An Introduction to Statistical Modelling


Author: W. J. Krzanowski
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470711019
Category: Mathematics
Page: 264
View: 4623
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Statisticians rely heavily on making models of 'causal situations' in order to fully explain and predict events. Modelling therefore plays a vital part in all applications of statistics and is a component of most undergraduate programmes. 'An Introduction to Statistical Modelling' provides a single reference with an applied slant that caters for all three years of a degree course. The book concentrates on core issues and only the most essential mathematical justifications are given in detail. Attention is firmly focused on the statistical aspects of the techniques, in this lively, practical approach.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R
Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461471389
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 7135
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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

The Fundamentals of Modern Statistical Genetics


Author: Nan M. Laird,Christoph Lange
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441973382
Category: Medical
Page: 226
View: 5564
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This book covers the statistical models and methods that are used to understand human genetics, following the historical and recent developments of human genetics. Starting with Mendel’s first experiments to genome-wide association studies, the book describes how genetic information can be incorporated into statistical models to discover disease genes. All commonly used approaches in statistical genetics (e.g. aggregation analysis, segregation, linkage analysis, etc), are used, but the focus of the book is modern approaches to association analysis. Numerous examples illustrate key points throughout the text, both of Mendelian and complex genetic disorders. The intended audience is statisticians, biostatisticians, epidemiologists and quantitatively- oriented geneticists and health scientists wanting to learn about statistical methods for genetic analysis, whether to better analyze genetic data, or to pursue research in methodology. A background in intermediate level statistical methods is required. The authors include few mathematical derivations, and the exercises provide problems for students with a broad range of skill levels. No background in genetics is assumed.

Financial and Actuarial Statistics

An Introduction, Second Edition
Author: Dale S. Borowiak,Arnold F. Shapiro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203911245
Category: Mathematics
Page: 392
View: 8180
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Understand Up-to-Date Statistical Techniques for Financial and Actuarial Applications Since the first edition was published, statistical techniques, such as reliability measurement, simulation, regression, and Markov chain modeling, have become more prominent in the financial and actuarial industries. Consequently, practitioners and students must acquire strong mathematical and statistical backgrounds in order to have successful careers. Financial and Actuarial Statistics: An Introduction, Second Edition enables readers to obtain the necessary mathematical and statistical background. It also advances the application and theory of statistics in modern financial and actuarial modeling. Like its predecessor, this second edition considers financial and actuarial modeling from a statistical point of view while adding a substantial amount of new material. New to the Second Edition Nomenclature and notations standard to the actuarial field Excel exercises with solutions, which demonstrate how to use Excel functions for statistical and actuarial computations Problems dealing with standard probability and statistics theory, along with detailed equation links A chapter on Markov chains and actuarial applications Expanded discussions of simulation techniques and applications, such as investment pricing Sections on the maximum likelihood approach to parameter estimation as well as asymptotic applications Discussions of diagnostic procedures for nonnegative random variables and Pareto, lognormal, Weibull, and left truncated distributions Expanded material on surplus models and ruin computations Discussions of nonparametric prediction intervals, option pricing diagnostics, variance of the loss function associated with standard actuarial models, and Gompertz and Makeham distributions Sections on the concept of actuarial statistics for a collection of stochastic status models The book presents a unified approach to both financial and actuarial modeling through the use of general status structures. The authors define future time-dependent financial actions in terms of a status structure that may be either deterministic or stochastic. They show how deterministic status structures lead to classical interest and annuity models, investment pricing models, and aggregate claim models. They also employ stochastic status structures to develop financial and actuarial models, such as surplus models, life insurance, and life annuity models.

Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques
Author: Ian L. Boyd,W. Don Bowen,Sara J. Iverson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199216568
Category: Nature
Page: 450
View: 9400
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Much of our knowledge about marine mammals is derived from a long-term and dedicated research effort that is evolving rapidly due to the introduction and invention of new methods.This book reflects the inventiveness of marine researchers as they try to find ways around the problems presented to them by these unusual and challenging animals.

Introduction to Bayesian Econometrics


Author: Edward Greenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107015316
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 249
View: 9904
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This textbook explains the basic ideas of subjective probability and shows how subjective probabilities must obey the usual rules of probability to ensure coherency. It defines the likelihood function, prior distributions and posterior distributions. It explains how posterior distributions are the basis for inference and explores their basic properties. Various methods of specifying prior distributions are considered, with special emphasis on subject-matter considerations and exchange ability. The regression model is examined to show how analytical methods may fail in the derivation of marginal posterior distributions. The remainder of the book is concerned with applications of the theory to important models that are used in economics, political science, biostatistics and other applied fields. New to the second edition is a chapter on semiparametric regression and new sections on the ordinal probit, item response, factor analysis, ARCH-GARCH and stochastic volatility models. The new edition also emphasizes the R programming language.

