Brogdon's Forensic Radiology, Second Edition


Author: Michael J. Thali, M.D.,Mark D. Viner,B.G. Brogdon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420075632
Category: Law
Page: 654
View: 9207
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The benchmark first edition of Forensic Radiology, published in 1998, was a milestone in the forensic community — a bestseller throughout the world and a standard reference for practitioners and educators alike. Like its predecessor, Brogdon’s Forensic Radiology, Second Edition covers the entire scope of radiological applications in the forensic sciences, profiling current and anticipated uses of new modalities and techniques. Features: Provides an introduction to forensic radiology, including historical perspectives and definitions used in the field Offers instruction on trial preparation and effective courtroom testimony Demonstrates the use of forensic radiology in identification of the dead Explores the use of radiology to help in gunshot and abuse cases and in nonviolent crimes Contains an entirely new section on virtual imaging and virtopsy Examines technological and safety issues For radiologists, forensic scientists, forensic dentists, medical examiners, investigators, and attorneys Over the past twelve years, the fields of forensic science and radiology have developed considerably, necessitating a revision of this critical work. New Topics in this Edition include: The radiologist as an expert witness Modern cross-sectional imaging in anthropology New approaches to radiology in mass casualty situations The use of virtual imaging and virtopsy — new modalities developed and advanced since the publication of the last edition Forensic and clinical usage of x-rays in body packing for drug smuggling Imaging in the medical examiner’s facility and in the field Radiology of special objects, antiquities, and mummies

Forensic Radiology


Author: Michael J. Thali, M.D.,B. G. Brogdon,Mark D. Viner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849381058
Category: Law
Page: 496
View: 6674
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The scope of applications of forensic radiology includes determination of identity, evaluation of injury and death, use in criminal and civil litigation, in administrative proceedings such as workman's compensation hearings, in medical education, and in research. Until now, there has been no single source of radiologic knowledge for various disciplines to turn to when examining X-rays or other radiologic records as forensic evidence. This is the first book to cover the entire spectrum of radiological applications in forensic science. Discover how forensic radiology can be used to: Identify remains and determine issues such as animal vs. human remains; whether one or more bodies are involved; and the age, sex, and stature of remains Evaluate causes of death and whether it was accidental, homicidal, or self-inflicted Establish evidence in both criminal and non-criminal proceedings Analyze bite marks to identify perpetrators Detect fakes and forgeries in art works Determine whether child, spousal, or geriatric abuse is occurring And much more Copiously illustrated with more than 640 pictures, Forensic Radiology is a visual guide and standard reference not only for radiologists, but for everyone involved in the field of forensics-from anthropologists to trial lawyers. This extremely readable text requires no background of medical training to understand, yet is detailed enough to inform physicians and dentists interested in this specialty field.

Child Abuse and its Mimics in Skin and Bone


Author: B. G. Brogdon,Tor Shwayder,Jamie Elifritz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439855358
Category: Law
Page: 216
View: 465
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Of all children reported to child protective services for suspected maltreatment in any form, the percentage of substantiated cases of actual physical abuse is quite small. There are a number of dermatological or radiologically demonstrable musculoskeletal lesions that have been, or could be mistaken for, intentional physical abuse by the inexperienced or untrained observer. Child Abuse and Its Mimics in Skin and Bone illustrates the classic manifestations of physical abuse by dermatological and radiological examination as a standard against which the mimickers of physical abuse can be compared. Beginning with a historical perspective on child abuse, the book explores manifestations of superficial and musculoskeletal trauma in children. It examines conditions often mistaken for child abuse, ranging from rubella to leukemia and bowing deformities to vitamin A intoxication, as well as a plethora of dermatological conditions that can mimic signs of physical abuse. Designed for a broad spectrum of individuals who may first encounter a possibly abused child, the book presents hundreds of photos—many in color—and examples collected by the authors over their years of experience in their respective fields. Where appropriate, the authors provide pertinent historical, physical, and laboratory information in support of the diagnosis. With the combined insight of top experts in forensic radiology and dermatology, this volume enables clinicians and others confronted with cases involving these conditions to avoid a rush to judgment that could wreak havoc in a family and quite possibly delay needed treatment for an actual medical condition.

