Arab Political Thought

Past and Present
Author: Georges Corm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781849048163
Category:
Page: N.A
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This book demonstrates the vitality of Arab political thought and its major controversies. It shows that the key players involved, far from being constrained by a theological-political straitjacket, have often demonstrated strong critical thinking when tackling religion and philosophy, anthropology and politics. Setting these thinkers and their works within two centuries of upheaval in the Arab world, Georges Corm demonstrates how Arab critical thought has been marginalised by powerful external forces: the military, the academy and the media. In its place has risen a hegemonic Islamist thought, used cannily by certain Arab regimes and their Western protectors. Closely tracing the successive transformations of modernist Arab nationalism, Arab Political Thought offers a blueprint for understanding the libertarian Arab Spring, as well as the counter-revolutions and external interventions that have followed. This invaluable guide comprehensively distills the complexity of Arab intellectualism. Any return to peace in the region will rely heavily upon recognition of the powerful dynamics underlying this school of thought, which is both critical and profane, and a far cry from the outdated politico-religious image it has acquired.

Democracy and Civil Society in Arab Political Thought

Transcultural Possibilities
Author: Michaelle Browers
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815630999
Category: History
Page: 279
View: 7364
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This book provides a significant and unique contribution to the emerging literature of comparative political thought. Michaelle L. Browers offers compelling evidence, with extensive analysis and references, that a rigorous debateis taking place in Arabic concerning the value of democracy and civil society. Exploring the globalization of ideas of democracy and civil society, Browers addresses the question of what occurs when concepts cross the boundaries of cultures or languages. She analyzes the historical concept of democracy in Arab and Islamic political thought, the transformations that have occurred over the past several decades resulting from Arab forays into an international discussions of civil society, and what these transformations tell us about both the status of ideological and conceptual debates in the region.

Der Islam

Geschichte, Gegenwart, Zukunft
Author: Hans Küng
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 891
View: 6832
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Seit über zwei Jahrzehnten sind die Weltreligionen zentrales Thema von Hans Küng. Mit seinen weltweit einflußreichen Büchern hat er Pionierarbeit für einen Dialog der Kulturen geleistet. In seinem neuen großen Werk bietet er eine profunde Gesamtdarstellung des Islam. Er entfaltet eine fundierte Religionsgeschichte, die über Ursprung, Vergangenheit und Gegenwart des islamischen Glaubens bis in seine mögliche Zukunft reicht. Er beschreibt die Paradigmenwechsel im Lauf der 1400jährigen Geschichte des Islams, zeichnet die unterschiedlichen Strömungen nach und sichtet die Positionen des Islam zu den drängenden Fragen der Gegenwart. Detailliert analysiert der Autor zunächst das Feind-, das Ideal- und ein Realbild des Islam und stellt diese in den Kontext der Geschichte Arabiens an der Peripherie der Großreiche. Dabei liegt sein besonderes Augenmerk auf dem Verhältnis zu den beiden anderen abrahamitischen Religionen. Sehr ausführlich werden Inhalt und Bedeutung des Korans dargestellt. Dabei erweist sich vor allem die Analyse der von ihm sehr anschaulich herausgearbeiteten zentralen Paradigmen als hilfreich, denen er die entsprechenden jüdischen und christlichen Glaubensprinzipien gegenüberstellt. Das Buch bietet eine umfassende Analyse der politischen, kulturellen und religiösen Bedeutung der zahlenmäßig größten Weltreligion neben dem Christentum und zeigt: Ohne einen Dialog mit dem Islam wird es weder einen dauerhaften Weltfrieden noch ein konfliktfreies Miteinander mit den Muslimen in Europa geben. Küng versteht sein Weltethos-Projekt als Gegenentwurf zu dem Paradigma eines Clash of Civilizations, dem er unterstellt ideologische Schützenhilfe dabei geleistet zu haben, "nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges das Feindbild Kommunismus durch das Feindbild Islam zu ersetzen, weiterhin eine amerikanische Hochrüstung zu rechtfertigen und, gewollt oder ungewollt, eine günstige Atmosphäre für weitere Kriege zu schaffen"

Arabic Historical Writing


Author: Fawzi Abdulrazak
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Arab countries
Page: N.A
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Political Thought in Islam

A Study in Intellectual Boundaries
Author: Nelly Lahoud
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134296061
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 7521
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This book is a study of political thought in Islam from the viewpoint of the history of ideas and the relevance of these ideas to contemporary Arabic political discourse. The author examines the use of the classical Islamic tradition (turath) and its religious and philosophical components by the three dominant Arabic political discourses: the Islamists, apologists and intellectuals. The book analyzes the different assumptions advanced by these discourses and the way they propose to apply or restore the turath in the present. Exploring connections between the medieval Islamic tradition and current debates, this book is essential reading for advanced students and researchers of Islam and political thought.

