Archaeological Fantasies

How Pseudoarchaeology Misrepresents the Past and Misleads the Public
Author: Garrett G. Fagan
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415305921
Category: Science
Page: 417
View: 5788
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This edited volume examines the phenomenon of pseudoarchaeology from a variety of perspectives. The engaging and stimulating essays, written by a diverse group of scholars, scientists and writers, explore issues including: the differences between real and pseudoarchaeology pseudoarchaeology's increasing popularity and how the media, especially TV, has contributed to this the warping of genuine archaeology to fit national and other agendas pseudoarchaeology's potential risk to the genuine academic field of archaeology. Including case studies such as the supposedly mystical Maya, Nazi pseudoarchaeology, ancient pseudohistory in modern India, and surveys of esoteric Egypt, this fascinating text will appeal to students of archaeology and ancient history as well as being of interest to the general reader.

Ancient Pakistan - An Archaeological History

Volume IV: Harappan Civilization - Theoretical and the Abstract
Author: Mukhtar Ahmed
Publisher: Amazon
ISBN: 1496082087
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 3979
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This is the fourth volume of the Ancient Pakistan - An Archaeological History. It deals with a number of issues of the Indus Civilization, which are primarily of theoretical importance. The main topics that have been discussed are the social and political organization of the Harappan society, the Harappan religion, the Indus script and language, the beginning and the end of this vast civilization, and the recent attempts in creating some myths around the Indus Civilization. Since this volume is primarily dedicated to the theoretical and the abstract, descriptive material is kept to a minimum.

Ethics and Archaeological Praxis


Author: Cristóbal Gnecco,Dorothy Lippert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493916467
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 1034
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Restoring the historicity and plurality of archaeological ethics is a task to which this book is devoted; its emphasis on praxis mends the historical condition of ethics. In doing so, it shows that nowadays a multicultural (sometimes also called “public”) ethic looms large in the discipline. By engaging communities “differently,” archaeology has explicitly adopted an ethical outlook, purportedly striving to overcome its colonial ontology and metaphysics. In this new scenario, respect for other historical systems/worldviews and social accountability appear to be prominent. Being ethical in archaeological terms in the multicultural context has become mandatory, so much that most professional, international and national archaeological associations have ethical principles as guiding forces behind their openness towards social sectors traditionally ignored or marginalized by their practices. This powerful new ethics—its newness is based, to a large extent, in that it is the first time that archaeological ethics is explicitly stated, as if it didn’t exist before—emanates from metropolitan centers, only to be adopted elsewhere. In this regard, it is worth probing the very nature of the dominant multicultural ethics in disciplinary practices because (a) it is at least suspicious that at the same time archaeology has tuned up with postmodern capitalist/market needs, and (b) the discipline (along with its ethical principles) is contested worldwide by grass-roots organizations and social movements. Can archaeology have socially committed ethical principles at the same time that it strengthens its relationship with the market and capitalism? Is this coincidence just merely haphazard or does it obey more structural rules? The papers in this book try to answer these two questions by examining praxis-based contexts in which archaeological ethics unfolds.

Religion, Material Culture and Archaeology


Author: Julian Droogan
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441184317
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 7498
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Religion, Material Culture and Archaeology offers a new understanding of the materiality of religion. By drawing on the field of archaeological theory and method, the relationship between religion and material culture is explored. It is argued that the material elements of religious life have been largely neglected by the discipline of religious studies, while at the same time religion has been traditionally seen as problematic for archaeologists. Why do we not talk of the discipline of the archaeology of religion, in the same way we do the anthropology of religion, or the sociology of religion? The volume considers the historical problems of approaching the material elements of religious life and bridges the methodological gap between religious studies and archaeology by proposing a new way of understanding the materiality of religion – as active, engaged and projecting a level of autonomous social agency. Finally, the critical examination of archaeological approaches to the materiality of religion is furthered through the consideration of non-archaeological ways of examining the social roles that material culture plays in human life.

2012

Decoding the Countercultural Apocalypse
Author: Joseph Gelfer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317544137
Category: Religion
Page: 212
View: 9140
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21 December 2012 was believed to mark the end of the thirteenth B'ak'tun cycle in the Long Count of the Mayan calendar. Many people believed this date to mark the end of the world or, at the very least, a shift to a new form of global consciousness. Examining how much of the phenomenon is based on the historical record and how much is contemporary fiction, the book explores the landscape of the modern apocalyptic imagination, the economics of the spiritual marketplace, the commodification of countercultural values, and the cult of celebrity.

Sensemaking

A Structure for an Intelligence Revolution
Author: David T. Moore,Defense Department
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9781937877002
Category: Political Science
Page: 231
View: 815
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In Sensemaking, David Moore advocates for a paradigm shift to improve analysis among intelligence practitioners, as well as intelligence collaboration with decision makers.

