City of Courts

Socializing Justice in Progressive Era Chicago
Author: Michael Willrich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794039
Category: History
Page: 332
View: 834
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This 2003 book looks at contesting concepts of crime, and social justice in nineteenth-century industrial America.

Catching a Case

Inequality and Fear in New York City's Child Welfare System
Author: Tina Lee
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813576164
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 258
View: 4367
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Influenced by news reports of young children brutalized by their parents, most of us see the role of child services as the prevention of severe physical abuse. But as Tina Lee shows in Catching a Case, most child welfare cases revolve around often ill-founded charges of neglect, and the parents swept into the system are generally struggling but loving, fighting to raise their children in the face of crushing poverty, violent crime, poor housing, lack of childcare, and failing schools. Lee explored the child welfare system in New York City, observing family courts, interviewing parents and following them through the system, asking caseworkers for descriptions of their work and their decision-making processes, and discussing cases with attorneys on all sides. What she discovered about the system is troubling. Lee reveals that, in the face of draconian budget cuts and a political climate that blames the poor for their own poverty, child welfare practices have become punitive, focused on removing children from their families and on parental compliance with rules. Rather than provide needed help for families, case workers often hold parents to standards almost impossible for working-class and poor parents to meet. For instance, parents can be accused of neglect for providing inadequate childcare or housing even when they cannot afford anything better. In many cases, child welfare exacerbates family problems and sometimes drives parents further into poverty while the family court system does little to protect their rights. Catching a Case is a much-needed wake-up call to improve the child welfare system, and to offer more comprehensive social services that will allow all children to thrive.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism and the Occult


Author: Tatiana Kontou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131704228X
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 454
View: 9016
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Critical attention to the Victorian supernatural has flourished over the last twenty-five years. Whether it is spiritualism or Theosophy, mesmerism or the occult, the dozens of book-length studies and hundreds of articles that have appeared recently reflect the avid scholarly discussion of Victorian mystical practices. Designed both for those new to the field and for experts, this volume is organized into sections covering the relationship between Victorian spiritualism and science, the occult and politics, and the culture of mystical practices. The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism and the Occult brings together some of the most prominent scholars working in the field to introduce current approaches to the study of nineteenth-century mysticism and to define new areas for research.

American Judicial Power

The State Court Perspective
Author: Michael Buenger,Paul J. De Muniz
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783477903
Category: LAW
Page: 336
View: 5557
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American Judicial Power: The State Court Perspective is a welcome addition to the breadth of studies on the American legal system and provides an accessible and highly illuminating overview of the state courts and their functions. The study of America’s courts is overwhelmingly skewed toward the federal government, and therefore often overlooks state courts and their importance. Michael Buenger and Paul De Muniz fill this gap in the study of American constitutionalism, as they examine the wide and distinctive powers these courts exercise, and their role in administering the bulk of the nation’s justice system. This groundbreaking work covers many critical topics pertaining to the state courts, including: a comparison of the role of state and federal courts, the history of America’s state courts, the judicial selection processes utilized in the states, the unique roles assigned to state courts and the varying structure of those courts, the relationship between state judicial power and state legislative power, and the opportunities and challenges that are and will be facing the state courts. With an insightful foreword from Sanford Levinson, this revolutionary book will be of interest to students, educators, and researchers in the fields of law, political science, and government. Constitutional law experts will also benefit from an analysis of the state courts and their powers.

Her Real Sphere?

Married Women's Labor Force Participation in the United States, 1860-1940
Author: Evan Warwick Roberts
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 918
View: 4037
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The Book Review Digest

Annual cumulation
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bibliography
Page: N.A
View: 9375
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America, History and Life


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Canada
Page: N.A
View: 8126
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Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

Journal of American studies


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 602
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The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 8934
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Humanities


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education, Humanistic
Page: N.A
View: 2429
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Uncle Sam wants you

World War I and the making of the modern American citizen
Author: Christopher Joseph Nicodemus Capozzola
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 334
View: 487
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In April 1917, the United States embarked on World War I--with little history of conscription, an army smaller than Romania's, and a political culture that saw little role for the federal government other than delivering the mail. Uncle Sam Wants You tells the gripping story of the American homefront in World War I, revealing how the tensions of mass mobilization led to a significant increase in power in Washington. Christopher Capozzola shows how, in the absence of a strong federal government, Americans at first mobilized society by stressing duty, obligation, and responsibility over rights and freedoms. In clubs, schools, churches, and workplaces, Americans governed each other. But the heated temper of war quickly unleashed coercion on an unprecedented scale, making wartime America the scene of some of the nation's most serious political violence, including notorious episodes of outright mob violence. To solve this problem, Americans turned over increasing amounts of power to state institutions. In the end, whether they were some of the four million men drafted under the Selective Service Act or the tens of millions of homefront volunteers--or counted themselves among the thousands of conscientious objectors, anti-war radicals, or German enemy aliens--Americans of the World War I era created a new American state, and new ways of being American citizens. Based on a rich array of sources that capture the voices of both political leaders and ordinary Americans, Uncle Sam Wants You offers a vivid and provocative new interpretation of American political history.

