Comparative Welfare State Politics


Author: Kees van Kersbergen,Barbara Vis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107005639
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 2373
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Kees van Kersbergen and Barbara Vis explain the political opportunities and constraints of welfare state reform in advanced democracies.

Comparative Welfare State Politics

Development, Opportunities, and Reform
Author: Kees van Kersbergen,Barbara Vis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107652472
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 4767
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Welfare state reform occurs in all advanced capitalist democracies, but it does not occur in identical ways, to the same degree or with similar consequences. In Comparative Welfare State Politics, Kees van Kersbergen and Barbara Vis explain the political opportunities and constraints of welfare state reform by asking 'big' questions. Why did we need a welfare state in the first place? How did we get it? Why did we get different worlds of welfare and do we still have them? What does the welfare state actually do? Why do we need to reform the welfare state? Why is reform so difficult, but why does it nevertheless happen? Can and will the welfare state survive the Great Recession? This book informs the reader comprehensively about the welfare state, while contributing to the ongoing debate on the politics of welfare state reform.

Comparative Welfare State Politics

Development, Opportunities, and Reform
Author: Kees van Kersbergen,Barbara Vis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521183710
Category: Political Science
Page: 260
View: 6603
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Welfare state reform occurs in all advanced capitalist democracies, but it does not occur in identical ways, to the same degree or with similar consequences. In Comparative Welfare State Politics, Kees van Kersbergen and Barbara Vis explain the political opportunities and constraints of welfare state reform by asking 'big' questions. Why did we need a welfare state in the first place? How did we get it? Why did we get different worlds of welfare and do we still have them? What does the welfare state actually do? Why do we need to reform the welfare state? Why is reform so difficult, but why does it nevertheless happen? Can and will the welfare state survive the Great Recession? This book informs the reader comprehensively about the welfare state, while contributing to the ongoing debate on the politics of welfare state reform.

Development, Democracy, and Welfare States

Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe
Author: Stephan Haggard,Robert R. Kaufman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691135960
Category: Political Science
Page: 473
View: 7127
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This is the first book to compare the distinctive welfare states of Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Stephan Haggard and Robert Kaufman trace the historical origins of social policy in these regions to crucial political changes in the mid-twentieth century, and show how the legacies of these early choices are influencing welfare reform following democratization and globalization. After World War II, communist regimes in Eastern Europe adopted wide-ranging socialist entitlements while conservative dictatorships in East Asia sharply limited social security but invested in education. In Latin America, where welfare systems were instituted earlier, unequal social-security systems favored formal sector workers and the middle class. Haggard and Kaufman compare the different welfare paths of the countries in these regions following democratization and the move toward more open economies. Although these transformations generated pressure to reform existing welfare systems, economic performance and welfare legacies exerted a more profound influence. The authors show how exclusionary welfare systems and economic crisis in Latin America created incentives to adopt liberal social-policy reforms, while social entitlements from the communist era limited the scope of liberal reforms in the new democracies of Eastern Europe. In East Asia, high growth and permissive fiscal conditions provided opportunities to broaden social entitlements in the new democracies. This book highlights the importance of placing the contemporary effects of democratization and globalization into a broader historical context.

Capitalisms Compared

Welfare, Work, and Business
Author: John R. Bowman
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483323714
Category: Political Science
Page: 392
View: 6491
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How different would Americans’ lives be if they had guaranteed access to health care, generous public pensions, paid family leave, high-quality public pre-school care, increased rights at work, and a greater say in how corporations are run? This one-of-a-kind book emphasizes that differences in policies and institutions affect the lives of citizens by comparing health, pension, and family policies, as well as labor markets and corporate governance in the United States, Sweden, and Germany. Demonstrating that the US model of capitalism is not the only one that is viable, Bowman encourages students not only to rethink their assumptions about what policy alternatives are feasible, but also to learn more about American capitalism through insightful contrast. Covering a wide range of policy areas and written in a crisp, engaging style, Capitalisms Compared is a perfect companion for courses in political economy and public policy.

