Case, Valency and Transitivity


Author: L. I. Kulikov,Andre? L?vovich Mal?chukov,Dr Peter Swart
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027230870
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 503
View: 9924
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The three concepts of case, valency and transitivity belong to the most discussed topics of modern linguistics. On the one hand, they are crucially connected with morphological aspects of the clause, including case marking, person agreement and voice. On the other hand, they are related to several semantic issues such as the meaning of case, semantico-syntactic verbal classes, and the semantic correlates of transitivity. The volume unifies papers written within different theoretical frameworks and representing variegated approaches (Optimality Theory, Government and Binding, various versions of the Functional approach, Cross-linguistic and Typological analyses), containing both numerous new findings in individual languages and valuable observations and generalizations related to case, valency and transitivity.

Changing Valency

Case Studies in Transitivity
Author: Robert M. W. Dixon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521660396
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 413
View: 2496
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Distinguished scholars examine the phenomena of passives and causatives in languages from around the world.

Transitivity and Valency Alternations

Studies on Japanese and Beyond
Author: Taro Kageyama,Wesley M. Jacobsen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110475308
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 505
View: 8506
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This collection of papers is the first book ever published in English that presents detailed analyses of valency and transitivity alternations in Japanese from multifaceted standpoints: morphology, semantics, syntax, dialects, history, acquisition, and language typology.

Transitive Nouns and Adjectives

Evidence from Early Indo-Aryan
Author: John J. Lowe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019879357X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 400
View: 3981
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This book explores the wealth of evidence from early Indo-Aryan for the existence of transitive nouns and adjectives, a rare linguistic phenomenon which, according to some categorizations of word classes, should not occur. John Lowe shows that most transitive nouns and adjectives attested in early Indo-Aryan cannot be analysed as a type of non-finite verb category, but must be acknowledged as a distinct constructional type. The volume provides a detailed introduction to transitivity (verbal and adpositional), the categories of agent and action noun, and to early Indo-Aryan. Four periods of early Indo-Aryan are selected for study: Rigvedic Sanskrit, the earliest Indo-Aryan; Vedic Prose, a slightly later form of Sanskrit; Epic Sanskrit, a form of Sanskrit close to the standardized 'Classical' Sanskrit; and Pali, the early Middle Indo-Aryan language of the Buddhist scriptures. John Lowe shows that while each linguistic stage is different, there are shared features of transitive nouns and adjectives which apply throughout the history of early Indo-Aryan. The data is set in the wider historical context, from Proto-Indo-European to Modern Indo-Aryan, and a formal linguistic analysis of transitive nouns and adjectives is provided in the framework of Lexical-Functional Grammar.

The Oxford Handbook of Case


Author: Andrej Malchukov,Andrew Spencer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199206473
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 960
View: 4341
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This handbook provides a comprehensive account of current research on case and the morphological and syntactic phenomena associated with it. Scholars from all over the world provide overviews of current theoretical, typological, diachronic, and psycholinguistic research and assess cross-linguistic work on case and case-systems.

Handbook of Japanese Contrastive Linguistics


Author: Prashant Pardeshi,Taro Kageyama
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614514070
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 767
View: 550
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The Handbook of Japanese Contrastive Linguistics is a unique publication that brings together insights from three traditions—Japanese linguistics, linguistic typology and contrastive linguistics—and makes important contributions to deepening our understanding of various phenomena in Japanese as well other languages of the globe. Its primary goal is to uncover principled similarities and differences between Japanese and other languages of the globe and thereby shed new light on the universal as well as language-particular properties of Japanese. The issues addressed by the papers in this volume cover a wide spectrum of phenomena ranging from lexical to syntactic and discourse levels. The authors of the chapters, leading scholars in their respective field of research, present the state-of-the-art research from their respected field.

Case, Typology, and Grammar

In Honor of Barry J. Blake
Author: Anna Siewierska,Jae Jung Song
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027229376
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 379
View: 536
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The present volume is a collection of fifteen original articles that include descriptive, typological and/or theoretical studies of a number of morphosyntactic phenomena, such as case, transitivity, grammaticalization, valency alternations, etc., in a variety of languages or language groups, and discussions concerning theoretical issues in specific grammatical frameworks. The collection, written in honor of the Australian linguist Barry J. Blake on his 60th birthday, thematically reflects the field that Professor Blake has worked in over the past three decades. The volume will be of special interest to researchers in morphosyntax, and linguistic typology. In addition, scholars in discourse grammar, historical linguistics, theoretical syntax, semantics, language acquisition, and language contact will find articles of interest in the book.

