LETS' be a Community

Community in Local Exchange Trading Systems
Author: N.A
Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers
ISBN: 9051707282
Category: Community life
Page: 178
View: 9396

Choices in Child Care

The Distribution of Child Care Among Mothers, Fathers and Non-Parental Care Providers
Author: Liset van Dijk
Publisher: Thesis Pub
ISBN: 9789051703115
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 259
View: 8951
Childcare patterns of preschool children have changed recently. In the past, mothers were supposed to take care of the children full-time and fathers were the wage earners. Non-parental care was hardly used. Nowadays, a growing number of women do not stop working after the birth of a child. The use of non-parental care has increased and the role of the father is becoming part of the child care discussion. As a result of these changes, child care patterns are much more varied than they used to be. This book discusses child care choices of parents with preschool children. The focus is on child care decisions tha t are related to the labor force participation of the parents. Contrary to much previous research, fathers are considered as a child care alternative, next to mothers, and non-parental care givers. The effects of several circumstances, such as the parents' income, the availability and quality of non-parental care and the non-parental care providers are studied on the basis of a survey of two-parent families with preschool children.

The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

Author: Arjan Blokland,Victor van der Geest
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317603001
Category: Social Science
Page: 474
View: 9374
Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.

The Kindred Vote

Individual and Family Effects of Social Class and Religion on Electoral Change in the Netherlands, 1956-1994
Author: Ariana Need
Publisher: N.A
Category: Voting
Page: 149
View: 5078

The Handbook of Rational Choice Social Research

Author: Rafael Wittek,Tom A.B. Snijders,Victor Nee
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804785503
Category: Social Science
Page: 624
View: 5205
The Handbook of Rational Choice Social Research offers the first comprehensive overview of how the rational choice paradigm can inform empirical research within the social sciences. This landmark collection highlights successful empirical applications across a broad array of disciplines, including sociology, political science, economics, history, and psychology. Taking on issues ranging from financial markets and terrorism to immigration, race relations, and emotions, and a huge variety of other phenomena, rational choice proves a useful tool for theory- driven social research. Each chapter uses a rational choice framework to elaborate on testable hypotheses and then apply this to empirical research, including experimental research, survey studies, ethnographies, and historical investigations. Useful to students and scholars across the social sciences, this handbook will reinvigorate discussions about the utility and versatility of the rational choice approach, its key assumptions, and tools.

Market efficiency versus equity

Author: B. Hessel,Joop Shippers,Jacques Siegers
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9789051704372
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 201
View: 9244
During recent decades the welfare state has shown a growing interest in issues relating to market efficiency. Supply side economics, Reaganism and Thatcherism all pointed to the fact that welfare state arrangements had become a burden for society that prevented individuals to take action and frustrated markets to operate efficiently. Since then different fields of public policy have been confronted with trends like deregulation, privatisation and less government action. Education, transport, social security and pension schemes are just a few examples. The results of these operations have given rise to new questions concerning solidarity, equal treatment and all citizens getting their 'fair share' of welfare. This debate has become the more important as Europe is in a period of transition in which it has to decide on shaping its future by way of the European Union. Major contributions to the discussion with respect to the relation between market efficiency and equity come from lawyers and economists. That is why this volume of the series 'Balancing the welfare state' has brought together experts in both law and economics to discuss this relation from different angles and with respect to different actual problems in the late-twentieth century welfare state.

Off to a Good Start

Social and Emotional Development of Memphis’ Children
Author: Laurie T. Martin,Lisa Sontag-Padilla,Jill S. Cannon
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833088467
Category: Education
Page: 54
View: 9603
Drawing on national, state, and local data, the Urban Child Institute partnered with RAND to explore the social and emotional well-being of children in Memphis and Shelby County, Tenn. The book highlights the importance of factors in the home, child care setting, and community that contribute to social and emotional development.


Methods and Applications
Author: A. Colin Cameron,Pravin K. Trivedi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139444867
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 8939
This book provides the most comprehensive treatment to date of microeconometrics, the analysis of individual-level data on the economic behavior of individuals or firms using regression methods for cross section and panel data. The book is oriented to the practitioner. A basic understanding of the linear regression model with matrix algebra is assumed. The text can be used for a microeconometrics course, typically a second-year economics PhD course; for data-oriented applied microeconometrics field courses; and as a reference work for graduate students and applied researchers who wish to fill in gaps in their toolkit. Distinguishing features of the book include emphasis on nonlinear models and robust inference, simulation-based estimation, and problems of complex survey data. The book makes frequent use of numerical examples based on generated data to illustrate the key models and methods. More substantially, it systematically integrates into the text empirical illustrations based on seven large and exceptionally rich data sets.