Essentials of Forensic Imaging

A Text-Atlas
Author: Angela D. Levy,H. Theodore Harcke, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420091120
Category: Law
Page: 282
View: 6738
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Forensic imaging with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and other cross-sectional imaging modalities is a rapidly evolving field. Understanding the pathological basis of disease and death is fundamental to the interpretation of radiologic images. Forming a bridge between these distinct disciplines, Essentials of Forensic Imaging: A Text-Atlas brings the long tradition of radiologic pathologic correlation to forensic radiology and autopsy. Providing readers with a technical and interpretive foundation for applying modern cross-sectional imaging to forensic autopsy, the book integrates more than 300 color autopsy photographs with postmortem MDCT and radiography in a topical format. Organized by cause of death, the rich pictorial display of case material that accompanies the text establishes a contextual understanding. Readers can learn the diagnostic value of imaging applied to forensic autopsy by correlating specific causes of death with their respective forensic and radiologic principles. Causes of death covered in this practical volume include: Gunshot wounds Blunt force injury Fire and burn injury Blast injury Drowning and other deaths in water Suicide Natural causes Asphyxia Electrocution As forensic imaging becomes more advanced, the possibilities for its use in autopsy continue to grow, as do the opportunities for application in related areas. In the final chapter, these expert authors also discuss the use of MDCT in the assessment of medical intervention, exhumation and second autopsy, and anthropology.

Forensic Pathology of Fractures and Mechanisms of Injury

Postmortem CT Scanning
Author: Michael P. Burke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439881499
Category: Law
Page: 273
View: 3833
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Practitioners of forensic medicine have various tools at their disposal to determine cause of death, and today’s computed tomography (CT) can provide valuable clues if images are interpreted properly. Forensic Pathology of Fractures and Mechanisms of Injury: Postmortem CT Scanning is a guide for the forensic pathologist who wants to use CT imaging to assist in determining the mechanism of injury that might have contributed to death. Advice from a forensic pathologist using CT images in daily practice Drawn from the author’s work at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, the book presents an overview of his experience with CT in routine casework, provides an appraisal of the literature with respect to fractures, and offers suggestions for the evaluation of CT images by pathologists. He then suggests what reasonable conclusions can be drawn from the images, the circumstances surrounding the death, and an external examination of the deceased. Includes images and case studies Enhanced with hundreds of CT images that clarify the text and case studies to put the material in context, the book begins by discussing classification of injuries and different types of fractures. It then explores the basics of CT. Next, the book gives a head-to-toe catalogue of various injuries and how they are represented on a CT scan. Finally, the book explores the use of CT in difficult forensic cases such as decomposed and burnt remains, falls, child abuse, and transportation incidents. While not intended to make a forensic pathologist an expert at CT image interpretation, the book enables these professionals to become familiar with the technology so they can competently use it in their practice, heightening the accuracy of their cause of death determinations.

Diagnostic Imaging: Head and Neck


Author: H. Ric Harnsberger
Publisher: Amirsys
ISBN: 9780323443012
Category:
Page: 1352
View: 8308
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Nearly 400 diagnoses that are delineated, referenced, and lavishly illustrated highlight the third edition of this bestselling reference. Dr. H. Ric Harnsberger and his expert author team of Drs. Pat Hudgins, Bernadette L. Koch, and Bronwyn Hamilton provide carefully updated information in a concise, bulleted format, keeping you current with recent advances in head and neck radiology. Succinct text, outstanding illustrations, and up-to-date content make this title a must-have reference for both radiologists and otolaryngologists who need a single, go-to guide in this fast-changing area. Concise, bulleted text provides efficient information on nearly 400 diagnoses that are clearly illustrated with over 2800 superb images Designed for quick and easy clinical reference at the point of care, with logically organized sections, comprehensive lists of differential diagnosis, consistent presentation of information, and relevant, newly revised images throughout Expert ConsultT eBook version included with purchase, which allows you to search all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices

Forensic Medicine


Author: John A. M. Gall,Stephen C. Boos
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780443064999
Category: Medical
Page: 134
View: 6966
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New in the successful Colour Guides series, this volume is a practical, must-have guide for any professional involved with forensic medicine. It covers approximately 60 essential topics, each presented in a convenient two-page spread. The left-hand page contains brief, clearly-written text, while the right-hand page presents a wealth of relevant color photographs.

