Black and Blue

African Americans, the Labor Movement, and the Decline of the Democratic Party
Author: Paul Frymer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837267
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 4359
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In the 1930s, fewer than one in one hundred U.S. labor union members were African American. By 1980, the figure was more than one in five. Black and Blue explores the politics and history that led to this dramatic integration of organized labor. In the process, the book tells a broader story about how the Democratic Party unintentionally sowed the seeds of labor's decline. The labor and civil rights movements are the cornerstones of the Democratic Party, but for much of the twentieth century these movements worked independently of one another. Paul Frymer argues that as Democrats passed separate legislation to promote labor rights and racial equality they split the issues of class and race into two sets of institutions, neither of which had enough authority to integrate the labor movement. From this division, the courts became the leading enforcers of workplace civil rights, threatening unions with bankruptcy if they resisted integration. The courts' previously unappreciated power, however, was also a problem: in diversifying unions, judges and lawyers enfeebled them financially, thus democratizing through destruction. Sharply delineating the double-edged sword of state and legal power, Black and Blue chronicles an achievement that was as problematic as it was remarkable, and that demonstrates the deficiencies of race- and class-based understandings of labor, equality, and power in America.

Building the Judiciary

Law, Courts, and the Politics of Institutional Development
Author: Justin Crowe
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400842573
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 4823
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How did the federal judiciary transcend early limitations to become a powerful institution of American governance? How did the Supreme Court move from political irrelevance to political centrality? Building the Judiciary uncovers the causes and consequences of judicial institution-building in the United States from the commencement of the new government in 1789 through the close of the twentieth century. Explaining why and how the federal judiciary became an independent, autonomous, and powerful political institution, Justin Crowe moves away from the notion that the judiciary is exceptional in the scheme of American politics, illustrating instead how it is subject to the same architectonic politics as other political institutions. Arguing that judicial institution-building is fundamentally based on a series of contested questions regarding institutional design and delegation, Crowe develops a theory to explain why political actors seek to build the judiciary and the conditions under which they are successful. He both demonstrates how the motivations of institution-builders ranged from substantive policy to partisan and electoral politics to judicial performance, and details how reform was often provoked by substantial changes in the political universe or transformational entrepreneurship by political leaders. Embedding case studies of landmark institution-building episodes within a contextual understanding of each era under consideration, Crowe presents a historically rich narrative that offers analytically grounded explanations for why judicial institution-building was pursued, how it was accomplished, and what--in the broader scheme of American constitutional democracy--it achieved.

When Movements Anchor Parties

Electoral Alignments in American History
Author: Daniel Schlozman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873835
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 1445
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Throughout American history, some social movements, such as organized labor and the Christian Right, have forged influential alliances with political parties, while others, such as the antiwar movement, have not. When Movements Anchor Parties provides a bold new interpretation of American electoral history by examining five prominent movements and their relationships with political parties. Taking readers from the Civil War to today, Daniel Schlozman shows how two powerful alliances—those of organized labor and Democrats in the New Deal, and the Christian Right and Republicans since the 1970s—have defined the basic priorities of parties and shaped the available alternatives in national politics. He traces how they diverged sharply from three other major social movements that failed to establish a place inside political parties—the abolitionists following the Civil War, the Populists in the 1890s, and the antiwar movement in the 1960s and 1970s. Moving beyond a view of political parties simply as collections of groups vying for preeminence, Schlozman explores how would-be influencers gain influence—or do not. He reveals how movements join with parties only when the alliance is beneficial to parties, and how alliance exacts a high price from movements. Their sweeping visions give way to compromise and partial victories. Yet as Schlozman demonstrates, it is well worth paying the price as movements reorient parties' priorities. Timely and compelling, When Movements Anchor Parties demonstrates how alliances have transformed American political parties.