Introduction to Spatial Econometrics


Author: James LeSage,Robert Kelley Pace
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420064254
Category: Mathematics
Page: 340
View: 493
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Although interest in spatial regression models has surged in recent years, a comprehensive, up-to-date text on these approaches does not exist. Filling this void, Introduction to Spatial Econometrics presents a variety of regression methods used to analyze spatial data samples that violate the traditional assumption of independence between observations. It explores a wide range of alternative topics, including maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation, various types of spatial regression specifications, and applied modeling situations involving different circumstances. Leaders in this field, the authors clarify the often-mystifying phenomenon of simultaneous spatial dependence. By presenting new methods, they help with the interpretation of spatial regression models, especially ones that include spatial lags of the dependent variable. The authors also examine the relationship between spatiotemporal processes and long-run equilibrium states that are characterized by simultaneous spatial dependence. MATLAB® toolboxes useful for spatial econometric estimation are available on the authors’ websites. This work covers spatial econometric modeling as well as numerous applied illustrations of the methods. It encompasses many recent advances in spatial econometric models—including some previously unpublished results.

An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models


Author: Annette J. Dobson,Adrian G. Barnett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351726218
Category: Mathematics
Page: 376
View: 5121
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An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models, Fourth Edition provides a cohesive framework for statistical modelling, with an emphasis on numerical and graphical methods. This new edition of a bestseller has been updated with new sections on non-linear associations, strategies for model selection, and a Postface on good statistical practice. Like its predecessor, this edition presents the theoretical background of generalized linear models (GLMs) before focusing on methods for analyzing particular kinds of data. It covers Normal, Poisson, and Binomial distributions; linear regression models; classical estimation and model fitting methods; and frequentist methods of statistical inference. After forming this foundation, the authors explore multiple linear regression, analysis of variance (ANOVA), logistic regression, log-linear models, survival analysis, multilevel modeling, Bayesian models, and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. Introduces GLMs in a way that enables readers to understand the unifying structure that underpins them Discusses common concepts and principles of advanced GLMs, including nominal and ordinal regression, survival analysis, non-linear associations and longitudinal analysis Connects Bayesian analysis and MCMC methods to fit GLMs Contains numerous examples from business, medicine, engineering, and the social sciences Provides the example code for R, Stata, and WinBUGS to encourage implementation of the methods Offers the data sets and solutions to the exercises online Describes the components of good statistical practice to improve scientific validity and reproducibility of results. Using popular statistical software programs, this concise and accessible text illustrates practical approaches to estimation, model fitting, and model comparisons.

Measuring Agreement

Models, Methods, and Applications
Author: Pankaj K. Choudhary,Haikady N. Nagaraja
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118553241
Category: Medical
Page: 352
View: 7788
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Stochastic Processes

An Introduction, Third Edition
Author: Peter Watts Jones,Peter Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498778127
Category: Mathematics
Page: 255
View: 4065
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Based on a well-established and popular course taught by the authors over many years, Stochastic Processes: An Introduction, Third Edition, discusses the modelling and analysis of random experiments, where processes evolve over time. The text begins with a review of relevant fundamental probability. It then covers gambling problems, random walks, and Markov chains. The authors go on to discuss random processes continuous in time, including Poisson, birth and death processes, and general population models, and present an extended discussion on the analysis of associated stationary processes in queues. The book also explores reliability and other random processes, such as branching, martingales, and simple epidemics. A new chapter describing Brownian motion, where the outcomes are continuously observed over continuous time, is included. Further applications, worked examples and problems, and biographical details have been added to this edition. Much of the text has been reworked. The appendix contains key results in probability for reference. This concise, updated book makes the material accessible, highlighting simple applications and examples. A solutions manual with fully worked answers of all end-of-chapter problems, and Mathematica® and R programs illustrating many processes discussed in the book, can be downloaded from crcpress.com.