Making Markets in the Welfare State

The Politics of Varying Market Reforms
Author: Jane R. Gingrich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499181
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 9338
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Over the past three decades, market reforms have transformed public services such as education, health, and care of the elderly. Whereas previous studies present markets as having similar and largely non-political effects, this book shows that political parties structure markets in diverse ways to achieve distinct political aims. Left-wing attempts to sustain the legitimacy of the welfare state are compared with right-wing wishes to limit the state and empower the private sector. Examining a broad range of countries, time periods, and policy areas, Jane R. Gingrich helps readers make sense of the complexity of market reforms in the industrialized world. The use of innovative multi-case studies and in-depth interviews with senior European policymakers enriches the debate and brings clarity to this multifaceted topic. Scholars and students working on the policymaking process in this central area will be interested in this new conceptualization of market reform.

When Solidarity Works

Labor-Civic Networks and Welfare States in the Market Reform Era
Author: Cheol-Sung Lee
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110717404X
Category: History
Page: 432
View: 8263
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Lee explains development and retrenchment of the welfare states in developing countries through an explanatory model based around 'embedded cohesiveness'.

The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State


Author: Francis G. Castles,Stephan Leibfried,Jane Lewis,Herbert Obinger,Christopher Pierson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019162828X
Category: Political Science
Page: 908
View: 8674
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The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State is the authoritative and definitive guide to the contemporary welfare state. In a volume consisting of nearly fifty newly-written chapters, a broad range of the world's leading scholars offer a comprehensive account of everything one needs to know about the modern welfare state. The book is divided into eight sections. It opens with three chapters that evaluate the philosophical case for (and against) the welfare state. Surveys of the welfare state’s history and of the approaches taken to its study are followed by four extended sections, running to some thirty-five chapters in all, which offer a comprehensive and in-depth survey of our current state of knowledge across the whole range of issues that the welfare state embraces. The first of these sections looks at inputs and actors (including the roles of parties, unions, and employers), the impact of gender and religion, patterns of migration and a changing public opinion, the role of international organisations and the impact of globalisation. The next two sections cover policy inputs (in areas such as pensions, health care, disability, care of the elderly, unemployment, and labour market activation) and their outcomes (in terms of inequality and poverty, macroeconomic performance, and retrenchment). The seventh section consists of seven chapters which survey welfare state experience around the globe (and not just within the OECD). Two final chapters consider questions about the global future of the welfare state. The individual chapters of the Handbook are written in an informed but accessible way by leading researchers in their respective fields giving the reader an excellent and truly up-to-date knowledge of the area under discussion. Taken together, they constitute a comprehensive compendium of all that is best in contemporary welfare state research and a unique guide to what is happening now in this most crucial and contested area of social and political development.

The Political Economy of European Welfare Capitalism


Author: Colin Hay,Daniel Wincott
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137020717
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 3993
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In this state-of-the-art work, Colin Hay and Daniel Wincott reassess welfare provision across the whole of Europe – East, West and Central – and at the national and EU level. The book challenges much conventional wisdom about the welfare state, including the widely accepted notion of a 'golden age' of welfare, the idea of a challenge posed by globalization, and the notion of the welfare state as a burden on competitiveness and a drain on economic performance. The authors put forward an alternative analysis of European welfare capitalism which highlights the importance of European economic integration, domestic political dynamics and demographic change in determining welfare trajectories. They conclude with a compelling account of the challenges to which European welfare states must respond if they are to survive in the new era of public austerity.

Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State

Britain and France, 1914-1945
Author: Susan Pedersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521558341
Category: History
Page: 478
View: 7810
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A comparative analysis of social policies in Britain and France between 1914 and 1945.

The Routledge Handbook to Accountability and Welfare State Reforms in Europe


Author: Tom Christensen,Per Lægreid
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317044193
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 7580
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There is growing concern that welfare states are inefficient, unsustainable and lack popular support. New Public Management reforms affected the balance between managerial and political accountability and disrupted administrative, legal, professional and social accountability, causing confusion as to whom public organizations are really accountable. The Routledge Handbook to Accountability and Welfare State Reforms in Europe assesses multi-dimensional accountability relations in depth, addressing the dynamic between accountability and reforms. Analyzing how welfare state reforms oriented towards agencification, managerialism and marketization affected existing relationships in services traditionally provided by public institutions, the theoretically informed, empirical chapters provide specific examples of their effect on accountability. Expert contributors explore the relationship between accountability and performance and the impact of reforms on political, administrative, managerial, legal, professional and social accountability. The role of specific actors, such as the media and citizens, on the accountability process addressing issues of blame avoidance, reputation and autonomous agencies is discussed. Comparative chapters across time, countries, administrative levels and policy areas are included, along with discussions linking accountability with concepts like legitimacy, democracy, coordination and performance. This handbook will be an essential reference tool to those studying European politics and public policy.

