Arrest Decisions

What Works for the Officer?
Author: Edith Linn
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433100581
Category: Social Science
Page: 178
View: 9452
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This book demonstrates how, when the processing of arrests affects police officers’ personal lives, they adapt their arrest-making behavior to accommodate self-interest. Based on a survey of over five hundred New York Police Department patrol officers, the book assesses how overtime need, post-work commitments, aversion to arrest processing, and other personal concerns affect officers’ decisions whether or not to make an arrest. Largely ignored in previous research, these factors must be taken into account as they significantly affect arrest behavior.

Chinese Policing

History and Reform
Author: Kam C. Wong
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433100161
Category: History
Page: 263
View: 6569
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This book documents a systematic investigation into various aspects of policing in the People's Republic of China, including its scholarship, idea, origin, history, education, culture, reform, and theory. It approaches the study of Chinese policing from an indigenous perspective, informed by local empirical data. In proposing an innovative theory of community policing entitled -Police Power as a Social Resource Theory-, the book seeks to look at crime as a personal problem, and police as a social resource, from the perspective of the people and not the state."

New Perspectives in Policing

Stress, Public Perception and Leadership
Author: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1785608843
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 6060
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New Perspectives in Policing: Stress, Public Perception' examines the evolving nature of Policing policy, practice and management in an era of ever increasing demands for efficiency, transparency and accountability. The collection assesses the impact of public perception and stress, presenting detailed analyses and new conceptual frameworks.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 562
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Qualitative Approaches to Criminal Justice

Perspectives from the Field
Author: Mark Pogrebin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 076192602X
Category: Social Science
Page: 406
View: 321
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This is one of the first books to focus on the use of qualitative research in each component of the criminal justice system. It provides varied examples of qualitative research methods applications for the study and analysis of the field. Each of the book's chapters has an overview that discusses the qualitative method used by the different authors, with brief commentaries that analyse the research techniques. The articles selected for this anthology explore professionals' experiences in the criminal justice system.

Crime and Justice, Volume 46

Reinventing American Criminal Justice
Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022649005X
Category: Social Science
Page: 512
View: 4400
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Justice Futures: Reinventing American Criminal Justice is the forty-sixth volume in the Crime and Justice series. Contributors include Francis Cullen and Daniel Mears on community corrections; Peter Reuter and Jonathan Caulkins on drug abuse policy; Harold Pollack on drug treatment; David Hemenway on guns and violence; Edward Mulvey on mental health and crime; Edward Rhine, Joan Petersilia, and Kevin Reitz on parole policies; Daniel Nagin and Cynthia Lum on policing; Craig Haney on prisons and incarceration; Ronald Wright on prosecution; and Michael Tonry on sentencing policies.

Ueber Verbrechen und Strafen


Author: Cesare Beccaria
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 400
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Corrections: A Text/Reader


Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452289921
Category: Social Science
Page: 728
View: 535
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Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.

Routledge International Handbook of Crime and Gender Studies


Author: Claire M. Renzetti,Susan L. Miller,Angela R. Gover
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136836853
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 4855
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Criminological research has historically been based on the study of men, boys and crime. As a result, the criminal justice system’s development of policies, programs, and treatment regimes was based on the male offender. It was not until the 1970s that some criminologists began to draw attention to the neglect of gender in the study of crime, but today, the study of gender and crime is burgeoning within criminology and includes a vast literature. The Routledge International Handbook of Crime and Gender Studies is a collection of original, cutting-edge, multidisciplinary essays which provide a thorough overview of the history and development of research on gender and crime, covering topics based around: theoretical and methodological approaches gender and victimization gender and offending gendered work in the criminal justice system future directions in gender and crime research. Alongside these essays are boxes which highlight particularly innovative ideas or controversial topics – such as cybercrime, restorative justice, campus crime, and media depictions. A second set of boxes features leading gender and crime researchers who reflect on what sparked their interest in the subject. This engaging and thoughtful collection will be invaluable for students and scholars of criminology, sociology, psychology, public health, social work, cultural studies, media studies, economics and political science.

Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice


Author: Kären M. Hess,Christine Hess Orthmann,Henry Lim Cho
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 130596876X
Category: Education
Page: 648
View: 7626
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Fully updated to reflect the latest changes in the field, this new edition provides comprehensive, practical coverage of both law enforcement and the criminal justice system as a whole (including courts, corrections, and juvenile justice) in one convenient volume. Acclaimed for its uniquely accessible writing style, many real-world examples, and its realistic and relevant boots on the street perspective, this new edition is packed with up-to-date information on today's hottest topics. These include the numerous ways technology is changing the day-to-day operations of policing; the recommendations of the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, including the need to improve trust and legitimacy with the public and a shift to a guardian mindset; the law enforcement response to new terrorism threats such as ISIS and homegrown violent extremists, the consequences of Brady-Giglio violations, and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 1089
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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics


Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389790
Category: Social Science
Page: 1216
View: 9249
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Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

Domestic Violence

The Criminal Justice Response
Author: Eva Schlesinger Buzawa,Carl G. Buzawa
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761924487
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 319
View: 2740
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The new Third Edition of Domestic Violence: The Criminal Justice Response offers a thorough and major revision of one of the top books in the field of domestic violence and is the only text to focus on criminal justice responses which provide a detailed look inside the criminal justice system. Domestic Violence is unique in its emphasis on the victim's perspective, including the victim's needs as well as preferences for and satisfaction with intervention. It documents the diversity of victims and how this diversity affects their service needs and the impact of interventions, including unanticipated consequences of current aggressive efforts. It also looks at diversity among batterers and how these differences affect the success of various intervention strategies.

The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Criminal investigation
Page: N.A
View: 8956
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Criminal Justice Ethics

Theory and Practice
Author: Cyndi Banks
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412995450
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 5960
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The importance of ethics in criminal justice -- Ethics and the police -- Racial discrimination in the criminal justice system --Lawyers and ethics -- The purpose of criminal punishment -- Ethics in Corrections --The ethics of criminal justice policy making -- Ethics and the "war on terrorism" --Media ethics and criminal justice -- Duty and principle -- Considering the consequences --The importance of character -- Egoism, pleasure and indifference -- A sense of justice --Caring for others.

Criminal Justice Theory

Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice
Author: Edward R. Maguire,David E. Duffee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134706111
Category: Social Science
Page: 482
View: 5781
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Criminal Justice Theory, Second Edition is the first and only text, edited by U.S. criminal justice educators, on the theoretical foundations of criminal justice, not criminological theory. This new edition includes entirely new chapters as well as revisions to all others, with an eye to accessibility and coherence for upper division undergraduate and beginning graduate students in the field.

Criminology

A Sociological Understanding
Author: Steven E. Barkan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Crime
Page: 622
View: 6866
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This text aims to develop an understanding of crime and criminal justice by treating social structure and inequality as central themes in the study of crime. It gives attention to key sociological concepts such as poverty, gender, race, and ethnicity and demonstrates their influence on crime.

Deadly Injustice

Trayvon Martin, Race, and the Criminal Justice System
Author: Devon Johnson,Amy Farrell,Patricia Y. Warren
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 147989429X
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 7585
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The murder of unarmed teenager Trayvon Martin and the subsequent trial and acquittal of his assailant, George Zimmerman, sparked a passionate national debate about race and criminal justice in America that involved everyone from bloggers to mayoral candidates to President Obama himself. With increased attention to these causes, from St. Louis to Los Angeles, intense outrage at New York City’s Stop and Frisk program and escalating anger over the effect of mass incarceration on the nation’s African American community, the Trayvon Martin case brought the racialized nature of the American justice system to the forefront of our national consciousness. Deadly Injustice uses the Martin/Zimmerman case as a springboard to examine race, crime, and justice in our current criminal justice system. Contributors explore how race and racism informs how Americans think about criminality, how crimes are investigated and prosecuted, and how the media interprets and reports on crime. At the center of their analysis sit examples of the Zimmerman trial and Florida’s controversial Stand Your Ground law, providing current and resonant examples for readers as they work through the bigger-picture problems plaguing the American justice system. This important volume demonstrates how highly publicized criminal cases go on to shape public views about offenders, the criminal process, and justice more generally, perpetuating the same unjust cycle for future generations. A timely, well-argued collection, Deadly Injustice is an illuminating, headline-driven text perfect for students and scholars of criminology and an important contribution to the discussion of race and crime in America.

The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice

Fifth Edition
Author: Victor E. Kappeler,Gary W. Potter
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478636025
Category: Social Science
Page: 530
View: 3478
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The social construction of crime is often out of proportion to the threat posed. The media and advocacy groups shine a spotlight on some crimes and ignore others. Street crime is highlighted as putting everyone at risk of victimization, while the greater social harms from corporate malfeasance receive far less attention. Social arrangements dictate what is defined as crime and the punishments for those who engage in the proscribed behavior. Interest groups promote their agendas by appealing to public fears. Justifications often have no basis in fact, but the public accepts the exaggerations and blames the targeted offenders. The net-widening effect of more laws and more punishment catches those least able to defend themselves. This innovative alternative to traditional textbooks provides insightful observations of myths and trends in criminal justice. Fourteen chapters challenge misconceptions about specific crimes or aspects of the criminal justice system. Kappeler and Potter dissect popular images of crimes and criminals in a cogent, compelling, and engaging manner. They trace the social construction of each issue and identify the misleading statistics and fears that form the basis of myths—and the collateral damage of basing policies on mythical beliefs. The authors encourage skepticism about commonly accepted beliefs, offer readers a fresh perspective, and urge them to analyze important issues from novel vantage points.