An Introduction to Statistical Problem Solving in Geography

Second Edition
Author: J. Chapman McGrew, Jr.,Charles B. Monroe
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478609621
Category: Science
Page: 254
View: 2860
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Written for undergraduate geography majors and entry-level graduate students with limited backgrounds in statistical analysis and methods, McGrew and Monroe provide a comprehensive and understandable introduction to statistical methods in a problem-solving framework. Engaging examples and problems are drawn from a variety of topical areas in both human and physical geography and are fully integrated into the text. Without compromising statistical rigor or oversimplifying, the authors stress the importance of written narratives that explain each statistical technique. After introducing basic statistical concepts and terminology, the authors focus on nonspatial and spatial descriptive statistics. They transition to inferential problem solving, including probability, sampling, and estimation, before delving deeper into inferential statistics for geographic problem solving. The final chapters examine the related techniques of correlation and regression. A list of major goals and objectives is included at the end of each chapter, allowing students to monitor their own progress and mastery of geographic statistical materials. An epilogue, offering over 150 geographic situations, gives students a chance to figure out which statistical technique should be used for a particular situation.

Key Methods in Geography


Author: Nicholas Clifford,Meghan Cope,Thomas Gillespie,Shaun French
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473908973
Category: Science
Page: 752
View: 4780
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"Practical, accessible, careful and interesting, this...revised volume brings the subject up-to-date and explains, in bite sized chunks, the "how's" and "why's" of modern day geographical study...[It] brings together physical and human approaches again in a new synthesis." - Danny Dorling, Professor of Geography, University of Oxford Key Methods in Geography is the perfect introductory companion, providing an overview of qualitative and quantitative methods for human and physical geography. New to the third edition: 12 new chapters representing emerging themes including online, virtual and digital geographical methods Real-life case study examples Summaries and exercises for each chapter Free online access to full text of Progress in Human Geography and Progress in Physical Geography Progress Reports The teaching of research methods is integral to all geography courses: Key Methods in Geography, 3rd Edition explains all of the key methods with which geography undergraduates must be conversant.

Reconstructing Quaternary Environments


Author: J. John Lowe,Michael J.C Walker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317753712
Category: Science
Page: 538
View: 3255
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This third edition of Reconstructing Quaternary Environments has been completely revised and updated to provide a new account of the history and scale of environmental changes during the Quaternary. The evidence is extremely diverse ranging from landforms and sediments to fossil assemblages and geochemical data, and includes new data from terrestrial, marine and ice-core records. Dating methods are described and evaluated, while the principles and practices of Quaternary stratigraphy are also discussed. The volume concludes with a new chapter which considers some of the key questions about the nature, causes and consequences of global climatic and environmental change over a range of temporal scales. This synthesis builds on the methods and approaches described earlier in the book to show how a number of exciting ideas that have emerged over the last two decades are providing new insights into the operation of the global earth-ocean-atmosphere system, and are now central to many areas of contemporary Quaternary research. This comprehensive and dynamic textbook is richly illustrated throughout with full-colour figures and photographs. The book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in Earth Science, Environmental Science, Physical Geography, Geology, Botany, Zoology, Ecology, Archaeology and Anthropology

Statistical Methods for Geography

A Student’s Guide
Author: Peter A Rogerson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473911109
Category: Social Science
Page: 424
View: 3123
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How do beginning students of statistics for geography learn to fully understand the key concepts and apply the principal techniques? This text, now in its Fourth Edition, provides exactly that resource. Accessibly written, and focussed on student learning, it’s a statistics 101 that includes definitions, examples, and exercise throughout. Now fully integrated with online self-assessment exercises and video navigation, it explains everything required to get full credits for any undergraduate statistics module: Descriptive statistics, probability, inferential statistics, hypothesis testing and sampling, variance, correlation, regression analysis, spatial patterns, spatial data reduction using factor analysis and cluster analysis. Exercises in the text are complemented with online exercise and prompts that test the understanding of concepts and techniques, additional online exercises review understanding of the entire chapter, relating concepts and techniques. Completely revised and updated for accessibility, including new material (on measures of distance, statistical power, sample size selection, and basic probability) with related exercises and downloadable datasets. It is the only text required for undergraduate modules in statistical analysis, statistical methods, and quantitative geography.

