An Island of Stability

The Islamic Revolution of Iran and the Dutch Opinion
Author: Mark Thiessen
Publisher: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088900191
Category: History
Page: 77
View: 7699
In 1979, the world was taken by surprise when the Iranian people revolted against their westernized ruling elite, and traded in the Shah for a radical Islamic republic ruled by the most senior Shiite cleric, ayatollah Khomeini. The Islamic revolution of Iran was a breaking point in history. It was the defining moment for Islam in the twentieth century and fuelled the Islamic confidence that has since then only grown. The roots of the revolution were deeply entrenched in the recent history of Iran, yet in the West, almost no one knew what was happening. The rise of ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic republic seemed to have come out of nowhere. In this book, historian Mark Thiessen tries to answer the most important questions of the Islamic revolution. What happened, and where did it come from? This book explores the background of the revolution, and gives a detailed account of its course. It analyzes the rise of Khomeini, and his ideology. By studying the archives of the Dutch embassy in Tehran, Thiessen finally tries to find out about the way the Dutch mission experienced and interpreted the revolution, at a time when the outcome was not yet clear.

Topology-Based Methods in Visualization II

Author: Hans-Christian Hege,Konrad Polthier,Gerik Scheuermann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540886060
Category: Mathematics
Page: 190
View: 5207
Visualization research aims to provide insight into large, complicated data sets and the phenomena behind them. While there are di?erent methods of reaching this goal, topological methods stand out for their solid mathem- ical foundation, which guides the algorithmic analysis and its presentation. Topology-based methods in visualization have been around since the beg- ning of visualization as a scienti?c discipline, but they initially played only a minor role. In recent years,interest in topology-basedvisualization has grown andsigni?cantinnovationhasledto newconceptsandsuccessfulapplications. The latest trends adapt basic topological concepts to precisely express user interests in topological properties of the data. This book is the outcome of the second workshop on Topological Methods in Visualization, which was held March 4–6, 2007 in Kloster Nimbschen near Leipzig,Germany.Theworkshopbroughttogethermorethan40international researchers to present and discuss the state of the art and new trends in the ?eld of topology-based visualization. Two inspiring invited talks by George Haller, MIT, and Nelson Max, LLNL, were accompanied by 14 presentations by participants and two panel discussions on current and future trends in visualization research. This book contains thirteen research papers that have been peer-reviewed in a two-stage review process. In the ?rst phase, submitted papers where peer-reviewed by the international program committee. After the workshop accepted papers went through a revision and a second review process taking into account comments from the ?rst round and discussions at the workshop. Abouthalfthepapersconcerntopology-basedanalysisandvisualizationof ?uid?owsimulations;twopapersconcernmoregeneraltopologicalalgorithms, while the remaining papers discuss topology-based visualization methods in application areas like biology, medical imaging and electromagnetism.

Modern Alchemy

Selected Papers of Glenn T. Seaborg
Author: Glenn Theodore Seaborg
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810214401
Category: Science
Page: 696
View: 1653
During his distinguished career spanning more than 50 years, Nobel laureate (Chemistry) Glenn T Seaborg published over 500 works. This volume puts together about 100 of his selected papers. The papers are divided into five categories. Category I consists of papers which detail the discovery of 10 transuranium elements and numerous heavy isotopes of special importance. Category II papers describe the discovery of a number of isotopes which became the workhorses of nuclear medicine or found other applications. Papers in Category III describe how the chemical properties of transuranium elements were originally determined, how chemistry is applied in nuclear sciences, and other chemical investigations, including early work done with the great chemist G N Lewis. Papers in Category IV cover radioactive decay chains and nuclear systematics. Lastly, papers in Category V illustrate how the powerful methods of chemistry are used to explain nuclear reactions in low, intermediate and high energy nuclear physics.

