Applied Control Theory for Embedded Systems


Author: Tim Wescott
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080475899
Category: Computers
Page: 320
View: 5100
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Many embedded engineers and programmers who need to implement basic process or motion control as part of a product design do not have formal training or experience in control system theory. Although some projects require advanced and very sophisticated control systems expertise, the majority of embedded control problems can be solved without resorting to heavy math and complicated control theory. However, existing texts on the subject are highly mathematical and theoretical and do not offer practical examples for embedded designers. This book is different;it presents mathematical background with sufficient rigor for an engineering text, but it concentrates on providing practical application examples that can be used to design working systems, without needing to fully understand the math and high-level theory operating behind the scenes. The author, an engineer with many years of experience in the application of control system theory to embedded designs, offers a concise presentation of the basics of control theory as it pertains to an embedded environment. Practical, down-to-earth guide teaches engineers to apply practical control theorems without needing to employ rigorous math Covers the latest concepts in control systems with embedded digital controllers

Applied Control Theory for Embedded Systems


Author: Tim Wescott
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0750678399
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 303
View: 6344
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A?crash course? on the basics of control theory in an embedded environment!

Embedded Control Systems in C/C++


Author: Jim Ledin
Publisher: CMP - DO NOT USE
ISBN: 9781578201273
Category: Computers
Page: 239
View: 1382
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Using the techniques and reusable code in this work, embedded systems developers can design control systems without the advanced calculus skills that are typically required. It shows how to apply the best software tools for control system design - MATLAB and its tool boxes.

Fast and Effective Embedded Systems Design

Applying the ARM mbed
Author: Rob Toulson,Tim Wilmshurst
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0081009038
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 510
View: 488
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Fast and Effective Embedded Systems Design is a fast-moving introduction to embedded systems design, applying the innovative ARM mbed and its web-based development environment. Each chapter introduces a major topic in embedded systems, and proceeds as a series of practical experiments, adopting a "learning through doing" strategy. Minimal background knowledge is needed to start. C/C++ programming is applied, with a step-by-step approach which allows you to get coding quickly. Once the basics are covered, the book progresses to some "hot" embedded issues – intelligent instrumentation, wireless and networked systems, digital audio and digital signal processing. In this new edition all examples and peripheral devices are updated to use the most recent libraries and peripheral devices, with increased technical depth, and introduction of the "mbed enabled" concept. Written by two experts in the field, this book reflects on the experimental results, develops and matches theory to practice, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the technology and techniques introduced, and considers applications in a wider context. New Chapters on: Bluetooth and ZigBee communication Internet communication and control, setting the scene for the ‘Internet of Things’ Digital Audio, with high-fidelity applications and use of the I2S bus Power supply, and very low power applications The development process of moving from prototyping to small-scale or mass manufacture, with a commercial case study. Updates all examples and peripheral devices to use the most recent libraries and peripheral products Includes examples with touch screen displays and includes high definition audio input/output with the I2S interface Covers the development process of moving from prototyping to small-scale or mass manufacture with commercial case studies Covers hot embedded issues such as intelligent instrumentation, networked systems, closed loop control, and digital signal processing

Embedded Systems and Software Validation


Author: Abhik Roychoudhury
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0080921256
Category: Computers
Page: 272
View: 3219
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Modern embedded systems require high performance, low cost and low power consumption. Such systems typically consist of a heterogeneous collection of processors, specialized memory subsystems, and partially programmable or fixed-function components. This heterogeneity, coupled with issues such as hardware/software partitioning, mapping, scheduling, etc., leads to a large number of design possibilities, making performance debugging and validation of such systems a difficult problem. Embedded systems are used to control safety critical applications such as flight control, automotive electronics and healthcare monitoring. Clearly, developing reliable software/systems for such applications is of utmost importance. This book describes a host of debugging and verification methods which can help to achieve this goal. Covers the major abstraction levels of embedded systems design, starting from software analysis and micro-architectural modeling, to modeling of resource sharing and communication at the system level Integrates formal techniques of validation for hardware/software with debugging and validation of embedded system design flows Includes practical case studies to answer the questions: does a design meet its requirements, if not, then which parts of the system are responsible for the violation, and once they are identified, then how should the design be suitably modified?

Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control


Author: Dogan Ibrahim
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470863350
Category: Computers
Page: 324
View: 565
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Combines the theory and the practice of applied digital control This book presents the theory and application of microcontroller based automatic control systems. Microcontrollers are single-chip computers which can be used to control real-time systems. Low-cost, single chip and easy to program, they have traditionally been programmed using the assembly language of the target processor. Recent developments in this field mean that it is now possible to program these devices using high-level languages such as BASIC, PASCAL, or C. As a result, very complex control algorithms can be developed and implemented on the microcontrollers. Presenting a detailed treatment of how microcontrollers can be programmed and used in digital control applications, this book: * Introduces the basic principles of the theory of digital control systems. * Provides several working examples of real working mechanical, electrical and fluid systems. * Covers the implementation of control algorithms using microcontrollers. * Examines the advantages and disadvantages of various realization techniques. * Describes the use of MATLAB in the analysis and design of control systems. * Explains the sampling process, z-transforms, and the time response of discrete-time systems in detail. Practising engineers in industry involved with the design and implementation of computer control systems will find Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control an invaluable resource. In addition, researchers and students in control engineering and electrical engineering will find this book an excellent research tool.

Fuzzy Logic for Embedded Systems Applications


Author: Ahmad M. Ibrahim
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780750676052
Category: Computers
Page: 293
View: 1188
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Extensive coverage of both the theory and application of fuzzy logic design.

Handbook of Real-Time and Embedded Systems


Author: Insup Lee,Joseph Y-T. Leung,Sang H. Son
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420011746
Category: Computers
Page: 800
View: 3287
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Real-time and embedded systems are essential to our lives, from controlling car engines and regulating traffic lights to monitoring plane takeoffs and landings to providing up-to-the-minute stock quotes. Bringing together researchers from both academia and industry, the Handbook of Real-Time and Embedded Systems provides comprehensive coverage of the most advanced and timely topics in the field. The book focuses on several major areas of real-time and embedded systems. It examines real-time scheduling and resource management issues and explores the programming languages, paradigms, operating systems, and middleware for these systems. The handbook also presents challenges encountered in wireless sensor networks and offers ways to solve these problems. It addresses key matters associated with real-time data services and reviews the formalisms, methods, and tools used in real-time and embedded systems. In addition, the book considers how these systems are applied in various fields, including adaptive cruise control in the automobile industry. With its essential material and integration of theory and practice, the Handbook of Real-Time and Embedded Systems facilitates advancements in this area so that the services we rely on can continue to operate successfully.

Intelligence for Embedded Systems

A Methodological Approach
Author: Cesare Alippi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319052780
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 283
View: 924
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Addressing current issues of which any engineer or computer scientist should be aware, this monograph is a response to the need to adopt a new computational paradigm as the methodological basis for designing pervasive embedded systems with sensor capabilities. The requirements of this paradigm are to control complexity, to limit cost and energy consumption and to provide adaptation and cognition abilities allowing the embedded system to interact proactively with the real world. The quest for such intelligence requires the formalization of a new generation of intelligent systems able to exploit advances in digital architectures and in sensing technologies. The book sheds light on the theory behind intelligence for embedded systems with specific focus on: · robustness (the robustness of a computational flow and its evaluation); · intelligence (how to mimic the adaptation and cognition abilities of the human brain), · the capacity to learn in non-stationary and evolving environments by detecting changes and reacting accordingly; and · a new paradigm that, by accepting results that are correct in probability, allows the complexity of the embedded application the be kept under control. Theories, concepts and methods are provided to motivate researchers in this exciting and timely interdisciplinary area. Applications such as porting a neural network from a high-precision platform to a digital embedded system and evaluatin g its robustness level are described. Examples show how the methodology introduced can be adopted in the case of cyber-physical systems to manage the interaction between embedded devices and physical world. Researchers and graduate students in computer science and various engineering-related disciplines will find the methods and approaches propounded in Intelligence for Embedded Systems of great interest. The book will also be an important resource for practitioners working on embedded systems and applications.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Embedded Control
Author: Rogelio Lozano
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118599861
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 6791
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This book presents the basic tools required to obtain the dynamical models for aerial vehicles (in the Newtonian or Lagrangian approach). Several control laws are presented for mini-helicopters, quadrotors, mini-blimps, flapping-wing aerial vehicles, planes, etc. Finally, this book has two chapters devoted to embedded control systems and Kalman filters applied for aerial vehicles control and navigation. This book presents the state of the art in the area of UAVs. The aerodynamical models of different configurations are presented in detail as well as the control strategies which are validated in experimental platforms.

