to give insights into nuclear models, phenomenon of radioactivity and its applications in various fields, nuclear reactions including reactions in the Sun and stars, photoelectric and Compton effects, pair creation, different particle accelerators and radiation detectors. UNIQUE FEATURES • Contains actual experimental data • Large number of solved problems to help students comprehend the concepts with ease • Provides unsolved problems with answers and review questions to test the students' comprehension of the subject NEW TO THE FOURTH EDITION • Some sections have been revised and enlarged to enhance their comprehension, such as the neutron activation analysis, scintillation and HPGe detectors • Includes a list of accelerators • Provides several new solved and unsolved problems TARGET AUDIENCE • B.Sc./M.Sc. (Physics)

Einführung in die Elementarteilchenphysik


Author: David Griffiths
Publisher: VCH
ISBN: 9783055016271
Category:
Page: 433
View: 1235
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The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and globalization have forced national history to yield place to European and global history. In medieval studies, Michael Borgolte has taken up the new challenge as no other German historian, encouraging the development of transcultural research on the Middle Ages. This volume includes several of his essays, but is intended to serve more as the basis for further research rather than to take stock of his work.

Particle Accelerators: From Big Bang Physics to Hadron Therapy


Author: Ugo Amaldi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331908870X
Category: Science
Page: 284
View: 2849
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Rather than focusing on the contributions of theoretical physicists to the understanding of the subatomic world and of the beginning of the universe - as most popular science books on particle physics do - this book is different in that, firstly, the main focus is on machine inventors and builders and, secondly, particle accelerators are not only described as discovery tools but also for their contributions to tumour diagnosis and therapy. The characters of well-known (e.g. Ernest Lawrence) and mostly unknown actors (e.g. Nicholas Christofilos) are outlined, including many colourful quotations. The overall picture supports the author’s motto: “Physics is beautiful and useful”. Advance appraisal: “Accelerators go all the way from the unique and gargantuan Large Hadron Collider to thousands of smaller versions in hospitals and industry. Ugo Amaldi has experience across the range. He has worked at CERN and has for many years been driving the application of accelerators in medicine. This is a must-read introduction to this frontier of modern technology, written beautifully by a world expert.” Frank Close, Professor of Physics at Oxford University author of "The Infinity Puzzle" “This book should be read by school teachers and all those interested in the exploration of the microcosm and its relation to cosmology, and in the use of accelerators for medical applications. With a light hand and without formulae the autho r easily explains complicated matters, spicing up the text with amusing historical anecdotes. His reputation as an outstanding scientist in all the fields treated guarantees high standards.” Herwig Schopper, former CERN Director General author of "LEP - The Lord of the Collider Rings at CERN" “This book tells the story of modern physics with an unusual emphasis on the machine-builders who made it all possible, and their machines. Learning to accelerate particles has enabled physicists to probe the subatomic world and gain a deeper understanding of the cosmos. It has also brought numerous benefits to medicine, from the primitive X-ray machines of over a century ago to today's developments in hadron therapy for cancer. Amaldi tells this story in a most fascinating way.” Edward Witten, Professor of Mathematical Physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton; Fields Medal (1990)