Archaeology

A Brief Introduction
Author: Brian M. Fagan,Nadia Durrani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317279123
Category: Social Science
Page: 396
View: 6881
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Archaeology is a jargon-free and accessible introduction to the field which details how archaeologists study the human past in all its fascinating diversity. Now in its twelfth edition, this classic textbook has been updated to reflect the latest research and new findings in the field. Reflecting the global scope of the discipline, the book has a truly international coverage of important discoveries and sites from many corners of the globe. Individual chapters examine archaeology and its history, considering the role of the archaeologist and how they discover, investigate and classify sites and artifacts. This journey through archaeology also includes a discussion of important individuals and groups, and some of the ways in which archaeologists attempt to explain major social and cultural changes in the remote past. Archaeology ends with an outline of the complex world of cultural resource management and gives invaluable advice on how to become an archaeologist. Richly illustrated throughout, this popular and engaging textbook on archaeological methods has introduced generations of students to the captivating world of archaeology.

Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Paul Bahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199657432
Category: History
Page: 118
View: 3167
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The explorations of archaeology encompass the whole globe, survey 2.5 million years, and range from deserts to jungles, from deep caves to mountain tops, and from pebble tools to GPS. Its efforts to reconstruct and understand the past do not fail to fascinate us. Paul Bahn explores the importance of archaeology in this entertaining introduction.

Archaeological Research

A Brief Introduction
Author: Peter N. Peregrine
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351816624
Category: Social Science
Page: 152
View: 430
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This updated edition of Archaeological Research introduces the basic methods of archaeological research, including data collection, analysis, interpretation, as well as a consideration of the state of archaeology today. New to the Second Edition is updated information on geographic information systems and remote sensing strategies, and a greatly expanded discussion of practices in cultural resource management archaeology. This popular, concise textbook explores various research methods, analytical techniques, legal and ethical issues facing archaeologists; includes discussions of the archaeological process and record, sampling and research design, survey and excavation methods and strategies, recordkeeping, analysis, archaeological dating, presenting results, and research opportunities; is an excellent text for undergraduate students in basic archaeology courses, field methods courses, and field schools

Discovering Our Past: A Brief Introduction to Archaeology

Sixth Edition
Author: Wendy Ashmore,Robert Sharer
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
ISBN: 0077434250
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 4019
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Discovering Our Past: A Brief Introduction to Archaeology introduces students to the techniques, methods, and theoretical frameworks of contemporary archaeology in a brief format. Adopted and streamlined from the authorsË hardcover text, Archaeology: Discovering Our Past, this book provides students with a variety of archaeological perspectives through comprehensive information on contemporary methods and theories. Illustrative examples and case studies represent a temporal and geographic balance of both Old and New World sites.

Discovering Our Past

A Brief Introduction to Archaeology
Author: Wendy Ashmore,Robert J. Sharer
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: 9780767411967
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 1748
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A brief, inexpensive introduction to the techniques, methods, and theoretical frameworks of contemporary archaeology. Derived from the authors' Archaeology: Discovering Our Past, this book follows the same organizing principle but in less detail.

Linking to the Past

A Brief Introduction to Archaeology
Author: Kenneth L. Feder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195159196
Category: History
Page: 369
View: 7424
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These questions are addressed throughout the book."--BOOK JACKET.

World Prehistory

A Brief Introduction
Author: Brian M. Fagan,Nadia Durrani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317342437
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 1162
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For one semester or quarter courses in World Prehistory. Written by one of the leading archaeological writers in the world -— in a simple, jargon-free narrative style —- this brief, well-illustrated account of the major developments in the human past makes world prehistory uniquely accessible to complete beginners. Written by Brian Fagan, World Prehistory covers the entire world, not just the Americas or Europe, and places major emphasis on both theories and the latest archaeological and multidisciplinary approaches. His focus is on four major developments in world prehistory: 1) The origins of humanity. 2) The appearance and spread of modern humans before and during the late Ice Age- including the first settlement of the Americas. 3) The beginnings of food production. 4) The rise of the first civilizations.