Uneasy Alliances

Race and Party Competition in America
Author: Paul Frymer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400836413
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 9193
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Uneasy Alliances is a powerful challenge to how we think about the relationship between race, political parties, and American democracy. While scholars frequently claim that the need to win elections makes government officials responsive to any and all voters, Paul Frymer shows that not all groups are treated equally; politicians spend most of their time and resources on white swing voters--to the detriment of the African American community. As both parties try to attract white swing voters by distancing themselves from blacks, black voters are often ignored and left with unappealing alternatives. African Americans are thus the leading example of a "captured minority." Frymer argues that our two-party system bears much of the blame for this state of affairs. Often overlooked in current discussions of racial politics, the party system represents a genuine form of institutional racism. Frymer shows that this is no accident, for the party system was set up in part to keep African American concerns off the political agenda. Today, the party system continues to restrict the political opportunities of African American voters, as was shown most recently when Bill Clinton took pains to distance himself from African Americans in order to capture conservative votes and win the presidency. Frymer compares the position of black voters with other social groups--gays and lesbians and the Christian right, for example--who have recently found themselves similarly "captured." Rigorously argued and researched, Uneasy Alliances is a powerful challenge to how we think about the relationship between black voters, political parties, and American democracy. In a new afterword, Frymer examines the impact of Barack Obama's election on the delicate relationship between race and party politics in America.

Building an American Empire

The Era of Territorial and Political Expansion
Author: Paul Frymer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400885353
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 730
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How American westward expansion was governmentally engineered to promote the formation of a white settler nation Westward expansion of the United States is most conventionally remembered for rugged individualism, geographic isolationism, and a fair amount of luck. Yet the establishment of the forty-eight contiguous states was hardly a foregone conclusion, and the federal government played a critical role in its success. This book examines the politics of American expansion, showing how the government's regulation of population movements on the frontier, both settlement and removal, advanced national aspirations for empire and promoted the formation of a white settler nation. Building an American Empire details how a government that struggled to exercise plenary power used federal land policy to assert authority over the direction of expansion by engineering the pace and patterns of settlement and to control the movement of populations. At times, the government mobilized populations for compact settlement in strategically important areas of the frontier; at other times, policies were designed to actively restrain settler populations in order to prevent violence, international conflict, and breakaway states. Paul Frymer examines how these settlement patterns helped construct a dominant racial vision for America by incentivizing and directing the movement of white European settlers onto indigenous and diversely populated lands. These efforts were hardly seamless, and Frymer pays close attention to the failures as well, from the lack of further expansion into Latin America to the defeat of the black colonization movement. Building an American Empire reveals the lasting and profound significance government settlement policies had for the nation, both for establishing America as dominantly white and for restricting broader aspirations for empire in lands that could not be so racially engineered.

Fighting for democracy

Black veterans and the struggle against white supremacy in the postwar South
Author: Christopher S. Parker
Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780691140032
Category: History
Page: 266
View: 1726
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Fighting for Democracy shows how the experiences of African American soldiers during World War II and the Korean War influenced many of them to challenge white supremacy in the South when they returned home. Focusing on the motivations of individual black veterans, this groundbreaking book explores the relationship between military service and political activism. Christopher Parker draws on unique sources of evidence, including interviews and survey data, to illustrate how and why black servicemen who fought for their country in wartime returned to America prepared to fight for their own equality.Parker discusses the history of African American military service and how the wartime experiences of black veterans inspired them to contest Jim Crow. Black veterans gained courage and confidence by fighting their nation's enemies on the battlefield and racism in the ranks. Viewing their military service as patriotic sacrifice in the defense of democracy, these veterans returned home with the determination and commitment to pursue equality and social reform in the South. Just as they had risked their lives to protect democratic rights while abroad, they risked their lives to demand those same rights on the domestic front.Providing a sophisticated understanding of how war abroad impacts efforts for social change at home, Fighting for Democracy recovers a vital story about black veterans and demonstrates their distinct contributions to the American political landscape.

Reforms at risk

what happens after major policy changes are enacted
Author: Eric M. Patashnik
Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780691119984
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 236
View: 1951
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Reforms at Riskis the first book to closely examine what happens to sweeping and seemingly successful policy reforms after they are passed. Most books focus on the politics of reform adoption, yet as Eric Patashnik shows here, the political struggle does not end when major reforms become enacted. Why do certain highly praised policy reforms endure while others are quietly reversed or eroded away?Patashnik peers into some of the most critical arenas of domestic-policy reform--including taxes, agricultural subsidies, airline deregulation, emissions trading, welfare state reform, and reform of government procurement--to identify the factors that enable reform measures to survive. He argues that the reforms that stick destroy an existing policy subsystem and reconfigure the political dynamic. Patashnik demonstrates that sustainable reforms create positive policy feedbacks, transform institutions, and often unleash the ''creative destructiveness'' of market forces.Reforms at Riskdebunks the argument that reforms inevitably fail because Congress is prey to special interests, and the book provides a more realistic portrait of the possibilities and limits of positive change in American government. It is essential reading for scholars and practitioners of U.S. politics and public policy, offering practical lessons for anyone who wants to ensure that hard-fought reform victories survive.