From Transuranic to Superheavy Elements

A Story of Dispute and Creation
Author: Helge Kragh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319758136
Category: Science
Page: 106
View: 7679
The story of superheavy elements - those at the very end of the periodic table - is not well known outside the community of heavy-ion physicists and nuclear chemists. But it is a most interesting story which deserves to be known also to historians, philosophers, and sociologists of science and indeed to the general public. This is what the present work aims at. It tells the story or rather parts of the story, of how physicists and chemists created elements heavier than uranium or searched for them in nature. And it does so with an emphasis on the frequent discovery and naming disputes concerning the synthesis of very heavy elements. Moreover, it calls attention to the criteria which scientists have adopted for what it means to have discovered a new element. In this branch of modern science it may be more appropriate to speak of creation instead of discovery. The work will be of interest to scientists as well as to scholars studying modern science from a meta-perspective.

The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements

Author: Matthias Schädel,Dawn Shaughnessy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642374662
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 2090
The second edition of "The Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements" provides a complete coverage of the chemistry of a series of elements beginning with atomic number 104 – the transactinides or superheavy elements – including their nuclear properties and production in nuclear reactions at heavy-ion accelerators. The contributors to this work include many renowned scientists who, during the last decades, have made vast contributions towards understanding the physics and chemistry of these elusive elements, both experimentally and theoretically. The main emphasis here is on demonstrating the fascinating studies involved in probing the architecture of the Periodic Table at its uppermost end, where relativistic effects drastically influence chemical properties. All known chemical properties of these elements are described together with the experimental techniques applied to study these short-lived man-made elements one atom-at-a-time. The status of theoretical chemistry and of empirical models is presented as well as aspects of nuclear physics. In addition, one chapter outlines the meanderings in this field from a historical perspective and the search for superheavy elements in Nature.

Essense of Nature

Author: Rangel Kolessin
ISBN: 130044665X
Category: Science
Page: 202
View: 1589
This book proposes solutions to the majority of the unsolved problems in Physics and Cosmology. These solutions follow naturally from a new concept for the structures of the matter and the Universe, also introduced in the book. The abundance of unsolved problems is largely due to the wrong direction Physics took after the so called "revolution" at the beginning of 20th century. The new concept reinstates the existence of Ether as the fundament of Matter and the Universe. This concept explains the nature of light, the wavy nature of the matter particles, their mass increase with time, the nature of gravity, the accelerated expansion of the Universe, the bulb-like structure of the Universe, the growing entropy, and so on. The real structure of the elementary particles easily explains the nature of strong interaction and helps establish the natural structure of atomic nucleus, as coaxially-arranged, flat, disc-like nucleons. This structure is in full agreement with the Laws of Physics.

Adventures in Order and Chaos

A Scientific Autobiography
Author: George Contopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402030401
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 308
For many years I was organizing a weekly seminar on dynamical astronomy, and I used to make some historical remarks on every subject, including some anecdotes from my contacts with many leading scientists over the years. I described also the development of various subjects and the emergence of new ideasindynamicalastronomy. Thenseveralpeoplepromptedmetowritedown these remarks, which cannot be found in papers, or books. Thus, I decided to write this book, which contains my experiences over the years. I hope that this book may be helpful to astronomy students all over the world. During my many years of teaching, as a visiting professor, in American Universities (1962-1994, Yale, Harvard, MIT, Cornell, Chicago, Maryland and Florida) I was impressed by the quality of my graduate students. Most of them were very bright, asking penetrating questions, and preparing their homework in a perfect way. In a few cases, instead of a ?nal examination, I assigned to them some small research projects and they presented their results at the end of the course. They were excellent in preparing the appropriate slides and in presenting their results in a concise and clear way.

The Money Trap

Escaping the Grip of Global Finance
Author: R. Pringle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023039275X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 1261
The world economy is caught in a money trap. Existing monetary arrangements meet the needs neither of the ageing societies of the West nor of younger emerging economies. This in-depth analysis explains how the world got into the grip of global finance - and how it can escape, with a growing demand for reform.