Reconfigurable Embedded Control Systems: Applications for Flexibility and Agility

Applications for Flexibility and Agility
Author: Khalgui, Mohamed
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1609600886
Category: Computers
Page: 652
View: 4254
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"This book addresses the development of reconfigurable embedded control systems and describes various problems in this important research area, which include static and dynamic (manual or automatic) reconfigurations, multi-agent architectures, modeling and verification, component-based approaches, architecture description languages, distributed reconfigurable architectures, real-time and low power scheduling, execution models, and the implementation of such systems"--

Introduction to Embedded Systems

A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach
Author: Edward Ashford Lee,Sanjit Arunkumar Seshia
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262340526
Category: Computers
Page: 568
View: 2987
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The most visible use of computers and software is processing information for human consumption. The vast majority of computers in use, however, are much less visible. They run the engine, brakes, seatbelts, airbag, and audio system in your car. They digitally encode your voice and construct a radio signal to send it from your cell phone to a base station. They command robots on a factory floor, power generation in a power plant, processes in a chemical plant, and traffic lights in a city. These less visible computers are called embedded systems, and the software they run is called embedded software. The principal challenges in designing and analyzing embedded systems stem from their interaction with physical processes. This book takes a cyber-physical approach to embedded systems, introducing the engineering concepts underlying embedded systems as a technology and as a subject of study. The focus is on modeling, design, and analysis of cyber-physical systems, which integrate computation, networking, and physical processes. The second edition offers two new chapters, several new exercises, and other improvements. The book can be used as a textbook at the advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate level and as a professional reference for practicing engineers and computer scientists. Readers should have some familiarity with machine structures, computer programming, basic discrete mathematics and algorithms, and signals and systems.

Real-Time Embedded Systems


Author: Jiacun Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119420709
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 336
View: 4030
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Offering comprehensive coverage of the convergence of real-time embedded systems scheduling, resource access control, software design and development, and high-level system modeling, analysis and verification Following an introductory overview, Dr. Wang delves into the specifics of hardware components, including processors, memory, I/O devices and architectures, communication structures, peripherals, and characteristics of real-time operating systems. Later chapters are dedicated to real-time task scheduling algorithms and resource access control policies, as well as priority-inversion control and deadlock avoidance. Concurrent system programming and POSIX programming for real-time systems are covered, as are finite state machines and Time Petri nets. Of special interest to software engineers will be the chapter devoted to model checking, in which the author discusses temporal logic and the NuSMV model checking tool, as well as a chapter treating real-time software design with UML. The final portion of the book explores practical issues of software reliability, aging, rejuvenation, security, safety, and power management. In addition, the book: Explains real-time embedded software modeling and design with finite state machines, Petri nets, and UML, and real-time constraints verification with the model checking tool, NuSMV Features real-world examples in finite state machines, model checking, real-time system design with UML, and more Covers embedded computer programing, designing for reliability, and designing for safety Explains how to make engineering trade-offs of power use and performance Investigates practical issues concerning software reliability, aging, rejuvenation, security, and power management Real-Time Embedded Systems is a valuable resource for those responsible for real-time and embedded software design, development, and management. It is also an excellent textbook for graduate courses in computer engineering, computer science, information technology, and software engineering on embedded and real-time software systems, and for undergraduate computer and software engineering courses.