A Radiologic Atlas of Abuse, Torture, Terrorism, and Inflicted Trauma


Author: B. G. Brogdon,Hermann Vogel,John D. McDowell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 020301085X
Category: Law
Page: 328
View: 9777
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The results of aggression against humans can be hideously obvious, but may also be entirely concealed from casual inspection. Often, only exploration of the hidden recesses of the mind via psychiatric evaluation, or radiologic exploration of the inner recesses of the body can reveal the evidence of such violence. This book focuses on the latter. A Radiologic Atlas of Abuse, Torture, Terrorism, and Inflicted Trauma combines the lifetime experience of two distinguished radiologists and a renowned odontologist to provide an unprecedented collection of radiographs depicting the results of violence on the human body. Victims of aggression range from the tiniest infant to entire populations. Hopefully you will never encounter every situation covered in this book. However, should you come across any, you will want A Radiologic Atlas of Abuse, Torture, Terrorism, and Inflicted Trauma within reach.

The Virtopsy Approach

3D Optical and Radiological Scanning and Reconstruction in Forensic Medicine
Author: Michael Thali,Richard Dirnhofer,Peter Vock
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849381894
Category: Law
Page: 536
View: 4659
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Charred, badly decomposed, or mummified corpses, as well as those restrictions forced upon coroners by certain religious sects, often make autopsies impossible to perform. In addition, lack of manpower among the personnel charged with performing autopsies frequently creates a backlog of cases in the coroner’s office. This delay increases the likelihood that causes of death will go undetermined and criminal perpetrators will go unpunished. The solution can be found in what has come to be known as the virtopsy®, a minimally invasive and efficient way to perform an autopsy through state-of-the-art imaging-guided means. A term coined by noted forensic pathologist Richard Dirnhofer, virtopsy refers to "virtual autopsy," a modality that employs a spectrum of technologies including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy, and 3D photogrammetry and surface scanning. In The Virtopsy Approach: 3D Optical and Radiological Scanning and Reconstruction in Forensic Medicine, the authors reveal a comprehensive summary of the virtopsy procedure. Well-organized, detailed enough to serve as a how-to guide for newcomers to the field, and copiously illustrated with many color figures accompanied by appropriate explanatory captions, this volume breaks new ground in the world of autopsy science.

Skeletal Trauma

Identification of Injuries Resulting from Human Rights Abuse and Armed Conflict
Author: Erin H. Kimmerle,Jose Pablo Baraybar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420009118
Category: Law
Page: 520
View: 3667
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Born out of the need to recover, analyze, and present physical evidence on thousands of individual victims of large-scale human rights violations, multi-national, multi-disciplinary forensic teams developed a sophisticated system for the examination of human remains and set a precedent for future investigations. Codifying this process, Skeletal Trauma: Identification of Injuries Resulting from Human Rights Abuse and Armed Conflict describes an epidemiological framework for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting evidence for use at trial. It pieces together fragments of skeletal tissue and associated physical evidence to determine a mechanism of trauma that is factually based, methodologically scripted, and scientifically interpreted. Providing a contextual background, the opening chapter discusses international forensic investigations into Human Rights violations through international tribunals and other emerging judicial systems. The second chapter presents protocols for systemic data collection and methods for the differential diagnosis of wounds to classify and interpret mechanisms of injury. Organized topically, the remaining chapters evaluate blasting injuries, blunt force trauma, skeletal evidence of torture, sharp force trauma, and gunfire injuries. Each chapter discusses wounding mechanisms, wound pathophysiology, relevant legal examples, and case studies. Twenty-six leading scholars and practitioners from anthropology, pathology, and forensics contribute their research, cases, photographs, and extensive fieldwork experience to provide 16 representative case studies. Taken from human rights violations, ethnic and armed conflict, and extra-judicial executions throughout the Americas, Europe, and Asia, all evidence in the examples is interpreted through an epidemiological model and set in a legal framework. Several of the exemplary studies, including those from the Balkans, have already been presented as evidence in criminal trials.

