Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials


Author: Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782421270
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 772
View: 2833
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Natural fiber-reinforced composites have the potential to replace synthetic composites, leading to less expensive, stronger and more environmentally-friendly materials. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers. Part I contains chapters on bast fibers, Part II; leaf fibers, Part III; seed fibers, Part IV; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally Part V covers wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. Each chapter reviews a specific type of biofiber providing detailed information on the sources of each fiber, their cultivation, how to process and prepare them, and how to integrate them into composite materials. The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers - bast, leaf, seed; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses

Porous lightweight composites reinforced with fibrous structures


Author: Yiqi Yang,Jianyong Yu,Helan Xu,Baozhong Sun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662538040
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 368
View: 4936
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This book will be a one-stop-shop for readers seeking information on lightweight composites made from multiple materials via diverse processing technologies. The lightweight composites are featured for their potential to be basic construction units in a variety of areas, especially automotive, civil engineering, aerospace engineering, etc. Emphasis will be on how fibers or fibrous structures reinforce the composites. The subject of the book is to provide a comprehensive understanding on the raw materials, processing technologies, performance properties, and end uses of lightweight composites.

Green Approaches to Biocomposite Materials Science and Engineering


Author: Verma, Deepak,Jain, Siddharth,Zhang, Xiaolei,Gope, Prakash Chandra
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522504257
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 322
View: 1897
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Industrial ecology, eco-efficiency, and green chemistry are guiding the development of the next generation of materials, products, and processes. Considerable growth has been seen in the use of biocomposites in the domestic sector, building materials, aerospace industry, circuit boards, and automotive applications over the past decade, but application in other sectors until now has been limited. Green Approaches to Biocomposite Materials Science and Engineering explores timely research on the various available types of natural fibers and the use of these fibers as a sustainable alternative to synthetic fibers and polymers. Emphasizing research-based solutions for sustainability across various industries, this publication is an essential reference source for engineers, researchers, environmental scientists, and graduate-level students.

Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites

Processing, Properties and Applications
Author: Navinchandra Gopal Shimpi
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081010583
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 438
View: 1883
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Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications begins by discussing the current state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for various biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of composites and the structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained in detail via a theoretical model. Processing techniques for various macro and nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on properties of the composite are also reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, visco-elastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, rheological, optical, and electrical properties are highlighted, as are a broad range of applications. The book is a useful reference resource for both researchers and engineers working in composites materials science, biotechnology and nanotechnology, and is also useful for students attending chemistry, physics, and materials science and engineering courses. Presents recent outcomes and highlights the going importance of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites and their impact on the environment Analyzes all the main processing techniques, characterization and applications of biodegradable composites Written by leading international experts working in the field of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites Covers a broad range of application fields, including medical and pharmaceutical, agricultural, packaging and transport

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Structure and Chemistry


Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119224233
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 570
View: 8369
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. Volume 1 is solely focused on the Structure and Chemistry of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: carbon fibers from sustainable resources; polylactic acid composites and composite foams based on natural fibres; composites materials from other than cellulosic resources; microcrystalline cellulose and related polymer composites; tannin-based foam; renewable feedstock vanillin derived polymer and composites; silk biocomposites; bio-derived adhesives and matrix polymers; biomass based formaldehyde-free bio-resin ; isolation and characterization of water soluble polysaccharide; bio-based fillers; keratin based materials in biotechnology; structure of proteins adsorbed onto bioactive glasses for sustainable composite; effect of filler properties on the antioxidant response of starch composites; composite of chitosan and its derivate; magnetic biochar from discarded agricultural biomass; biodegradable polymers for protein and peptide conjugation; polyurethanes and polyurethane composites from bio-based / recycled components.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization


Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119224306
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 688
View: 8407
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 3rd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on the Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: structural and biodegradation characterization of supramolecular PCL/HAP nano-composites; different characterization of solid bio-fillers based agricultural waste material; poly (ethylene-terephthalate) reinforced with hemp fibers; poly (lactic acid) thermoplastic composites from renewable materials; chitosan –based composite materials: fabrication and characterization; the use of flax fiber reinforced polymer (FFRP) composites in the externally reinforced structures for seismic retrofitting monitored by transient thermography and optical techniques; recycling and reuse of fiber reinforced polymer wastes in concrete composite materials; analysis of damage in hybrid composites subjected to ballistic impacts; biofiber reinforced acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO) biocomposites; biopolyamides and high performance natural fiber-reinforced biocomposites; impact of recycling on the mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties of wood fiber based HDPE and PLA composites; lignocellulosic fibers composites: an overview; biodiesel derived raw glycerol to value added products; thermo-mechanical characterization of sustainable structural composites; novel pH sensitive composite hydrogel based on functionalized starch/clay for the controlled release of amoxicillin; preparation and characterization of biobased thermoset polymers from renewable resources; influence of natural fillers size and shape into mechanical and barrier properties of biocomposites; composite of biodegradable polymer blends of PCL/PLLA and coconut fiber - the effects of ionizing radiation; packaging composite materials from renewable resources; physicochemical properties of ash based geopolymer concrete; a biopolymer derived from castor oil polyurethane; natural polymer based biomaterials; physical and mechanical properties of polymer membranes from renewable resources