The Research Imagination

An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Methods
Author: Paul S. Gray,John B. Williamson,David A. Karp,John R. Dalphin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467026
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 1338
The idea that science is a blueprint for research, and imagination gives research its life and purpose inspired this comprehensive explanation of research methodology. The authors' decades of experience have revealed that research is a craft requiring judgment and creativity, not simply memorization and application of the rules of science. Whether one is conducting an intimate one-on-one interview or a large-scale examination of an entire society, human imagination and scientific principles of inquiry go hand in hand. To that end, this book emphasizes scientific method, but also acknowledges its critics. It covers a wide variety of data-collection techniques, but presents them as reinforcing rather than competing with one another, thus striking a balance between qualitative and quantitative methods. It is designed for students and instructors who want a comprehensive treatment of a variety of research techniques with special emphasis on qualitative approaches.

Ecological Inference

New Methodological Strategies
Author: Gary King,Martin A. Tanner,Ori Rosen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521542807
Category: Political Science
Page: 421
View: 9167
Drawing upon the explosion of research in the field, a diverse group of scholars surveys strategies for solving ecological inference problems, the process of trying to infer individual behavior from aggregate data. The uncertainties and information lost in aggregation make ecological inference one of the most difficult areas of statistical inference, but these inferences are required in many academic fields, as well as by legislatures and the Courts in redistricting, marketing research by business, and policy analysis by governments. This wide-ranging collection of essays, first published in 2004, offers many important contributions to the study of ecological inference.

Scientific Research in Education

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Scientific Principles for Education Research
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309133098
Category: Education
Page: 204
View: 1784
Researchers, historians, and philosophers of science have debated the nature of scientific research in education for more than 100 years. Recent enthusiasm for "evidence-based" policy and practice in educationâ€"now codified in the federal law that authorizes the bulk of elementary and secondary education programsâ€"have brought a new sense of urgency to understanding the ways in which the basic tenets of science manifest in the study of teaching, learning, and schooling. Scientific Research in Education describes the similarities and differences between scientific inquiry in education and scientific inquiry in other fields and disciplines and provides a number of examples to illustrate these ideas. Its main argument is that all scientific endeavors share a common set of principles, and that each fieldâ€"including education researchâ€"develops a specialization that accounts for the particulars of what is being studied. The book also provides suggestions for how the federal government can best support high-quality scientific research in education.

Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia

Author: Ronald L. Holzhacker,Rafael Wittek,Johan Woltjer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319224344
Category: Political Science
Page: 298
View: 6260
Indonesia over the past two decades has embarked on a process of decentralization as part of a broader process of democratization, which followed earlier periods of centralized governance and authoritarian rule across the archipelago. The purpose of this book is to begin to explore the connections between governance and sustainable society in a wide variety of policy fields in Indonesia, and how reforming governance structures may contribute to societal benefits and the creation of a long-term sustainable society. This book bridges important theoretical debates related to governance and sustainable society and provides empirical research from Indonesia in important policy areas related to this debate. By placing research in different policy areas in a single volume, the link to the broader concepts of governance, decentralization, and societal outcomes is strengthened. The book builds on the recent interest that has focused on Indonesia and the continued development of democracy in the country. The chapters in the book show a rich variety of decentralized governance arrangements and capacity building at the local level in particular. Central standards (for example for social sustainability, anti-corruption arrangements, or for dealing with direct foreign investment), combined with local innovation (for example for municipal coordination of primary health care or metropolitan transport), are key to Indonesia as a country in a continuing process of transformation. We identify three key trends in the on-going process of decentralization and governance in Indonesia. First, we find that formal governance, the relation between the national and local government, is characterized by a system of ‘variable geometry multi-level governance’ depending on the policy area. The challenge ahead is strengthening accountability mechanisms to assure national standards while preserving and encouraging local innovation. Secondly, informal governance mechanisms are evolving to move from ‘hierarchical to network’ forms of governance. Here the challenge is to insure democratic input by citizens and civil society organizations. Finally, we identify a trend toward ‘shared value creation and sustainable cooperation.’ Indonesia is beginning to move from a rather singular policy focus on economic growth to a more complex and developing notion of policymaking for inclusive growth and the creation of a sustainable society for present and future generations. Here the challenge is sound implementation and to increase the effectiveness of governance mechanisms. There is also a noted diffusion of goals, to focus beyond the Jakarta metropolitan area to smaller regional cities, as urbanization continues and rural areas are changing. This book will be of interest for use in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses related to Southeast Asia in the fields of international relations, political science, public administration, economics, law, sociology, educa tion, public health, and the spatial sciences. It will also be of interest to policymakers and government officials at the national and local level in Southeast Asia and middle-income developing countries, officials and policymakers in institutions of regional governance such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and of global governance such as the United Nations and World Bank. It will also be of interest to civil society organizations and other actors focused on policy development and economic development, health, education, the environment, sustainable transport, etc. The book will also be of interest to business people interested in economic and governance issues, such as the management and governance of in-bound foreign investment, inclusive growth, and corporate governance. Finally, the book should be of interest to citizens in advanced, middle-income, and developing countries motivated to learn more about the links between governance and the creation of a sustainable society for current and future generations.