Paleoimaging

Field Applications for Cultural Remains and Artifacts
Author: Ronald G. Beckett,Gerald J. Conlogue
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420090734
Category: Law
Page: 408
View: 827
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Medical and industrial imaging methods have come to be recognized as powerful tools for documentation and data collection in many nontraditional settings. In Paleoimaging: Field Applications for Cultural Remains and Artifacts, two of the most preeminent experts in the field provide an in-depth examination of a range of imaging techniques and explain how these techniques can be applied to all aspects of forensic and archaeological analysis. The first part of the book examines paleoimaging multimodalities, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each imaging technique in different scenarios. The authors explore photography, conventional radiography, endoscopy, and various forms of computer-based imaging. Next, they present methodological and procedural standards for the various imaging techniques. They also demonstrate how multimodal imaging can assist nondestructive data collection of non-biological cultural artefacts. A final section addresses radiation safety and field safety concerns. Case studies, tables, and templates of forms for documentation of findings enhance the text with practical information. Filled with over 380 images, this book is supplemented with an accompanying CD in which the authors draw from their global experience in the paleoimaging of cultural remains and artefacts, offering a view of the diverse environments in which field paleoimaging is conducted. The breadth of the authors’ expertise and the rich images contained in the book and CD make this resource an essential reference for those who seek to explore the mysteries of the past.

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity


Author: Jeremy Rich,Dorothy E. Dean,Robert H. Powers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592598978
Category: Medical
Page: 422
View: 3086
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Publius Syrus stated back in 42 B.C., “You cannot put the same shoe on every foot.” (Maxim 596) Though written long before the advent of forensic science, Syrus’ maxim summarizes the theme of Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot. Put simply, the lower extremity is a tremendously variable anatomic region. This variation is beneficial to forensic experts. Differences in the leg and foot can be used to establish individual identity. Analysis of damage to the lower limb can be used to reconstruct antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. As a forensic anthropologist, I analyze cases involving decomposed, burned, m- mified, mutilated, and skeletal remains. Many of the corpses I examine are incomplete. Occasionally, I receive nothing but the legs and feet; a lower torso dragged from a river; a foot recovered in a city park; dismembered drug dealers in plastic bags; victims of bombings and airline disasters; and the dead commingled in common graves. Though the leg and foot contain much that is useful in forensic analysis, before this publication, investigators faced a twofold problem. Little research that focused on the lower extremity was available in the literature, and the existing research was published in diverse sources, making its location and synthesis a daunting task.

Mammographic Imaging


Author: Shelly Lille,Wendy Marshall
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1496352041
Category: Medical
Page: 776
View: 6245
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Publisher's Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. The 4th Edition of Mammographic Imaging: A Practical Guide remains the most up-to-date and comprehensive book in the field. A perfect all-in-one solution for coursework, board prep, and clinical practice, this bestseller reflects the latest ARRT educational and certification exam requirements, as well as the ASRT recommended curriculum. Technologists seeking to stay current in the profession and students preparing to enter the field will appreciate the 227 new photos, the wide range of case studies, and the interactive online exam simulator with ARRT registry-style questions.

Atlas of Postmortem Angiography


Author: Silke Grabherr,Jochen M. Grimm,Axel Heinemann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319285378
Category: Medical
Page: 602
View: 1235
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This atlas of postmortem angiography provides a summary of techniques that have been developed and used in order to visualize the human vascular system. The indications, advantages, limitations, and pitfalls of the different techniques are explained in detail through the use of examples from real cases and a wealth of informative images, as well as knowledge from the latest scientific works. Helpful recommendations are made concerning interpretation of the obtained radiological images, which will allow readers to start their own work in the field of post-mortem angiography or to ease and improve their practice. The atlas has been edited and written by members of an international working group created in 2012, “Technical Working Group Post-mortem Angiography Methods” (TWGPAM), who for the first time summarize their experiences concerning this new approach. Since findings explaining the reasons for both natural and traumatic death are often hidden within the vascular system, post-mortem angiography is of the highest importance in elucidating cause of death and may represent the key to minimally invasive autopsy. ​

