British Government Policy and Decolonisation, 1945-1963

Scrutinising the Official Mind
Author: Frank Heinlein
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714652207
Category: Political Science
Page: 337
View: 7606
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Examine the views of the Empire and Commonwealth held by British policy makers during the two decades after World War II, arguing that the institutional framework of the formal and informal empire and the Commonwealth was considered necessary and useful to promote British interests.

Britain and Decolonisation

The Retreat from Empire in the Post-War World
Author: John Darwin
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349195472
Category: Great Britain
Page: 400
View: 3743
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In the 25 years after 1945 Britain's worldwide empire fell to piece and Britain ceased to be a great power. Britain abandoned her Indian Empire, gave up her rule over the African and Asian Colonies, surrendered her premier position in the Middle East and withdrew from almost all the bases - like Aden and Singapore - which had once been the 'tollgates and barbicans of empire'. At the same time, she gave up the long tradition of aloofness from Europe and entered the EEC. How did these vast changes in Britain's world position come about? Was Britain driven into imperial retreat by the main force of Afro-Asian nationalism and superpower pressure? Were the colonial transfers of power a noble and timely recognition or the political maturity of the colonial peoples, as Harold Macmillan once claimed? Or had Britain weighed the costs and benefits of empire in an age of rapid economic and international change, and decided that the colonial game was not worth the financial candle? If so, how are the apparent contradictions in British policy to be explained - the dangerous adventure at Suez, the extensive commitments East of Suez not terminated until 1971 and the Falklands war? How far indeed were the British able to control events in their colonial territories? And why did some colonies become independent so much earlier than others? This book describes the aims and policies which the British tried to pursue in their last imperial age and examines the conflicting explanations put forward for Britain's part in decolonisation - that great reordering of world politics that has taken place since 1945.

Ends of British Imperialism

The Scramble for Empire, Suez, and Decolonization
Author: William Roger Louis
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845113476
Category: History
Page: 1065
View: 2772
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Tells the story of the British Empire from its late-nineteenth century flowering. This book traces the British Empire from the scramble for Africa through the Mandates system of 'sacred trust', the turbulent imperial history of the Second World War in Asia and finally to the the unstoppable mid-20th century rush to independence.

Decolonisation and the British Empire, 1775–1997


Author: David George Boyce
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 134927755X
Category: Decolonization
Page: 317
View: 3419
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Combining an analysis of the ideas and policies that governed the British experience of decolonisation and shows how the British political tradition was integral to the way in which the empire was regarded as being transformed rather than lost.

The Transformation and Decline of the British Empire

Decolonisation After the First World War
Author: Spencer Mawby
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137387521
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 4504
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Spencer Mawby offers a fresh perspective on the current literature and historiographical debates surrounding the end of the British Empire. Adopting a thematic approach, Mawby analyses the nature of anti-colonialism, domestic arguments regarding the empire, security and intelligence, relations between capital and labour and the movement of people.

British Culture and the End of Empire


Author: Stuart Ward
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719060489
Category: History
Page: 241
View: 5129
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The essays in this volume reflect on the fall of the British Empire, and its resonance in British popular culture. The demise of the Empire during the three decades following WWII transformed Britain's relationships with the wider world, and within Britain itself. The contributors argue that the social and cultural impact of decolinization had as significant an effect on the imperial centre as on the colonial periphery.

Defence and Decolonisation in South-East Asia

Britain, Malaya and Singapore 1941-1967
Author: Karl Hack
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136839011
Category: Social Science
Page: 341
View: 8025
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This book explains why British defence policy and practice emerged as it did in the period 1941-67, by looking at the overlapping of colonial, military, economic and Cold War factors in the area. Its main focus is on the 1950s and the decolonisation era, but it argues that the plans and conditions of this period can only be understood by tracing them back to their origins in the fall of Singapore. Also, it shows how decolonisation was shaped not just by British aims, but by the way communism, communalism and nationalism facilitated and frustrated these.

Party Politics and Decolonization

The Conservative Party and British Colonial Policy in Tropical Africa 1951-1964
Author: Philip Murphy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198205050
Category: History
Page: 259
View: 5982
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Making a clear distinction between the Conservative party and the machinery of government over which Conservative ministers presided, Dr Murphy examines how the party itself exercised a direct influence over the struggle for power between competing interest groups within the African colonies.

Decolonisation

The British Experience since 1945
Author: Nicholas White
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317701801
Category: History
Page: 222
View: 5244
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This updated Seminar Study provides an overview of the process of British decolonisation. The eclipse of the British Empire has been one of the central features of post-war international history. At the end of the Second World War the empire still spanned the globe and yet by the mid-1960s most of Britain’s major dependencies had achieved independence. Concisely and accessibly, the book introduces students to this often dramatic story of colonial wars and emergencies, and fraught international relations. Although a relatively recent phenomenon, the end of the British Empire continues to spawn a lively and voluminous historical debate. Dr. White provides a synthesis of recent approaches, specially updated and expanded for this edition, by looking at the demise of British imperial power from three main perspectives the shifting emphases of British overseas policy the rise of populist, anti-colonial nationalism the international political, strategic, and economic environment dominated by the USA and the USSR. The book also examines the British experience within the context of European decolonisation as a whole. Supporting the text are a range of useful tools, including maps, a chronology of independence, a guide to the main characters involved, and an extensive bibliography (specially expanded for the new edition. Decolonisation: the British Experience since 1945 is ideal for students and interested readers at all levels, providing a diverse range of primary sources and the tools to unlock them.