Warum gibt es in den Vereinigten Staaten keinen Sozialismus?


Author: Werner Sombart
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3863824032
Category:
Page: 140
View: 9039
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Nachdruck des Originals von 1906 ber eine bis heute aktuelle Frage.

We were eight years in power

Eine amerikanische Tragödie
Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates
Publisher: Hanser Berlin
ISBN: 3446259805
Category: Political Science
Page: 416
View: 8174
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Mit Barack Obama sollte die amerikanische Gesellschaft ihren jahrhundertealten Rassismus überwinden. Am Ende seiner Amtszeit zerschlugen sich die Reste dieser Hoffnung mit der Machtübernahme Donald Trumps, den Ta-Nehisi Coates als "Amerikas ersten weißen Präsidenten" bezeichnet: ein Mann, dessen politische Existenz in der Abgrenzung zu Obama besteht. Coates zeichnet ein bestechend kluges und leidenschaftliches Porträt der Obama-Ära und ihres Vermächtnisses – ein essenzielles Werk zum Verständnis der Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft der USA, von einem Autor, dessen eigene Geschichte jener acht Jahre von einem Arbeitsamt in Harlem bis ins Oval Office führte, wo er den Präsidenten interviewte.

Der Dschungel


Author: Upton Sinclair (Schriftsteller, USA)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783293206649
Category:
Page: 416
View: 5722
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Die Federalist papers


Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406547546
Category: Constitutional history
Page: 583
View: 987
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Die Logik des kollektiven Handelns

Kollektivgüter und die Theorie der Gruppen
Author: Mancur Olson
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161485046
Category: Political Science
Page: 181
View: 7142
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Bürokratie

Die Utopie der Regeln
Author: David Graeber
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608109447
Category: Political Science
Page: 329
View: 1596
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David Graeber, der bedeutendste Anthropologe unserer Zeit, entfaltet eine fulminante und längst überfällige Fundamentalkritik der globalen Bürokratie! Er erforscht die Ursprünge unserer Sehnsucht nach Regularien und entlarvt ihre Bedeutung als Mittel zur Ausübung von Gewalt. Wir alle hassen Bürokraten. Wir können es nicht fassen, dass wir einen Großteil unserer Lebenszeit damit verbringen müssen, Formulare auszufüllen. Doch zugleich nährt der Glaube an die Bürokratie unsere Hoffnung auf Effizienz, Transparenz und Gerechtigkeit. Gerade im digitalen Zeitalter wächst die Sehnsucht nach Ordnung und im gleichen Maße nimmt die Macht der Bürokratien über jeden Einzelnen von uns zu. Dabei machen sie unsere Gesellschaften keineswegs transparent und effizient, sondern dienen mittlerweile elitären Gruppeninteressen. Denn Kapitalismus und Bürokratie sind einen verhängnisvollen Pakt eingegangen und könnten die Welt in den Abgrund reißen.

“Der” große Ausverkauf

wie die Bush-Regierung Amerika ruiniert
Author: Paul R. Krugman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783593374376
Category: Economic forecasting
Page: 272
View: 4807
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Die Lewittowner