Competition and Variation in Natural Languages

The Case for Case
Author: Mengistu Amberber,Helen de Hoop
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459776
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 374
View: 4429
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This volume combines different perspectives on case-marking: (1) typological and descriptive approaches of various types and instances of case-marking in the languages of the world as well as comparison with languages that express similar types of relations without morphological case-marking; (2) formal analyses in different theoretical frameworks of the syntactic, semantic, and morphological properties of case-marking; (3) a historical approach of case-marking; (4) a psycholinguistic approach of case-marking. Although there are a number of publications on case related issues, there is no volume such as the present one, which exclusively looks at case marking, competition and variation from a cross-linguistic perspective and within the context of different contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of language. In addition to chapters with broad conceptual orientation, the volume offers detailed empirical studies of case in a number of diverse languages including: Amharic, Basque, Dutch, Hindi, Japanese, Kuuk Thaayorre, Malagasy and Yurakaré. The volume will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in the cognitive sciences, general linguistics, typology, historical linguistics, formal linguistics, and psycholinguistics. The book will interest scholars working within the context of formal syntactic and semantic theories as it provides insight into the properties of case from a cross-linguistic perspective. The book also will be of interest to cognitive scientists interested in the relationship between meaning and grammar, in particular, and the human mind's capacity in the mapping of meaning onto grammar, in general.

Scales and Hierarchies

A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective
Author: Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky,Andrej Malchukov,Marc D. Richards
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110395002
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 361
View: 9154
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The volume advances our understanding of the role of scales and hierarchies across the linguistic sciences. Although scales and hierarchies are widely assumed to play a role in the modelling of linguistic phenomena, their status remains controversial, and it is these controversies that the present volume tackles head-on.

Contrastive Studies in Verbal Valency


Author: Lars Hellan,Andrej Malchukov,Michela Cennamo
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266093
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 476
View: 8285
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In recent years, issues of verbal valency, valency alternations and verb classes have seen a new upsurge of interest from a variety of perspectives. This book comprises articles investigating valency phenomena on a contrastive basis within Romance, Germanic and Slavic, and also in Basque and in the West-African language Ga, as well as classical Greek and Sanskrit. Phenomena include transitive and ditransitive constructions and alternations, involving reflexives, cognate objects, ’null’ objects, case (in its syntagmatic and paradigmatic aspects), and infinitives, mostly in a synchronic perspective. Aiming at a closer understanding of the range of regularities falling within the concept of valency frames, the book offers a representative array of current assumptions, hypotheses, methodologies and new findings within the overall field. The volume will provide a valuable resource for researchers and students both in general linguistics and in the relevant language particular disciplines.

Transitivity

Form, Meaning, Acquisition, and Processing
Author: Patrick Brandt,Marco Garcia García
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027255490
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 308
View: 4555
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What happens when a canonically transitive form meets a canonically transitive meaning, and what happens when this doesn t happen? How do dyadic forms relate to monadic ones, and what are the entailments of the operations that the grammar uses to relate one to the other? Collecting original expert work from acquisition, processing, typological and theoretical syntax-semantics research, this volume provides a state of the art as well as cutting edge discussion of central issues in the realm of Transitivity. These include the definition and role of "Natural Transitivity," the interpretation and repercussions of valency changing operations and differential case marking, and the interactions between (in)transitive Gestalts in different categories and at different levels of representation."

Ergativity, Valency and Voice


Author: Gilles Authier,Katharina Haude
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110227738
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 395
View: 8871
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This volume is a collection of articles concerned with the typology of valency and valence change in a large and diversified sample of languages that display ergative alignment in their grammar. The sample of languages represented in these descriptive contributions covers most of the geographical areas and linguistic families in which ergativity has been known to exist jointly with well-developed morphological voice, and some languages belonging to families in which ergativity or voice were not previously recognized or adequately described up to now.

Introducing the Framework, and Case Studies from Africa and Eurasia


Author: Andrej Malchukov,Bernard Comrie
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110338815
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 885
View: 8058
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Earlier empirical studies on valency have looked at the phenomenon either in individual languages or a small range of languages, or have concerned themselves with only small subparts of valency (e.g. transitivity, ditransitive constructions), leaving a lacuna that the present volume aims to fill by considering a wide range of valency phenomena across 30 languages from different parts of the world. The individual-language studies, each written by a specialist or group of specialists on that language and covering both valency patterns and valency alternations, are based on a questionnaire (reproduced in the volume) and an on-line freely accessible database, thus guaranteeing comparability of cross-linguistic results. In addition, introductory chapters provide the background to the project and discuss its main characteristics and selected results, while a series of featured articles by leading scholars who helped shape the field provide an outside perspective on the volume’s approach. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in valency and argument structure, irrespective of theoretical persuasion, and will serve as a model for future descriptive studies of valency in individual languages.