Archaeology and Humanity's Story

A Brief Introduction to World Prehistory
Author: Deborah I. Olszewski
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199764563
Category:
Page: 528
View: 2790
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This student-friendly textbook introduces the archaeological past from approximately seven million years ago through later politically complex societies. Archaeology and Humanity's Story: A Brief Introduction to World Prehistory does not attempt to discuss every archaeologically important site and development in prehistory and early history. Rather, it presents key issues from earlier prehistory and then organizes the chapters on politically complex societies using a similar framework. This allows students to easily compare and contrast different geographical regions. Each of these chapters also highlights a specific case study in which similar themes are examined, such as the written word; resource networks, trade, and exchange; social life; ritual and religion; and warfare and violence. Each chapter includes several sidebar boxes, a timeline showing the chronology relevant to that chapter, and "The Big Picture," "Peopling the Past," and "Evolutionary Processes" features.

Archaeology and Heritage

An Introduction
Author: John Carman
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1855394170
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 2002
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Unlike most textbooks on heritage which discuss the creation of heritage as a cultural phenomenon or offer practical guides to heritage practices, Archaeology and Heritage takes a fresh approach by providing an introduction to themes in the field of heritage as it relates to the material legacy of our past. A survey of current approaches to theorizing archaeological practice presents some ideas about how we understand and relate to the remains, sites, structures and buildings that have come to our present from the past.The book is divided into seven chapters, each preceded by a short interlude which considers the types of literature and ways of talking about heritage which characterize that approach. For those not already acquainted with recent archaeological theory, the book provides a brief introduction to current trends. Each chapter is in turn divided into key points indicated by sub-headings, and these key points are reiterated at the end of each chapter and are followed by a list of suggested readings.

A Brief History of Archaeology

Classical Times to the Twenty-first Century
Author: Brian M. Fagan
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131776982
Category: Social Science
Page: 279
View: 5004
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This brief but comprehensive book tells the story of how archaeology changed from a romantic adventure into a science. Its vivid narrative combines tales of archaeological discovery with the changing social conditions and theoretical perspectives that helped turn archaeology into a sophisticated discipline. Containing a simple, jargon-free style—and a lifetime of teaching experience—this writer shares with readers his unrivaled experience as an archeologist and an author.Unique coverage includes both major discoveries, and significant, theoretical and methodological developments of the history of archaeology—from a global perspective.For anyone interested in an interpretation of our archeological past that will yield an understanding of today—its beginnings, and the ideas that nurtured it.

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis
Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn
Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh
ISBN: 9783805339483
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 2616
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Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

An Introductory Guide
Author: Guy Gibbon
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 075912342X
Category: Social Science
Page: 254
View: 5842
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Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 7569
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Archaeological Approaches, Second Edition
Author: Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439850313
Category: Law
Page: 398
View: 9347
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This reference, now in its second edition, is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, as well as any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport evidence. New additions to the reference include discussion questions and suggested readings, updated mapping and measuring techniques, including a section on GIS and backpack differential GPS systems, expanded information on botany, DNA, and soil, and non-forensic burial contexts. Almost 200 illustrations are included to help clarify concepts.

Archaeological Method and Theory

An Encyclopedia
Author: Linda Ellis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135582831
Category: Reference
Page: 744
View: 5195
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This Encyclopedia brings together the most recent scientific information on a collection of subjects that are too often - and inconveniently - treated in separate publications. It provides a survey of archaeological method and theory, as well as the application of physical and biological sciences in archaeological research. Every aspect of archaeological work is represented, from the discovery process to the ultimate disposition of materials. Thus the reader will find entries on subject matter covering: * disciplinary theory * legislation affecting the work of archaeologists * pre-excavation surveying * excavation methodology * on-site conservation techniques * post-excavation analysis The rapid evolution of analytical technology is often superficially treated or not covered at all in textbooks or other commonly available sources. Here, the latest refinements in techniques such as radiometric dating, stable isotopic analysis, and the PCR technique of DNA analysis are presented clearly and authoritatively. The discussion of these techniques is amplified by including results of the work of professionals conducting interdisciplinary research and by covering the methodologi enhancements provided by the physical and natural sciences. Cultural property legislation, regardless of its country of origin, has affected how archaeologists conduct their work. This encyclopedia covers all major U.S. legislation developed for the protection of cultural property, including the recent Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, and offers a substantial article on worldwide legislation concerning the reburial of human remains and its effects on the present and future practice of archaeology. Without some sort of conservation program at the point of excavation, valuable materials may be inadvertently contaminated or destroyed. Many simple and low-cost techniques to promote both sample integrity and long-term preservation for major classes of materials are described in this volume. Traditional treatments of method and theory usually focus on prehistoric periods and are limited in their geographic range. This volume includes discussions based on various historical periods on different continents, as reflected in entries such as Historical Archaeology, Industrial Archaeology, Medieval Archaeology, and Classical Archaeology.

