Chongqing's Red Culture Campaign

Simulation and Its Social Implications
Author: Xiao Mei
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315408058
Category:
Page: N.A
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Between 2009 and 2012, the city of Chongqing came into the national, and even international spotlight, as it became the geographical centre of the 'Singing Red, Smashing Black' campaign, and later the political storm that swept China. Chongqing's Red Culture Campaign drew an incredible amount of interest at the time, but speculation and prejudice has since blurred the public understanding of the sensational story that ties the campaign with the rise and fall of a political star, Bo Xilai. This book, therefore, seeks to study the nature of Chongqing's Red Culture Campaign, and the interaction between the political programme and the practices of its participants. Based on fieldwork conducted in Chongqing, it seeks to question whether the Red Culture Campaign was actually a return to Maoist revolutionary mass campaigning whilst examining the relationship between the CCP's political power and the lives of the ordinary people as reflected in the case of the campaign. Ultimately, it highlights that the campaign was not in fact a real Maoist mass movement. Although it followed the pre-existing model of past mass campaigns in China, containing a series of frequent and highly performative operations, Xiao Mei argues that it essentially demonstrated critical features of 'simulation'. By contributing to our understanding of the discrepancies between a designed political programme, and what it actually becomes when implemented on the ground, this book will be of use to students and scholars of Chinese Studies, Politics and Sociology.

The Politics of Protestant Churches and the Party-State in China

God Above Party?
Author: Carsten T. Vala
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351712667
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 8638
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Among China’s restive religious and social groups, Protestants have arguably created the most sustained structural challenges to the Chinese Communist Party’s ordering of society. By drawing on grassroots fieldwork conducted across the country, this book therefore charts the ambition of the government to restrain Protestant population growth and direct it towards regime purposes. In particular, interviews with key church leaders who founded illegal Protestant congregations with hundreds of participants, reveal how officials and illegal congregational leaders have developed ties of trust and information that have permitted church growth, even as they preserve a public image of Party domination. Thus, by tracing the rise of large, illegal Protestant congregations apart from Party-state structures, this book highlights the importance of the public behaviour of religious actors and regime officials in understanding the dynamics of negotiation, domination, and resistance in 21st century China. Ultimately, The Politics of Protestant Churches and the Party-State in China paradoxically demonstrates that societal actors can alter the boundaries set by the Chinese Communist Party and the ways in which the Party is both more adaptive and resilient in its relations with society than first imagined. Offering the first book-length analysis of how ambitious Protestants have founded large, unregistered churches despite regime pressure, this book will be useful for students and scholars of Chinese Politics, Chinese Religion and Sociology.

Discourse, Politics and Media in Contemporary China


Author: Qing Cao,Hailong Tian,Paul Chilton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789027206459
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 213
View: 8262
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After three and a half decades of economic reforms, radical changes have occurred in all aspects of life in China. In an authoritarian society, these changes are mediated significantly through the power of language, carefully controlled by the political elites. Discourse, as a way of speaking and doing things, has become an indispensable instrument for the authority to manage a fluid, increasingly fragmented, but highly dynamic and yet fragile society. Written by an international team of leading scholars, this volume examines socio-political transformations of contemporary Chinese society through a systematic account, analysis and assessment of its salient discourses and their production, circulation, negotiation, and consequences. In particular, the volume focuses on the interplay of politics and media. The book s intended readership is academics and students of Chinese studies, language and discourse, and media and communication studies."

The Housing Challenge in Emerging Asia

Options and Solutions
Author: Matthias Helbe,Naoyuki Yoshino
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9784899740650
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 276
View: 6893
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The Housing Challenge in Emerging Asia: Options and Solutions provides new insights and ideas to best design and implement housing policies aimed at improving access to affordable and adequate housing. The book offers an innovative theoretical framework to conceptualize and analyze various housing policies. It also critically reviews housing policies of various countries and draws lessons for others. The countries studied include advanced economies within and outside Asia, such as Japan, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as emerging countries within Asia, such as the People’s Republic of China and India.

Chinese Marxism in Flux, 1978-84

Essays on Epistemology, Ideology, and Political Economy
Author: Bill Brugger
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315495155
Category: Political Science
Page: 226
View: 7658
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This study of major traumas of the 20th century in America focuses on how the national responds to them, what those responses mean, and how nation traumas are similar and different to personal traumas. Coverage includes the Depression, Pearl Harbor, and the assassinations of Kennedy and King.

