Anthropology and Civilizational Analysis

Eurasian Explorations
Author: Johann P. Arnason,Chris Hann
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438469411
Category: Civilization
Page: 414
View: 2864
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Brings social and cultural anthropologists into dialogue with historical sociology and illustrates the continued potential of the concept of civilization for all participants. The concept of civilization has a long but checkered history in anthropology, and anthropological materials have been of great importance for the development of civilizational analysis in historical sociology. Anthropology and Civilizational Analysis brings these diverse fields together and explores a wide range of topics pertaining to civilization, from classical theories to contemporary rhetorical discourses, including detailed case studies of concrete practices documented through archival and ethnographic research. While many scholars and the wider public still think of civilization in simplistic terms, viewing it in terms of Enlightenment notions of progress and evolution to higher stages, others have pluralized the term only to create essentialized units which are only tenuously linked to historical processes. In this book contributors use dynamic approaches, including those rooted in the seminal writings of Émile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss, opening up the dimension of civilization as an important complement to other key terms such as society and culture in social science and historical analysis.

Rethinking Civilizational Analysis


Author: Said Arjomand,Edward A Tiryakian
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412931347
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 1851
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'At last, a volume on civilization that truly reflects the complexity of multiple civilizations. The wealth of contributions Arjomand and Tiryakian have assembled demonstrates the value of an old concept for understanding the awful dilemmas confronting human kind in the global age. Its thoroughgoing renewal here establishes this book as the essential benchmark for future scholars of civilization' - Martin Albrow, Founding Editor of International Sociology and author of The Global Age - winner of the European Amalfi Prize, 1997 'In our tension filled world, many are heralding, and others fearing, a"clash of civilizations." The contributors to this volume provides a healthy and persuasive argument about why this clash need not, and certainly should not, take place. They do so, moreover, not by rejecting the concept of civilization, but by developing a less primordial, homogenous, and essentialist concept of it. An important collection that provides illumination in this sometimes frighteningly dark time' - Jeffrey Alexander, Professor and Chair of Sociology at Yale University 'The concept of civilization may well replace the notions of globalization and identity as the core component in the vocabulary of 21st century sociology. The authors contribute a great deal to the clarification of fashionable controversies around the "clash of civilizations" and "multiculturalism". They go a long way toward purging the concept of civilization of its ideological overtones, and they suceed admirably in turning it into powerful analytic tool of an emerging fleld of macrosociology, known already as civilizational analysis' - Piotr Sztompka, President, International Sociological Association Although the concept of 'civilization' has deep roots in the social sciences, there is an urgent need to re-think it for contemporary times. This book points to an exhaustion in using 'the nation state' and 'world system' as the basic macro-units of social analysis because they do not get to grips with the 'soft power' variable of cultural factors involved in global aspects of development. Also, globalization requires us to reconsider the link between civilization and a fixed or given territory. This book focuses upon the dynamic aspect of civilizations. Among the topics covered are: · Civilizational analysis and social theory · Global civilization and local cultures · Civilizational forms · Rationalization and Civilization · Civilizations as zones of prestige · Historical and comparative dimensions of civilization · The clash of civilizations.

Water and Power in Past Societies


Author: Emily Holt
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 143846875X
Category: Social Science
Page: 334
View: 969
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Examines the many ways water has contributed to power structures in the past, with insights for contemporary water management. Water, an essential resource in all cultures, is at the heart of human power structures. Utilizing a diverse range of theoretical perspectives, the contributors to Water and Power in Past Societies provide a broad introduction to the archaeology of water-related power structures. The studies herein explore the long history of water politics in human society, offering new insights into the power structures and inequalities surrounding irrigation systems, the collection of rainwater as a component of ancient industrial production, and sea water as a facilitator of communication, trade, and aggression. In addition to examining the role of different types of water in creating power relationships, the volume presents case studies from a variety of climatic regions, ranging from the very dry to the tropical. This geographical breadth facilitates cross-cultural comparison, making Water and Power in Past Societies an essential resource for instructors and students of the archaeology of water. Finally, in addition to reaching conclusions with significant implications for archaeologists and anthropologists, the volume has real contemporary relevance, often drawing explicit parallels with issues of current and future water management.

