An Introduction to Stochastic Orders

Author: Felix Belzunce,Carolina Martinez Riquelme,Julio Mulero
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128038268
Category: Mathematics
Page: 174
View: 2808
An Introduction to Stochastic Orders discusses this powerful tool that can be used in comparing probabilistic models in different areas such as reliability, survival analysis, risks, finance, and economics. The book provides a general background on this topic for students and researchers who want to use it as a tool for their research. In addition, users will find detailed proofs of the main results and applications to several probabilistic models of interest in several fields, and discussions of fundamental properties of several stochastic orders, in the univariate and multivariate cases, along with applications to probabilistic models. Introduces stochastic orders and its notation Discusses different orders of univariate stochastic orders Explains multivariate stochastic orders and their convex, likelihood ratio, and dispersive orders

An Introduction to Stochastic Filtering Theory

Author: Jie Xiong
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199219702
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 270
View: 5562
As a topic, Stochastic Filtering Theory has progressed rapidly in recent years. For example, the (branching) particle system representation of the optimal filter has been extensively studied to seek more effective numerical approximations of the optimal filter. The stability of the filter with 'incorrect' initial state, as well as the long-term behavior of the optimal filter, has attracted the attention of many researchers, and there are some recent excitingresults in singular filtering models. In this text, Jie Xiong introduces the reader to the basics of Stochastic Filtering Theory before covering the key recent advances. The text is written in a clear style suitable for graduates in mathematics and engineering with a backgroundin basic probability.

An Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes

Author: James L. Melsa,Andrew P. Sage
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486490998
Category: Mathematics
Page: 403
View: 8976
Detailed coverage of probability theory, random variables and their functions, stochastic processes, linear system response to stochastic processes, Gaussian and Markov processes, and stochastic differential equations. 1973 edition.

Introduction to Stochastic Integration

Author: K.L. Chung,R.J. Williams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461495873
Category: Mathematics
Page: 276
View: 2085
A highly readable introduction to stochastic integration and stochastic differential equations, this book combines developments of the basic theory with applications. It is written in a style suitable for the text of a graduate course in stochastic calculus, following a course in probability. Using the modern approach, the stochastic integral is defined for predictable integrands and local martingales; then It’s change of variable formula is developed for continuous martingales. Applications include a characterization of Brownian motion, Hermite polynomials of martingales, the Feynman–Kac functional and the Schrödinger equation. For Brownian motion, the topics of local time, reflected Brownian motion, and time change are discussed. New to the second edition are a discussion of the Cameron–Martin–Girsanov transformation and a final chapter which provides an introduction to stochastic differential equations, as well as many exercises for classroom use. This book will be a valuable resource to all mathematicians, statisticians, economists, and engineers employing the modern tools of stochastic analysis. The text also proves that stochastic integration has made an important impact on mathematical progress over the last decades and that stochastic calculus has become one of the most powerful tools in modern probability theory. —Journal of the American Statistical Association An attractive text...written in [a] lean and precise style...eminently readable. Especially pleasant are the care and attention devoted to details... A very fine book. —Mathematical Reviews

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling

Author: Howard M. Taylor,Samuel Karlin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483220443
Category: Mathematics
Page: 578
View: 5835
An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling, Revised Edition provides information pertinent to the standard concepts and methods of stochastic modeling. This book presents the rich diversity of applications of stochastic processes in the sciences. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of diverse types of stochastic models, which predicts a set of possible outcomes weighed by their likelihoods or probabilities. This text then provides exercises in the applications of simple stochastic analysis to appropriate problems. Other chapters consider the study of general functions of independent, identically distributed, nonnegative random variables representing the successive intervals between renewals. This book discusses as well the numerous examples of Markov branching processes that arise naturally in various scientific disciplines. The final chapter deals with queueing models, which aid the design process by predicting system performance. This book is a valuable resource for students of engineering and management science. Engineers will also find this book useful.

Stochastic Differential Equations

An Introduction with Applications
Author: Bernt Oksendal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662130505
Category: Mathematics
Page: 208
View: 2577
These notes are based on a postgraduate course I gave on stochastic differential equations at Edinburgh University in the spring 1982. No previous knowledge about the subject was assumed, but the presen tation is based on some background in measure theory. There are several reasons why one should learn more about stochastic differential equations: They have a wide range of applica tions outside mathematics, there are many fruitful connections to other mathematical disciplines and the subject has a rapidly develop ing life of its own as a fascinating research field with many interesting unanswered questions. Unfortunately most of the literature about stochastic differential equations seems to place so much emphasis on rigor and complete ness that is scares many nonexperts away. These notes are an attempt to approach the subject from the nonexpert point of view: Not knowing anything (except rumours, maybe) about a subject to start with, what would I like to know first of all? My answer would be: 1) In what situations does the subject arise? 2) What are its essential features? 3) What are the applications and the connections to other fields? I would not be so interested in the proof of the most general case, but rather in an easier proof of a special case, which may give just as much of the basic idea in the argument. And I would be willing to believe some basic results without proof (at first stage, anyway) in order to have time for some more basic applications.

