Civil Society and Democracy in Iran

Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739172239
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 9794
The book is focused on the work of Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. All contributors in this volume develop and discuss these issues with an eye on the political evolution of today’s ran. The book will of a great interest to students, specialists and researchers in different fields such as comparative politics, international affairs, Iranian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Drugs, Deviancy and Democracy in Iran

The Interaction of State and Civil Society
Author: Janne Bjerre Christensen
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848856393
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 8529
Explores the mounting problems of drug use in Iran, how treatment became legalized in 1998, how local NGOs offer methadone treatment in Tehran and face continuous political challenges in doing so, and how drug use is critically discussed in Iranian media and cinema.--From publisher description.

Democracy in Iran

History and the Quest for Liberty
Author: Ali Gheissari,Vali Nasr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198040873
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 6610
Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

Social Movements in Iran

Environmentalism and Civil Society
Author: Simin Fadaee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415693578
Category: Political Science
Page: 163
View: 9396
"This book examines the development of social movements in Iran and looks at the impact of environmentalism in particular. Based on in-depth original research, the case study of the "Environmental Movement" is integrated into a historical and comparative analysis which contributes to a better understanding of social movements of Iran. Implementing the new social movement theory of Touraine and Melucci in the Iranian context, the study offers a critical framework for studying social change and transformation of non-European countries"--

Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism

Spheres of Belonging
Author: Lucian Stone
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472567439
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 9247
Since cosmopolitanism has often been conceived as a tenet of 'Western civilization' that emanates from its Enlightenment-based origins in a humanist age of modernity, Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism: Spheres of Belonging advances a highly innovative gesture by contemplating the implications and relevance of the idea in a so-called non-Western cultural territory. The particularities of the Iranian and Islamic context shed new light on advancements and obstacles to cosmopolitan praxis. The volume provides four principle disciplinary assessments of cosmopolitanism: philosophy, political science, sociology, and cultural studies,including literary criticism. The authors in this collection critically examine topics including the historical encounter between Iranian and Western thinkers and its impact on Iranian political ideals; the tension between maintaining apolitical-theology rooted in metaphysical assumptions and the prerequisite of secularism in cosmopolitan and democratic philosophies. This highly innovative volume will be of interest to scholars and students of Middle Eastern and Iranian Studies, Islamic Studies, Globalization, Political Science and Philosophy.

West Asia

Civil Society, Democracy, and State
Author: Sujata Ashwarya Cheema
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 238
View: 7167
The notions of democracy and civil society are inextricably linked. Democracy fosters the development of civil society, as it allows freedom of association to the individuals. This space then links the individuals to the state. In the backdrop of the wave of political liberalization sweeping through West Asia since the early 1990s, the debate on democratization in the region has been associated with the study of three crucial issues, namely: Does civil society exists in the region? What are its strengths and its weaknesses? What does the future holds for its existence? Evidence from the political processes of some countries of the region reveals that civil society has strengthened in the recent past. This book examines the notion of civil society and its relations with democracy and state in the context of West Asia.

Islam and Democracy in Iran

Eshkevari and the Quest for Reform
Author: Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari,Ziba Mir-Hosseini,Richard Tapper
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845111335
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 641
Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari is a former revolutionary and reformer who became one of the Islamic Republic's outspoken critics. In presenting a selection of his writings, this book reveals a trajectory of dissent common to Islamic nations and makes a contribution to our understanding of the social and political issues confronting the Muslim world.

Women, Power and Politics in 21st Century Iran

Author: Dr Elaheh Rostami-Povey,Ms Tara Povey
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409476790
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 6902
This book examines the women's movement in Iran and its role in contesting gender relations since the 1979 revolution. Looking at examples from politics, law, employment, environment, media and religion and the struggle for democracy, this book demonstrates how material conditions have important social and political consequences for the lives of women in Iran and exposes the need to challenge the dominant theoretical perspectives on gender and Islam. A truly fascinating insider's look at the experiences of Iranian women as academics, political and civil society activists, this book counters the often inaccurate and misleading stereotyping of Iranian women to present a vibrant and diverse picture of these women's lives. A welcome and unique addition to the vibrant and growing literature on women, Islam, development, democracy and feminisms.