The People in the Pla: Recruitment, Training, and Education in China's Military


Author: Andrew Scobell,Roy Kamphausen,Travis Tanner
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 9781312288959
Category: Education
Page: 402
View: 7887
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I am pleased that, for the second year in a row, the U.S. Army War College and The National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) teamed up to convene the annual PLA colloquium. Over the years, this event has successfully increased understanding of China's military and the multiple aspects of its ongoing modernization effort. Last year was no exception. On September 28, 2007, under the joint leadership of the U.S. Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute and NBR's Pyle Center for Northeast Asian Studies, approximately 70 leading experts on the People's Liberation Army (PLA) convened at Carlisle Barracks, PA, for a 2-day discussion on the Chinese military's human infrastructure. Presentations and discussions at the conference focused on identifying trends in recruitment, education, training, personnel management, and demographics within the PLA.

The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions


Author: Douglas Arent,Channing Arndt,Mackay Miller,Owen Zinaman,Finn Tarp
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198802242
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 640
View: 8633
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This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. A successful clean energy transition requires navigation of a variety of political and economic factors; in many respects, these factors are more formidable than the technical challenge of replacing fossil fuel infrastructure with lower carbontechnologies. The factors of political economy are present in all countries - developing and developed countries alike - all with a unique set of national circumstances, including entrenched political actorsand interests, established policies and goals, regulatory and market paradigms, and other aspects. As far as a clean energy transition is concerned, these factors are not to be taken lightly. As governments around the world pursue their greenhouse gas reduction goals, it is critical that they learn from one another both in terms of successes and failures. Advancing this process of knowledge-sharing, to the benefit of all, but especially the most vulnerable of present and future generations, isthe raison d'�tre of this book.

Imagineering: Innovation in the Experience Economy


Author: Gabrielle Kuiper,Bert Smit
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780644655
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 292
View: 7470
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To survive in today’s complex economies, it is imperative for companies to understand their consumers in terms of how and why they like to use their products. Distinction based on quality no longer provides competitive advantage. Imagineers use design methods to create meaningful experiences that connect consumers to brands, employees to companies and consumers to consumers. This book explains the background of the need for experiences and then focusses on how to design them. Bringing theory into practice for students of tourism marketing, event planning and business, it provides a window into the creative world of Imagineering.

Reform and Reaction in Post-mao China

The Road to Tiananmen
Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781138341111
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 1305
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Re-Educating Chinese Anti-Communists


Author: J.A. Fyfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042980279X
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 2685
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This book, first published in 1982, is an in-depth study of the process of ‘re-education’ undergone by those who had opposed the Communist revolution in China. Told at first hand by several men who had occupied military or government positions of influence, it records their long years in prison and the system of ‘re-education’ – and also, in the interests of balance, examines the system from the side of the Communist leadership.

Fuelling Economic Growth

The Role of Public-private Sector Research in Development
Author: Michael Graham,Jean Woo
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 1853396753
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 272
View: 3607
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The private sector is playing an important role in funding scientific research. In this work, seven case studies from Argentina, China, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Tanzania, Peru, the Philippines and Vietnam examine how policies have been developed and implemented to encourage innovation.

New Worlds from Below

Informal life politics and grassroots action in twenty-first-century Northeast Asia
Author: Tessa Morris-Suzuki,Eun Jeong Soh
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 1760460915
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 4204
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In Asia today, the grand ideologies of the past have lost their power over the popular imagination. Even in many of the region’s democracies, popular engagement in the political process faces profound challenges. Yet amidst this landscape of political disenchantment, groups of ordinary people across Asia are finding new ways to take control of their own lives, respond to threats to their physical and cultural survival, and build better futures. This collection of essays by prominent scholars and activists traces the rise of a quiet politics of survival from the villages of China to Japan’s Minamata and Fukushima, and from the street art of Seoul and Hong Kong to the illegal markets of North Korea. Introducing an innovative conceptual framework, New Worlds from Below shows how informal grassroots politics in Northeast Asia is generating new ideas and practices that have region-wide and global relevance.

China, Liberation and Transformation, 1942-1962


Author: Bill Brugger
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780389200864
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 9192
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This modern history of China uses the most recently revealed available evidence and is concerned principally with the leadership and people of China during the 1942-1962 period.

Chen Duxiu's Last Articles and Letters, 1937-1942


Author: Gregor Benton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429799551
Category: Social Science
Page: 180
View: 4225
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This book, first pubished in 1998, collects the final letters and articles of Chen Duxiu (1879-1942). He founded the Chinese Communist Party in 1921, after a revolutionary career in the movement that overthrew the Manchus and brought in the Republic. Between 1915 and 1919, he had led the New Culture Movement that electrified student youth and laid the intellectual foundations for modern China, and he also helped found the Chinese Trotskyist Opposition, which he then led. Between his release from prison in 1937 and his death in 1942, he wrote the pieces collected here.

Mao Tse-tung and the Chinese People


Author: Roger Howard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429802013
Category: Social Science
Page: 408
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This book, first published in 1977, attempts to show Mao Tse-tung in his relationship with the Chinese people. The author makes extensive use of a number of interviews with a cross-section of Chinese people, as well as examining the written records made by foreign visitors.

