Atmospheric Radiation

Theoretical Basis
Author: R. M. Goody,Y. L. Yung
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195356106
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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A complete revision of Goody's classic 1964 work, this volume offers a systematic discussion of atmospheric radiation processes that today are at the center of worldwide study and concern. It deals with the ways in which incident solar radiation is transformed into scattered and thermal radiation, and the thermodynamic consequences for the Earth's gaseous envelope, identifying aspects of the interaction between radiation and atmospheric motions as the central theme for atmospheric radiation studies. As a complete treatment of physical and mathematical foundations, the text assumes no prior knowledge of atmospheric physics. The theoretical discussion is systematic, and can therefore be applied with minor extension to any planetary atmosphere.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation


Author: Liou
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080954596
Category: Science
Page: 391
View: 7890
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An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation

Theory of Atmospheric Radiative Transfer


Author: Manfred Wendisch,Ping Yang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527408363
Category: Science
Page: 321
View: 864
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Aimed at the senior undergraduate and graduate level, this textbook fills the gap between general introductory texts offering little detail and very technical, advanced books written for mathematicians and theorists rather than experimentalists in the field. The result is a concise course in atmospheric radiative processes, tailored for one semester. The authors are accomplished researchers who know how to reach their intended audience and provide here the content needed to understand climate warming and remote sensing for pollution measurement. They also include supplementary reading for planet scientists and problems. A solutions manual for lecturers will be provided on www.wiley-vch.de. Equally suitable reading for geophysicists, physical chemists, astronomers, environmental chemists and spectroscopists. From the contents: Introduction Notation and Math Refresher Fundamentals Interactions of EM Radiation and Individual Particles Volumetric (Bulk) Optical Properties Radiative Transfer Equation Numerical and Approximate Solution Techniques for the RTE Absorption and Emission by Atmospheric Gases Terrestrial Radiative Transfer

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation


Author: K. N. Liou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080491677
Category: Science
Page: 583
View: 4834
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This Second Edition of An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation has been extensively revised to address the fundamental study and quantitative measurement of the interactions of solar and terrestrial radiation with molecules, aerosols, and cloud particles in planetary atmospheres. It contains 70% new material, much of it stemming from the investigation of the atmospheric greenhouse effects of external radiative perturbations in climate systems, and the development of methodologies for inferring atmospheric and surface parameters by means of remote sensing. Liou's comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of atmospheric radiation was developed for students, academics, and researchers in atmospheric sciences, remote sensing, and climate modeling. Balanced treatment of fundamentals and applications Includes over 170 illustrations to complement the concise description of each subject Numerous examples and hands-on exercises at the end of each chapter

Lectures in Meteorology


Author: Nicole Mölders,Gerhard Kramm
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319021443
Category: Science
Page: 591
View: 9635
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Lectures in Meteorology is a comprehensive reference book for meteorologists and environmental scientists to look up material on the thermodynamics, dynamics and chemistry of the troposphere. The lectures demonstrate how to derive/develop equations – an essential tool for model development. All chapters present applications of the material including numerical models. The lectures are written in modular form, i.e. they can be used at the undergraduate level for classes covered by the chapters or at the graduate level as a comprehensive, intensive course. The student/instructor can address chapters 2 (thermodynamics) and 4 (radiation) in any order. They can also switch the order of chapter 5 (chemistry) and 6 (dynamics). Chapter 7 (climatology and climate) requires an understanding of all chapters. Chapter 3 (cloud physics) needs basics from chapter 2 to understand the cloud microphysical processes. The governing conservation equations for trace constituents, dry air, water substances, total mass, energy, entropy and momentum are presented, including simplifications and their application in models. A brief introduction to atmospheric boundary layer processes is presented as well. Basic principles of climatology discussed include analysis methods, atmospheric waves and their analytical solutions, tropical and extra-tropical cyclones, classical and non-classical mesoscale circulations, and the global circulation. The atmospheric chemistry section encompasses photolytic and gas-phase processes, aqueous chemistry, aerosol processes, fundamentals of biogeochemical cycles and the ozone layer. Solar and terrestrial radiation; major absorber; radiation balance; radiative equilibrium; radiative-convective equilibrium; and basics of molecular, aerosol and cloud adsorption and scattering and their use in remote sensing are also presented.

The endangered atmosphere

preserving a global commons
Author: Marvin S. Soroos
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 339
View: 4328
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The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars


Author: Robert M. Haberle,R. Todd Clancy,François Forget,Michael D. Smith,Richard W. Zurek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110817938X
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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Humanity has long been fascinated by the planet Mars. Was its climate ever conducive to life? What is the atmosphere like today and why did it change so dramatically over time? Eleven spacecraft have successfully flown to Mars since the Viking mission of the 1970s and early 1980s. These orbiters, landers and rovers have generated vast amounts of data that now span a Martian decade (roughly eighteen years). This new volume brings together the many new ideas about the atmosphere and climate system that have emerged, including the complex interplay of the volatile and dust cycles, the atmosphere-surface interactions that connect them over time, and the diversity of the planet's environment and its complex history. Including tutorials and explanations of complicated ideas, students, researchers and non-specialists alike are able to use this resource to gain a thorough and up-to-date understanding of this most Earth-like of planetary neighbours.