Democracy in Modern Iran

Islam, Culture, and Political Change
Author: Ali Mirsepassi
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814758649
Category: Political Science
Page: 234
View: 7473
Can Islamic societies embrace democracy? In Democracy in Modern Iran, Ali Mirsepassi maintains that it is possible, demonstrating that Islam is not inherently hostile to the idea of democracy. Rather, he provides new perspective on how such a political and social transformation could take place, arguing that the key to understanding the integration of Islam and democracy lies in concrete social institutions rather than pre-conceived ideas, the every day experiences rather than abstract theories. Mirsepassi, an Iranian native, provides a rare inside look into the country, offering a deep understanding of how Islamic countries like Iran and Iraq can and will embrace democracy. Democracy in Modern Iran challenges readers to think about Islam and democracy critically and in a far more nuanced way than is done in black-and-white dichotomies of Islam vs. Democracy, or Iran vs. the West. This essential volume contributes important insights to current discussions, creating a more complex conception of modernity in the Eastern world and, with it, Mirsepassi offers to a broad Western audience a more accurate, less clichéd vision of Iran’s political reality.

Civil society in the Middle East. 2 (2001)

Author: Augustus Richard Norton
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004104693
Category: Social Science
Page: 353
View: 5000
Leading scholars assembled by the Civil Society in the Middle East program provide lucid, informed essays on the quality of political life, weighing the role of civil society and assessing the prospects for political reform in the Middle East.

Democracy in Iran

Author: R. Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137330171
Category: Political Science
Page: 109
View: 6698
Democratic government is something that has eluded Iran despite a series of non-violent revolutions aimed at establishing a system of governance that would promote both public freedom and political accountability. This explores the obstacles to the growth of democracy in Iran and posits a plan for non-violent action to help Iranians achieve it.

What Does the World Want from America?

International Perspectives on U.S. Foreign Policy
Author: Alexander T. J. Lennon,Editor-In-Chief Alexander T J Lennon
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262621670
Category: Political Science
Page: 209
View: 6871
International perspectives on how the United States should wield its power as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the only superpower in the world today. Although the media are filled with prescriptions for how Washington might best wield its power, rarely are other countries asked what role they would like the United States to play. In What Does the World Want from America?, writers from twelve countries or regions (Brazil, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Russia, Singapore, and South Africa) answer the question, "In an ideal world, what role would you want the United States to perform with your country and region?" Four analysts from the United States then respond, addressing the extent to which overseas opinion should be incorporated into the formulation and conduct of United States foreign policy and recommending what the United States should attempt to do in the world, particularly after the horrific attacks of September 11. What Does the World Want from America? serves as a starting point for analysis of the US role in the world and the ends to which US power might be used.

Civil Society in the Muslim World

Contemporary Perspectives
Author: Amyn B. Sajoo
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850435907
Category: Political Science
Page: 339
View: 2894
Even before the events of September 11th 2001, the global discourse on civil society--in its varied interpretations and manifestations--has caught the attention of citizens and communities across the Muslim world from Iran, Tajikistan and Indonesia, to the Mahgreb. Issues of human rights, pluralism and gender equity were already at the forefront of the wider quest for participatory politics. This survey of social and intellectual trends in diverse Muslim contexts includes contributions by Shirin Akiner, Mohammed Arkoun, Aziz Esmial, Tair Faradov, Abdou Filali-Ansary, Ersin Kalaycioglu, Iftikhar Malik, Ziba Mir-Hosseini and Oliver Roy.

Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam

The Case of Iran and Turkey
Author: Masoud Kamali
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 293
View: 3091
Both Turkey and Iran consider themselves modern Islamic states—though with radically different status in today's social and political world. In Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam, Masoud Kamali explores the historical factors that have shaped such dissimilar Muslim states, including the continued influence of Europe and the United States. Kamali's assertion that the "Muslim world" is far more multifaceted and pluralistic than generally portrayed is a message particularly relevant today. Multiple Modernities is critical reading for those interested in the history—both ancient and modern—of Islamic movements around the world.

The Formation of Civil Society in Modern Iran

Public Intellectuals and the State
Author: M. Mohebi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137401117
Category: Political Science
Page: 185
View: 1944
This book investigates the development of contemporary Iranian civil society and the role of public intellectuals, looking in particular at how different reformist public intellectuals used civil society to craft their vision of Iran's socio-political future.

Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy

Author: Lars Trägårdh,Nina Witoszek,Bron Taylor
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857457578
Category: Political Science
Page: 358
View: 2075
Since the emergence of the dissident "parallel polis" in Eastern Europe, civil society has become a "new superpower," influencing democratic transformations, human rights, and international co-operation; co-designing economic trends, security and defense; reshaping the information society; and generating new ideas on the environment, health, and the "good life." This volume seeks to compare and reassess the role of civil society in the rich West, the poorer South, and the quickly expanding East in the context of the twenty-first century's challenges. It presents a novel perspective on civic movements testing John Keane's notion of "monitory democracy": an emerging order of public scrutiny and monitoring of power.