Drought and Water Crises

Science, Technology, and Management Issues
Author: Donald A. Wilhite
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420028383
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 5276
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Today the world is facing a greater water crisis than ever. Droughts of lesser magnitude are resulting in greater impact. Even in years with normal precipitation, water shortages have become widespread in both developing and developed nations, in humid as well as arid climates. When faced with severe drought, governments become eager to act. Unfortunately, this eagerness usually wanes when precipitation returns to normal. Drought and Water Crises: Science, Technology, and Management Issues explains the complexities of drought and the role of science, technology, and management in resolving many of the issues associated with the world's expanding water crises. Contributors discuss a broad range of topics in attempting to answer these most pressing questions: How can we can improve planning tools and make mitigation tools more readily available and adaptable? How can we promote widespread adoption of new water-conserving technologies and encourage their use during non-drought periods? How can seasonal forecasts and early warning systems be made more reliable and expressed in ways to better meet the needs of end users? How can the drought-related policy experiences of some countries be systematically utilized to benefit others? Drought and Water Crises collates considerable information from diverse disciplines with the goal of reducing societal vulnerability to drought. Featuring case studies and stressing new technologies, the book seeks to encourage nations to adopt a more risk-based, proactive policy for water and drought management.

The New Global Frontier

Urbanization, Poverty and Environment in the 21st Century
Author: George Martine
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849773157
Category: Architecture
Page: 400
View: 6060
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The world�s developing countries will be experiencing massive increases in their urban populations over the 21st century. If managed intelligently and humanely, this growth can pave the way to sustainable development; otherwise, it will favour higher levels of poverty and environmental stress. The outcome depends on decisions being made now.The principal theme that runs through this volume is the need to transform urbanization into a positive force for development. Part I of this book reviews the demography of the urban transition, stressing the importance of benefi cial rural-urban connections and challenging commonly held misconceptions. Part II asks how urban housing, land and service provision can be improved in the face of rapid urban expansion, drawing lessons from experiences around the world. Part III analyses the challenges and opportunities that urbanization presents for improving living environments and reducing pressures on local and global ecosystems. These social and environmental challenges must be met in the context of fast-changing demographic circumstances; Part IV explores the range of opportunities that these transformations represent. These challenges and opportunities vary greatly across Africa, Asia and Latin America, as detailed in Part V.Published with IIED and UNFPA

Distant View of a Minaret

And Other Stories
Author: Alifa Rifaat,Denys Johnson-Davies
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 9780435909123
Category: Fiction
Page: 116
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Alifa Rifaat, an Egyptian, lifts the veil on what it means to be a woman living within a traditional Muslim society.

The PLA at Home and Abroad

Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China's Military
Author: Roy Kamphausen,David Lai,Andrew Scobell
Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute
ISBN: 1584874481
Category: China
Page: 645
View: 7623
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"The chapters presented in this volume have demonstrated first, Chinese and PLA leaders have a strong sense of mission and concern for China's security and well-being. Second, the PLA is committed to the transformation in military affairs with Chinese characteristics. Third, the PLA is eager to learn from the U.S. military to expand and improve its operational capabilities. Finally, the PLA has made progress in its transformation and operational capabilities. For a long time, American leaders have been surprised with the PLA's advances. This volume (and many of the previous volumes from past PLA conferences) show that these advances did not come out of the blue. Although much of the learning and many of the improvements are still far from what is desired (from Chinese expectations and American critiques), and some of the learning has even created contradictions for the PLA, these persistent and diligent learning practices will eventually bring the PLA to a higher level of proficiency in its capabilities. The emergence of a much more sophisticated PLA in the coming years should not be a surprise."--P. 37-38.

Varieties of Governance in China

Migration and Institutional Change in Chinese Villages
Author: Jie Lu
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199378746
Category: Political Science
Page: 298
View: 606
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"This book argues that any institution that can efficiently solve the problems of collective action and accountability is able to uphold quality governance in local communities, regardless of their nature and origins. The respective performance of different types of institutions, however, is contingent upon the characteristics of the social environment in which they are embedded. Such social environment characteristics are, in turn, closely shaped by the structural features of the local communities. This book further argues that, among a variety of factors that might have contributed to the structural transformation of rural communities, the most salient is a major phenomenon witnessed in many developing countries: rural-urban migration. More specifically, in local communities with distinct levels of outward migration, community members' contextualized choices between indigenous relation-based and imposed rule-based institutions for local governance issues are likely to unfold in different ways. This generates distinct dynamics of institutional change in these communities with varying communal structures. This is the first book that uses a coherent framework to simultaneously examine various aspects of rural China's governance (including public goods provision, conflict resolution, disaster and crisis relief, and raising modest credit and small loans) and covers both formal and informal institutions"--