Einführung in die klassische Mythologie


Author: Barry B. Powell
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476004708
Category: History
Page: 236
View: 9335
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Antike Mythen verstehen. Die griechischen und römischen Mythen von Homer, Ovid, Vergil u. a. gehören zum Kernbestand der europäischen Kultur. Die fundierte Einführung liefert den historischen und theoretischen Hintergrund, beschreibt die zentralen Themen und Figuren der klassischen Mythologie und beleuchtet den kulturellen Kontext ihrer Entstehung im antiken Griechenland. Ausführlich werden die Mythentheorien und -interpretationen von der Antike bis zur Moderne behandelt.

Seeing the Unseen. Geophysics and Landscape Archaeology


Author: Stefano Campana,Salvatore Piro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203889558
Category: Science
Page: 376
View: 573
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SEEING THE UNSEEN. GEOPHYSICS AND LANDSCAPE ARCHAEOLOGY is a collection of papers presented at the advanced XV International Summer School in Archaeology ‘Geophysics for Landscape Archaeology’ (Grosseto, Italy, 10-18 July 2006). Bringing together the experience of some of the world’s greatest experts in the field of archaeological prospection, the focus of this book is not so much on the analysis of single buried structures, but more on researching the entire landscape in all its multi-period complexity. The book is divided into two parts. The first part concentrates on the theoretical basis of the various methods, illustrated for the most part through case-studies and practical examples drawn from a variety of geographical and cultural contexts. The second part focuses on the work carried out in the field during the Summer School. Tutors and students took part in the intensive application of the principal techniques of geophysical prospecting (magnetometry, EM, ERT and ground-penetrating radar) to locate, retrieve, process and interpret data for a large Roman villa-complex near Grosseto. SEEING THE UNSEEN. GEOPHYSICS AND LANDSCAPE ARCHAEOLOGY provides a clear illustration of the remarkable potential of geophysical methods in the study of ancient landscapes, and will be usefull to Archaeologists, Geophysicists, Environmental scientists, and those involved in the management of cultural heritage.

Changing Perspectives on the Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley


Author: Society for American Archaeology. Meeting
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817309098
Category: History
Page: 385
View: 9237
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Fourteen experts examine the current state of Central Valley prehistoric research and provide an important touchstone for future archaeological study of the region. The Mississippi Valley region has long played a critical role in the development of American archaeology and continues to be widely known for the major research of the early 1950s. To bring the archaeological record up to date, fourteen Central Valley experts address diverse topics including the distribution of artifacts across the landscape, internal configurations of large fortified settlements, human-bone chemistry, and ceramic technology. The authors demonstrate that much is to be learned from the rich and varied archaeological record of the region and that the methods and techniques used to study the record have changed dramatically over the past half century. Operating at the cutting edge of current research strategies, these archaeologists provide a fresh look at old problems in central Mississippi Valley research.

Amotopoan Trails

A Recent Archaeology of Trio Movements
Author: Jimmy Mans
Publisher: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088900981
Category: History
Page: 316
View: 1428
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In this book the concept of mobility is explored for the archaeology of the Amazonian and Caribbean region. As a result of technological and methodological progress in archaeology, mobility has become increasingly visible on the level of the individual. However, as a concept it does not seem to fit with current approaches in Amazonian archaeology, which favour a move away from viewing small mobile groups as models for the deeper past. Instead of ignoring such ethnographic tyrannies, in this book they are considered to be essential for arriving at a different past. Viewing archaeological mobility as the sum of movements of both people and objects, the empirical part of Amotopoan Trails focuses on Amotopo, a small contemporary Trio village in the interior of Suriname. The movements of the Amotopoans are tracked and positioned in a century of Trio dynamics, ultimately yielding a recent archaeology of Surinamese-Trio movements for the Sipaliwini River basin (1907-2008). Alongside the construction of this archaeology, novel mobility concepts are introduced. They provide the conceptual footholds which enable the envisioning of mobility at various temporal scales, from a decade up to a century, the sequence of which has remained a blind spot in Caribbean and Amazonian archaeology.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial


Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191650390
Category: Social Science
Page: 872
View: 6367
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.