Pathobiology of Human Disease

A Dynamic Encyclopedia of Disease Mechanisms
Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123864577
Category: Medical
Page: 5000
View: 1870
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Pathobiology of Human Disease bridges traditional morphologic and clinical pathology, molecular pathology, and the underlying basic science fields of cell biology, genetics, and molecular biology, which have opened up a new era of research in pathology and underlie the molecular basis of human disease. The work spans more than 48 different biological and medical fields, in five basic sections: Human Organ Systems Molecular Pathology/Basic Mechanisms of Diseases Animal Models/Other Model Systems Experimental Pathology Clinical Pathology Each article provides a comprehensive overview of the selected topic to inform a broad spectrum of readers from research professionals to advanced undergraduate students. Reviews quantitative advances in the imaging and molecular analysis of human tissue, new microarray technologies for analysis of genetic and chromosomal alterations in normal and diseased cells and tissues, and new transgenic models of human disease using conditional, tissue-specific gene targeting Articles link through to relevant virtual microscopy slides, illustrating side-by-side presentation of "Normal" and "Disease" anatomy and histology images Fully-annotated with many supplementary full color images, graphs, tables, and video files linked to data sets and to live references, enabling researchers to delve deeper and visualize solutions

The Scientific Investigation of Mass Graves

Towards Protocols and Standard Operating Procedures
Author: Margaret Cox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521865875
Category: Law
Page: 562
View: 7298
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First book to describe essential processes and techniques for the scientific investigation of atrocity crimes.

Forensic Medicine

Fundamentals and Perspectives
Author: Reinhard Dettmeyer,Marcel A. Verhoff,Harald F. Schütz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642388183
Category: Medical
Page: 584
View: 1410
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This book presents the latest developments in the field of forensic pathology/forensic medicine, including important advances in forensic histopathology, forensic radiology, medical malpractice, understanding of child abuse, and forensic toxicology. Various forms of trauma are addressed in individual chapters, and among the other topics covered are traffic medicine, forensic alcohol toxicology, forensic DNA analysis, forensic osteology, and international regulations. The book includes a wealth of color illustrations and numerous tables presenting key facts. The authors are leading experts in general pathology, forensic radiology, and forensic toxicology. Forensic Pathology/Forensic Medicine: Fundamentals and Perspectives will be of interest not only to specialist pathologists and those working in forensic medicine, but also to coroners, forensic physicians, students, lawyers, attorneys, and policemen.

Forensic Science in Healthcare

Caring for Patients, Preserving the Evidence
Author: Connie Darnell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439844915
Category: Law
Page: 373
View: 1692
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First responders confronted by forensic cases are forced to consider the competing concerns of administering proper medical treatment while at the same time safeguarding vital evidence. Forensic Science in Healthcare: Caring for Patients, Preserving the Evidence presents precise on-scene protocol designed to ensure that the actions of the response team provide the necessary care and yet maintain the integrity of the evidence for legal purposes. Following an introduction to forensics, the book explains how to recognize and identify patients with forensic issues, offers guidelines on proper documentation, and provides tips on forensic photography and capturing critical images. It reviews basic principles of evidence collection before moving into specific case scenarios, including domestic violence, sexual assault, child and elder abuse, youth violence, and death investigation. The book also examines occupational concerns for forensic personnel as well as legal issues such as testifying in depositions and in court. Enhanced with photographs, illustrations, templates for documentation, and case-specific recommendations, this one-stop reference provides first responders with practical understanding of the steps that should be followed to ensure not only patient protection but evidence preservation.

Effective Interviewing and Interrogation Techniques


Author: William L. Fleisher,Nathan J. Gordon
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123819871
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 8527
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Effective Interviewing and Interrogation Techniques believably answers the question, How do you know when someone is lying? It also provides a guide for interviewing probable suspects and interrogating likely perpetrators on techniques and tradecraft. This book covers topics about searching for truth and revealing lies. It presents forensic assessments based on psychophysiology, and assessments on the basis of non-verbal behavior. The book also covers interview and interrogation preparation, as well as question formulation. It discusses the Morgan Interview Theme Technique or MITT, and the Forensic Assessment Interview or FAINT. The book addresses techniques for interviewing children and the mentally challenged, and offers information about pre-employment interviews. It also explains how to understand aggressive behavior and how to deal with angry people. The book concludes by presenting future methods for searching for the truth. Law enforcement and security professionals, as well as prosecutors, criminal defense lawyers, and civil litigators will find this book invaluable. The only book to address FAINT, IIT, and MITT in one source Enables the interviewer to obtain a confession that can stand up in court Includes an online workbook with practical exercises to assist the reader

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

Complementary Sciences From Recovery to Cause of Death
Author: Aurore Schmitt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597450995
Category: Medical
Page: 480
View: 2883
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Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.