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications


Author: Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351649000
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 497
View: 420
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Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Green Composites from Natural Resources


Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466570709
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 419
View: 1916
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Global awareness of environmental issues has resulted in the emergence of economically and environmentally friendly bio-based materials free from the traditional side effects of synthetics. This book delivers an overview of the advancements made in the development of natural biorenewable resources-based materials, including processing methods and potential applications in green composites. Biorenewable polymers are a special class of natural material found in nature, such as natural fibers, wheat straw, rice husk, and saw dust. In addition to offering renewable feedstocks, natural biorenewable materials are compostable, recyclable, edible, and more energy efficient to process than plastic. Green Composites from Natural Resources covers various kinds of cellulosic biofibers, such as: hemp fibers jute saccaharum cilliare fibers pine needles grewia optiva fibers sisal fibers eulaliopsis binata flax fibers coconut fibers eulaliopsis binata baggase fibers rice husk saw dust wood flour straw With scopes for the utilization of natural resources-based materials as potential replacements for traditional petroleum feedstocks on the rise, more scientists and researchers are exploring new composite materials based on biorenewable resources. This book provides information on more eco-friendly and sustainable alternatives to synthetic polymers and discusses the present state and growing utility of green materials from natural resources.

Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites


Author: M. Ozgur Seydibeyoglu,Amar K. Mohanty,Manjusri Misra
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081009933
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 336
View: 4842
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Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites provides a detailed introduction to fiber reinforced composites, explaining the mechanics of fiber reinforced composites, along with information on the various fiber types, including manufacturing of fibers (starting from monomers and precursors), fiber spinning techniques, testing of fibers, and surface modification of fibers. As material technologies develop, composite materials are becoming more and more important in transportation, construction, electronics, sporting goods, the defense industry, and other areas of research. Many engineers working in industry and academics at universities are trying to manufacture composite materials using a limited number of fiber types with almost no information on fiber technology, fiber morphology, fiber properties, and fiber sizing agents. This book fills that gap in knowledge. Unique in that it focuses on a broad range of different fiber types used in composites manufacturing Contains contributions from leading experts working in both industry and academia Provides comprehensive coverage on both natural and nanofibers

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites

Processing, Characterization, and Properties
Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118773985
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 584
View: 353
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The book presents emerging economic and environmentally friendly lignocellulosic polymer composites materials that are free from side effects studied in the traditional synthetic materials. This book brings together panels of highly-accomplished leading experts in the field of lignocellulosic polymers & composites from academia, government, as well as research institutions across the globe and encompasses basic studies including preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymers along with applications addressing new emerging topics of novel issues. Provide basic information and clear understanding of the present state and the growing utility of lignocellulosic materials from different natural resources Includes contributions from world-renowned experts on lignocellulosic polymer composites and discusses the combination of different kinds of lignocellulosic materials from natural resources Discusses the fundamental properties and applications of lignocellulosic polymers in comparison to traditional synthetic materials Explores various processing/ mechanical/ physic-chemical aspects of lignocellulosic polymer composites

Biocomposites from Engineered Natural Fibers and Unsaturated Polyester Resin for Housing Panel Applications


Author: Geeta Mehta
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fiber-reinforced plastics
Page: 698
View: 5791
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Recyclingtechnik