International Workshop on Fusion Dynamics at the Extremes

Dubna, Russia, 25-27 May 2000
Author: Yu. Ts Oganessian,V. I. Zagrebaev
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812810083
Category: Electronic books
Page: 364
View: 6588
This book deals with the properties and fusion dynamics of very heavy nuclei. It contains the latest experimental results on the formation and fission of superheavy nuclei and on the near-barrier fusion of light exotic nuclei, along with the different theoretical approaches to the description of fusion dynamics and microscopic properties of superheavy nuclei. The book also discusses nuclear collective dynamics and expectations from the use of accelerated beams of radioactive nuclei in fusion reactions. Contents: Aspects of Fusion, Fission and Cluster Radioactivity (W Greiner); Superheavy Nuclei in Deformed Mean-Field Calculations (T Brvenich et al.); The Synthesis of Superheavy Nuclei in the 48 Ca+ 244 Pu Reaction (Yu Ts Oganessian et al.); Fusion-Fission of Superheavy Nuclei at Low Excitation Energies (M G Itkis et al.); Semi-Bubbles and Bubbles: a New Kind of Superheavy Nuclei (K Dietrich); Reaction Theory for Synthesis of the Superheavy Elements (Y Abe); Fusion-Fission Dynamics of the Synthesis of Superheavy Nuclei (V I Zagrebaev); Sub-Barrier Fusion and Multi Nucleon Transfer in Medium-Heavy Nuclei (F Scarlassara et al.); Mechanisms of Sub-Barrier Fusion Enhancement (N Rowley); Transfer, Breakup, and Fusion Reactions of 6 He with 209 Bi Near the Coulomb Barrier (J J Kolata); Study of Sub-Barrier and Near-Barrier Fusion of Halo Nuclei (N Alamanos et al.); and other papers. Readership: Graduate students, researchers and lecturers in nuclear physics.

Energy Vampires: Managing Stress & Negative Thoughts in your Personal & Professional Life

Author: Dr. Steve Ornelas
ISBN: 0615174353
Category: Self-Help
Page: 59
View: 5209
Life is a classroom with lessons to learn from all situations. Learn to be mindful of your personal boundaries & responsibilities by understanding what you can really control in life. Learn to be mindful of the Energy Vampires in your life that suck you dry. Learn to identify the Islands of Stability to help you through the storms of life & re-gain balance & centering in your life.

Monetary Policy and Central Banking

New Directions in Post-Keynesian Theory
Author: Louis-Philippe Rochon,S. Y. Olawoye
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849807361
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 1189
Has the economic and financial crisis changed the way we conduct monetary policy? Is quantitative easing consistent with the endogeneity of money? These are but two of the questions this new book explores. The various contributors offer interesting and new perspectives on the conduct of monetary policy during the crisis, and provide sharp criticism of central bank policies in the US and Europe. A must read for all those interested in a critical analysis of monetary policy.

A Guide to the Elements

Author: Albert Stwertka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195150260
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 246
View: 6994
Presents the basic concepts of chemistry and explains complex theories before offering a separate article on each of the building blocks that make up the universe.

International Symposium on Exotic Nuclei

Lake Baikal, Russia, July 24-28, 2001
Author: Evgeni A. Cherepanov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812777300
Category: Science
Page: 768
View: 1259
This book is a collection of talks presented at the International Symposium on Exotic Nuclei, held at Lake Baikal, Russia, on 24 OCo 28 July 2001. The talks were given by the leading scientists in the physics of exotic nuclei.Among the topics of the Symposium were the following: production and study of properties of nuclei in extreme states, strongly deformed nuclei, highly excited nuclei and nuclei far from the line of stability as well as nuclei having large angular momenta.New results of investigations are presented in the book OCo in particular, the data on new nuclei with proton or neutron haloes, on the changes in the shell structure of nuclei near the drip lines, and on the structure of exotic nuclei, including information on the island of inversion. The latest results on the synthesis of new superheavy elements are also provided, and existing detecting devices and accelerators of exotic nuclei, as well as future projects for the creation of similar set-ups, are presented."

College Physics Textbook Equity Edition Volume 3 of 3: Chapters 25 - 34

Author: An OER from Textbook Equity
ISBN: 1304804267
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 2306
This is volume 3 of 3 (black and white) of ""College Physics,"" originally published under a CC-BY license by Openstax College, a unit of Rice University. Links to the free PDF's of all three volumes and the full volume are at http: // This text is intended for one-year introductory courses requiring algebra and some trigonometry, but no calculus. College Physics is organized such that topics are introduced conceptually with a steady progression to precise definitions and analytical applications. The analytical aspect (problem solving) is tied back to the conceptual before moving on to another topic. Each introductory chapter, for example, opens with an engaging photograph relevant to the subject of the chapter and interesting applications that are easy for most students to visualize.