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes

With Special Reference to Methods and Applications
Author: M. S. Bartlett
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521215855
Category: Mathematics
Page: 388
View: 5844
Random sequences; Processes in continuous time; Miscellaneous statistical applications; Limiting stochastic operations; Stationary processes; Prediction and communication theory; The statistical analysis of stochastic processes; Correlation analysis of time-series.

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes in Physics

Author: Don S. Lemons,Paul Langevin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801868672
Category: Mathematics
Page: 110
View: 2407
"Students will love this book. It tells them without fuss how to do simple and useful numerical calculations, with just enough background to understand what they are doing... a refreshingly brief and unconvoluted work." -- American Journal of Physics

Introduction to Stochastic Processes

Author: Erhan Cinlar
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486276325
Category: Mathematics
Page: 416
View: 5817
Clear presentation employs methods that recognize computer-related aspects of theory. Topics include expectations and independence, Bernoulli processes and sums of independent random variables, Markov chains, renewal theory, more. 1975 edition.

An Introduction to Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Lawrence C. Evans
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470410540
Category: Mathematics
Page: 151
View: 808
These notes provide a concise introduction to stochastic differential equations and their application to the study of financial markets and as a basis for modeling diverse physical phenomena. They are accessible to non-specialists and make a valuable addition to the collection of texts on the topic. --Srinivasa Varadhan, New York University This is a handy and very useful text for studying stochastic differential equations. There is enough mathematical detail so that the reader can benefit from this introduction with only a basic background in mathematical analysis and probability. --George Papanicolaou, Stanford University This book covers the most important elementary facts regarding stochastic differential equations; it also describes some of the applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping, and options pricing. The book's style is intuitive rather than formal, and emphasis is made on clarity. This book will be very helpful to starting graduate students and strong undergraduates as well as to others who want to gain knowledge of stochastic differential equations. I recommend this book enthusiastically. --Alexander Lipton, Mathematical Finance Executive, Bank of America Merrill Lynch This short book provides a quick, but very readable introduction to stochastic differential equations, that is, to differential equations subject to additive ``white noise'' and related random disturbances. The exposition is concise and strongly focused upon the interplay between probabilistic intuition and mathematical rigor. Topics include a quick survey of measure theoretic probability theory, followed by an introduction to Brownian motion and the Ito stochastic calculus, and finally the theory of stochastic differential equations. The text also includes applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping problems and options pricing. This book can be used as a text for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students in mathematics, applied mathematics, physics, financial mathematics, etc., who want to learn the basics of stochastic differential equations. The reader is assumed to be fairly familiar with measure theoretic mathematical analysis, but is not assumed to have any particular knowledge of probability theory (which is rapidly developed in Chapter 2 of the book).

An Introduction to Sparse Stochastic Processes

Author: Michael Unser,Pouya D. Tafti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107058546
Category: Computers
Page: 384
View: 7029
A detailed guide to sparsity, providing a description of their transform-domain statistics and applying the models to practical algorithms.

An Introduction to Stochastic Dynamics

Author: Jinqiao Duan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107075394
Category: Mathematics
Page: 307
View: 600
An accessible introduction for applied mathematicians to concepts and techniques for describing, quantifying, and understanding dynamics under uncertainty.

An Introduction to the Theory of Large Deviations

Author: D.W. Stroock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461385148
Category: Mathematics
Page: 196
View: 5570
These notes are based on a course which I gave during the academic year 1983-84 at the University of Colorado. My intention was to provide both my audience as well as myself with an introduction to the theory of 1arie deviations • The organization of sections 1) through 3) owes something to chance and a great deal to the excellent set of notes written by R. Azencott for the course which he gave in 1978 at Saint-Flour (cf. Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics 774). To be more precise: it is chance that I was around N. Y. U. at the time'when M. Schilder wrote his thesis. and so it may be considered chance that I chose to use his result as a jumping off point; with only minor variations. everything else in these sections is taken from Azencott. In particular. section 3) is little more than a rewrite of his exoposition of the Cramer theory via the ideas of Bahadur and Zabel. Furthermore. the brief treatment which I have given to the Ventsel-Freidlin theory in section 4) is again based on Azencott's ideas. All in all. the biggest difference between his and my exposition of these topics is the language in which we have written. However. another major difference must be mentioned: his bibliography is extensive and constitutes a fine introduction to the available literature. mine shares neither of these attributes. Starting with section 5).