Fachbuch für Lehre und Praxis
Author: Hans Martens,Daniel Goldmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365802786X
Category: Science
Page: 556
View: 8448
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Das Recycling von Altgeräten, Werkstoffen und anderen Materialien leistet einen wesentlichen Beitrag zur Ressourcenschonung, Schadstoffbeseitigung und Energieeinsparung sowie zur Reduzierung von Deponievolumen. Die einsetzbare Recyclingtechnik ist dabei eine grundlegende Voraussetzung für die wirtschaftliche Realisierung der Prozesse. Das Buch behandelt zu Beginn die verfügbaren mechanischen, thermischen und physikalisch-chemischen Verfahrenstechniken. In den folgenden materialspezifischen Abschnitten werden die Werkstofftypen und Abfallsorten vorgestellt und daraus die möglichen und technisch realisierten Recyclingverfahren für Metallschrotte, Altkunststoffe, Altglas, Altpapier, Stäube und flüssige Abfälle abgeleitet und bewertet. Es folgt die Beschreibung der Recyclingverfahren für sehr komplexe Altprodukte (Elektro- und Elektronikgeräte, Autos). Die Technologien und Apparate werden durch 137 Verfahrensfließbilder und Apparateskizzen erläutert. Ein Abschnitt zu der Alternative der energetischen Verwertung von Altstoffen vervollständigt die Abhandlungen. Abschließend wird den Ingenieuren des Maschinen- und Anlagenbaus eine Zusammenstellung zur Recyclingverträglichkeit von Werkstoffen und Produkten an die Hand gegeben, die eine recyclinggerechte Konstruktion und Fertigung ermöglicht. Das Buch ist als einführende Literatur in die Recyclingtechnik konzipiert und deshalb besonders für die Lehre in der umwelttechnischen und ingenieurtechnischen Ausbildung geeignet. Darüber hinaus wird es auch als zusammenfassende Darstellung der Recyclingtechnik das Interesse von Fachleuten in Entsorgungsunternehmen und Umweltbehörden finden.

Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

From Macro to Nanoscale
Author: Sabu Thomas,Laly A.. Pothan
Publisher: Archives contemporaines
ISBN: 2914610998
Category: Fibers
Page: 539
View: 6759
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Natural fibers and their composites have a long and important place in the history of human creativity and industry. Increasing consumer interest in "green" products made with sustainable materials, along with the rising cost of petroleum - the basic ingredient of synthetic fibers - have once again brought natural fibers and their composites to the fore. The renewed interest in natural fibers is only a few decades old. Thus, the pioneering work of current researchers in this new era of natural fiber composites will help to illuminate the path for future researchers as they explore new potentialities for natural fibers. Sabu Thomas and Laly Pothen, themselves leaders in the field, bring together cutting edge research by eminent scientists in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites. Covering the latest research trends such as nano technology, the book will be a valuable resource for the natural fiber composite researcher.

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications


Author: Srikanth Pilla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470626070
Category: Science
Page: 588
View: 1580
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"The Handbook of Bioplastics & Biocomposites Engineering Applications brings together scientists, from academia and industries, to report on current research and applications, in the bioplastics and biocomposites arena, that integrates pure and applied sciences such as chemistry, engineering and materials science. The Handbook focuses on five main categories of applications: Packaging, Civil Engineering, Biomedical, Automotive, General Engineering"--

Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites


Author: Amar K. Mohanty,Manjusri Misra,Lawrence T. Drzal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203508206
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 896
View: 540
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Natural/Biofiber composites are emerging as a viable alternative to glass fiber composites, particularly in automotive, packaging, building, and consumer product industries, and becoming one of the fastest growing additives for thermoplastics. Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites provides a clear understanding of the present state and the growing utility of biocomposites. Including contributions from experts on biobased materials, the book defines biocomposites and discusses the combination of fibers such as flax, jute, bamboo, pineapple leaf and oil palm fibers, kenaf, and industrial hemp with polymer matrices from both non-renewable and renewable resources. The authors also discuss the chemical nature, testing, biological synthesis, and properties of natural fibers in comparison to traditional materials as well as their cumulative properties when combined with various polymers to produce composite materials that are competitive with synthetic composites. Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites explains the rise of petrochemical and plastic products, the problems associated in their disposal, and how biopolymers offer a realistic solution to these problems. It analyzes the varying degrees biodegradability in biobased polymers depending on their composition and structure as well as the environment in which they are placed. Subsequent chapters discuss the advantages and applications of biodegradable polymers derived from starch and cellulose, soybeans, and even from renewable resources and petroleum. The authors conclude with recent trends and opportunities for the future use of biocomposites as alternatives to petroleum-based composites. The only source available today that focuses on biobased materials, Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites integrates the principles of sustainability, industrial ecology, eco-efficiency, and green chemistry and engineering into the development of the next generation of materials, products, and processes.

Discrete Cross-section Layout Optimization of Uniform Cellular Panels for Biofiber-polymer Composites


Author: Aradhana Sharma
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biopolymers
Page: 228
View: 6174
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Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Functionalization


Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119223768
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 608
View: 7636
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Faserverbundbauweisen

Fasern und Matrices
Author: Manfred Flemming,Gerhard Ziegmann,Siegfried Roth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642577768
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 311
View: 2700
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