Case, Valency and Transitivity


Author: L. I. Kulikov,Andre? L?vovich Mal?chukov,Dr Peter Swart
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027230870
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 503
View: 6124
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The three concepts of case, valency and transitivity belong to the most discussed topics of modern linguistics. On the one hand, they are crucially connected with morphological aspects of the clause, including case marking, person agreement and voice. On the other hand, they are related to several semantic issues such as the meaning of case, semantico-syntactic verbal classes, and the semantic correlates of transitivity. The volume unifies papers written within different theoretical frameworks and representing variegated approaches (Optimality Theory, Government and Binding, various versions of the Functional approach, Cross-linguistic and Typological analyses), containing both numerous new findings in individual languages and valuable observations and generalizations related to case, valency and transitivity.

Transitivity and Valency Alternations

Studies on Japanese and Beyond
Author: Taro Kageyama,Wesley M. Jacobsen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110475308
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 505
View: 6614
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This collection of papers is the first book ever published in English that presents detailed analyses of valency and transitivity alternations in Japanese from multifaceted standpoints: morphology, semantics, syntax, dialects, history, acquisition, and language typology.

Changing Valency

Case Studies in Transitivity
Author: Robert M. W. Dixon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521660396
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 413
View: 9748
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Distinguished scholars examine the phenomena of passives and causatives in languages from around the world.

Transitive Nouns and Adjectives

Evidence from Early Indo-Aryan
Author: John J. Lowe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019879357X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 400
View: 4353
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This book explores the wealth of evidence from early Indo-Aryan for the existence of transitive nouns and adjectives, a rare linguistic phenomenon which, according to some categorizations of word classes, should not occur. John Lowe shows that most transitive nouns and adjectives attested in early Indo-Aryan cannot be analysed as a type of non-finite verb category, but must be acknowledged as a distinct constructional type. The volume provides a detailed introduction to transitivity (verbal and adpositional), the categories of agent and action noun, and to early Indo-Aryan. Four periods of early Indo-Aryan are selected for study: Rigvedic Sanskrit, the earliest Indo-Aryan; Vedic Prose, a slightly later form of Sanskrit; Epic Sanskrit, a form of Sanskrit close to the standardized 'Classical' Sanskrit; and Pali, the early Middle Indo-Aryan language of the Buddhist scriptures. John Lowe shows that while each linguistic stage is different, there are shared features of transitive nouns and adjectives which apply throughout the history of early Indo-Aryan. The data is set in the wider historical context, from Proto-Indo-European to Modern Indo-Aryan, and a formal linguistic analysis of transitive nouns and adjectives is provided in the framework of Lexical-Functional Grammar.

Handbook of Japanese Contrastive Linguistics


Author: Prashant Pardeshi,Taro Kageyama
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614514070
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 767
View: 9204
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The Handbook of Japanese Contrastive Linguistics is a unique publication that brings together insights from three traditions—Japanese linguistics, linguistic typology and contrastive linguistics—and makes important contributions to deepening our understanding of various phenomena in Japanese as well other languages of the globe. Its primary goal is to uncover principled similarities and differences between Japanese and other languages of the globe and thereby shed new light on the universal as well as language-particular properties of Japanese. The issues addressed by the papers in this volume cover a wide spectrum of phenomena ranging from lexical to syntactic and discourse levels. The authors of the chapters, leading scholars in their respective field of research, present the state-of-the-art research from their respected field.

Scales and Hierarchies

A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective
Author: Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky,Andrej Malchukov,Marc D. Richards
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110395002
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 361
View: 3693
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The volume advances our understanding of the role of scales and hierarchies across the linguistic sciences. Although scales and hierarchies are widely assumed to play a role in the modelling of linguistic phenomena, their status remains controversial, and it is these controversies that the present volume tackles head-on.

The Oxford Handbook of Case


Author: Andrej Malchukov,Andrew Spencer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199206473
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 960
View: 1743
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This handbook provides a comprehensive account of current research on case and the morphological and syntactic phenomena associated with it. Scholars from all over the world provide overviews of current theoretical, typological, diachronic, and psycholinguistic research and assess cross-linguistic work on case and case-systems.

Ergativity, Valency and Voice


Author: Gilles Authier,Katharina Haude
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110227738
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 395
View: 4670
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This volume is a collection of articles concerned with the typology of valency and valence change in a large and diversified sample of languages that display ergative alignment in their grammar. The sample of languages represented in these descriptive contributions covers most of the geographical areas and linguistic families in which ergativity has been known to exist jointly with well-developed morphological voice, and some languages belonging to families in which ergativity or voice were not previously recognized or adequately described up to now.

Studies in Language


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Electronic journals
Page: N.A
View: 5293
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Language


Author: George Melville Bolling,Bernard Bloch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Comparative linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 2720
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Competition and Variation in Natural Languages

The Case for Case
Author: Mengistu Amberber,Helen de Hoop
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459776
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 374
View: 8352
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This volume combines different perspectives on case-marking: (1) typological and descriptive approaches of various types and instances of case-marking in the languages of the world as well as comparison with languages that express similar types of relations without morphological case-marking; (2) formal analyses in different theoretical frameworks of the syntactic, semantic, and morphological properties of case-marking; (3) a historical approach of case-marking; (4) a psycholinguistic approach of case-marking. Although there are a number of publications on case related issues, there is no volume such as the present one, which exclusively looks at case marking, competition and variation from a cross-linguistic perspective and within the context of different contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of language. In addition to chapters with broad conceptual orientation, the volume offers detailed empirical studies of case in a number of diverse languages including: Amharic, Basque, Dutch, Hindi, Japanese, Kuuk Thaayorre, Malagasy and Yurakaré. The volume will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in the cognitive sciences, general linguistics, typology, historical linguistics, formal linguistics, and psycholinguistics. The book will interest scholars working within the context of formal syntactic and semantic theories as it provides insight into the properties of case from a cross-linguistic perspective. The book also will be of interest to cognitive scientists interested in the relationship between meaning and grammar, in particular, and the human mind's capacity in the mapping of meaning onto grammar, in general.

