Civil Society and Democracy in Iran


Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739172239
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 1907
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The book is focused on the work of Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. All contributors in this volume develop and discuss these issues with an eye on the political evolution of today’s ran. The book will of a great interest to students, specialists and researchers in different fields such as comparative politics, international affairs, Iranian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Drugs, Deviancy and Democracy in Iran

The Interaction of State and Civil Society
Author: Janne Bjerre Christensen
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848856393
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 1152
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Explores the mounting problems of drug use in Iran, how treatment became legalized in 1998, how local NGOs offer methadone treatment in Tehran and face continuous political challenges in doing so, and how drug use is critically discussed in Iranian media and cinema.--From publisher description.

Civil Society in Syria and Iran

Activism in Authoritarian Contexts
Author: Paul Aarts,Francesco Cavatorta
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588268570
Category: Political Science
Page: 257
View: 3887
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What are the dynamics of civic activism in authoritarian regimes? How do new social actors¿many of them informal, ¿below the radar¿ groups¿interact with these regimes? What mechanisms do the power elite employ to deal with societal dissidence? The authors of Civil Society in Syria and Iran explore the nature of state¿society relations in two countries that are experiencing popular demands for political pluralism amid the constraints of authoritarian retrenchment.

Democracy and Civil Society in a Global Era


Author: Scott Nicholas Romaniuk,Marguerite Marlin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317246802
Category: Political Science
Page: 292
View: 2679
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Democracy and Civil Society in a Global Era addresses challenges to the strengthening of active citizenship. In this highly-structured work, the themes presented are linked to fostering a culture of peace and non-violence, the lessening of fear and insecurity in political, economic, social, and cultural terms inherently detached from the conceptualization of political delineations and physical boundaries, and the ability to live dignified lives. The various regions that are represented in the case studies include: the Indian sub-continent, Malaysia, Indonesia, Turkey, Iran, China, the Middle East, Nigeria and the EU. The commonality and universality of the topics allows readers from any region of the world to relate to them. This book presents a dynamic combination of theory and field research, and is an iconoclastic tour-de-force of studies in democracy. Policy makers, think tanks and development practitioners may be particularly be interested in this book because it is about action rather than mere ideas and processes. It demonstrates how social movements can introduce and strengthen equality, inclusion, accountability, and the free flow of information. These elements, in turn, can contribute to the acculturation of freedom and social justice, in the developed world just as much as in the developing world.

Democracy in Iran


Author: Misagh Parsa
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674974298
Category: Political Science
Page: 376
View: 2400
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In Misagh Parsa’s view, the outlook for democracy in Iran is stark. Gradual reforms will not be sufficient for real change: the government must fundamentally rethink its commitment to the role of religion in politics and civic life. For Iran to democratize, the options are narrowing to a single path: another revolution.

Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy


Author: Lars Trägårdh,Nina Witoszek,Bron Taylor
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857457578
Category: Political Science
Page: 358
View: 7498
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Since the emergence of the dissident "parallel polis" in Eastern Europe, civil society has become a "new superpower," influencing democratic transformations, human rights, and international co-operation; co-designing economic trends, security and defense; reshaping the information society; and generating new ideas on the environment, health, and the "good life." This volume seeks to compare and reassess the role of civil society in the rich West, the poorer South, and the quickly expanding East in the context of the twenty-first century's challenges. It presents a novel perspective on civic movements testing John Keane's notion of "monitory democracy": an emerging order of public scrutiny and monitoring of power.

Social Media in Iran

Politics and Society after 2009
Author: David M. Faris,Babak Rahimi
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438458843
Category: Social Science
Page: 334
View: 6938
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First comprehensive account of how the Internet has impacted life in Iran. Social Media in Iran is the first book to tell the complex story of how and why the Iranian people—including women, homosexuals, dissidents, artists, and even state actors—use social media technology, and in doing so create a contentious environment wherein new identities and realities are constructed. Drawing together emerging and established scholars in communication, culture, and media studies, this volume considers the role of social media in Iranian society, particularly the time during and after the controversial 2009 presidential election, a watershed moment in the postrevolutionary history of Iran. While regional specialists may find studies on specific themes useful, the aim of this volume is to provide broad narratives of actor-based conceptions of media technology, an approach that focuses on the experiential and social networking processes of digital practices in the information era extended beyond cultural specificities. Students and scholars of regional and media studies will find this volume rich with empirical and theoretical insights on the subject of how technologies shape political and everyday life.

