Atmospheric Radiation

Theoretical Basis
Author: R. M. Goody,Y. L. Yung
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195356106
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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A complete revision of Goody's classic 1964 work, this volume offers a systematic discussion of atmospheric radiation processes that today are at the center of worldwide study and concern. It deals with the ways in which incident solar radiation is transformed into scattered and thermal radiation, and the thermodynamic consequences for the Earth's gaseous envelope, identifying aspects of the interaction between radiation and atmospheric motions as the central theme for atmospheric radiation studies. As a complete treatment of physical and mathematical foundations, the text assumes no prior knowledge of atmospheric physics. The theoretical discussion is systematic, and can therefore be applied with minor extension to any planetary atmosphere.

Theory of Atmospheric Radiative Transfer


Author: Manfred Wendisch,Ping Yang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527408363
Category: Science
Page: 321
View: 9050
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Aimed at the senior undergraduate and graduate level, this textbook fills the gap between general introductory texts offering little detail and very technical, advanced books written for mathematicians and theorists rather than experimentalists in the field. The result is a concise course in atmospheric radiative processes, tailored for one semester. The authors are accomplished researchers who know how to reach their intended audience and provide here the content needed to understand climate warming and remote sensing for pollution measurement. They also include supplementary reading for planet scientists and problems. A solutions manual for lecturers will be provided on www.wiley-vch.de. Equally suitable reading for geophysicists, physical chemists, astronomers, environmental chemists and spectroscopists. From the contents: Introduction Notation and Math Refresher Fundamentals Interactions of EM Radiation and Individual Particles Volumetric (Bulk) Optical Properties Radiative Transfer Equation Numerical and Approximate Solution Techniques for the RTE Absorption and Emission by Atmospheric Gases Terrestrial Radiative Transfer

Radiation in the Atmosphere

A Course in Theoretical Meteorology
Author: Wilford Zdunkowski,Thomas Trautmann,Andreas Bott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464604
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 3751
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This book presents the theory and applications of radiative transfer in the atmosphere. It is written for graduate students and researchers in the fields of meteorology and related sciences. The book begins with important basic definitions of the radiative transfer theory. It presents the hydrodynamic derivation of the radiative transfer equation and the principles of variance. The authors examine in detail various quasi-exact solutions of the radiative transfer equation and give a thorough treatment of the radiative perturbation theory. A rigorous treatment of Mie scattering is given, including Rayleigh scattering as a special case, and the important efficiency factors for extinction, scattering and absorption are derived. The fundamentals of remote sensing applications of radiative transfer are presented. Problems of varying degrees of difficulty are included at the end of each chapter, so readers can further their understanding of the materials covered in the book.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation


Author: K. N. Liou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080491677
Category: Science
Page: 583
View: 4598
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This Second Edition of An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation has been extensively revised to address the fundamental study and quantitative measurement of the interactions of solar and terrestrial radiation with molecules, aerosols, and cloud particles in planetary atmospheres. It contains 70% new material, much of it stemming from the investigation of the atmospheric greenhouse effects of external radiative perturbations in climate systems, and the development of methodologies for inferring atmospheric and surface parameters by means of remote sensing. Liou's comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of atmospheric radiation was developed for students, academics, and researchers in atmospheric sciences, remote sensing, and climate modeling. Balanced treatment of fundamentals and applications Includes over 170 illustrations to complement the concise description of each subject Numerous examples and hands-on exercises at the end of each chapter

Giant Planets of Our Solar System

Atmospheres, Composition, and Structure
Author: Patrick Irwin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540006817
Category: Science
Page: 361
View: 8308
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Drawing from all relevant areas of scientific research and knowledge, Giant Planets of Our Solar System provides a comprehensive review of the current state of knowledge about the atmospheres, composition and structure of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, the largest planetary bodies in the Solar System. Whilst acknowledging that scientific opinion in many areas of this fascinating subject is still divided, this book attempts to give a balanced comparison between the various theories and models. It condenses the many disparate fields in this area of research into a single volume, covering everything from the formation of the planets in the early Solar System through to the remote sensing of their atmospheric properties. The book is an invaluable source of reference and contains detailed and extensive tables on composition, both solar and of the planets, together with a comprehensive bibliography and reference list.