Dutch Jews As Perceived by Themselves and by Others

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on the History of the Jews in the Netherlands
Author: Chaya Brasz,Yosef Kaplan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004120389
Category: History
Page: 457
View: 4175
This study Encompasses a variety of topics relating to Dutch Jewry, from the beginning of Jewish settlement through the Holocaust.

Designing and Conducting Health Surveys

A Comprehensive Guide
Author: Lu Ann Aday,Llewellyn J. Cornelius
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118046678
Category: Medical
Page: 544
View: 2079
Designing and Conducting Health Surveys is written for students, teachers, researchers, and anyone who conducts health surveys. This third edition of the standard reference in the field draws heavily on the most recent methodological research on survey design and the rich storehouse of insights and implications provided by cognitive research on question and questionnaire design in particular. This important resource presents a total survey error framework that is a useful compass for charting the dangerous waters between systematic and random errors that inevitably accompany the survey design enterprise. In addition, three new studies based on national, international, and state and local surveys—the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, California Health Interview Survey, and National Dental Malpractice Survey—are detailed that illustrate the range of design alternatives available at each stage of developing a survey and provide a sound basis for choosing among them.

Household Governance and Time Allocation

Four Studies on the Combination of Work and Care
Author: N.A
Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers
ISBN: 9036101395
Page: 152
View: 2932

Immigration and the Transformation of Europe

Author: Craig A. Parsons,Timothy M. Smeeding
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458809
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 1396
A new kind of historic transformation is underway in twenty-first-century Europe. Twentieth-century Europeans were no strangers to social, economic and political change, but their major challenges focused mainly on the intra-European construction of stable, prosperous, capitalist democracies. Today, by contrast, one of the major challenges is flows across borders - and particularly in-flows of non-European people. Immigration and minority integration consistently occupy the headlines. The issues which rival immigration - unemployment, crime, terrorism - are often presented by politicians as its negative secondary effects. Immigration is also intimately connected to the profound challenges of demographic change, economic growth and welfare-state reform. Both academic observers and the European public are increasingly convinced that Europe's future will largely turn on how is admits and integrates non-Europeans. This book is a comprehensive stock-taking of the contemporary situation and its policy implications.

Basic SPSS Tutorial

Author: Manfred te Grotenhuis,Anneke Matthijssen
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483369439
Category: Social Science
Page: 120
View: 3908
This supplementary book for the social, behavioral, and health sciences helps readers with no prior knowledge of IBM® SPSS® Statistics, statistics, or mathematics learn the basics of SPSS. Designed to reduce fear and build confidence, Basic SPSS Tutorial by Manfred te Grotenhuis and Anneke Matthijssen guides readers through point-and-click sequences using clear examples from real scientific research and invites them to replicate the findings. Relevant outcomes are provided for reference, and exercises at the end of Chapters 2 – 5 provide additional practice. After reading the book and using the program, readers will come away with a basic knowledge of the most commonly used procedures in statistics.

Measurement of Individual Social Capital

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9073838428
Category: Interpersonal relations
Page: 205
View: 1831