The Limits of Culture

Islam and Foreign Policy
Author: Brenda Shaffer
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262195291
Category: Political Science
Page: 350
View: 3248
Experts analyze the effect of cultural interests on the foreign policy of states in the Caspian region, including Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan.

Iran and the Rise of Its Neoconservatives

The Politics of Tehran's Silent Revolution
Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami,Mahjoob Zweiri
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857713671
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 9111
The election of the hard-line Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to the Iranian Presidency in 2005 shocked the world. In this compelling book, Iran experts Anoush Ehteshami and Mahjoub Zweiri penetrate the labyrinth of Iranian politics and reveal the forces which brought Ahmadinejad to power. They argue that the power base behind Ahmadinejad represents a kind of Iranian version of American neo-conservativism. Politicians and clerics exiled from influence under the reformist President Khatami have seized their chance to get back in to power and push an uncompromising foreign policy agenda. In an analysis which has major implications for US and EU policymakers, Ehteshami and Zweiri examine this group’s agenda on issues like Iraq and nuclear enrichment, and assess its strategies for implementing it. Iran and the Rise of Its Neoconservatives is the essential guide to the politics to this turbulent nation, whose importance to world security has never been more keenly felt.

Manhattan Project to the Santa Fe Institute

The Memoirs of George A. Cowan
Author: George A. Cowan
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826348726
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 184
View: 6624
The telephone lay in pieces on George Cowan's office desk in the basement of Princeton's physics building. It was his first day as a graduate student in the fall of 1941. Down the hall, on the door of the cyclotron control room, a sign warned, "Don't let Dick Feynman in. He takes tools." On that day, the future Nobel Prize winner Richard Feynman needed a piece from his new office mate's phone, so he borrowed it without even introducing himself. Cowan's memoir is an engaging eyewitness account of how science works and how scientists, as human beings, work as well. In discussing his career in nuclear physics from the 1940s into the 1980s, Cowan weaves in intriguing anecdotes about a large cast of distinguished scientists--all related in his wry, self-deprecating manner. Besides his nearly forty-year career at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Cowan also helped establish banks in Los Alamos and Santa Fe, served as treasurer of the group that created the Santa Fe Opera, and in the late 1980s participated in founding the Santa Fe Institute and served as its first president. He anchored its interdisciplinary work in his quest to find "common ground between the relatively simple world of natural science and the daily, messy world of human affairs." Since the early 1990s Cowan has pursued a new interest in psychology and neuroscience to gain a deeper understanding of patterns of human behavior. This autobiography will appeal to anyone interested in a concise, intellectually engaged account of science and its place in society and public policy over the past seventy years.

An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research

Fiscal Year 2011
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Laboratory Assessments Board,Panel on Neutron Research
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309220122
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 32
View: 5947
Since 1959, the National Research Council (NRC), at the request of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has annually assembled panels of experts to assess the quality and effectiveness of the NIST measurements and standards laboratories. In 2011, the NRC evaluated three of the six NIST laboratories: the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST), the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) and the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL). Each of these was addressed individually by a separate panel of experts; this report assesses NCNR.

Order and Chaos in Dynamical Astronomy

Author: George Contopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540433606
Category: Science
Page: 624
View: 8620
This book is one of the first to provide a general overview of order and chaos in dynamical astronomy. The progress of the theory of chaos has a profound impact on galactic dynamics. It has even invaded celestial mechanics, since chaos was found in the solar system which in the past was considered as a prototype of order. The book provides a unifying approach to these topics from an author who has spent more than 50 years of research in the field. The first part treats order and chaos in general. The other two parts deal with order and chaos in galaxies and with other applications in dynamical astronomy, ranging from celestial mechanics to general relativity and cosmology.

Iran under the Ayatollahs (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Dilip Hiro
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135043817
Category: History
Page: 438
View: 9733
First published in 1985, this is a comprehensive study of the Middle East's most strategic country, set against the background of the Islamic heritage of Iran and the rise and fall of the Pahlavi dynasty. Dilip Hiro describes the various phases through which the Islamic revolution has passed, gives an incisive account of the first Gulf War, and provides an historical survey of Iran's relations with the West, the Soviet bloc, and other countries of the region.