Arabic Thought and Islamic Societies (RLE Politics of Islam)


Author: Aziz Al-Azmeh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134607539
Category: Reference
Page: 320
View: 9960
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This is a study of the structure and composition of the official learning current in medieval Arabic culture. This comprises natural sciences both exoteric and esoteric (medicine, alchemy, astrology and others), traditional and religious sciences (such as theology, exegesis and grammar), philosophical sciences such as metaphysics and ethics, in addition to technical disciplines like political theory and medicine, and other fields of intellectual endeavour. The book identifies and develops a number of conceptual elements common to the various areas of official Arabic scientific discourse, and shows how these elements integrate these disparate sciences into an historical epistemic unity. The specific profile of each of these different sciences is described, in terms of its conceptual content, but especially with reference to its historical circumstances. These are seen to be embodied in a number of institutional supports, both intellectual and social: paradigms, schools of thought, institutions of learning, pedagogic techniques, and a body of professionals, all of which combine to form definite, albeit ever renewed, traditions of learning. Finally, an attempt is made to relate Arabic scientific knowledge in the Middle Ages to patterns of scientific and political authority. First published in 1986.

Contemporary Arab Thought

Cultural Critique in Comparative Perspective
Author: Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231144881
Category: Philosophy
Page: 496
View: 7309
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During the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines-nationalist, Marxist, and religious-and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.

Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World

Governance Beyond the Center
Author: M. Bouziane,C. Harders,A. Hoffmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137338695
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 5043
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The contributors link innovative analytical concepts and ethnographic in-depth case studies from the Arab world. Based on the debates on politics from below and dynamic concepts of state, all the chapters focus on informal institutions, non-elite actors, and the dynamic and contradictory relationship between state and society.

Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798-1939


Author: Albert Hourani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521274234
Category: History
Page: 406
View: 835
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This book is a most comprehensive study of the modernizing trend of political and social thought in the Arab Middle East.

Arab-Islamic Philosophy


Author: Muḥammad ʻĀbid Jābirī
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 9780292704800
Category: Philosophy
Page: 130
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The distinguished Moroccan philosopher Mohammed Abed al-Jabri, in this summary of his own work, examines the status of Arab thought in the late twentieth century. Al-Jabri rejects what he calls the current polarization of Arab thought between an imported modernism that disregards Arab tradition and a fundamentalism that would reconstruct the present in the image of an idealized past. Both past and present intellectual currents are examined. Al-Jabri first questions the current philosophical positions of the liberals, the Marxists, and the fundamentalists. Then he turns to history, exploring Arab philosophy in the tenth and twelfth centuries, a time of political and ideological struggle. In the writings of Ibn Hazm and Averroës, he identifies the beginnings of Arab rationalism, a rationalism he traces through the innovative fourteenth­century work of Ibn Khaldun. Al-Jabri offers both Western readers and his own compatriots a radical new approach to Arab thought, one that finds in the past the roots of an open, critical rationalism which he sees as emerging in the Arab world today.

Arab Civilization: Challenges and Responses

Studies in Honor of Dr. Constantine Zurayk
Author: George N. Atiyeh,Ibrahim M. Oweiss
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887066993
Category: History
Page: 365
View: 9958
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This book discusses Arab history, law, philosophy, politics, and literature, analyzing the challenges and responses aroused by the interaction between Western culture and the ancient and modern Arab cultures. It offers a wealth of information on the forces that have shaped Arab civilization and on several of the major figures who have contributed to its development. Some of the outstanding contributions include a comprehensive study of Dr. Zurayk as the advocate of rationalism in modern Arab thought by Hani A. Faris; a sober but challenging look at the use of Islamic history in our time by Muhsin Mahdi; an analysis of the expression of historicity in the Koran by Jacques Berque; an explanation of the concept of equity in Islamic law by Majid Khadduri; and the revelation of a Mamluk Magna Carta by Aziz Sourial Atiya.

From Empathy to Denial

Arab Responses to the Holocaust
Author: Meir Litvak,Esther Webman
Publisher: Hurst Publishers
ISBN: 1849041555
Category: Antisemitism
Page: 435
View: 6458
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This is a comprehensive investigation into Holocaust denial in the Arab world and is based on historical research of Arabic language sources.