Studies in Language


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Electronic journals
Page: N.A
View: 8700
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Language


Author: George Melville Bolling,Bernard Bloch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Comparative linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 3593
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English Verb Classes and Alternations

A Preliminary Investigation
Author: Beth Levin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226475332
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 348
View: 9631
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In this rich reference work, Beth Levin classifies over 3,000 English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior. Levin starts with the hypothesis that a verb's meaning influences its syntactic behavior and develops it into a powerful tool for studying the English verb lexicon. She shows how identifying verbs with similar syntactic behavior provides an effective means of distinguishing semantically coherent verb classes, and isolates these classes by examining verb behavior with respect to a wide range of syntactic alternations that reflect verb meaning. The first part of the book sets out alternate ways in which verbs can express their arguments. The second presents classes of verbs that share a kernel of meaning and explores in detail the behavior of each class, drawing on the alternations in the first part. Levin's discussion of each class and alternation includes lists of relevant verbs, illustrative examples, comments on noteworthy properties, and bibliographic references. The result is an original, systematic picture of the organization of the verb inventory. Easy to use, English Verb Classes and Alternations sets the stage for further explorations of the interface between lexical semantics and syntax. It will prove indispensable for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and teachers of English as a second language.

Verb classes and transitivity in Amharic


Author: Mengistu Amberber
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783895864049
Category: Amharic language
Page: 108
View: 7191
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Prototypical Transitivity


Author: Åshild Næss
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027292213
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 9762
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This book presents a functional analysis of a notion which has gained considerable importance in cognitive and functional linguistics over the last couple of decades, namely 'prototypical transitivity'. It discusses what prototypical transitivity is, why it should exist, and how it should be defined, as well as how this definition can be employed in the analysis of a number of phenomena of language, such as case-marking, experiencer constructions, and so-called ambitransitives. Also discussed is how a prototype analysis relates to other approaches to transitivity, such as that based on markedness. The basic claim is that transitivity is iconic: a construction with two distinct, independent arguments is prototypically used to refer to an event with two distinct, independent participants. From this principle, a unified account of the properties typically associated with transitivity can be derived, and an explanation for why these properties tend to correlate across languages can be given.

Competition and Variation in Natural Languages

The Case for Case
Author: Mengistu Amberber,Helen de Hoop
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459776
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 374
View: 9524
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This volume combines different perspectives on case-marking: (1) typological and descriptive approaches of various types and instances of case-marking in the languages of the world as well as comparison with languages that express similar types of relations without morphological case-marking; (2) formal analyses in different theoretical frameworks of the syntactic, semantic, and morphological properties of case-marking; (3) a historical approach of case-marking; (4) a psycholinguistic approach of case-marking. Although there are a number of publications on case related issues, there is no volume such as the present one, which exclusively looks at case marking, competition and variation from a cross-linguistic perspective and within the context of different contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of language. In addition to chapters with broad conceptual orientation, the volume offers detailed empirical studies of case in a number of diverse languages including: Amharic, Basque, Dutch, Hindi, Japanese, Kuuk Thaayorre, Malagasy and Yurakaré. The volume will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in the cognitive sciences, general linguistics, typology, historical linguistics, formal linguistics, and psycholinguistics. The book will interest scholars working within the context of formal syntactic and semantic theories as it provides insight into the properties of case from a cross-linguistic perspective. The book also will be of interest to cognitive scientists interested in the relationship between meaning and grammar, in particular, and the human mind's capacity in the mapping of meaning onto grammar, in general.

Case, Semantic Roles, and Grammatical Relations

A comprehensive bibliography
Author: Petra Campe
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027282048
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 644
View: 6017
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This is the first of a series of 6 books dealing with case phenomena in different languages, both Indo- and non-Indo-European, resulting from work by a team of 20 specialists at the University of Leuven. It is the first time such a large-scale investigation into case has been undertaken, and a remarkable feature of the project is the use of computer corpora of authentic material. This bibliography presents the many dimensions involved in research into case and case-related phenomena. This includes not only morphological case markers, but also the crossconstituent (semantic and grammatical) relations expressed by morphological case or by its various counterparts; morpho-syntactic processes such as transitivity and passivization; and pragmatic and textual considerations. In addition, the bibliography reflects the implications of case research for other disciplines, such as foreign language teaching and artificial intelligence. More than 6000 publications are listed. An extensive Subject Index provides easy access to all the topics and major concepts covered. A Language Index and a Guide to Languages/Language Families conclude the book. The other volumes in the series include The Dative (2 vols), The Genitive, The Nominative and Accusative, and Non-nuclear Cases.