Brownian Motion

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Author: René L. Schilling,Lothar Partzsch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110307308
Category: Mathematics
Page: 424
View: 7422
Stochastic processes occur everywhere in sciences and engineering, and need to be understood by applied mathematicians, engineers and scientists alike. This is a first course introducing the reader gently to the subject. Brownian motions are a stochastic process, central to many applications and easy to treat.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes, Second Edition

Author: Gregory F. Lawler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584886518
Category: Mathematics
Page: 248
View: 4409
Emphasizing fundamental mathematical ideas rather than proofs, Introduction to Stochastic Processes, Second Edition provides quick access to important foundations of probability theory applicable to problems in many fields. Assuming that you have a reasonable level of computer literacy, the ability to write simple programs, and the access to software for linear algebra computations, the author approaches the problems and theorems with a focus on stochastic processes evolving with time, rather than a particular emphasis on measure theory. For those lacking in exposure to linear differential and difference equations, the author begins with a brief introduction to these concepts. He proceeds to discuss Markov chains, optimal stopping, martingales, and Brownian motion. The book concludes with a chapter on stochastic integration. The author supplies many basic, general examples and provides exercises at the end of each chapter. New to the Second Edition: Expanded chapter on stochastic integration that introduces modern mathematical finance Introduction of Girsanov transformation and the Feynman-Kac formula Expanded discussion of Itô's formula and the Black-Scholes formula for pricing options New topics such as Doob's maximal inequality and a discussion on self similarity in the chapter on Brownian motion Applicable to the fields of mathematics, statistics, and engineering as well as computer science, economics, business, biological science, psychology, and engineering, this concise introduction is an excellent resource both for students and professionals.

Elementary Probability Theory with Stochastic Processes

Author: K. L. Chung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475751141
Category: Mathematics
Page: 325
View: 5637
In the past half-century the theory of probability has grown from a minor isolated theme into a broad and intensive discipline interacting with many other branches of mathematics. At the same time it is playing a central role in the mathematization of various applied sciences such as statistics, opera tions research, biology, economics and psychology-to name a few to which the prefix "mathematical" has so far been firmly attached. The coming-of-age of probability has been reflected in the change of contents of textbooks on the subject. In the old days most of these books showed a visible split personality torn between the combinatorial games of chance and the so-called "theory of errors" centering in the normal distribution. This period ended with the appearance of Feller's classic treatise (see [Feller l]t) in 1950, from the manuscript of which I gave my first substantial course in probability. With the passage of time probability theory and its applications have won a place in the college curriculum as a mathematical discipline essential to many fields of study. The elements of the theory are now given at different levels, sometimes even before calculus. The present textbook is intended for a course at about the sophomore level. It presupposes no prior acquaintance with the subject and the first three chapters can be read largely without the benefit of calculus.

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes

Author: Edward P. C. Kao
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780534255183
Category: Mathematics
Page: 438
View: 5089
Intended for a calculus-based course in stochastic processes at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level, this text offers a modern, applied perspective. Instead of the standard formal and mathematically rigorous approach usual for texts for this course, Edward Kao emphasizes the development of operational skills and analysis through a variety of well-chosen examples.

Financial Calculus

An Introduction to Derivative Pricing
Author: Martin Baxter,Andrew Rennie
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643274
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 7098
The rewards and dangers of speculating in the modern financial markets have come to the fore in recent times with the collapse of banks and bankruptcies of public corporations as a direct result of ill-judged investment. At the same time, individuals are paid huge sums to use their mathematical skills to make well-judged investment decisions. Here now is the first rigorous and accessible account of the mathematics behind the pricing, construction and hedging of derivative securities. Key concepts such as martingales, change of measure, and the Heath-Jarrow-Morton model are described with mathematical precision in a style tailored for market practitioners. Starting from discrete-time hedging on binary trees, continuous-time stock models (including Black-Scholes) are developed. Practicalities are stressed, including examples from stock, currency and interest rate markets, all accompanied by graphical illustrations with realistic data. A full glossary of probabilistic and financial terms is provided. This unique book will be an essential purchase for market practitioners, quantitative analysts, and derivatives traders.

Introduction to Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes

Author: John Chiasson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111838279X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 959
View: 7060
This comprehensive textbook provides an introduction to statistical methods for graduate engineers—offering thorough coverage of important probability-related topics to aid in product and system design, reliability engineering, quality control, and more. It introduces engineers to abstract concepts in mathematical stochastic processes and probability theory and covers topics such as coin tossing, simulation of random phenomena, brownian motion, white noise, and kalman filtering.

An Introduction to the Mathematics of Financial Derivatives

Author: Ali Hirsa,Salih N. Neftci
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123846838
Category: Mathematics
Page: 454
View: 6320
An Introduction to the Mathematics of Financial Derivatives is a popular, intuitive text that eases the transition between basic summaries of financial engineering to more advanced treatments using stochastic calculus. Requiring only a basic knowledge of calculus and probability, it takes readers on a tour of advanced financial engineering. This classic title has been revised by Ali Hirsa, who accentuates its well-known strengths while introducing new subjects, updating others, and bringing new continuity to the whole. Popular with readers because it emphasizes intuition and common sense, An Introduction to the Mathematics of Financial Derivatives remains the only "introductory" text that can appeal to people outside the mathematics and physics communities as it explains the hows and whys of practical finance problems. Facilitates readers' understanding of underlying mathematical and theoretical models by presenting a mixture of theory and applications with hands-on learning Presented intuitively, breaking up complex mathematics concepts into easily understood notions Encourages use of discrete chapters as complementary readings on different topics, offering flexibility in learning and teaching