Civil Society and Democracy in Iran


Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739172239
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 5080
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The book is focused on the work of Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. All contributors in this volume develop and discuss these issues with an eye on the political evolution of today’s ran. The book will of a great interest to students, specialists and researchers in different fields such as comparative politics, international affairs, Iranian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Democracy in Iran

History and the Quest for Liberty
Author: Ali Gheissari,Vali Nasr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198040873
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 9799
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Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

Making Islam Democratic

Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn
Author: Asef Bayat
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804755955
Category: History
Page: 291
View: 7428
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This book looks anew at the vexing question of whether Islam is compatible with democracy, examining histories of Islamic politics and social movements in the Middle East since the 1970s.

Women, Power and Politics in 21st Century Iran


Author: Tara Povey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134779968
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 9272
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This book examines the women's movement in Iran and its role in contesting gender relations since the 1979 revolution. Looking at examples from politics, law, employment, environment, media and religion and the struggle for democracy, this book demonstrates how material conditions have important social and political consequences for the lives of women in Iran and exposes the need to challenge the dominant theoretical perspectives on gender and Islam. A truly fascinating insider's look at the experiences of Iranian women as academics, political and civil society activists, this book counters the often inaccurate and misleading stereotyping of Iranian women to present a vibrant and diverse picture of these women's lives. A welcome and unique addition to the vibrant and growing literature on women, Islam, development, democracy and feminisms.

Civil Democratic Islam

Partners, Resources, and Strategies
Author: Cheryl Benard,Andrew Riddile,Peter A. Wilson,Steven W. Popper
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833036203
Category: Political Science
Page: 88
View: 2372
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In the face of Islam's own internal struggles, it is not easy to see who we should support and how. This report provides detailed descriptions of subgroups, their stands on various issues, and what those stands may mean for the West. Since the outcomes can matter greatly to international community, that community might wish to influence them by providing support to appropriate actors. The author recommends a mixed approach of providing specific types of support to those who can influence the outcomes in desirable ways.

The Ayatollahs' Democracy: An Iranian Challenge


Author: Hooman Majd
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393080390
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 6556
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"One of America's most astute revealers of Iranian culture and identity."-Reza Aslan, The Atlantic Hailed as one of the year's best foreign policy books, Hooman Majd's latest offers dramatic perspective on a country with global ambitions, an elaborate political culture, and policies with enormous implications for world peace. Drawing on privileged access to the Iranian power elite, Majd "gives a harrowing description of the aftermath of the 2009 presidential elections in Iran" (Haleh Esfandiari). This "nimble take on Iran's fraught political landscape" (Kirkus Reviews) "sounds a dire warning to those in the West who want a democratic Iran. . . . Let us hope the President is listening" (Reza Aslan, The Atlantic).

Rules and Rights in the Middle East

Democracy, Law, and Society
Author: Ellis Goldberg,Reşat Kasaba,Joel S. Migdal
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295972879
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 3381
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"In recent years there has been a marked growth in the number and influence of social movements and organizations working to expand social, political, and civil rights, and to constrain the power of the states in many countries in the Middle East. At the same time many of the regimes in the area have introduced practices and institutions designed to make their rule more democratic in order to enhance their domestic and international standing and legitimacy, as well as to spur economic growth." "As a whole, the book demonstrates that neither the region's overgrown state structures nor the corresponding weakness of autonomous societal organizations can be explained by referring to cultural characteristics of the people in the Middle East or to the precepts of their religions. True explanations, the authors argue, should be framed historically. They pay special attention to the relations among the various groups and regions of the Middle East and to those between the Middle East and western Europe. The authors emphasize the important role played by economic issues and constraints in broadening or narrowing the scope of democracy at various points in time; and finally, they are in agreement in seeing religion and culture of the Middle East not in static and essentialist terms but as dynamic phenomena that grow independently and even in opposition to existing political authorities."--BOOK JACKET.