Biogeography

Introduction to Space, Time, and Life
Author: Glen MacDonald,Glen Michael MacDonald
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 518
View: 2106
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Illustrative examples from recent research publications and"classic" studies are prominently featured throughout thebook. Research techniques are highlighted in "special interest" boxes.Illustrations and descriptions of research techniques are providedwith examples such as fire-scars from trees used to reconstructdisturbance, fossil pollen used to reconstruct vegetation changeand plant migration, transect and quadrate sampling. Includes key biogeographical theories that link space and time tothe distribution of life. Some of these theories include: 1.Ranges, Reflicts, Refuges, Corridors, Barriers, 2. Centers ofOrigins, 3. Cladistics, 4. Variance, 5. Island BioGeography, 6.Diversity Theory, 7. Gap Analysis for Conservation.

China's Geography

Globalization and the Dynamics of Political, Economic, and Social Change
Author: Gregory Veeck,Clifton W. Pannell,Christopher J. Smith,Youqin Huang
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742567842
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 8328
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Despite China's obvious and growing importance on the world stage, it is often and easily misunderstood. Indeed, there are many Chinas, as this comprehensive survey of contemporary China vividly illustrates. Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition that offers the only sustained geography of the reform era, this book traces the changes occurring in this powerful and ancient nation across both time and space. Beginning with China's diverse landscapes and environments, and continuing through its formative history and tumultuous recent past, the authors present contemporary China as a product of both internal and external forces of past and present. They trace current and future successes and challenges while placing China in its international context as a massive, still-developing nation that must meet the needs of its 1.3 billion citizens while becoming a major regional and global player. Through clear prose and new, dynamic maps and photos, China's Geography illustrates and explains the great differences in economy and culture found throughout China's many regions.

MATLAB® Recipes for Earth Sciences


Author: Martin Trauth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662462443
Category: Science
Page: 427
View: 6664
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MATLAB® is used for a wide range of applications in geosciences, such as image processing in remote sensing, the generation and processing of digital elevation models and the analysis of time series. This book introduces methods of data analysis in geosciences using MATLAB, such as basic statistics for univariate, bivariate and multivariate datasets, time-series analysis, signal processing, the analysis of spatial and directional data and image analysis. The revised and updated Fourth Edition includes sixteen new sections and most chapters have greatly been expanded so that they now include a step by step discussion of all methods before demonstrating the methods with MATLAB functions. New sections include: Array Manipulation; Control Flow; Creating Graphical User Interfaces; Hypothesis Testing; Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test; Mann-Whitney Test; Ansari-Bradley Test; Detecting Abrupt Transitions in Time Series; Exporting 3D Graphics to Create Interactive Documents; Importing, Processing and Exporting LANDSAT Images; Importing and Georeferencing TERRA ASTER Images; Processing and Exporting EO-1 Hyperion Images; Image Enhancement; Correction and Rectification; Shape-Based Object Detection in Images; Discriminant Analysis; and Multiple Linear Regression. The text includes numerous examples demonstrating how MATLAB can be used on data sets from earth sciences. The book’s supplementary electronic material (available online through Springer Link) includes recipes that include all the MATLAB commands featured in the book and the example data.

Elementary Statistics for Geographers


Author: James E. Burt,Gerald M. Barber,David L. Rigby
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1572304847
Category: Social Science
Page: 653
View: 5026
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Introduces the techniques and concepts of statistics in human and physical geography. This book explains not only how to apply quantitative tools but also why and how they work. It helps students gain important skills for utilizing conventional and spatial statistics in their own research, as well as for critically evaluating the work of others.

Oceania

The Geography of Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands
Author: Tom Lee McKnight
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780131236394
Category: Science
Page: 212
View: 5599
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For junior- or senior-level courses that survey the geography of oceania found in departments of geography or anthropology. Acclaimed author, Tom McKnight, reflects the U.S.'s growing interest in the Pacific Ocean in his study of the overall geography of Australia, New Zealand, and the Asian nations that border the western side of the ocean.