Lost City, Found Pyramid

Understanding Alternative Archaeologies and Pseudoscientific Practices
Author: Jeb J. Card,David S. Anderson
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817319115
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 259
View: 7094
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Lost City, Found Pyramid: Understanding Alternative Archaeologies and Pseudoscientific Practices explores the phenomenon of pseudoarchaeology in popular culture and the ways that professional archaeologists can respond to sensationalized depictions of archaeology and archaeologists.

The Journal of the Associated Graduates in Near Eastern Studies


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Middle East
Page: N.A
View: 4064
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The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2004


Author: Steven Pinker,Tim Folger
Publisher: Mariner Books
ISBN: 9780618246984
Category: Nature
Page: 209
View: 6479
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Collects nature- and science-based essays by such authors as Anne Fadiman, Brian Hayes, Cullen Murphy, and Gary Taubes.

American Book Publishing Record


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 2118
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Between the Empires

Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 538
View: 8661
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This volume is the result of an international conference organized by the South Asia Institute at the University of Texas. The purpose of the conference as to bring together the world's leading Indologists representing a variety of disciplines to discuss and share recent research on hitherto neglected period of Indian history.

Fingerprints of the Gods

The Evidence of Earth's Lost Civilization
Author: Graham Hancock
Publisher: Three Rivers Press
ISBN: 0307829057
Category: Science
Page: 592
View: 9573
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The bestselling author of The Sign and the Seal reveals the true origins of civilization. Connecting puzzling clues scattered throughout the world, Hancock discovers compelling evidence of a technologically and culturally advanced civilization that was destroyed and obliterated from human memory. Four 8-page photo inserts.

Egyptian Tomb Architecture

The Archaeological Facts of Pharaonic Circular Symbolism
Author: David I. Lightbody
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 88
View: 4109
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The objective of this monograph is to describe and explain the meanings underlying some otherwise anomalous archaeological data drawn from the study of Ancient Egypt. An explanation for the phenomena observed has hitherto proved elusive. The data is principally concerned with royal funerary architecture from the Old Kingdom, and the underlying systems of measurement and geometry that were employed therein. As well as providing a description and explanation for the data, this work also has the objective of providing the first synthesis of related cultural information drawn from several different textual and archaeological resources. The general subject matter is pharaonic funerary architecture from Old Kingdom Egypt, and the work focuses specifically on the circular proportions deliberately incorporated into the tomb designs by the architects. Contents: Introduction; 1) Fundamentals of Ancient Egyptian mathematics and architecture; 2) The Evidence and facts of Egyptian circular proportions; 3) The symbolism; 4) Methodology, analysis and discussion of mathematics; 5) Arguments from authorities; 6) Archaeology and philology; fieldwork and deskwork; 7) Conclusions; Appendix 1: Secondary Issues; Appendix 2: Social Context of early Egyptology; Appendix 3: Egyptian and Greek Mathematics; Appendix 4: Quotes from the Greeks.

Bibliographie de la philosophie

Bibliography of philosophy
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9782271064011
Category: Philosophy
Page: 235
View: 1165
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L'opposition entre Foucault et Habermas a donné lieu à l'un des moments légendaires de la philosophie sociale du XXe siècle. A juste titre sans doute, puisqu'il vit s'affronter deux conceptions de la nature et des finalités d'une analyse englobante de la société moderne qui ont compté parmi les plus riches et les plus cohérentes de l'après-guerre, étendant leurs ramifications dans de multiples directions : théorie du langage, conception de la subjectivité, épistémologie des sciences humaines, philosophie morale, étude des processus de rationalisation, élucidation du statut de la critique.L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'éclairer, dans toute leur richesse et leur diversité, les enjeux du différend entre Foucault et Habermas. Passé le temps des polémiques, demeure un dossier consistant dont l'exploration s'avère aujourd'hui décisive pour toute théorie de la société qui voudra concilier la pertinence historique et politique de son propos avec la conscience des fondements comme des limites de son propre discours.

Archaeological Review from Cambridge


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Archaeology
Page: N.A
View: 5838
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The Ancient Giants Who Ruled America