Dismantling the Welfare State?

Reagan, Thatcher and the Politics of Retrenchment
Author: Paul Pierson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521555708
Category: Political Science
Page: 213
View: 2821
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This book offers a careful examination of the politics of social policy in an era of austerity and conservative governance. Focusing on the administrations of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, Paul Pierson provides a compelling explanation for the welfare state's durability and for the few occasions where each government was able to achieve significant cutbacks. The book will appeal to those interested in the politics of neo-conservatism as well as those concerned about the development of the modern welfare state. It will attract readers in the fields of comparative politics, public policy, and political economy.

Third Sector Management

The Art of Managing Nonprofit Organizations
Author: William B. Werther,Evan M. Berman
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9780878408443
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 228
View: 647
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Trying to do good deeds does not guarantee that a nonprofit organization will succeed. The organization must do good deeds well. This textbook offers a blueprint for nonprofit success, adopting a strategic perspective that assumes vision, mission, strategy, and execution as the pillars upon which success is built. While many experts on nonprofits argue that fundraising is the single key to success, William B. Werther Jr., and Evan M. Berman show that effective fundraising depends largely on how the nonprofit is positioned and how it performs. They address such issues as leadership and board development, strategic planning, staffing, fundraising, partnering, productivity improvement, and accountability. Emphasizing the context of nonprofits and detailing improvements than can be made by managers at all levels, the book strikes a balance between policy discussion and practical usefulness. Written for use in graduate courses in nonprofit management, Third Sector Management will also be invaluable to directors, staff, volunteers, and board members of nonprofit organizations.

The Politics of Advanced Capitalism


Author: Pablo Beramendi,Silja Häusermann,Herbert Kitschelt,Hanspeter Kriesi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316300757
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 9684
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This book serves as a sequel to two distinguished volumes on capitalism: Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism (Cambridge, 1999) and Order and Conflict in Contemporary Capitalism (1985). Both volumes took stock of major economic challenges advanced industrial democracies faced, as well as the ways political and economic elites dealt with them. However, during the last decades, the structural environment of advanced capitalist democracies has undergone profound changes: sweeping deindustrialization, tertiarization of the employment structure, and demographic developments. This book provides a synthetic view, allowing the reader to grasp the nature of these structural transformations and their consequences in terms of the politics of change, policy outputs, and outcomes. In contrast to functionalist and structuralist approaches, the book advocates and contributes to a 'return of electoral and coalitional politics' to political economy research.

Democracy and Redistribution


Author: Carles Boix
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521532679
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 2508
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In this 2003 book, Boix offers a complete theory of political transitions.

Protecting Soldiers and Mothers


Author: Theda Skocpol
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043723
Category: Social Science
Page: 736
View: 8852
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Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Market Reforms in Latin America


Author: Maria Victoria Murillo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521785556
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 250
View: 8593
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Why labor unions resisted and submitted during the economic crises of the 1990s.

The Politics of the New Welfare State


Author: Giuliano Bonoli,David Natali
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199645248
Category: Political Science
Page: 316
View: 611
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In The Politics of the New Welfare State the main reforms in work and welfare are summarized and analyzed to provide up-dated evidence of policy change and its main determinants to policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders interested in the field.

Social Policy in the United States

Future Possibilities in Historical Perspective
Author: Theda Skocpol
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691037851
Category: Political Science
Page: 326
View: 9199
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Reforming health care, revamping the welfare system, preserving or cutting Social Security, creating employment programs for displaced employees, and revising U.S. social programs to help working parents with children - all of these endeavors and more are part of ongoing national debates about the future of social policy in the United States. In this wide-ranging collection of essays, renowned social scientist Theda Skocpol shows how historical understanding, centered on U.S. governmental institutions and shifting political alliances, can illuminate the limits and possibilities of American social policymaking both past and present.

Political Order and Inequality


Author: Carles Boix
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107089433
Category: Political Science
Page: 334
View: 7710
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The fundamental question of political theory, one that precedes all other questions about the nature of political life, is why there is a state at all. This book describes the foundations of stateless societies, why and how states emerge, and the basis of political obligation.