SQL Short Course (Database Programming)


Author: Chris Fehily
Publisher: Questing Vole Press
ISBN: 1937842339
Category: Computers
Page: 268
View: 1980
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Get up to speed fast with SQL, the language of databases. Bestselling author Chris Fehily teaches you just the parts of SQL that you need to know. Quick, learn-by-example lessons start with simple data retrieval and sorting, move on to filtering and grouping, and then build to more-advanced topics, including joins, subqueries, views, and transactions. Whether you're an analyst, developer, data scientist, or Microsoft Office user, you'll find straightforward, practical answers. You can download the sample database to follow along with the examples. - Covers Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, IBM DB2, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft Access. - Learn the core language for standard SQL, and variations for the most widely used database systems. - Organize your database in terms of the relational model. - Master tables, columns, rows, and keys. - Retrieve, sort, and format data. - Filter the data that you don't want to see. - Convert and manipulate data with SQL's built-in functions and operators. - Use aggregate functions to summarize data. - Create complex SQL statements by using joins, subqueries, constraints, conditional logic, and metadata. - Create, alter, and drop tables, indexes, and views. - Insert, update, delete, and merge data. - Execute transactions to maintain the integrity of your data. - Avoid common pitfalls involving nulls. - Troubleshoot and optimize queries. - Plenty of tips, tricks, and timesavers. - Fully cross-referenced, linked, and searchable. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Database Basics 3. SQL Basics 4. Retrieving Data from a Table 5. Sorting Rows 6. Filtering Rows 7. Combining and Negating Conditions 8. Pattern Matching 9. More Ways to Filter Rows 10. Operators and Functions 11. Working with Functions 12. Evaluating Conditional Values 13. Summarizing Data 14. Grouping Data 15. Joining Tables 16. Working with Joins 17. Subqueries 18. Combining Queries 19. Inserting Rows 20. Updating and Deleting Rows 21. Creating and Changing Tables 22. Indexes 23. Views 24. Transactions A. The Sample Database B. Running SQL Programs C. Data Types

North American Odyssey

Historical Geographies for the Twenty-first Century
Author: Craig E. Colten,Geoffrey L. Buckley
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442215860
Category: Social Science
Page: 460
View: 9410
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This groundbreaking volume offers a fresh approach to conceptualizing the historical geography of North America by taking a thematic rather than a traditional regional perspective. Leading geographers, building on current scholarship in the field, explore five central themes. Part I explores the settling and resettling of the continent through the experiences of Native Americans, early European arrivals, and Africans. Part II examines nineteenth-century European immigrants, the reconfiguration of Native society, and the internal migration of African Americans. Part III considers human transformations of the natural landscape in carving out a transportation network, replumbing waterways, extracting timber and minerals, preserving wilderness, and protecting wildlife. Part IV focuses on human landscapes, blending discussions of the visible imprint of society and distinctive approaches to interpreting these features. The authors discuss survey systems, regional landscapes, and tourist and mythic landscapes as well as the role of race, gender, and photographic representation in shaping our understanding of past landscapes. Part V follows the urban impulse in an analysis of the development of the mercantile city, nineteenth- and twentieth-century planning, and environmental justice. With its focus on human-environment interactions, the mobility of people, and growing urbanization, this thoughtful text will give students a uniquely geographical way to understand North American history. Contributions by: Derek H. Alderman, Timothy G. Anderson, Kevin Blake, Christopher G. Boone, Geoffrey L. Buckley, Craig E. Colten, Michael P. Conzen, Lary M. Dilsaver, Mona Domosh, William E. Doolittle, Joshua Inwood, Ines M. Miyares, E. Arnold Modlin, Jr., Edward K. Muller, Michael D. Myers, Karl Raitz, Jasper Rubin, Joan M. Schwartz, Steven Silvern, Andrew Sluyter, Jeffrey S. Smith, Robert Wilson, William Wyckoff, and Yolonda Youngs

An Introduction to Statistical Problem Solving in Geography

Second Edition
Author: J. Chapman McGrew, Jr.,Charles B. Monroe
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478609621
Category: Science
Page: 254
View: 6760
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Written for undergraduate geography majors and entry-level graduate students with limited backgrounds in statistical analysis and methods, McGrew and Monroe provide a comprehensive and understandable introduction to statistical methods in a problem-solving framework. Engaging examples and problems are drawn from a variety of topical areas in both human and physical geography and are fully integrated into the text. Without compromising statistical rigor or oversimplifying, the authors stress the importance of written narratives that explain each statistical technique. After introducing basic statistical concepts and terminology, the authors focus on nonspatial and spatial descriptive statistics. They transition to inferential problem solving, including probability, sampling, and estimation, before delving deeper into inferential statistics for geographic problem solving. The final chapters examine the related techniques of correlation and regression. A list of major goals and objectives is included at the end of each chapter, allowing students to monitor their own progress and mastery of geographic statistical materials. An epilogue, offering over 150 geographic situations, gives students a chance to figure out which statistical technique should be used for a particular situation.