Soziographie einer „Schlafstadt“
Author: Herbert J. Gans
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035601887
Category: Architecture
Page: N.A
View: 1258
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Liberalismus und gesellschaftliches Handeln

gesammelte Aufsätze 1888 bis 1937
Author: John Dewey
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
ISBN: 9783161505294
Category: Social Science
Page: 262
View: 700
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English summary: This is the first introduction to John Dewey's thoughts on liberalism and social action in a closed context. Against the backdrop of Chicago pragmatism, the American philosopher John Dewey developed his suggestions for solving severe sociopolitical and global problems, which are still crucial today in areas such as the health insurance system, unemployment insurance or world peace. John Dewey's thoughts, which are directed at the development of a critical action theory, may be seen as a proposal for developing guidelines for a modern and responsible attitude in politics. German description: Die vorliegende Aufsatzsammlung stellt erstmalig in historisch systematischer Sicht John Deweys Uberlegungen zum Verhaltnis von Liberalismus und gesellschaftlichem Handeln vor. Der bedeutende amerikanische Philosoph entwickelte vor dem Hintergrund der drangenden sozialen und politischen Probleme des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts seine kennzeichnende Position, die an den Maximen des amerikanischen Pragmatismus orientiert ist. John Dewey gewinnt diese Position durch eine historische Analyse der Entwicklungsstadien des Liberalismus und der Formulierung eines Kriterienkatalogs, der einer verantwortlichen Gestaltung einer menschenwurdigen Zukunft zu Grunde gelegt werden soll.Die in dem vorliegenden Band enthaltenen Aufsatze dokumentieren die Entwicklungsstadien des Deweyschen Denkens, das sich nahezu wahrend des gesamten zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts entwickeln konnte. Die von Dewey behandelten Probleme stellen dabei nicht nur historische Beispiele gesellschaftlicher Probleme dar, sondern erweisen sich als ebenso brisant und virulent wie zum Zeitpunkt ihrer erstmaligen Thematisierung. John Deweys Liberalismus und gesellschaftliches Handeln darf folglich auch als Aufforderung gelesen werden, endlich zu energischen und entschlossenen Losungen beispielsweise im Bereich des Krankenversicherungswesens, der Sicherung des Weltfriedens oder der Arbeitslosenversicherung zu gelangen. Deweys Pragmatismus stellt die tatige Mitwirkung eines jeden Menschen im Rahmen seines gesellschaftlichen Kontextes in den Vordergrund seiner Aufmerksamkeit, was seinen charakteristischen Dritten Weg von dem blinden Vertrauen in die sich selbst heilenden Marktkrafte ebenso wie von jeder Form des Praktikalismus unterscheidet: Es geht um eine Theorie der gesellschaftlich verantwortbaren Handlungen.

Was ist mit Kansas los?

wie die Konservativen das Herz von Amerika eroberten
Author: Thomas Frank
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783827006080
Category:
Page: 302
View: 4664
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Machen wir uns nichts vor!

Wir wir erkennen, was andere wirklich denken
Author: Nicholas Epley
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843709564
Category: Self-Help
Page: 384
View: 6921
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Warum gibt es so oft Missverständnisse selbst zwischen guten Freunden? Warum wissen die wenigsten Ehemänner, was ihre Ehefrauen wollen – und umgekehrt? Warum scheitern Verhandlungen, obwohl sich alle Beteiligten optimal vorbereitet haben? Nicholas Epley hat sich intensiv mit den Fallstricken der menschlichen Kommunikation auseinandergesetzt. Wir alle glauben, uns selbst gut zu kennen, so Epley – und irren uns meist gewaltig. Der nächste fatale Fehler: Wir schließen von uns selbst auf andere. Wir müssen lernen, unsere Empathie zu nutzen. Wie das funktioniert, wie wir eigene und fremde Motive und Bedürfnisse ergründen können, erläutert der Autor anhand von aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen. Eine Gebrauchsanleitung für erfolgreiches Mind Reading in jeder Lebenslage – beruflich wie privat.

»Neger, Neger, Schornsteinfeger!«

Meine Kindheit in Deutschland
Author: Hans J. Massaquoi
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104002991
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 7436
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***Spannend wie ein Abenteuerroman*** Als Sohn einer weißen Mutter und eines schwarzen Vaters wächst Hans-Jürgen Massaquoi in großbürgerlichen Verhältnissen in Hamburg auf. Doch eines Tages verlässt der Vater das Land. Hans-Jürgen und seine Mutter bleiben zurück und ziehen in ein Arbeiterviertel. Als die Nazis die Macht übernehmen, verändert sich ihr Leben grundlegend ... Hans J. Massaquoi beschreibt in seiner außergewöhnlichen Autobiographie seine Kindheit und Jugend zwischen 1926 und 1948 als einer der wenigen schwarzen Deutschen in diesem Land.