Blaming Mothers

American Law and the Risks to Children’s Health
Author: Linda C. Fentiman
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814724825
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 556
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A gripping explanation of the biases that lead to the blaming of pregnant women and mothers. Are mothers truly a danger to their children’s health? In 2004, a mentally disabled young woman in Utah was charged by prosecutors with murder after she declined to have a Caesarian section and subsequently delivered a stillborn child. In 2010, a pregnant woman who attempted suicide when the baby’s father abandoned her was charged with murder and attempted feticide after the daughter she delivered prematurely died. These are just two of the many cases that portray mothers as the major source of health risk for their children. The American legal system is deeply shaped by unconscious risk perception that distorts core legal principles to punish mothers who “fail to protect” their children. In Blaming Mothers, Professor Fentiman explores how mothers became legal targets. She explains the psychological processes we use to confront tragic events and the unconscious race, class, and gender biases that affect our perceptions and influence the decisions of prosecutors, judges, and jurors. Fentiman examines legal actions taken against pregnant women in the name of “fetal protection” including court ordered C-sections and maintaining brain-dead pregnant women on life support to gestate a fetus, as well as charges brought against mothers who fail to protect their children from an abusive male partner. She considers the claims of physicians and policymakers that refusing to breastfeed is risky to children’s health. And she explores the legal treatment of lead-poisoned children, in which landlords and lead paint manufacturers are not held responsible for exposing children to high levels of lead, while mothers are blamed for their children’s injuries. Blaming Mothers is a powerful call to reexamine who - and what - we consider risky to children’s health. Fentiman offers an important framework for evaluating childhood risk that, rather than scapegoating mothers, provides concrete solutions that promote the health of all of America’s children.

Women's Lives

A Psychological Exploration, Fourth Edition
Author: Claire A. Etaugh,Judith S. Bridges
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315449382
Category: Social Science
Page: 438
View: 8666
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This cutting-edge and comprehensive fourth edition of Women’s Lives: A Psychological Perspective integrates the most current research and social issues to explore the psychological diversity of girls and women varying in age, ethnicity, social class, nationality, sexual orientation, and ableness. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, its use of vignettes, quotes, and numerous pedagogical tools effectively fosters students’ engagement, active learning, critical thinking, and social activism. New information covered includes: neoliberal feminism, standpoint theory, mujerista psychology (Chapter 1) LGBT individuals and individuals with disabilities in media (Chapter 2) testosterone testing of female athletes, precarious manhood (Chapter 3) raising a gender non-conforming child, impact of social media on body image (Chapter 4) gender differences in narcissism and Big Five personality traits, women video-game designers (Chapter 5) asexuality, transgender individuals, sexual agency, "Viagra for women" controversy (Chapter 6) adoption of frozen embryos controversy (Chapter 7) intensive mothering, integrated motherhood, "living apart together", same-sex marriage (Chapter 8) single-sex schooling controversy (Chapter 9) combat roles opened to U.S. women, managerial derailment (Chapter 10) work-hours dilemmas of low-wage workers (Chapter 11) feminist health care model, health care for transgender individuals, Affordable Care Act (Chapter 12) feminist critique of CDC guidelines on women and drinking (Chapter 13) cyberharassment, gendertrolling, campus sexual assault (Chapter 14) transnational feminism, men and feminism (Chapter 15) Women’s Lives stands apart from other texts on the psychology of women because it embeds within each topical chapter a lifespan approach and robust coverage of the impact of social, cultural, and economic factors in shaping women’s lives around the world. It provides extensive information on women with disabilities, middle-aged and older women, and women in transnational contexts. Its up-to-date coverage reflects current scientific and social developments, including over 2,200 new references. This edition also adds several new boxed features for student engagement. In The News boxes present current, often controversial, news items to get students thinking critically about real-life applications of course topics. Get Involved boxes encourage students to actively participate in the research process. What You Can Do boxes give students applied activities to promote a more egalitarian society. Learn About the Research boxes expose students to a variety of research methods and highlight the importance of diversity in research samples by including studies of underrepresented groups.