Atmospheric Physics


Author: Julio V. Iribarne,H.-R. Cho
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400989520
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 3130
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The extraordinary growth and development of atmospheric sciences during the last dec ades, and the concern for certain applied problems, such as those related to the environ ment, have prompted the introduction of college and university courses in this field. There is consequently a need for good textbooks. A few appropriate books have appeared in the last few years, aimed at a variety of levels and having different orientations. Most of them are of rather limited scope; in par ticular, a number of them are restricted to the field of dynamics and its meteorological applications. There is still a need for an elementary, yet comprehensive, survey of the terrestrial atmosphere. This short volume attempts to fill that need. This book is intended as a textbook that can be used for a university course at a second or third year level. It requires only elementary mathematics and such knowledge of physics as should be acquired in most first-year general physicS courses. It may serve in two ways. A general review of the field is provided for students who work or plan to work in other fields (such as geophysics, geography, environmental sciences, space research), but are interested in acquiring general information; at the same time, it may serve as a general and elementary introduction for students who will later specialize in some area of atmospheric science.

Observation, Theory and Modeling of Atmospheric Variability

Selected Papers of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology Alumni in Commemoration of Professor Jijia Zhang
Author: Xun Zhu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812387042
Category: Science
Page: 612
View: 4979
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This book contains tutorial and review articles as well as specific research letters that cover a wide range of topics: (1) dynamics of atmospheric variability from both basic theory and data analysis, (2) physical and mathematical problems in climate modeling and numerical weather prediction, (3) theories of atmospheric radiative transfer and their applications in satellite remote sensing, and (4) mathematical and statistical methods. The book can be used by undergraduates or graduate students majoring in atmospheric sciences, as an introduction to various research areas; and by researchers and educators, as a general review or quick reference in their fields of interest.

The Dynamical Theory of Gases


Author: Sir James Hopwood Jeans
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Gas dynamics
Page: 436
View: 8431
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The dynamical theory of gases


Author: Sir James Hopwood Jeans
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Gases, Kinetic theory of
Page: 442
View: 3896
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Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of the Earth

Physical Foundations
Author: Eugene A. Sharkov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540439462
Category: Science
Page: 613
View: 7454
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The most comprehensive description of the physical foundations of methods and instruments in the fields of passive remote sensing applied to investigations of the Earth, Solar system bodies and space. Emphasis is placed on the physical aspects necessary to judge the possibilities and limitations of passive remote sensing methods in specific observation cases. Numerous practical applications and illustrations are given referring to airspace up-to-date experiments. Due to the lack in traditional separation on methods and instruments of remote sensing of the Earth and outerterrestrial space this book aims to supply more information in this field.

Weakly Interacting Molecular Pairs: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the Atmosphere


Author: Claude Camy-Peyret,Andrei A. Vigasin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401000255
Category: Science
Page: 287
View: 1474
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The Advanced Research Workshop entitled “Weakly Interacting Molecular Pairs: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the At- sphere” was held in Abbaye de Fontevraud, France, from April 29 to May 3, 2002. The meeting involved 40 researchers from 14 countries. The goal of this meeting was to address a problem that the scienti?c community is aware of for many years. Up now, however, the so- tion for this problem is far from satisfactory. Pair e?ects are called unconventional in the title of this meeting. In speci?c spectral domains and/or geophysical conditions they are recognized to play a dominant role in the absorption/emission properties of the atmosphere. Water vapor continuum absorption is among the most prominent examples. Permanently improving accuracy of both laboratory studies and ?eld observations requires better knowledge of the spectroscopic features - tributable to molecular pairs which may form at equilibrium. The Workshop was targeted both to clarify the pending questions and, as far as feasible, to trace the path to possible answers since the underlying phenomena are yet incompletely understood and since a reliable theory is often not available. On the other hand, the lack of precise laboratory data on bimolecular absorption is often precluding the construction of reliable theoretical models. Ideally, the knowledge accumulated in the course of laboratory studies should correlate with the practical demands from those who are carrying out atmospheric ?eld measurements and space observations.

Vorlesungen Über Die Theorie Der Wärmestrahlung


Author: Max Planck
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270103861
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 4099
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Atmospheric Circulation Dynamics and Circulation Models


Author: Masaki Satoh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540426387
Category: Nature
Page: 643
View: 6566
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This book describes the methods used to construct general circulation models of the atmosphere, and how such models perform in applications relating to the real climate and environmental systems. The author describes the fundamental dynamics of the atmospheric circulation, modelling of the general circulation, and applications of GCMs. The book consists of three parts: - Part 1 summarizes the physical processes involved, including basic equations, waves and instabilities; - Part 2 covers atmospheric structures, including various types of one- and two-dimensional structures and circulations; - Part 3 describes the basic notions for construction of general circulation models of the atmosphere and their applications. Atmospheric Circulation Dynamics and General Circulation Methods includes an appendix incorporating the basic data and mathematical formulae required to enable readers to construct GCMs for themselves.