Das Unbehagen in der Kultur


Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher: e-artnow
ISBN: 8027300703
Category: Social Science
Page: 79
View: 8058
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Dieses eBook: "Das Unbehagen in der Kultur" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Das Unbehagen in der Kultur ist der Titel einer 1930 erschienenen Schrift von Sigmund Freud. Die Arbeit ist, neben Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse von 1921, Freuds umfassendste kulturtheoretische Abhandlung; sie gehört zu den einflussreichsten kulturkritischen Schriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. Thema ist der Gegensatz zwischen der Kultur und den Triebregungen. Die Kultur ist bestrebt, immer größere soziale Einheiten zu bilden. Hierzu schränkt sie die Befriedigung sexueller und aggressiver Triebe ein; einen Teil der Aggression verwandelt sie in Schuldgefühl. Auf diese Weise ist die Kultur eine Quelle des Leidens; ihre Entwicklung führt zu einem wachsenden Unbehagen. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er war der Begründer der Psychoanalyse und gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute diskutiert und angewendet.

Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518761528
Category: Social Science
Page: 329
View: 8994
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Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihren Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.

Civilization and the Human Subject


Author: John Mandalios
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742573672
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 3660
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Past debates have highlighted the importance of the self to a better understanding of the nature of culture and its relation to power. In his book, John Mandalios incorporates the current 'postmodern' debate on these issues with a deeper, philosophical exploration of identity and cultural formation, and the dynamics of social power underlying them. He takes up identity formation within an analysis of the historical, social, political, religious, and psychoanalytical dimensions of civilized life that can be traced back to the classical world.

Dialogue of Civilizations

An Introduction to Civilizational Analysis
Author: Victor Segesvary
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761816324
Category: Political Science
Page: 132
View: 6415
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The necessity of a dialogue among the various rich and powerful civilizations that co-exist on our planet will be a looming international problem in the coming 21st century. A civilizational dialogue necessitates familiarity with major aspects of other civilizations such as religion, symbolism, myth in the spiritual domain, social structure and development, or political organization in the social and institutional spheres. Familiarity between civilizations would enable them, in the course of the dialogue, to identify shared beliefs and values which are the common aspects of humanity that unite us all. Dialogue of Civilization guides the reader through a deep analysis of different civilizational worlds. An indispensable book for students and professors of anthropology, political science, and foreign relations.

Civilization: Contents, Discontents, and Malcontents and Other Essays (c)


Author: N.A
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
ISBN: 9781610751001
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8495
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A Companion to Psychological Anthropology

Modernity and Psychocultural Change
Author: Conerly Casey,Robert B. Edgerton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470997222
Category: Social Science
Page: 552
View: 9912
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This Companion provides the first definitive overview of psychocultural anthropology: a subject that focuses on cultural, psychological, and social interrelations across cultures. Brings together original essays by leading scholars in the field Offers an in-depth exploration of the concepts and topics that have emerged through contemporary ethnographic work and the processes of global change Key issues range from studies of consciousness and time, emotion, cognition, dreaming, and memory, to the lingering effects of racism and ethnocentrism, violence, identity and subjectivity

Social Change and Modernization

Lessons from Eastern Europe
Author: Bruno Grancelli
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311088447X
Category: Social Science
Page: 324
View: 1886
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Strangers in the Ethnic Homeland

Japanese Brazilian Return Migration in Transnational Perspective
Author: Takeyuki Tsuda
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231502346
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 1790
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Since the late 1980s, Brazilians of Japanese descent have been "return" migrating to Japan as unskilled foreign workers. With an immigrant population currently estimated at roughly 280,000, Japanese Brazilians are now the second largest group of foreigners in Japan. Although they are of Japanese descent, most were born in Brazil and are culturally Brazilian. As a result, they have become Japan's newest ethnic minority. Drawing upon close to two years of multisite fieldwork in Brazil and Japan, Takeyuki Tsuda has written a comprehensive ethnography that examines the ethnic experiences and reactions of both Japanese Brazilian immigrants and their native Japanese hosts. In response to their socioeconomic marginalization in their ethnic homeland, Japanese Brazilians have strengthened their Brazilian nationalist sentiments despite becoming members of an increasingly well-integrated transnational migrant community. Although such migrant nationalism enables them to resist assimilationist Japanese cultural pressures, its challenge to Japanese ethnic attitudes and ethnonational identity remains inherently contradictory. Strangers in the Ethnic Homeland illuminates how cultural encounters caused by transnational migration can reinforce local ethnic identities and nationalist discourses.