Social Movements in Iran

Environmentalism and Civil Society
Author: Simin Fadaee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415693578
Category: Political Science
Page: 163
View: 1673
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"This book examines the development of social movements in Iran and looks at the impact of environmentalism in particular. Based on in-depth original research, the case study of the "Environmental Movement" is integrated into a historical and comparative analysis which contributes to a better understanding of social movements of Iran. Implementing the new social movement theory of Touraine and Melucci in the Iranian context, the study offers a critical framework for studying social change and transformation of non-European countries"--

Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam

The Case of Iran and Turkey
Author: Masoud Kamali
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 293
View: 1385
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Both Turkey and Iran consider themselves modern Islamic states—though with radically different status in today's social and political world. In Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam, Masoud Kamali explores the historical factors that have shaped such dissimilar Muslim states, including the continued influence of Europe and the United States. Kamali's assertion that the "Muslim world" is far more multifaceted and pluralistic than generally portrayed is a message particularly relevant today. Multiple Modernities is critical reading for those interested in the history—both ancient and modern—of Islamic movements around the world.

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East


Author: Larry Jay Diamond,Marc F. Plattner,Daniel Brumberg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780801878473
Category: Political Science
Page: 322
View: 9035
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"Islam and Democracy in the Middle East" provides a comprehensive assessment of the origins and staying power of Middle East autocracies, as well as a sober account of the struggles of state reformers and opposition forces to promote civil liberties, competitive elections, and a pluralistic vision of Islam. Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading Western and Middle Eastern scholars, the book highlights the dualistic and often contradictory nature of political liberalization. As the case studies of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, and Yemen suggest, political liberalization--as managed by the state--not only opens new spaces for debate and criticism, but is also used as a deliberate tactic to avoid genuine democratization. In several chapters on Iran, the authors analyze the benefits and costs of limited reform. There, the electoral successes of President Mohammad Khatami and his reformist allies inspired a new generation but have not as yet undermined the clerical establishment's power. By contrast, in Turkey a party with Islamist roots is moving a discredited system beyond decades of conflict and paralysis, following a stunning election victory in 2002. Turkey's experience highlights the critical role of political Islam as a force for change. While acknowledging the enduring attraction of radical Islam throughout the Arab world, the concluding chapters carefully assess the recent efforts of Muslim civil society activists and intellectuals to promote a liberal Islamic alternative. Their struggles to affirm the compatibility of Islam and pluralistic democracy face daunting challenges, not least of which is the persistent efforts of many Arab rulers to limit the influence of all advocates of democracy, secular or religious. Contributors: Shaul Bakhash, George Mason University; Ladan Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation for the Promotion of Human Rights and Democracy in Iran; Roya Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation; Jason Brownlee, Princeton University; Daniel Brumberg, Georgetown University; Abdelwahab El-Affendi, University of Westminster; Haleh Esfandiari, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Abdou Filali-Ansary, editor of "Prologues: revue maghrebine du livre"; Michael Herb, Georgia State University; Ramin Jahanbegloo, Aga Khan University, London; Mehrangiz Kar, lawyer, writer, and human rights activist; E. Fuat Keyman, Koc University, Istanbul; Laith Kubba, National Endowment for Democracy; Vickie Langohr, College of the Holy Cross; Bernard Lewis, Princeton University; Russell Lucas, Wake Forest University; Abdeslam Maghraoui, Princeton University; Radwan Masmoudi, Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy, Washington, D.C.; Ziya Onis; Koc University; Soli Ozel, Bilgi University, Istanbul; William Quandt, University of Virginia; Jillian Schwedler, University of Maryland, College Park; Jean-Francois Seznec, Columbia University and Georgetown University; Emmanuel Sivan, Hebrew University; Mohamed Talbi, independent scholar; Robin Wright, "Los Angeles Times."

Democracy in Iran


Author: R. Jahanbegloo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137330171
Category: Political Science
Page: 109
View: 1732
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Democratic government is something that has eluded Iran despite a series of non-violent revolutions aimed at establishing a system of governance that would promote both public freedom and political accountability. This explores the obstacles to the growth of democracy in Iran and posits a plan for non-violent action to help Iranians achieve it.

Revolutionary Iran

Civil Society and State in the Modernization Process
Author: Masoud Kamali
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781840144499
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 1010
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This work investigates two major political transformations in the modern history of Iran - the constitutional revolution of 1905-1909, and the Islamic revolution of 1976-1979 and their relation to the modernization of Iran this century. This study addresses a core question - why the clergy did not take political power in the constitutional revolution when Iran was a traditional society and the clergy played a leadership role in the revolution, but they succeeded in a much more modern Iran of 1979.