The Lie Detectors

The History of an American Obsession
Author: Ken Alder
Publisher: Free Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 3435
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The story of the lie detector takes us straight into the dark recesses of the American soul. It also leads us on a noir journey through some of the most storied episodes in American history. That is because the device we take for granted as an indicator of guilt or innocence actually tells us more about our beliefs than about our deeds. The machine does not measure deception so much as feelings of guilt or shame. As Ken Alder reveals in his fascinating and disturbing account, the history of the lie detector exposes fundamental truths about our culture: why we long to know the secret thoughts of our fellow citizens; why we believe in popular science; and why America embraced the culture of "truthiness." For centuries, people searched in vain for a way to unmask liars, seeking clues in blushing cheeks, shifty eyes, and curling toes...all the body's outward signs. But not until the 1920s did a cop with a Ph.D. team up with an entrepreneurial high school student from Berkeley, California and claim to have invented a foolproof machine that peered directly into the human heart. In a few short years their polygraph had transformed police work, seized headlines, solved sensational murders, and enthralled the nation. In Chicago, the capital of American vice, the two men wielded their device to clean up corruption, reform the police, and probe the minds of infamous killers. Before long the lie detector had become the nation's "mechanical conscience," searching for honesty on Main Street, in Hollywood, and even within Washington, D.C. Husbands and wives tested each other's fidelity. Corporations tested their employees' honesty. Movie studios and advertisers tested their audiences' responses. Eventually, thousands of government employees were tested for their loyalty and "morals" -- for lack of which many lost their jobs. Yet the machine was flawed. It often was used to accuse the wrong person. It could easily be beaten by those who knew how. Repeatedly it has been applied as an instrument of psychological torture, with the goal of extracting confessions. And its creators paid a commensurate price. One went mad trying to destroy the Frankenstein's monster he had created. The other became consumed by mistrust: jealous of his cheating wife, contemptuous of his former mentor, and driven to an early death. The only happy man among the machine's champions was the eccentric psychologist who went on to achieve glory as the creator of Wonder Woman. Yet this deceptive device took America -- and only America -- by storm. Today, the CIA still administers polygraphs to its employees. Accused celebrities loudly trumpet its clean bill of truth. And the U.S. government, as part of its new "war on terror," is currently exploring forms of lie detection that reach directly into the brain. Apparently, America still dreams of a technology that will render human beings transparent. The Lie Detectors is the entertaining and thought-provoking story of that American obsession.

OAH Newsletter


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 2181
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American Book Publishing Record

BPR annual cumulative
Author: Bowker Staff
Publisher: R. R. Bowker
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 5591
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Der Dschungel


Author: Upton Sinclair (Schriftsteller, USA)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783293206649
Category:
Page: 416
View: 4155
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Joyce in the Belly of the Big Truck; Workbook


Author: Joyce A. Cascio
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780976237310
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 423
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Social Problems


Author: William Kornblum,Joseph Julian,Carolyn D. Smith
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780131115620
Category: Social Science
Page: 552
View: 4689
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With historical and multicultural sensitivity, this best-selling book probes the nature and causes of the major social changes confronting today's citizens. Using the latest research, current statistics, examples, charts, and tables, it delves into the social control and action issues inherent to each problem in a clear, easy-to-read format. Balancing viewpoints and supporting material with research and policy, the book covers topics in a micro-to-macro format, pointing out the interrelationships among today's social problems and approaching them from several perspectives. The first few chapters focus on individual behaviors such as drug use and crime. The middle chapters deal with inequality and discrimination, discussing such topics as poverty, prejudice, sexism, ageism, family life, and work. The final chapters discuss the problems of cities, environmental pollution, and war and terrorism: matters of global significance. Because the nature of the United States is changing, with health and health care crises, military invasions, economic downturn, shrinking public budgets and rising fiscal deficits, and environmental issues, this book becomes a necessary read for members of the medical profession that confront the tragedy of AIDS, law enforcement professionals who cope with crime and violence, elected officials and other political leaders who are expected to formulate sound social policies to address social problems, and citizens who wish to learn more about the social problems that are pervasive in our lives.

New York Times Saturday Review of Books and Art


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Books
Page: N.A
View: 8391
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The Publishers' Trade List Annual


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Publishers' catalogs
Page: N.A
View: 6067
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