Case, Semantic Roles, and Grammatical Relations

A comprehensive bibliography
Author: Petra Campe
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027282048
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 644
View: 8652
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This is the first of a series of 6 books dealing with case phenomena in different languages, both Indo- and non-Indo-European, resulting from work by a team of 20 specialists at the University of Leuven. It is the first time such a large-scale investigation into case has been undertaken, and a remarkable feature of the project is the use of computer corpora of authentic material. This bibliography presents the many dimensions involved in research into case and case-related phenomena. This includes not only morphological case markers, but also the crossconstituent (semantic and grammatical) relations expressed by morphological case or by its various counterparts; morpho-syntactic processes such as transitivity and passivization; and pragmatic and textual considerations. In addition, the bibliography reflects the implications of case research for other disciplines, such as foreign language teaching and artificial intelligence. More than 6000 publications are listed. An extensive Subject Index provides easy access to all the topics and major concepts covered. A Language Index and a Guide to Languages/Language Families conclude the book. The other volumes in the series include The Dative (2 vols), The Genitive, The Nominative and Accusative, and Non-nuclear Cases.

Cross-linguistic Variation in Object Marking


Author: Peter de Swart
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
Page: 233
View: 9804
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The Grammar of Time Reference in Yukatek Maya


Author: Jürgen Bohnemeyer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Anthropological linguistics
Page: 490
View: 6200
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Proceedings of the ... Amsterdam Colloquium


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 2374
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Dependenz und Valenz / Dependency and Valency. 1. Halbband


Author: Vilmos Ágel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110194112
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 867
View: 5798
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"Dependenz" als grammatisches Konzept, das die gerichtete Verkettung von Wörtern zum Ausgang nimmt, und "Valenz" als komplementäre Annahme, dass Wörter Leerstellen um sich eröffnen, die zu füllen sind, haben sich als sehr fruchtbare grammatische Ansätze erwiesen, mit denen die Grundstruktur von Sätzen und auch die Ausbaumöglichkeiten erfasst werden können. Die Rezeption dieses Ansatzes, Eigenentwicklungen auf der Basis vergleichbarer Annahmen und gegenseitige Beeinflussung haben zu einer inzwischen weitverzweigten Forschungslage geführt. Das Handbuch stellt im ersten Teilband zunächst die wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Voraussetzungen der Konzeptionen dar und behandelt sodann ausführlich die einzelnen Theorieteile (u.a. Valenz des Verbs, Ergänzungen und Angaben, Tiefenkasus, Wortstellung). Theorie und Empirie wird gleichermaßen Rechnung getragen. Die Hauptrichtungen der Dependenzgrammatik, die Word Grammar, die Lexicase Grammar und andere Konzeptionen werden ausführlich dargestellt.

Linguistics


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 7344
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The Arabic Verb

Form and meaning in the vowel-lengthening patterns
Author: Warwick Danks
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027286957
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 281
View: 6948
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The Arabic verbal system is, for most grammarians, the keystone of the language. Notable for the regularity of its patterns, it presents the linguist with an unparalleled opportunity to explore the Saussurean notion of the indivisible sign: form and meaning. Whilst Arabic forms are well-documented, the elucidation of the corresponding meanings has proved more challenging. Beginning with an examination of the verbal morphology of Modern Standard Arabic, including an evaluation of the significance of the consonantal root, this volume then concentrates on establishing the function of the vowel-lengthening verbal patterns (III and VI). It explores issues of mutuality and reciprocity, valency and transitivity, ultimately focusing on atelic lexical aspect as the unified meaning of these patterns. This study is rich in data and relies extensively upon contemporary examples (with transliteration and translation) to illustrate its arguments, adopting an empirical structuralist approach which is aimed both at general linguists and at specialist Arabists.

A Grammar of Basque


Author: José Ignacio Hualde,Jon Ortiz de Urbina
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110895285
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 973
View: 2488
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As the only surviving pre-Indo-European language of western Europe, Basque has often attracted the interest of linguists. Whereas, traditionally, descriptive work on Basque has primarily focused on morphological features, including its complex system of verb-argument agreement and its strict ergative pattern of inflection, during the last two decades a new generation of Basque linguists has produced very sophisticated, theoretically-informed work on many aspects of the syntax, morphology and phonology of the language, revealing, for instance, a process of focalization with many interesting properties and the existence in some dialects of an accentual system strikingly similar to that of standard Japanese. The book, bringing together this accumulated knowledge on the structure of Basque, is considerably more complete than any other existing grammar of the language. Another interesting feature of this grammar is that the description is illustrated with fully-glossed examples extracted from a great number of written sources. Although the focus is the modern standard language, dialectal features are considered in detail and examples are taken from all dialects and periods.

Language Typology and Syntactic Description:


Author: Timothy Shopen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521318990
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 437
View: 4363
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The three volumes of Language typology and syntactic description offer a unique survey of syntactic and morphological structure in the languages of the world. Topics covered include parts of speech; passives; complementation; relative clauses; adverbial clauses; inflectional morphology; tense; aspect and mood; and deixis. The major ways these notions are realized u=in the languages of the world are explored, and the contributors provide brief sketches of relevant aspects of representative languages. Each volume is written in an accessible style with new concepts explained and exemplified as they are introduced. Although each volume can be read independently, together they provide a major work of reference that will serve as a manual for field workers and anyone interested in cross-linguistic generalizations.