Global Civil Society 2007/8

Communicative Power and Democracy
Author: Martin Albrow,Helmut K Anheier,Marlies Glasius,Mary Kaldor,Monroe E Price
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412948002
Category: Social Science
Page: 408
View: 1707
The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. The 2007/8 Yearbook focuses on the potentially powerful relationship between communication and democracy promotion. The Global Civil Society Yearbook remains the standard work on all aspects of contemporary global civil society for activists, practitioners, students and academics alike.

Islam and Democracy

State-society Relations in Developing Countries, 1980-1994
Author: Ali Reza Abootalebi
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780815337355
Category: Political Science
Page: 249
View: 2637
Islam and Democracydeals with the pertinent issues of democracy, state-society relations, civil society, and Islam in developing countries and attempts to integrate the recent literature on civil society in the Middle East with the mainstream political science debate on democracy. This study makes use of political science theory and methodology as well as an area-study approach to draw conclusions on the prospects for democratization in developing countries in general. The study further challenges explanations of prospects for the democratization of state grounded on the cultural traits of each society, arguing that culture becomes an important factor in the struggle for democracy only when it contributes to either concentration or dispersion of social, economic, and political resources. (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, 1993; revised with new preface, bibliography, and index)

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East

Author: Larry Jay Diamond,Marc F. Plattner,Daniel Brumberg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780801878473
Category: Political Science
Page: 322
View: 4512
"Islam and Democracy in the Middle East" provides a comprehensive assessment of the origins and staying power of Middle East autocracies, as well as a sober account of the struggles of state reformers and opposition forces to promote civil liberties, competitive elections, and a pluralistic vision of Islam. Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading Western and Middle Eastern scholars, the book highlights the dualistic and often contradictory nature of political liberalization. As the case studies of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, and Yemen suggest, political liberalization--as managed by the state--not only opens new spaces for debate and criticism, but is also used as a deliberate tactic to avoid genuine democratization. In several chapters on Iran, the authors analyze the benefits and costs of limited reform. There, the electoral successes of President Mohammad Khatami and his reformist allies inspired a new generation but have not as yet undermined the clerical establishment's power. By contrast, in Turkey a party with Islamist roots is moving a discredited system beyond decades of conflict and paralysis, following a stunning election victory in 2002. Turkey's experience highlights the critical role of political Islam as a force for change. While acknowledging the enduring attraction of radical Islam throughout the Arab world, the concluding chapters carefully assess the recent efforts of Muslim civil society activists and intellectuals to promote a liberal Islamic alternative. Their struggles to affirm the compatibility of Islam and pluralistic democracy face daunting challenges, not least of which is the persistent efforts of many Arab rulers to limit the influence of all advocates of democracy, secular or religious. Contributors: Shaul Bakhash, George Mason University; Ladan Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation for the Promotion of Human Rights and Democracy in Iran; Roya Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation; Jason Brownlee, Princeton University; Daniel Brumberg, Georgetown University; Abdelwahab El-Affendi, University of Westminster; Haleh Esfandiari, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Abdou Filali-Ansary, editor of "Prologues: revue maghrebine du livre"; Michael Herb, Georgia State University; Ramin Jahanbegloo, Aga Khan University, London; Mehrangiz Kar, lawyer, writer, and human rights activist; E. Fuat Keyman, Koc University, Istanbul; Laith Kubba, National Endowment for Democracy; Vickie Langohr, College of the Holy Cross; Bernard Lewis, Princeton University; Russell Lucas, Wake Forest University; Abdeslam Maghraoui, Princeton University; Radwan Masmoudi, Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy, Washington, D.C.; Ziya Onis; Koc University; Soli Ozel, Bilgi University, Istanbul; William Quandt, University of Virginia; Jillian Schwedler, University of Maryland, College Park; Jean-Francois Seznec, Columbia University and Georgetown University; Emmanuel Sivan, Hebrew University; Mohamed Talbi, independent scholar; Robin Wright, "Los Angeles Times."

International Encyclopedia of Civil Society

Author: Helmut K. Anheier,Stefan Toepler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387939962
Category: Social Science
Page: 528
View: 6335
Recently the topic of civil society has generated a wave of interest, and a wealth of new information. Until now no publication has attempted to organize and consolidate this knowledge. The International Encyclopedia of Civil Society fills this gap, establishing a common set of understandings and terminology, and an analytical starting point for future research. Global in scope and authoritative in content, the Encyclopedia offers succinct summaries of core concepts and theories; definitions of terms; biographical entries on important figures and organizational profiles. In addition, it serves as a reliable and up-to-date guide to additional sources of information. In sum, the Encyclopedia provides an overview of the contours of civil society, social capital, philanthropy and nonprofits across cultures and historical periods. For researchers in nonprofit and civil society studies, political science, economics, management and social enterprise, this is the most systematic appraisal of a rapidly growing field.