Web Mapping and Geospatial Web Services

An Introduction
Author: Emmanuel Stefanakis
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781514757550
Category:
Page: 168
View: 6493
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Web Mapping and the Geospatial Web is a fast evolving area in Cartography and Geomatics. This textbook provides an introduction to both the theoretical and practical issues related to the dissemination of map and geographic content on the web as well as the development of map mashups and geospatial web services.

How To Do Your Dissertation in Geography and Related Disciplines


Author: Tony Parsons,Peter G Knight
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317909208
Category: Science
Page: 190
View: 611
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This book provides undergraduates with a step-by-step guide to successfully carrying out an independent research project or dissertation. The book addresses each stage of the project by answering the questions that a student is likely to ask as the work progresses from choosing the subject area and planning the data collection through to producing illustrations and writing the final report. Most undergraduates in geography and related disciplines are required to undertake individual projects as part of their degree course; this book is a source of constructive, practical advice. This new third edition continues the tradition of friendly, well-informed but informal support, and continues to focus on answering the specific questions that students typically ask at each stage of the project. The new edition brings the text completely up to date by taking into account changes within the discipline and changes in the ways that students work. New digital media, social networking, mobile technology, e-journals, anti-plagiarism software, ethics approval rules and risk assessments are among the issues that this new edition takes into account. The new edition also broadens the book’s appeal by extending its coverage of the wide range of different approaches to geographical research, with expanded coverage of qualitative research, Geographic Information Systems, and new approaches to research design in both physical and human geographies

An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis


Author: R. Lyman Ott,Micheal T. Longnecker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305465520
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1296
View: 5309
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Ott and Longnecker's AN INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICAL METHODS AND DATA ANALYSIS, Seventh Edition, provides a broad overview of statistical methods for advanced undergraduate and graduate students from a variety of disciplines who have little or no prior course work in statistics. The authors teach students to solve problems encountered in research projects, to make decisions based on data in general settings both within and beyond the university setting, and to become critical readers of statistical analyses in research papers and news reports. The first eleven chapters present material typically covered in an introductory statistics course, as well as case studies and examples that are often encountered in undergraduate capstone courses. The remaining chapters cover regression modeling and design of experiments. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences


Author: Gregory J. Privitera
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506386237
Category: Psychology
Page: 816
View: 5279
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The engaging Third Edition of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences shows students that statistics can be understandable, interesting, and relevant to their daily lives. Using a conversational tone, award-winning teacher and author Gregory J. Privitera speaks to the reader as researcher when covering statistical theory, computation, and application. Robust pedagogy allows students to continually check their comprehension and hone their skills when working through carefully developed problems and exercises that include current research and seamless integration of SPSS. This edition will not only prepare students to be lab-ready, but also give them the confidence to use statistics to summarize data and make decisions about behavior.

The R Book


Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1080
View: 4474
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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS


Author: Fahui Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142000428X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 304
View: 7120
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Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS integrates GIS, spatial analysis, and quantitative methods to address various issues in socioeconomic studies and public policy. Methods range from basic regression analysis to advanced topics such as linear programming and system of equations. Applications vary from typical themes in urban and regional analysis - trade area analysis, accessibility measures, analysis of regional growth patterns, land use simulation - to issues related to crime and health analyses. The book covers common tasks such as distance and travel time estimation, spatial smoothing and interpolation, and accessibility measures. It also covers the major issues that are encountered in spatial analysis including modifiable areal unit problems, rate estimate of rare events in small populations, and spatial autocorrelation. Each chapter has one subject theme, introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme, and then uses case studies to implement the method in a GIS environment.

OpenIntro Statistics


Author: David Diez,Christopher Barr,Mine Çetinkaya-Rundel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781943450046
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7100
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The OpenIntro project was founded in 2009 to improve the quality and availability of education by producing exceptional books and teaching tools that are free to use and easy to modify. We feature real data whenever possible, and files for the entire textbook are freely available at openintro.org. Visit our website, openintro.org. We provide free videos, statistical software labs, lecture slides, course management tools, and many other helpful resources.