Constructing Risky Identities in Policy and Practice


Author: J. Kearney,C. Donovan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137276088
Category: Political Science
Page: 195
View: 4380
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This collection explores how the dominant risk agenda is being embedded across welfare policy and practice contexts in order to redefine social problems and those who experience them. Identities of 'risky' or 'safe', 'responsible' or 'irresponsible' are being increasingly applied, not only to everyday life but also to professional practice.

Continuing the Struggle for Justice

100 Years of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Author: Barry Krisberg,Susan Marchionna,Christopher Baird
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452278954
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 1308
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This centennial collection of essays and original research studies captures the varied spectrum of philosophies and concerns of the Board and staff of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) over the past century . The criminological experts represented in this volume are renowned for their study and research into the far reaches of this field of study. As a chronicle of the NCCD's development, editors Barry Krisberg, Susan Marchionna, and Christopher Baird include some of the most groundbreaking material to come out of the workings of this unique American institution.

An Integrated Systems Model for Preventing Child Sexual Abuse

Perspectives from Latin America and the Caribbean
Author: A. Jones,E. Jemmott,P. Maharaj,H. Breo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137377666
Category: Political Science
Page: 273
View: 1191
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This book sets out an integrated systems model which utilizes a public health approach and 'whole of society' philosophy for preventing and responding to child sexual abuse. It guides those engaged in policy, practice and planning concerning gender based violence and child abuse towards a more systemic approach to tackling these problems.

Congressional Record: Proceeding and Debates of the 105th Congress, Seconds Session


Author: N.A
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
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The Law Society's Gazette


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bar associations
Page: N.A
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Law Quadrangle Notes


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Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
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Weit vom Stamm

Wenn Kinder ganz anders als ihre Eltern sind
Author: Andrew Solomon
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104027226
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 1104
View: 8517
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Wie geht man damit um, wenn die eigenen Kinder ganz anders sind als man selbst, was bedeutet das für sie und ihre Familien? Und wie akzeptieren wir und unsere Gesellschaft außergewöhnliche Menschen? Ein eindrucksvolles Buch über das Elternsein, über die Kraft der Liebe, aber auch darüber, was unsere Identität ausmacht. Der Bestsellerautor Andrew Solomon hat mit über 300 Familien gesprochen, deren Kinder außergewöhnlich oder hochbegabt sind, die das Down-Syndrom haben oder an Schizophrenie leiden, Autisten, taub oder kleinwüchsig sind. Ihre Geschichten sind einzigartig, doch ihre Erfahrungen des „Andersseins“ sind universell. Ihr Mut, ihre Lebensfreude und ihr Glück konfrontieren uns mit uns selbst und lassen niemanden unberührt. »Solomon hat eine Ideengeschichte geschrieben, die zur Grundlage einer Charta der psychologischen Grundrechte des 21. Jahrhunderts werden könnte... Erkenntnisse voller Einsicht, Empathie und Klugheit.« Eric Kandel »Das vielleicht größte Geschenk dieses monumentalen, so faktenreichen wie anrührenden Werks besteht darin, dass es zum permanenten Nachdenken anregt.« Philip Gourevitch »Dieses Buch schießt einem Pfeil um Pfeil ins Herz.« The New York Times »Dies ist eines der außergewöhnlichsten Bücher, die ich in letzter Zeit gelesen habe: mutig, einfühlsam und zutiefst menschlich... Seine Geschichten sind von meisterhafter Feinfühligkeit und Klarheit.« Siddhartha Mukherjee, Autor von ›Der König aller Krankheiten‹

RIE


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: N.A
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Contraception and abortion in nineteenth-century America