3D Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres


Author: Alexander Marshak,Anthony Davis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540285199
Category: Science
Page: 686
View: 3908
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Developments in three-dimensional cloud radiation over the past few decades are assessed and distilled into this contributed volume. Chapters are authored by subject-matter experts who address a broad audience of graduate students, researchers, and anyone interested in cloud-radiation processes in the solar and infrared spectral regions. After two introductory chapters and a section on the fundamental physics and computational techniques, the volume extensively treats two main application areas: the impact of clouds on the Earth's radiation budget, which is an essential aspect of climate modeling; and remote observation of clouds, especially with the advanced sensors on current and future satellite missions.

Giant Planets of Our Solar System

Atmospheres, Composition, and Structure
Author: Patrick Irwin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540006817
Category: Science
Page: 361
View: 5374
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"Drawing from all relevant areas of scientific research and knowledge, Giant Planets of Our Solar System provides a comprehensive review of the current state of knowledge about the atmospheres, composition and structure of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, the largest planetary bodies in the Solar System. Whilst acknowledging that scientific opinion in many areas of this fascinating subject is still divided, this book attempts to give a balanced comparison between the various theories and models. It condenses the many disparate fields in this area of research into a single volume, covering everything from the formation of the planets in the early Solar System through to the remote sensing of their atmospheric properties." "The book is an invaluable source of reference and contains detailed and extensive tables on composition, both solar and of the planets, together with a comprehensive bibliography and reference list."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Radiative Transfer on Discrete Spaces


Author: Rudolph W. Preisendorfer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148318529X
Category: Science
Page: 474
View: 7340
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Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 74: Radiative Transfer on Discrete Spaces presents the geometrical structure of natural light fields. This book describes in detail with mathematical precision the radiometric interactions of light-scattering media in terms of a few well established principles. Organized into four parts encompassing 15 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the derivations of the practical formulas and the arrangement of formulas leading to numerical solution procedures of radiative transfer problems in plane-parallel media. This text then constructs radiative transfer theory in three ways. Other chapters consider the development of discrete radiative transfer theory from the local interaction principle. This book discusses as well the development of continuous radiative transfer theory. The final chapter deals with the task of formulating a mathematical foundation for radiative transfer theory. This book is a valuable resource for researchers in the field of radiative transfer theory whose interests transcend the physical and numerical aspects of the interaction of light with matter.

Radiative Transfer in the Atmosphere and Ocean


Author: Knut Stamnes,Gary E. Thomas,Jakob J. Stamnes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107094739
Category: Science
Page: 532
View: 4014
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This new and completely updated edition gives a detailed description of radiative transfer processes at a level accessible to advanced students. The volume gives the reader a basic understanding of global warming and enhanced levels of harmful ultraviolet radiation caused by ozone depletion. It teaches the basic physics of absorption, scattering and emission processes in turbid media, such as the atmosphere and ocean, using simple semi-classical models. The radiative transfer equation, including multiple scattering, is formulated and solved for several prototype problems, using both simple approximate and accurate numerical methods. In addition, the reader has access to a powerful, state-of-the-art computational code for simulating radiative transfer processes in coupled atmosphere-water systems including snow and ice. This computational code can be regarded as a powerful educational aid, but also as a research tool that can be applied to solve a variety of research problems in environmental sciences.

Physics of Radiation and Climate


Author: Michael A. Box,Gail P. Box
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146657206X
Category: Science
Page: 495
View: 1877
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Our current climate is strongly influenced by atmospheric composition, and changes in this composition are leading to climate change. Physics of Radiation and Climate takes a look at how the outward flow of longwave or terrestrial radiation is affected by the complexities of the atmosphere’s molecular spectroscopy. This book examines the planet in its current state and considers the radiation fluxes, including multiple scattering, photochemistry, and the ozone layer, and their impact on our climate overall. Starting from the physical fundamentals of how electromagnetic radiation interacts with the various components of the Earth’s atmosphere, the book covers the essential radiation physics leading to the radiative transfer equation. The book then develops the central physics of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and gases and particles: absorption, emission, and scattering. It examines the physics that describes the absorption and emission of radiation, using quantum mechanics, and scattering, using electromagnetism. It also dedicates a detailed chapter to aerosols, now recognized as a key factor of climate change. Written to be used for a first course in climate physics or a physics elective, the text contains case studies, sample problems, and an extensive reference list as a guide for further research. In addition, the authors: Provide a complete derivation of molecular spectroscopy from quantum mechanical first principles Present a formal derivation of the scattering of radiation by molecules and particles Include the latest results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5) Physics of Radiation and Climate shows how radiation measurements are used to aid our understanding of weather and climate change and provides an introduction to the atmosphere. This book covers the key branches of physics with a specific focus on thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics.