British Decolonisation, 1918-1984


Author: Richard Davis
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443853240
Category: History
Page: 170
View: 1211
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Few subjects have aroused more controversy in recent years than that of empire, and that of the British Empire in particular. Few other subjects are of greater importance to today’s world. How the British Empire was created and maintained, and the impact it had on both the colonised and the colonisers, have been the source of long-running and heated debates amongst historians, politicians and in the media. For several decades it has been analysed from numerous different perspectives, providing a wide range of differing interpretations. Over recent years, new studies have extended the scope of imperial history into previously ignored fields that have significantly added to our understanding. Imperial history can, therefore, no longer be regarded as the exclusive realm of the political historian, or the reserve of an essentially British approach. The British Empire was complex. Each of the far-flung components that made it up had its own particularities. At various times and in various places it took on different forms and had different meanings. It affected people across the globe in a multitude of ways. This inevitably produces a multi-facetted picture. The large number of actors, in Britain and in the colonised world, who played a part in its history adds to this impression. As a consequence, it is difficult to come up with one, all-encompassing, history of the British Empire. All these aspects of the British Empire are apparent in the story of how it ended. What precisely decolonisation was, how it came about, and what it meant for the British and for those who gained their independence, varied considerably from one part of the Empire to another, and from one period to another. How these changes came about, how independence was won across the colonial world, and how it was resisted, are dealt with here across a selection of different case studies. Understanding how the British Empire collapsed tells us a great deal about what this Empire was and about its legacy in today’s world.

British Government Policy and Decolonisation, 1945-63

Scrutinising the Official Mind
Author: Frank Heinlein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135284342
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 7246
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This book is an in-depth study of the importnace of the Empire-Commonwealth in the two decades after WWII for Britain's self-image as a great power. By studying a wide range of debates on general and specific imperial problems, the book highlights the "official mind" of decolonization - and of late imperialism.

Decolonization in Britain and France

The Domestic Consequences of International Relations
Author: Miles Kahler
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400855586
Category: History
Page: 442
View: 3608
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Professor Kahler focuses on organizations below the state, investigating party competition and sensitivity to political change produced by the characteristics of commercial firms. In addition, he explores transmission of external shocks to the domestic polity by the state itself and the domestic politics of settler societies under external threat Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Britain, France and the Decolonization of Africa

Future Imperfect?
Author: Andrew W.M. Smith,Chris Jeppesen
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 1911307738
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 9806
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Looking at decolonization in the conditional tense, this volume teases out the complex and uncertain ends of British and French empire in Africa during the period of ‘late colonial shift’ after 1945. Rather than view decolonization as an inevitable process, the contributors together explore the crucial historical moments in which change was negotiated, compromises were made, and debates were staged. Three core themes guide the analysis: development, contingency and entanglement. The chapters consider the ways in which decolonization was governed and moderated by concerns about development and profit. A complementary focus on contingency allows deeper consideration of how colonial powers planned for ‘colonial futures’, and how divergent voices greeted the end of empire. Thinking about entanglements likewise stresses both the connections that existed between the British and French empires in Africa, and those that endured beyond the formal transfer of power. Praise for Britain, France and the Decolonization of Africa '…this ambitious volume represents a significant step forward for the field. As is often the case with rich and stimulating work, the volume gestures towards more themes than I have space to properly address in this review. These include shifting terrains of temporality, spatial Scales, and state sovereignty, which together raise important questions about the relationship between decolonization and globalization. By bringing all of these crucial issues into the same frame,Britain, France and the Decolonization of Africa is sure to inspire new thought-provoking research.' - H-France vol. 17, issue 205

Decolonisation and the British Empire, 1775-1997


Author: D. George Boyce,George D.. Boyce
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312223250
Category: History
Page: 317
View: 4687
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The author places the process of decolonisation in its wider context, tracing the twentieth-century domestic and international conditions that hastened decolonisation and, through a close analysis of not only the policy choices but the language of British imperialism, the book throws new light on the British way of managing both the expansion and contraction of empire."--BOOK JACKET.

Demise of the British Empire in the Middle East

Britain's Responses to Nationalist Movements, 1943-55
Author: Michael Cohen,Dr Martin Kolinsky,Martin Kolinsky
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136313826
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 519
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Britain emerged from World War II dependent economically and militarily upon the US. Egypt was the hub of Britain's imperial interests in the Middle East, but her inability to maintain a large garrison there was clear to the indigenous peoples. These essays track the decline of the empire.