The Missing Skeletons and the Great Smithsonian Cover-Up
Author: Richard J. Dewhurst
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1591437520
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 368
View: 1532
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A study of the substantial evidence for a former race of giants in North America and its 150-year suppression by the Smithsonian Institution • Shows how thousands of giant skeletons have been found, particularly in the Mississippi Valley, as well as the ruins of the giants’ cities • Explores 400 years of giant finds, including newspaper articles, first person accounts, state historical records, and illustrated field reports • Reveals the Stonehenge-era megalithic burial complex on Catalina Island with over 4,000 giant skeletons, including kings more than 9 feet tall • Includes more than 100 rare photographs and illustrations of the lost evidence Drawing on 400 years of newspaper articles and photos, first person accounts, state historical records, and illustrated field reports, Richard J. Dewhurst reveals not only that North America was once ruled by an advanced race of giants but also that the Smithsonian has been actively suppressing the physical evidence for nearly 150 years. He shows how thousands of giant skeletons have been unearthed at Mound Builder sites across the continent, only to disappear from the historical record. He examines other concealed giant discoveries, such as the giant mummies found in Spirit Cave, Nevada, wrapped in fine textiles and dating to 8000 BCE; the hundreds of red-haired bog mummies found at sinkhole “cenotes” on the west coast of Florida and dating to 7500 BCE; and the ruins of the giants’ cities with populations in excess of 100,000 in Arizona, Oklahoma, Alabama, and Louisiana. Dewhurst shows how this suppression began shortly after the Civil War and transformed into an outright cover-up in 1879 when Major John Wesley Powell was appointed Smithsonian director, launching a strict pro-evolution, pro-Manifest Destiny agenda. He also reveals the 1920s’ discovery on Catalina Island of a megalithic burial complex with 6,000 years of continuous burials and over 4,000 skeletons, including a succession of kings and queens, some more than 9 feet tall--the evidence for which is hidden in the restricted-access evidence rooms at the Smithsonian.

Ancient Ocean Crossings

Reconsidering the Case for Contacts with the Pre-Columbian Americas
Author: Stephen C. Jett
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817319395
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 9423
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Ancient Ocean Crossings paints a compelling picture of impressive pre-Columbian cultures and Old World civilizations that, contrary to many prevailing notions, were not isolated from one another, evolving independently, each in its own hemisphere. Instead, they constituted a “global ecumene,” involving a complex pattern of intermittent but numerous and profoundly consequential contacts. In Ancient Ocean Crossings: Reconsidering the Case for Contacts with the Pre-Columbian Americas, Stephen Jett encourages readers to reevaluate the common belief that there was no significant interchange between the chiefdoms and civilizations of Eurasia and Africa and peoples who occupied the alleged terra incognita beyond the great oceans. More than a hundred centuries separate the time that Ice Age hunters are conventionally thought to have crossed a land bridge from Asia into North America and the arrival of Columbus in the Bahamas in 1492. Traditional belief has long held that earth’s two hemispheres were essentially cut off from one another as a result of the post-Pleistocene meltwater-fed rising oceans that covered that bridge. The oceans, along with arctic climates and daunting terrestrial distances, formed impermeable barriers to interhemispheric communication. This viewpoint implies that the cultures of the Old World and those of the Americas developed independently. Drawing on abundant and concrete evidence to support his theory for significant pre-Columbian contacts, Jett suggests that many ancient peoples had both the seafaring capabilities and the motives to cross the oceans and, in fact, did so repeatedly and with great impact. His deep and broad work synthesizes information and ideas from archaeology, geography, linguistics, climatology, oceanography, ethnobotany, genetics, medicine, and the history of navigation and seafaring, making an innovative and persuasive multidisciplinary case for a new understanding of human societies and their diffuse but interconnected development.

The Search of the Cradle of Civilization

New Light on Ancient India
Author: Georg Feuerstein,Subhash Kak,David Frawley
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe
ISBN: 9788120820371
Category: India
Page: 341
View: 2796
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The book shows that the ancient Indians were no primitives but possessed a high spiritual culture, which not only influenced the evolution of the Western world in decisive ways but which still has much to teach us today. India`s archaic spirituality is codified in the rich symbols, metaphors, and myths of the magnificent Rig-Veda, which is shown to be much older than has been widely assumed by scholars. The present book also unravels the astonishing mathematical and astronomical code hidden in the Vedic hymns. Anyone interested in ancient cultural history, India, archaeo-astronomy, or spirituality will find this well-researched and cross-cultural work spellbinding and enriching.

Controversies in Archaeology


Author: Alice Beck Kehoe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315431599
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 2299
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Atlantis, ancient astronauts, and pyramid power. Archaeologists are perennially bombarded with questions about the “mysteries” of the past. They are also constantly addressing more realistic controversies: origins of the First Americans, the ownership of antiquities, and national claims to historical territories. Alice Beck Kehoe offers to introductory students a method of evaluating and assessing these claims about the past in this reader-friendly, concise text. She shows how to use the methods of science to challenge the legitimacy of pseudoscientific proclamations and develop reasonable interpretations on controversial issues. Not one to shy away from controversy herself, Kehoe takes some stands—on transpacific migration, shamanism, the Kensington Runestone—which will challenge instructor and students alike, and foster class discussion.

Bathing in Public in the Roman World


Author: Garrett G. Fagan
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472088652
Category: History
Page: 437
View: 2436
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An uninhibited glance into the extensive baths of Rome