Atmospheric Physics


Author: Julio V. Iribarne,H.-R. Cho
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400989520
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 3800
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The extraordinary growth and development of atmospheric sciences during the last dec ades, and the concern for certain applied problems, such as those related to the environ ment, have prompted the introduction of college and university courses in this field. There is consequently a need for good textbooks. A few appropriate books have appeared in the last few years, aimed at a variety of levels and having different orientations. Most of them are of rather limited scope; in par ticular, a number of them are restricted to the field of dynamics and its meteorological applications. There is still a need for an elementary, yet comprehensive, survey of the terrestrial atmosphere. This short volume attempts to fill that need. This book is intended as a textbook that can be used for a university course at a second or third year level. It requires only elementary mathematics and such knowledge of physics as should be acquired in most first-year general physicS courses. It may serve in two ways. A general review of the field is provided for students who work or plan to work in other fields (such as geophysics, geography, environmental sciences, space research), but are interested in acquiring general information; at the same time, it may serve as a general and elementary introduction for students who will later specialize in some area of atmospheric science.

The dynamical theory of gases


Author: Sir James Hopwood Jeans
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Gases, Kinetic theory of
Page: 442
View: 5987
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Principles of Planetary Climate


Author: Raymond T. Pierrehumbert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495062
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 3219
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This book introduces the reader to all the basic physical building blocks of climate needed to understand the present and past climate of Earth, the climates of Solar System planets, and the climates of extrasolar planets. These building blocks include thermodynamics, infrared radiative transfer, scattering, surface heat transfer and various processes governing the evolution of atmospheric composition. Nearly four hundred problems are supplied to help consolidate the reader's understanding, and to lead the reader towards original research on planetary climate. This textbook is invaluable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in atmospheric science, Earth and planetary science, astrobiology, and physics. It also provides a superb reference text for researchers in these subjects, and is very suitable for academic researchers trained in physics or chemistry who wish to rapidly gain enough background to participate in the excitement of the new research opportunities opening in planetary climate.

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change


Author: Zhihua Zhang,John C. Moore
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128005831
Category: Science
Page: 494
View: 7157
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Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change is the first book to provide an overview of the math and physics necessary for scientists to understand and apply atmospheric and oceanic models to climate research. The book begins with basic mathematics then leads on to specific applications in atmospheric and ocean dynamics, such as fluid dynamics, atmospheric dynamics, oceanic dynamics, and glaciers and sea level rise. Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change provides a solid foundation in math and physics with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. This book informs the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need. Developed from a course that the authors teach at Beijing Normal University, the material has been extensively class-tested and contains online resources, such as presentation files, lecture notes, solutions to problems and MATLab codes. Includes MatLab and Fortran programs that allow readers to create their own models Provides case studies to show how the math is applied to climate research Online resources include presentation files, lecture notes, and solutions to problems in book for use in classroom or self-study

Radiative Transfer


Author: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318451
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 3258
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This book by a Nobel Laureate provides the foundation for analysis of stellar atmospheres, planetary illumination, and sky radiation. Suitable for students and professionals in physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and atmospheric studies. 1950 edition.

Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres


Author: Yuk Ling Yung,William B. DeMore
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019510501X
Category: Science
Page: 456
View: 4155
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This valuable reference presents detailed studies of eleven planetary atmospheres at the same time it offers an extensive survey of the principal chemical cycles that control the present composition and past history of these planetary atmospheres.

Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers


Author: Evgeni Starikov,James P. Lewis,Shigenori Tanaka
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080461014
Category: Science
Page: 604
View: 9049
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Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers provides an interesting selection of contributions from an international team of researchers in theoretical chemistry. This book is extremely useful for tackling the complicated scientific problems connected with biopolymers' physics and chemistry. The applications of both the classical molecular-mechanical and molecular-dynamical methods and the quantum chemical methods needed for bridging the gap to structural and dynamical properties dependent on electron dynamics are explained. Also included are ways to deal with complex problems when all three approaches need to be considered at the same time. The book gives a rich spectrum of applications: from theoretical considerations of how ATP is produced and used as ‘energy currency’ in the living cell, to the effects of subtle solvent influence on properties of biopolymers and how structural changes in DNA during single-molecule manipulation may be interpreted. · Presents modern successes and trends in theoretical physical chemistry/chemical physics of biopolymers · Topics covered are of relevant importance to rapidly developing areas in science such as nanotechnology and molecular medicine · Quality selection of contributions from renowned scientists in the field

A first course in atmospheric radiation


Author: Grant William Petty
Publisher: Sundog Pub
ISBN: 9780972903318
Category: Science
Page: 459
View: 7592
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An textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate atmospheric science and meteorology students. Although this book addresses a technically and mathematically demanding subject, the writing style is designed to be engaging and accessible for students requiring a basic foundation in atmospheric physics.