Radiative Heat Transfer


Author: Michael F. Modest
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869900
Category: Science
Page: 904
View: 5609
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The third edition of Radiative Heat Transfer describes the basic physics of radiation heat transfer. The book provides models, methodologies, and calculations essential in solving research problems in a variety of industries, including solar and nuclear energy, nanotechnology, biomedical, and environmental. Every chapter of Radiative Heat Transfer offers uncluttered nomenclature, numerous worked examples, and a large number of problems—many based on real world situations—making it ideal for classroom use as well as for self-study. The book's 24 chapters cover the four major areas in the field: surface properties; surface transport; properties of participating media; and transfer through participating media. Within each chapter, all analytical methods are developed in substantial detail, and a number of examples show how the developed relations may be applied to practical problems. Extensive solution manual for adopting instructors Most complete text in the field of radiative heat transfer Many worked examples and end-of-chapter problems Large number of computer codes (in Fortran and C++), ranging from basic problem solving aids to sophisticated research tools Covers experimental methods

Atmospheric radiative transfer


Author: Jacqueline Lenoble
Publisher: A Deepak Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 532
View: 4800
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This book presents the basis of atmospheric radiative transfer for graduate students, as well as for scientists or engineers who want to start work in this domain. It supposes that the reader has reached a general college level in mathematics & physics. The first part covers the theory of radiative energy transfer & is of interest for a larger audience than only the atmospheric scientists. After carefully defining the various quantities characterizing radiation energy & its interaction with matter, the equation of radiative transfer is established & the laws of blackbody emission reviewed. One chapter presents the detection of radiative energy. The next chapters review the problems of quantitative spectroscopy & the transfer of energy in an absorbing & emitting medium. Finally, the laws of scattering are presented & the transfer of radiation in a scattering medium, including polarization, is analyzed.

Radiative Heat Exchange in the Atmosphere


Author: K. Ya. Kondrat'Yev
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483184943
Category: Science
Page: 422
View: 1480
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Radiative Heat Exchange in the Atmosphere analyzes the concerns in thermal radiation and the radiation balance of the earth's surface and of the atmosphere. The text first covers the basic definitions and concepts, and then proceeds to discussing the development of basic theories of actinometric measurements of thermal radiation fluxes. Next, the selection deals with the absorption of long-wave radiation in the atmosphere. In the fourth chapter, the title covers the solution of the problem of radiative heat transfer in the atmosphere. Chapter 5 details the examination of the approximate methods of calculation of thermal radiation fluxes, while Chapter 6 discusses the problem of the atmosphere and the net radiation at the ground. The seventh chapter tackles the radiation balance, and the last chapter covers the features of the methods and the results of calculating temperature changes caused by radiation. The book will be of great use to researchers and practitioners of astrophysics and meteorology. Ecologists and other environmental scientist will also benefit from the text.

Distribució del balanç de la radiació a Catalunya


Author: Josep M. Núñez i Espallargas,Josep Pérez i Pérez
Publisher: Institut d'Estudis Catalans
ISBN: 9788472830042
Category: Atmospheric radiation
Page: 122
View: 2043
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Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Microphysics of Clouds


Author: Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov,Judith A. Curry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316060713
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 2902
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Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Microphysics of Clouds presents a unified theoretical foundation that provides the basis for incorporating cloud microphysical processes in cloud and climate models. In particular, the book provides: • A theoretical basis for understanding the processes of cloud particle formation, evolution and precipitation, with emphasis on spectral cloud microphysics based on numerical and analytical solutions of the kinetic equations for the drop and crystal size spectra along with the supersaturation equation • The latest detailed theories and parameterizations of drop and crystal nucleation suitable for cloud and climate models derived from the general principles of thermodynamics and kinetics • A platform for advanced parameterization of clouds in weather prediction and climate models • The scientific foundation for weather and climate modification by cloud seeding. This book will be invaluable for researchers and advanced students engaged in cloud and aerosol physics, and air pollution and climate research.

Atmospheric Adaptive Optics


Author: Vladimir Petrovich Lukin
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819418715
Category: Science
Page: 275
View: 7857
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A study of atmospheric adaptive optics. It covers: adaptive phase correction of optical wave distortions in random inhomogeneous media; enhancement of images transmitted through the atmosphere by methods of adaptive optics; and equations for the moment of the corrected field.

Light Scattering Reviews 2


Author: Alexander A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540684352
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 8723
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This book is to continue the Light Scattering Reviews series devoted to modern knowledge and milestones in both experimental and theoretical techniques related to light scattering and radiative transport problems. It gives a valuable picture of recent developments in the area of remote sensing and radiative transfer. The work has capabilities to further facilitate studes in light scattering media optics and be of importance for researchers across various scientific fields including astronomy, meterology and geophysics.