Civil Society and Democracy in Iran


Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739172239
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 362
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The book is focused on the work of Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. All contributors in this volume develop and discuss these issues with an eye on the political evolution of today’s ran. The book will of a great interest to students, specialists and researchers in different fields such as comparative politics, international affairs, Iranian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Drugs, Deviancy and Democracy in Iran

The Interaction of State and Civil Society
Author: Janne Bjerre Christensen
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 085772018X
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 8612
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In the aftermath of the Iranian Revolution, the government initiated a stringent anti-drug campaign that included fining addicts, imprisonment, physical punishment and even the death penalty. Despite these measures, drug use was and is still commonplace. Based on her most recent fieldwork in Iran, Janne Bjerre Christensen highlights the mounting problems of drug use, how treatment became legalized in 1998, and how local NGOs have become involved in the treatment of drug addicts, and indeed, face continues political challenges in doing so. _x000D_ _x000D_ Drugs, Deviancy and Democracy explores how treatment is carried out among homeless drug users in South Tehran, in a private clinic and in the work of Narcotics Anonymous. By attempting to socially include and ‘normalize’ drug users, these local organisations balance on the margins of state permissiveness and control, constantly navigating the relations between state and non-state, normalcy and deviancy. Although treatment is allowed, state responses to both drug users and NGOs remain deeply contradictory, reflecting the competing ideals of Islamic governance prevailing since the revolution._x000D_ _x000D_ It is through an analysis of the emergence of local NGOs, their work, the challenges that they face, and the ways in which both them and the drug users are discussed in Iranian society, media and cinema, that Christensen examines the very nature of power and its loci in Iran. She thus uncovers the precarious relationship between state and society, and points to the subtle, detailed and contradictory ways in which ‘reform’ is born, manifested and reformulated. Her conclusions thereby hold wider implications for understanding the political mobilization in Iran and the state’s reaction to it as the Islamic Republic reaches its fourth decade. _x000D_ _x000D_ This book is thus a unique account of Iran’s recent social and political history, drawing important conclusions about the complexity of state power, and the growing impact of civil society, vital for all those interested in Iran’s history, politics and society.

Social Movements in Iran

Environmentalism and Civil Society
Author: Simin Fadaee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415693578
Category: Political Science
Page: 163
View: 3885
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"This book examines the development of social movements in Iran and looks at the impact of environmentalism in particular. Based on in-depth original research, the case study of the "Environmental Movement" is integrated into a historical and comparative analysis which contributes to a better understanding of social movements of Iran. Implementing the new social movement theory of Touraine and Melucci in the Iranian context, the study offers a critical framework for studying social change and transformation of non-European countries"--

West Asia

Civil Society, Democracy, and State
Author: Sujata Ashwarya Cheema
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 238
View: 6354
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The notions of democracy and civil society are inextricably linked. Democracy fosters the development of civil society, as it allows freedom of association to the individuals. This space then links the individuals to the state. In the backdrop of the wave of political liberalization sweeping through West Asia since the early 1990s, the debate on democratization in the region has been associated with the study of three crucial issues, namely: Does civil society exists in the region? What are its strengths and its weaknesses? What does the future holds for its existence? Evidence from the political processes of some countries of the region reveals that civil society has strengthened in the recent past. This book examines the notion of civil society and its relations with democracy and state in the context of West Asia.

Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam

The Case of Iran and Turkey
Author: Masoud Kamali
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 293
View: 670
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Both Turkey and Iran consider themselves modern Islamic states—though with radically different status in today's social and political world. In Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam, Masoud Kamali explores the historical factors that have shaped such dissimilar Muslim states, including the continued influence of Europe and the United States. Kamali's assertion that the "Muslim world" is far more multifaceted and pluralistic than generally portrayed is a message particularly relevant today. Multiple Modernities is critical reading for those interested in the history—both ancient and modern—of Islamic movements around the world.

Global Civil Society 2007/8

Communicative Power and Democracy
Author: Martin Albrow,Helmut K Anheier,Marlies Glasius,Mary Kaldor,Monroe E Price
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412948002
Category: Social Science
Page: 408
View: 7260
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The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. The 2007/8 Yearbook focuses on the potentially powerful relationship between communication and democracy promotion. The Global Civil Society Yearbook remains the standard work on all aspects of contemporary global civil society for activists, practitioners, students and academics alike.