Law and Anthropology

Outlines, Issues, and Suggestions
Author: Wolfgang Fikentscher
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783769609776
Category: Philology
Page: 512
View: 4890
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A Companion to Moral Anthropology


Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290585
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 4536
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A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Anthropologies and Histories

Essays in Culture, History, and Political Economy
Author: William Roseberry
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813514468
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 4192
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"Elegantly written essays. . . . Roseberry is the real gem, an anthropologist with extensive Latin American field experience and an impressive scholarly grasp of the histories of anthropology and Marxist theory."--Micaela di Leonardo, The Nation "An extremely stimulating volume . . . rich and provocative, and codifies a new depature point."--Choice "As a critic . . . Roseberry writes with sustained force and clarity. . . . his principal points emerge with a directness that will make this book attractive to a wide range of readers."--American Anthropologist "Roseberry in among the most astute, careful, and theoretically cogent of the anthropologists of his generation. . . . [This book] illustrates well the breadth and coherence of his thinking and guides the reader through the complicated intersections of anthropology with history, political economy, Marxism, and Latin American studies."--Jane Schneider, CUNY In Anthropologies and Histories, William Roseberry explores some of the cultural and political implications of an anthropological political economy. In his view, too few of these implications have been explored by authors who dismiss the very possibility of a political economic understanding of culture. Within political economy, readers are offered sophisticated treatments of uneven development, but when authors turn to culture and politics, they place contradictory social experiences within simplistic class or epochal labels. Within cultural anthropology, history is often little more than new terrain for extending anthropological practice. Roseberry places culture and history in relation to each other, in the context of a reflection on the political economy of uneven development. In the first half of this books, he looks at and critiques a variety of anthropological understandings of culture, arguing for an approach that sees culture as socially constituted and socially constitutive. Beginning with a commentary on Clifford Geertz's seminal essay on the Balinese cockfight, Roseberry argues that Geertz and his followers pay insufficient attention to cultural differentiation, to social and political inequalities that affect actors' different understandings of the world, other people, and of themselves. Sufficient attention to such questions, Roseberry argues, requires a concern for political economy. In the second half of the book, Roseberry explores the assumptions and practices of political economy, indicates the kind of problems that should be central to such an approach, and reviews some of the inadequacies of anthropological studies. William Roseberry is a professor of anthropology at the New School for Social Research.

Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Anthropology
Page: N.A
View: 3873
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Lexikon der Vertreibungen

Deportation, Zwangsaussiedlung und ethnische Säuberung im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts
Author: Detlef Brandes
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783205784074
Category: Deportation
Page: 801
View: 2019
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Das "Lexikon der Vertreibungen" ist das erste Nachschlagewerk zu einem Thema, das in letzter Zeit sowohl in der Forschung wie in der breiten Öffentlichkeit heftig diskutiert worden ist. Es hat zum Ziel, den derzeitigen Stand der Forschung zur Geschichte der Deportationen, Zwangsaussiedlungen und ethnischen Säuberungen in Europa zwischen 1912 und 1999 zu bilanzieren. Als Ergebnis einer internationalen wissenschaftlichen Kooperation umfasst das Lexikon mehr als 300 Artikel von über 100 Experten aus verschiedenen Ländern Europas. Die betroffenen ethnischen Gruppen und Akteure, die wichtigsten Vertreibungs- und Aufnahmegebiete werden im Lexikon ebenso systematisch erschlossen wie zentrale Begriffe aus Wissenschaft und Recht sowie historische Ereignisse, Erinnerungskulturen und Geschichtspolitiken. Zur Erleichterung weiterer Recherchen sind jedem Lexikontext Literaturhinweise beigegeben. Das Werk ist zudem mit einem Personen-, Orts- und Sachregister ausgestattet.

History of Anthropological Thought


Author: Vijay S. Upadhyay,Gaya Pandey
Publisher: Concept Publishing Company
ISBN: 9788170224921
Category: Anthropology
Page: 500
View: 6295
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Religion as a Conversation Starter

Interreligious Dialogue for Peacebuilding in the Balkans
Author: Ina Merdjanova,Patrice Brodeur
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441157158
Category: Religion
Page: 194
View: 7648
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Religion as a Conversation Starter is the first comprehensive analysis of the present state of interreligious dialogue for peacebuilding in Southeast Europe. It is based on empirically grounded and policy-oriented research, carried out throughout the Balkans. The study maps recent interreligious relations in this part of the world, throwing light on both the achievements and challenges of interreligious dialogue for peacebuilding in particular, and offering a set of up-to-date policy recommendations, whilst contributing to a greater understanding of the local particularities and how they relate to broader trends transnationally. Interreligious dialogue has been a central tool in the continuous international efforts to promote peaceful living together in multicultural and multireligious societies. This fascinating monograph explores the place of interreligious dialogue as a primary method in conflict resolution and peacebuilding, and will be of interest to scholars of religious and peace studies, as well as those who advocate and carry out organized interventions in religion-related spheres.