Islam and the Arab Awakening


Author: Tariq Ramadan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019997702X
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 3567
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One of the most important developments in the modern history of the Middle East, the so-called Arab Spring began in Tunisia in December 2010, bringing down dictators, sparking a civil war in Libya, and igniting a bloody uprising in Syria. Its long-term repercussions in Egypt and elsewhere remain unclear. Now one of the world's leading Islamic thinkers examines and explains it, in this searching, provocative, and necessary book. Time Magazine named Tariq Ramadan one of the most important innovators of the twenty-first century. A Muslim intellectual and prolific author, he has won global renown for his reflections on Islam and the contemporary challenges in both the Muslim majority societies and the West. In Islam and the Arab Awakening, he explores the uprisings, offering rare insight into their origin, significance, and possible futures. As early as 2003, he writes, there had been talk of democratization in the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S. government and private organizations set up networks and provided training for young leaders, especially in the use of the Internet and social media, and the West abandoned its unconditional support of authoritarian governments. But the West did not create the uprisings. Indeed, one lesson Ramadan presents is that these mass movements and their consequences cannot be totally controlled. Something irreversible has taken place: dictators have been overthrown without weapons. But, he writes, democratic processes are only beginning to emerge, and unanswered questions remain. What role will religion play? How should Islamic principles and goals be rethought? Can a sterile, polarizing debate between Islamism and secularism be avoided? Avoiding both naive confidence and conspiratorial paranoia, Ramadan voices a tentative optimism. If a true civil society can be established, he argues, this moment's fragile hope will live.

The Arab World

Society, Culture, and State
Author: Halim Barakat
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520914421
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 3549
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This wide-ranging examination of Arab society and culture offers a unique opportunity to know the Arab world from an Arab point of view. Halim Barakat, an expatriate Syrian who is both scholar and novelist, emphasizes the dynamic changes and diverse patterns that have characterized the Middle East since the mid-nineteenth century. The Arab world is not one shaped by Islam, nor one simply explained by reference to the sectarian conflicts of a "mosaic" society. Instead, Barakat reveals a society that is highly complex, with many and various contending polarities. It is a society in a state of becoming and change, one whose social contradictions are at the root of the struggle to transcend dehumanizing conditions. Arguing from a perspective that is both radical and critical, Barakat is committed to the improvement of human conditions in the Arab world.

Politics of Nostalgia in the Arabic Novel


Author: Wen-chin Ouyang
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748655727
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 256
View: 993
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Explores the work of novelists including Naguib Mahfouz, 'Abd al-Khaliq al-Rikabi, Jamal al-Ghitani, Ben Salem Himmich, Ali Mubarak, Adonis, Mahmoud Darwish and Nizar Qabbani to show how the development of the Arabic novel has created a politics of nostal

Islam in History

Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East
Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 081269757X
Category: Religion
Page: 496
View: 3279
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From secular-minded autocrats like Saddam Hussein to religious fundamentalists like Osama bin Laden, powerful voices in the Islamic world have been united by a fierce hatred of the West. If we want to know why they think the way they do, we have to understand the history of Islam and its continuous interactions with the West. This masterly collection of essays by a leading expert on Islam and the Middle East ranges over the whole sweep of Islamic history and Western attempts to comprehend it.

Contemporary Arab Political Thought


Author: Anouar Abdel-Malek
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Arab countries
Page: 253
View: 2800
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Poetics of Love in the Arabic Novel


Author: Wen-chin Ouyang
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748655077
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 304
View: 9690
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Considers the Arabic novel within the triangle of the nation-state, modernity and tradition.The novel is now a major genre in the Arabic literary field; this book explores the development of the novel, especially the ways in which the genre engages with a

History of Islamic Political Thought


Author: Antony Black
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688781
Category: Philosophy
Page: 400
View: 858
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Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).

The Arab in Israeli Drama and Theatre


Author: Dan Urian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134403852
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 200
View: 4844
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What is Israeli theatre? Is it only a Hebrew theatre staged in Israel? Are performances by Arab Israelis working in an Arabic theatre framework not part of the repertoire of Israeli theatre? Do they perhaps belong to the Palestinian theatre? What are the "borders" of Palestinian theatre? Are not theatrical works created in East Jerusalem by Arab Israeli playwrights and actors, and staged on occasion before Jewish Israeli audiences, part of a dialogue between Palestinian and Israeli cultures? Does "theatre" only include works staged under that title? These and other similarly absorbing questions arise in Dan Urian's wide-ranging and detailed study of the image of the Arab in Israeli drama and theatre. By the use of extensive examples to show how theatre, politics and personal perceptions intertwine, the author presents us with a model which can be used as a basis for the further discussion and study of similar social and artistic phenomena in other cultures in relation to their theatre and drama.