Bayesian Statistics

An Introduction
Author: Peter M. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118359771
Category: Mathematics
Page: 488
View: 6534
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Bayesian Statistics is the school of thought that combines priorbeliefs with the likelihood of a hypothesis to arrive at posteriorbeliefs. The first edition of Peter Lee’s book appeared in1989, but the subject has moved ever onwards, with increasingemphasis on Monte Carlo based techniques. This new fourth edition looks at recent techniques such asvariational methods, Bayesian importance sampling, approximateBayesian computation and Reversible Jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo(RJMCMC), providing a concise account of the way in which theBayesian approach to statistics develops as well as how itcontrasts with the conventional approach. The theory is built upstep by step, and important notions such as sufficiency are broughtout of a discussion of the salient features of specificexamples. This edition: Includes expanded coverage of Gibbs sampling, including morenumerical examples and treatments of OpenBUGS, R2WinBUGS andR2OpenBUGS. Presents significant new material on recent techniques such asBayesian importance sampling, variational Bayes, ApproximateBayesian Computation (ABC) and Reversible Jump Markov Chain MonteCarlo (RJMCMC). Provides extensive examples throughout the book to complementthe theory presented. Accompanied by a supporting website featuring new material andsolutions. More and more students are realizing that they need to learnBayesian statistics to meet their academic and professional goals.This book is best suited for use as a main text in courses onBayesian statistics for third and fourth year undergraduates andpostgraduate students.

An Introduction to Probability and Statistics


Author: Vijay K. Rohatgi,A. K. Md. Ehsanes Saleh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118165683
Category: Mathematics
Page: 744
View: 5379
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The second edition of a well-received book that was published 24 years ago and continues to sell to this day, An Introduction to Probability and Statistics is now revised to incorporate new information as well as substantial updates of existing material.

Introduction to Bayesian Statistics


Author: William M. Bolstad,James M. Curran
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118593227
Category: Mathematics
Page: 624
View: 8876
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"...this edition is useful and effective in teaching Bayesian inference at both elementary and intermediate levels. It is a well-written book on elementary Bayesian inference, and the material is easily accessible. It is both concise and timely, and provides a good collection of overviews and reviews of important tools used in Bayesian statistical methods." There is a strong upsurge in the use of Bayesian methods in applied statistical analysis, yet most introductory statistics texts only present frequentist methods. Bayesian statistics has many important advantages that students should learn about if they are going into fields where statistics will be used. In this third Edition, four newly-added chapters address topics that reflect the rapid advances in the field of Bayesian statistics. The authors continue to provide a Bayesian treatment of introductory statistical topics, such as scientific data gathering, discrete random variables, robust Bayesian methods, and Bayesian approaches to inference for discrete random variables, binomial proportions, Poisson, and normal means, and simple linear regression. In addition, more advanced topics in the field are presented in four new chapters: Bayesian inference for a normal with unknown mean and variance; Bayesian inference for a Multivariate Normal mean vector; Bayesian inference for the Multiple Linear Regression Model; and Computational Bayesian Statistics including Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The inclusion of these topics will facilitate readers' ability to advance from a minimal understanding of Statistics to the ability to tackle topics in more applied, advanced level books. Minitab macros and R functions are available on the book's related website to assist with chapter exercises. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition also features: Topics including the Joint Likelihood function and inference using independent Jeffreys priors and join conjugate prior The cutting-edge topic of computational Bayesian Statistics in a new chapter, with a unique focus on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods Exercises throughout the book that have been updated to reflect new applications and the latest software applications Detailed appendices that guide readers through the use of R and Minitab software for Bayesian analysis and Monte Carlo simulations, with all related macros available on the book's website Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition is a textbook for upper-undergraduate or first-year graduate level courses on introductory statistics course with a Bayesian emphasis. It can also be used as a reference work for statisticians who require a working knowledge of Bayesian statistics.

Modelling Binary Data, Second Edition


Author: David Collett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420057383
Category: Mathematics
Page: 408
View: 2446
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Since the original publication of the bestselling Modelling Binary Data, a number of important methodological and computational developments have emerged, accompanied by the steady growth of statistical computing. Mixed models for binary data analysis and procedures that lead to an exact version of logistic regression form valuable additions to the statistician's toolbox, and author Dave Collett has fully updated his popular treatise to incorporate these important advances. Modelling Binary Data, Second Edition now provides an even more comprehensive and practical guide to statistical methods for analyzing binary data. Along with thorough revisions to the original material-now independent of any particular software package- it includes a new chapter introducing mixed models for binary data analysis and another on exact methods for modelling binary data. The author has also added material on modelling ordered categorical data and provides a summary of the leading software packages. All of the data sets used in the book are available for download from the Internet, and the appendices include additional data sets useful as exercises.