Civil Society in the Muslim World

Contemporary Perspectives
Author: Amyn B. Sajoo
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850435907
Category: Political Science
Page: 339
View: 7755
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Even before the events of September 11th 2001, the global discourse on civil society--in its varied interpretations and manifestations--has caught the attention of citizens and communities across the Muslim world from Iran, Tajikistan and Indonesia, to the Mahgreb. Issues of human rights, pluralism and gender equity were already at the forefront of the wider quest for participatory politics. This survey of social and intellectual trends in diverse Muslim contexts includes contributions by Shirin Akiner, Mohammed Arkoun, Aziz Esmial, Tair Faradov, Abdou Filali-Ansary, Ersin Kalaycioglu, Iftikhar Malik, Ziba Mir-Hosseini and Oliver Roy.

Islam and Democracy


Author: Voll Esposito,John L. Esposito,John Obert Voll
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195108163
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 232
View: 994
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Are Islam and democracy on a collision course? Do Islamic movements seek to "hijack democracy?" How have governments in the Muslim world responded to the many challenges of Islam and democracy today? A global religious resurgence and calls for greater political participation have been major forces in the post-Cold War period. Across the Muslim world, governments and Islamic movements grapple with issues of democratization and civil society. Islam and Democracy explores the Islamic sources (beliefs and institutions) relevant to the current debate over greater political participation and democratization. Esposito and Voll use six case studies--Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Sudan--to look at the diversity of Muslim experiences and experiments. At one end of the spectrum, Iran and Sudan represent two cases of militant, revolutionary Islam establishing political systems. In Pakistan and Malaysia, however, the new movements have been recognized and made part of the political process. Egypt and Algeria reveal the coexistence of both extremist and moderate Islamic activism and demonstrate the complex challenges confronting ruling elites. These case studies prove that despite commonalities, differing national contexts and identities give rise to a multiplicity of agendas and strategies. This broad spectrum of case studies, reflecting the multifaceted relationship of Islam and Democracy, provides important insight into the powerful forces of religious resurgence and democratization which will inevitably impact global politics in the twenty first century.

Democracy in Iran

History and the Quest for Liberty
Author: Ali Gheissair,Vali Nasr,Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195396960
Category: History
Page: 214
View: 4648
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Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

The Formation of Civil Society in Modern Iran

Public Intellectuals and the State
Author: M. Mohebi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137401117
Category: Political Science
Page: 185
View: 598
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This book investigates the development of contemporary Iranian civil society and the role of public intellectuals, looking in particular at how different reformist public intellectuals used civil society to craft their vision of Iran's socio-political future.

Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism

Spheres of Belonging
Author: Lucian Stone
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472567439
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 4515
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Since cosmopolitanism has often been conceived as a tenet of 'Western civilization' that emanates from its Enlightenment-based origins in a humanist age of modernity, Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism: Spheres of Belonging advances a highly innovative gesture by contemplating the implications and relevance of the idea in a so-called non-Western cultural territory. The particularities of the Iranian and Islamic context shed new light on advancements and obstacles to cosmopolitan praxis. The volume provides four principle disciplinary assessments of cosmopolitanism: philosophy, political science, sociology, and cultural studies,including literary criticism. The authors in this collection critically examine topics including the historical encounter between Iranian and Western thinkers and its impact on Iranian political ideals; the tension between maintaining apolitical-theology rooted in metaphysical assumptions and the prerequisite of secularism in cosmopolitan and democratic philosophies. This highly innovative volume will be of interest to scholars and students of Middle Eastern and Iranian Studies, Islamic Studies, Globalization, Political Science and Philosophy.