Das Empire als Aufgabe des Historikers

Historiographie in imperialen Nationalstaaten: Großbritannien und Frankreich 1919-1968
Author: Anne Friedrichs
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593394812
Category: History
Page: 370
View: 4114
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Historiker stellen sinnstiftende Erzählungen für ihre Gesellschaften bereit. Wie diese in imperialen Nationalstaaten konstruiert sind, untersucht Anne Friedrichs anhand von Handbüchern und prominenten Schriften britischer und französischer Historiker. Insbesondere zeigt sie, wie der Wandel der Imperien und ihrer Beziehungen nach dem Ersten und dem Zweiten Weltkrieg sowie während der Dekolonisierung reflektiert, gedeutet und aktiv mitgestaltet wurde. Ausgezeichnet mit dem Johannes-Zilkens-Promotionspreis für Wissenschaftsgeschichte 2012.

Britain's Declining Empire

The Road to Decolonisation, 1918–1968
Author: Ronald Hyam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316025659
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 3232
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An authoritative political history of one of the world's most important empires on the road to decolonisation. Ronald Hyam's 2007 book offers a major reassessment of the end of empire which combines a study of British policymaking with case studies on the experience of decolonization across Africa, Asia and the Caribbean. He describes the dysfunctional policies of an imperial system coping with postwar, interwar and wartime crises from 1918 to 1945 but the main emphasis is on the period after 1945 and the gradual unravelling of empire as a result of international criticism, and the growing imbalance between Britain's capabilities and its global commitments. He analyses the transfers of power from India in 1947 to Swaziland in 1968, the major crises such as Suez and assesses the role of leading figures from Churchill, Attlee and Eden to Macmillan and Wilson. This is essential reading for scholars and students of empire and decolonisation.

Britain, Kenya and the Cold War

Imperial Defence, Colonial Security and Decolonisation
Author: David Percox
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850434603
Category: History
Page: 252
View: 1400
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Far from having to abandon her post-war ""East of Suez"" role, Britain continued to pursue ""imperial"" African interests well after the Suez debacle and the ""End of Empire"". Kenya was center stage. Little scholarship has been produced on British policy in pursuing her interests beyond Kenyan independence. This book shows Britain maintaining her strategic priorities in Kenya--cultivating the ''moderate"" Kenyatta government, giving up the unacceptable colonial army base, but retaining military camps, rights of overflying, staging and training the Kenyan military, including internal security. Percox shows that Kenyan de-colonization and British defense interests were intimately linked and vital within the context of the Cold War and East-West regional rivalry.

Geschichtswissenschaft jenseits des Nationalstaats

Studien zu Beziehungsgeschichte und Zivilisationsvergleich
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647351628
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 5290
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Die deutsche Geschichtswissenschaft ist in weiten Teilen von einer nationalgeschichtlichen Perspektive gekennzeichnet. Die in diesem Band gesammelten Aufsätze sind als Einspruch gegen diese einseitige Prägung zu verstehen. Jürgen Osterhammel behandelt zwischen den Polen Vergleich und Beziehungsgeschichte verschiedene Themen der Weltgeschichte, wobei der Begriff »Beziehung« sich nicht auf dem Bereich der internationalen Politik beschränkt, sondern andere Arten von Beziehungen wie etwa Kulturtransfers in gleicher Weise einbezieht. Auch geht es in diesem Band nicht um »Außereuropäische Geschichte« – letztlich eine Kategorie einer auf Europa zentrierten Historie – sondern vielmehr darum, Amerika, Asien, Afrika und Ozeanien in den Horizont einer »normalen« Geschichtswissenschaft zu integrieren. Neben eine nationalgeschichtliche und eine auf Europa zielende Historie könnte so eine Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht treten. Dabei geht es nicht um Antworten von globaler Gültigkeit, sondern um Fragen in einem universalen Horizont.

The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume IV: The Twentieth Century


Author: Judith Brown,Wm Roger Louis
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191542393
Category: History
Page: 800
View: 4809
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The Oxford History of the British Empire is a major new assessment of the Empire in the light of recent scholarship and the progressive opening of historical records. From the founding of colonies in North America and the West Indies in the seventeenth century to the reversion of Hong Kong to China at the end of the twentieth, British imperialism was a catalyst for far-reaching change. The Oxford History of the British Empire as a comprehensive study allows us to understand the end of Empire in relation to its beginnings, the meaning of British imperialism for the ruled as well as the rulers, and the significance of the British Empire as a theme in world history. Volume IV considers many aspects of the 'imperial experience' in the final years of the British Empire, culminating in the mid-century's rapid processes of decolonization. It seeks to understand the men who managed the empire, their priorities and vision, and the mechanisms of control and connection which held the empire together. There are chapters on imperial centres, on the geographical 'periphery' of empire, and on all its connecting mechanisms, including institutions and the flow of people, money, goods, and services. The volume also explores the experience of 'imperial subjects' - in terms of culture, politics, and economics; an experience which culminated in the growth of vibrant, often new, national identities and movements and, ultimately, new nation-states. It concludes with the processes of decolonization which reshaped the political map of the late twentieth-century world.