A First Course in Order Statistics


Author: Barry C. Arnold,N. Balakrishnan,H. N. Nagaraja
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 0898716489
Category: Mathematics
Page: 279
View: 7624
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This updated classic text will aid readers in understanding much of the current literature on order statistics: a flourishing field of study that is essential for any practising statistician and a vital part of the training for students in statistics. Written in a simple style that requires no advanced mathematical or statistical background, the book introduces the general theory of order statistics and their applications. The book covers topics such as distribution theory for order statistics from continuous and discrete populations, moment relations, bounds and approximations, order statistics in statistical inference and characterisation results, and basic asymptotic theory. There is also a short introduction to record values and related statistics. The authors have updated the text with suggestions for further reading that may be used for self-study. Written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in statistics and mathematics, practising statisticians, engineers, climatologists, economists, and biologists.

Introduction to Probability and Statistics: Principles and Applications for Engineering and the Computing Sciences


Author: J. Susan Milton,Jesse C Arnold
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780072468366
Category: Mathematics
Page: 816
View: 1081
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This well-respected text is designed for the first course in probability and statistics taken by students majoring in Engineering and the Computing Sciences. The prerequisite is one year of calculus. The text offers a balanced presentation of applications and theory. The authors take care to develop the theoretical foundations for the statistical methods presented at a level that is accessible to students with only a calculus background. They explore the practical implications of the formal results to problem-solving so students gain an understanding of the logic behind the techniques as well as practice in using them. The examples, exercises, and applications were chosen specifically for students in engineering and computer science and include opportunities for real data analysis.

Statistical Modeling and Computation


Author: Dirk P. Kroese,Joshua C.C. Chan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461487757
Category: Computers
Page: 400
View: 5131
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This textbook on statistical modeling and statistical inference will assist advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Statistical Modeling and Computation provides a unique introduction to modern Statistics from both classical and Bayesian perspectives. It also offers an integrated treatment of Mathematical Statistics and modern statistical computation, emphasizing statistical modeling, computational techniques, and applications. Each of the three parts will cover topics essential to university courses. Part I covers the fundamentals of probability theory. In Part II, the authors introduce a wide variety of classical models that include, among others, linear regression and ANOVA models. In Part III, the authors address the statistical analysis and computation of various advanced models, such as generalized linear, state-space and Gaussian models. Particular attention is paid to fast Monte Carlo techniques for Bayesian inference on these models. Throughout the book the authors include a large number of illustrative examples and solved problems. The book also features a section with solutions, an appendix that serves as a MATLAB primer, and a mathematical supplement.​

Multilevel Statistical Models


Author: Harvey Goldstein
Publisher: Hodder Arnold
ISBN: 9780340595299
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 178
View: 3791
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In the mid 1980s a number of researchers began to pursue systematic approaches to the statistical modelling and analysis of hierarchically structured data. Aitkin's early work on teaching styles and his subsequent classic work with Longford initiated a series of developments that by the early 1990s had resulted in a core of established techniques and software. The methods are now finding wide applications in education, epidemiology, geography, child development, and sociology. This new edition aims to integrate existing methodological developments, provide examples, and explain new developments, especially in discrete response data, times series models, random cross classifications, errors of measurement, missing data, and nonlinear models.

Humanities Data in R

Exploring Networks, Geospatial Data, Images, and Text
Author: Taylor Arnold,Lauren Tilton
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319207024
Category: Computers
Page: 211
View: 7251
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​This pioneering book teaches readers to use R within four core analytical areas applicable to the Humanities: networks, text, geospatial data, and images. This book is also designed to be a bridge: between quantitative and qualitative methods, individual and collaborative work, and the humanities and social sciences. Humanities Data with R does not presuppose background programming experience. Early chapters take readers from R set-up to exploratory data analysis (continuous and categorical data, multivariate analysis, and advanced graphics with emphasis on aesthetics and facility). Following this, networks, geospatial data, image data, natural language processing and text analysis each have a dedicated chapter. Each chapter is grounded in examples to move readers beyond the intimidation of adding new tools to their research. Everything is hands-on: networks are explained using U.S. Supreme Court opinions, and low-level NLP methods are applied to short stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. After working through these examples with the provided data, code and book website, readers are prepared to apply new methods to their own work. The open source R programming language, with its myriad packages and popularity within the sciences and social sciences, is particularly well-suited to working with humanities data. R packages are also highlighted in an appendix. This book uses an expanded conception of the forms data may take and the information it represents. The methodology will have wide application in classrooms and self-study for the humanities, but also for use in linguistics, anthropology, and political science. Outside the classroom, this intersection of humanities and computing is particularly relevant for research and new modes of dissemination across archives, museums and libraries. ​