Author: Janet Farrell Brodie
Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 373
View: 1166
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In pocket-sized, coded diaries, an upper-middle-class American woman named Mary Poor recorded with small "x's" the occasions of sexual intercourse with her husband Henry over a twenty-eight-year period. Janet Farrell Brodie introduces this engaging pair early in a book that is certain to be the definitive study of family limitation in nineteenth-century America. She makes adroit use of Mary's diaries and letters to lift a curtain on the intimate life of a Victorian couple attempting to control the size of their family. Were the Poors typical? Who used reproductive control in the years between 1830 and 1880? What methods did they use and how did they learn about them? By examining a wide array of sources, Brodie has determined hew Americans were able gradually to get birth control information and products that allowed them to choose among newer, safer, and more effective contraceptive and abortion methods. Brodie's findings in druggists' catalogs, patent records, advertisements, "vice society" documents, business manuscripts, and gynecological advice literature explain how information spread and often taboo matters were made commercial. She retraces the links among obscure individuals, from itinerant lecturers, to book publishers, to contraceptive goods manufacturers and explains the important contributions of two nascent networks - medical practitioners known as Thomsonians and water-curists, and iconoclastic freethinkers. Brodie takes her narrative to the backlash at the end of the century, when American ambivalence toward abortion and contraception led to federal and state legislative restrictions, the rise of special "purity legions", the influence of powerful reformers such asAnthony Comstock, and the vehement opposition of medical professionals. "Reproductive control became illegal not only because of the fanaticism of a few zealots", writes Brodie, "but because of its troubling implications for a broad spectrum of women and men, many of whom wanted and practiced reproductive control in the privacy of their bedrooms but failed to support it publicly when it was under attack". In this balanced and timely book Brodie shows a keen sensitivity to the complex factors behind today's politically, emotionally, and intellectually charged battles over reproductive rights.

White House Conference on Families, 1978

Joint Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Child and Human Development of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, and the Subcommittee on Select Education of The Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-fifth Congress, Second Session ... February 2 and 3, 1978
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Human Resources. Subcommittee on Child and Human Development
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: White House Conference on Families
Page: 746
View: 7501
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21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook


Author: J. Mitchell Miller
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 960
View: 5946
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Criminology has experienced tremendous growth over the last few decades, evident, in part, by the widespread popularity and increased enrollment in criminology and criminal justice departments at the undergraduate and graduate levels across the U.S. and internationally. Evolutionary paradigmatic shift has accompanied this surge in definitional, disciplinary and pragmatic terms. Though long identified as a leading sociological specialty area, criminology has emerged as a stand-alone discipline in its own right, one that continues to grow and is clearly here to stay. Criminology, today, remains inherently theoretical but is also far more applied in focus and thus more connected to the academic and practitioner concerns of criminal justice and related professional service fields. Contemporary criminology is also increasingly interdisciplinary and thus features a broad variety of ideological orientations to and perspectives on the causes, effects and responses to crime. 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a “first-look” reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems’ response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology. This two-volume set in the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series is intended to provide undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that will serve their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or research handbook chapter. 100 entries or "mini-chapters" highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. Curricular-driven, chapters provide students with initial footholds on topics of interest in researching term papers, in preparing for GREs, in consulting to determine directions to take in pursuing a senior thesis, graduate degree, career, etc. Comprehensive in coverage, major sections include The Discipline of Criminology, Correlates of Crime, Theories of Crime & Justice, Measurement & Research, Types of Crime, and Crime & the Justice System. The contributor group is comprised of well-known figures and emerging young scholars who provide authoritative overviews coupled with insightful discussion that will quickly familiarize researchers, students, and general readers alike with fundamental and detailed information for each topic. Uniform chapter structure makes it easy for students to locate key information, with most chapters following a format of Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References. Availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.

Editorials on File


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American newspapers
Page: N.A
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Bibliography of Agriculture


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: N.A
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Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 146496677X
Category: Social Science
Page: 385
View: 9004
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Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Sociology and Social Work—Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Sociology and Social Work—Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

The Boston Globe Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Boston (Mass.)
Page: N.A
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Am I My Genes?

Confronting Fate and Family Secrets in the Age of Genetic Testing
Author: Robert Klitzman
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199837163
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 365
View: 7984
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In this volume, the psychiatrist Robert Klitzman explores how individuals confront the complex issues associated with genetic testing in their daily lives.

The Illustrated London News


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Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
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Abstracts of the Annual Meeting


Author: American Anthropological Association
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Anthropology
Page: N.A
View: 4909
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