Islam and Democracy

State-society Relations in Developing Countries, 1980-1994
Author: Ali Reza Abootalebi
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780815337355
Category: Political Science
Page: 249
View: 466
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Islam and Democracydeals with the pertinent issues of democracy, state-society relations, civil society, and Islam in developing countries and attempts to integrate the recent literature on civil society in the Middle East with the mainstream political science debate on democracy. This study makes use of political science theory and methodology as well as an area-study approach to draw conclusions on the prospects for democratization in developing countries in general. The study further challenges explanations of prospects for the democratization of state grounded on the cultural traits of each society, arguing that culture becomes an important factor in the struggle for democracy only when it contributes to either concentration or dispersion of social, economic, and political resources. (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, 1993; revised with new preface, bibliography, and index)

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können
Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641222915
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 9166
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Women, Power and Politics in 21st Century Iran


Author: Tara Povey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134779968
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 3903
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This book examines the women's movement in Iran and its role in contesting gender relations since the 1979 revolution. Looking at examples from politics, law, employment, environment, media and religion and the struggle for democracy, this book demonstrates how material conditions have important social and political consequences for the lives of women in Iran and exposes the need to challenge the dominant theoretical perspectives on gender and Islam. A truly fascinating insider's look at the experiences of Iranian women as academics, political and civil society activists, this book counters the often inaccurate and misleading stereotyping of Iranian women to present a vibrant and diverse picture of these women's lives. A welcome and unique addition to the vibrant and growing literature on women, Islam, development, democracy and feminisms.

Islam and Democracy in Iran

Eshkevari and the Quest for Reform
Author: Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari,Ziba Mir-Hosseini,Richard Tapper
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845111335
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 7595
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Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari is a former revolutionary and reformer who became one of the Islamic Republic's outspoken critics. In presenting a selection of his writings, this book reveals a trajectory of dissent common to Islamic nations and makes a contribution to our understanding of the social and political issues confronting the Muslim world.

Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy


Author: Lars Trägårdh,Nina Witoszek,Bron Taylor
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857457578
Category: Political Science
Page: 358
View: 8993
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Since the emergence of the dissident "parallel polis" in Eastern Europe, civil society has become a "new superpower," influencing democratic transformations, human rights, and international co-operation; co-designing economic trends, security and defense; reshaping the information society; and generating new ideas on the environment, health, and the "good life." This volume seeks to compare and reassess the role of civil society in the rich West, the poorer South, and the quickly expanding East in the context of the twenty-first century's challenges. It presents a novel perspective on civic movements testing John Keane's notion of "monitory democracy": an emerging order of public scrutiny and monitoring of power.

Civil society in the Middle East. 2 (2001)


Author: Augustus Richard Norton
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004104693
Category: Social Science
Page: 353
View: 1933
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Leading scholars assembled by the Civil Society in the Middle East program provide lucid, informed essays on the quality of political life, weighing the role of civil society and assessing the prospects for political reform in the Middle East.

Democracy in Iran


Author: R. Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137330171
Category: Political Science
Page: 109
View: 697
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Democratic government is something that has eluded Iran despite a series of non-violent revolutions aimed at establishing a system of governance that would promote both public freedom and political accountability. This explores the obstacles to the growth of democracy in Iran and posits a plan for non-violent action to help Iranians achieve it.

Islam and Democracy


Author: John L. Esposito,John O. Voll
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198026754
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 6408
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Are Islam and democracy on a collision course? Do Islamic movements seek to "hijack democracy?" How have governments in the Muslim world responded to the many challenges of Islam and democracy today? A global religious resurgence and calls for greater political participation have been major forces in the post-Cold War period. Across the Muslim world, governments and Islamic movements grapple with issues of democratization and civil society. Islam and Democracy explores the Islamic sources (beliefs and institutions) relevant to the current debate over greater political participation and democratization. Esposito and Voll use six case studies--Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Sudan--to look at the diversity of Muslim experiences and experiments. At one end of the spectrum, Iran and Sudan represent two cases of militant, revolutionary Islam establishing political systems. In Pakistan and Malaysia, however, the new movements have been recognized and made part of the political process. Egypt and Algeria reveal the coexistence of both extremist and moderate Islamic activism and demonstrate the complex challenges confronting ruling elites. These case studies prove that despite commonalities, differing national contexts and identities give rise to a multiplicity of agendas and strategies. This broad spectrum of case studies, reflecting the multifaceted relationship of Islam and Democracy, provides important insight into the powerful forces of religious resurgence and democratization which will inevitably impact global politics in the twenty first century.

Winds of Change

The Future of Democracy in Iran
Author: Reza Pahlavi
Publisher: Regnery Publishing
ISBN: 9780895261915
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 152
View: 2459
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Forced to become a normal citizen, the exiled son of the late shah of Iran attempts to provide understanding and direction for his country and its people.