Embedded Systems Architecture

A Comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers
Author: Tammy Noergaard
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123821975
Category: Computers
Page: 672
View: 4947
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Embedded Systems Architecture is a practical and technical guide to understanding the components that make up an embedded system’s architecture. This book is perfect for those starting out as technical professionals such as engineers, programmers and designers of embedded systems; and also for students of computer science, computer engineering and electrical engineering. It gives a much-needed ‘big picture’ for recently graduated engineers grappling with understanding the design of real-world systems for the first time, and provides professionals with a systems-level picture of the key elements that can go into an embedded design, providing a firm foundation on which to build their skills. Real-world approach to the fundamentals, as well as the design and architecture process, makes this book a popular reference for the daunted or the inexperienced: if in doubt, the answer is in here! Fully updated with new coverage of FPGAs, testing, middleware and the latest programming techniques in C, plus complete source code and sample code, reference designs and tools online make this the complete package Visit the companion web site at http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780123821966/ for source code, design examples, data sheets and more A true introductory book, provides a comprehensive get up and running reference for those new to the field, and updating skills: assumes no prior knowledge beyond undergrad level electrical engineering Addresses the needs of practicing engineers, enabling it to get to the point more directly, and cover more ground. Covers hardware, software and middleware in a single volume Includes a library of design examples and design tools, plus a complete set of source code and embedded systems design tutorial materials from companion website

Making Embedded Systems

Design Patterns for Great Software
Author: Elecia White
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1449320589
Category: Computers
Page: 330
View: 2086
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Interested in developing embedded systems? Since they don’t tolerate inefficiency, these systems require a disciplined approach to programming. This easy-to-read guide helps you cultivate a host of good development practices, based on classic software design patterns and new patterns unique to embedded programming. Learn how to build system architecture for processors, not operating systems, and discover specific techniques for dealing with hardware difficulties and manufacturing requirements. Written by an expert who’s created embedded systems ranging from urban surveillance and DNA scanners to children’s toys, this book is ideal for intermediate and experienced programmers, no matter what platform you use. Optimize your system to reduce cost and increase performance Develop an architecture that makes your software robust in resource-constrained environments Explore sensors, motors, and other I/O devices Do more with less: reduce RAM consumption, code space, processor cycles, and power consumption Learn how to update embedded code directly in the processor Discover how to implement complex mathematics on small processors Understand what interviewers look for when you apply for an embedded systems job "Making Embedded Systems is the book for a C programmer who wants to enter the fun (and lucrative) world of embedded systems. It’s very well written—entertaining, even—and filled with clear illustrations." —Jack Ganssle, author and embedded system expert.

Electronics for Embedded Systems


Author: Ahmet Bindal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319394398
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 298
View: 1610
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This book provides semester-length coverage of electronics for embedded systems, covering most common analog and digital circuit-related issues encountered while designing embedded system hardware. It is written for students and young professionals who have basic circuit theory background and want to learn more about passive circuits, diode and bipolar transistor circuits, the state-of-the-art CMOS logic family and its interface with older logic families such as TTL, sensors and sensor physics, operational amplifier circuits to condition sensor signals, data converters and various circuits used in electro-mechanical device control in embedded systems. The book also provides numerous hardware design examples by integrating the topics learned in earlier chapters. The last chapter extensively reviews the combinational and sequential logic design principles to be able to design the digital part of embedded system hardware.

Embedded Control System Design

A Model Based Approach
Author: Alexandru Forrai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642285953
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 264
View: 510
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Control system design is a challenging task for practicing engineers. It requires knowledge of different engineering fields, a good understanding of technical specifications and good communication skills. The current book introduces the reader into practical control system design, bridging the gap between theory and practice. The control design techniques presented in the book are all model based., considering the needs and possibilities of practicing engineers. Classical control design techniques are reviewed and methods are presented how to verify the robustness of the design. It is how the designed control algorithm can be implemented in real-time and tested, fulfilling different safety requirements. Good design practices and the systematic software development process are emphasized in the book according to the generic standard IEC61508. The book is mainly addressed to practicing control and embedded software engineers - working in research and development – as well as graduate students who are faced with the challenge to design control systems and implement them in real-time.

Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test


Author: Juan C. López,Román Hermida,Walter Geisselhardt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475744196
Category: Computers
Page: 290
View: 9513
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As electronic technology reaches the point where complex systems can be integrated on a single chip, and higher degrees of performance can be achieved at lower costs, designers must devise new ways to undertake the laborious task of coping with the numerous, and non-trivial, problems that arise during the conception of such systems. On the other hand, shorter design cycles (so that electronic products can fit into shrinking market windows) put companies, and consequently designers, under pressure in a race to obtain reliable products in the minimum period of time. New methodologies, supported by automation and abstraction, have appeared which have been crucial in making it possible for system designers to take over the traditional electronic design process and embedded systems is one of the fields that these methodologies are mainly targeting. The inherent complexity of these systems, with hardware and software components that usually execute concurrently, and the very tight cost and performance constraints, make them specially suitable to introduce higher levels of abstraction and automation, so as to allow the designer to better tackle the many problems that appear during their design. Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test is a comprehensive book presenting recent developments in methodologies and tools for the specification, synthesis, verification, and test of embedded systems, characterized by the use of high-level languages as a road to productivity. Each specific part of the design process, from specification through to test, is looked at with a constant emphasis on behavioral methodologies. Advanced Techniques for Embedded Systems Design and Test is essential reading for all researchers in the design and test communities as well as system designers and CAD tools developers.

Control Systems for Power Electronics

A Practical Guide
Author: Mahesh Patil,Pankaj Rodey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132223284
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 53
View: 3761
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The scope of the book covers most of the aspects as a primer on power electronics starting from a simple diode bridge to a DC-DC convertor using PWM control. The thyristor-bridge and the mechanism of designing a closed loop system are discussed in chapter one, two and three. The concepts are applied in the fourth chapter as a case study for buck converter which uses MOSFETs as switching devices and the closed loop system is elaborated in the fifth chapter. Chapter six is focused on the embedded system basics and the implementation of controls in the digital domain. Chapter seven is a case study of application of an embedded control system for a DC motor. With this book, the reader will find it easy to work on the practical control systems with microcontroller implementation. The core intent of this book is to help gain an accelerated learning path to practical control system engineering and transform control theory to an implementable control system through electronics. Illustrations are provided for most of the examples with fundamental mathematics along with simulations of the systems with their respective equations and stability calculations.

Developing and Managing Embedded Systems and Products

Methods, Techniques, Tools, Processes, and Teamwork
Author: Kim Fowler
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124058639
Category: Computers
Page: 862
View: 5773
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This Expert Guide gives you the knowledge, methods and techniques to develop and manage embedded systems successfully. It shows that teamwork, development procedures, and program management require unique and wide ranging skills to develop a system, skills that most people can attain with persistence and effort. With this book you will: Understand the various business aspects of a project from budgets and schedules through contracts and market studies Understand the place and timing for simulations, bench tests, and prototypes, and understand the differences between various formal methods such as FMECA, FTA, ETA, reliability, hazard analysis, and risk analysis Learn general design concerns such as the user interface, interfaces and partitioning, DFM, DFA, DFT, tradeoffs such as hardware versus software, buy versus build, processor choices, and algorithm choices, acquisition concerns, and interactions and comparisons between electronics, functions, software, mechanics, materials, security, maintenance, and support Covers the life cycle for developing an embedded system: program management, procedures for design and development, manufacturing, maintenance, logistics, and legal issues Includes proven and practical techniques and advice on tackling critical issues reflecting the authors’ expertise developed from years of experience