Comparing Asian Politics

India, China, and Japan
Author: Sue Ellen M. Charlton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429973675
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 9981
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Comparing Asian Politics presents an invaluable comparative examination of politics and government in three Asian nations: India, China, and Japan. The author elucidates the links between politics and each nation's distinctive cultural and historical contexts and demonstrates the intermingling and grafting of Asian traditions with the influence of Western values and institutions. National identity, political cohesion, and socioeconomic change emerge as central to how politics has developed in each nation-state. Also included are focus boxes on political and social issues in other important countries in Asia. The book provides insight into topics such as the significance of constitutions in the political process; the parliamentary system in Asia; the regionalization of politics and the importance of levels of government; the decay of one-party rule; the links between development and democratization; and the impact of globalization. This essential text not only illuminates the politics of India, China, and Japan in relation to one another, it also suggests to readers how their own experience of politics can be informed by understanding the politics and government of these three Asian nations. In this new edition, the author includes a discussion on the recent political changes in China and the election of Xi Jinping in early 2013, the devastating earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan in 2011, and the recent elections in India.

The Nature of Asian Politics


Author: Bruce Gilley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316060446
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 2973
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The Nature of Asian Politics is a broad and thematic treatment of the fundamental factors that characterize politics in the fourteen key countries of Southeast and Northeast Asia. Bruce Gilley begins with an overview of state-society relations, then moves on to the fundamental questions of development and democracy, and finally shifts to an exploration of governance and public policy in the region. This book proposes an Asian governance model that is useful for understanding politics from Japan to Indonesia. By reviving an earlier paradigm known as oriental despotism and applying it to political theories on the Asian region, this book is likely to attract wide debate among students of Asian politics and among Western policy makers seeking to engage the region.

The U. S. , Japan, and Asia in International Politics


Author: Andrew Hanami
Publisher: Cognella Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9781609273170
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 6146
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The United States needs to understand each of the many Asian states in detail: while there are similarities, they all have situations that are difficult to compare. "The U.S., Japan, and Asia in International Politics" focuses on U.S. interests in Asia in its broadest contours from Japan, China, and the Koreas in the east; a discussion of India in the south; and also to Afghanistan and Pakistan in the west. This book also treats Russia as an Asia Pacific power. Author Andrew K. Hanami examines the economic, financial, trade, and security issue differences in the region. Washington is rushing to find a balance in its foreign policy goals among the differing Asia Pacific states through such measures as: erecting trade corridors, enacting bilateral arrangements, deploying troops, and pursuing a cycle of encirclement and openness as the administration searches for stability and prosperity. This text explores if U.S. policy is improving on the problems found in a suddenly larger Asia, or in some way compounding them. Andrew K. Hanami received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1987. He taught at the School of International Studies, Stockton, California from 1987 1990, and now teaches in the International Relations Department at San Francisco State University. He has made research trips to China, Japan, Russia, and England.

Political Systems of East Asia

China, Korea, and Japan
Author: Louis D Hayes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317462556
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 6362
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This innovative, interdisciplinary introduction to East Asian politics uses a thematic approach to describe the political development of China, Japan, and Koreas since the mid-nineteenth century and analyze the social, cultural, political, and economic features of each country. Unlike standard comparative politics texts which often lack a unifying theme and employ Western conventions of the 'state', "Political Systems of East Asia" avoids these limitations and identifies a common thread running through the histories of China, Korea, and Japan. This common thread is Confucianism, which has shaped East Asian perspectives of the universe and how it operates. The text describes and explains the ways in which each country has employed this shared tradition, and how it has affected the country's internal dynamics, responses to the outside world, and its own political development.

Chinese and Indian Strategic Behavior

Growing Power and Alarm
Author: George J. Gilboy,Eric Heginbotham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107379636
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 6487
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This book offers an empirical comparison of Chinese and Indian international strategic behavior. It is the first study of its kind, filling an important gap in the literature on rising Indian and Chinese power and American interests in Asia. The book creates a framework for the systematic and objective assessment of Chinese and Indian strategic behavior in four areas: (1) strategic culture; (2) foreign policy and use of force; (3) military modernization (including defense spending, military doctrine and force modernization); and (4) economic strategies (including international trade and energy competition). The utility of democratic peace theory in predicting Chinese and Indian behavior is also examined. The findings challenge many assumptions underpinning Western expectations of China and India.

Chinese Politics

State, Society and the Market
Author: Peter Gries,Evan Pugh Professor of Philosophy Stanley Rosen,Stanley Rosen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135149992
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 5736
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Explores the changes occurring in China today – what are the goals of political contestation, how are Chinese Communist Party leaders legitimizing their rule, who are the specific actors involved in contesting state legitimacy and what are the implications of changing state-society relations for the future viability of the People’s Republic?

The East Moves West

India, China, and Asia's Growing Presence in the Middle East
Author: Geoffrey Kemp
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815724314
Category: Political Science
Page: 326
View: 6382
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While traditionally powerful Western economies are treading water at best, beset by crises in banking, housing, and employment, industrial growth and economic development are exploding in China and India. The world's two most populous nations are the biggest reasons for Asia's growing footprint on other global regions. The increasing size and impact of that footprint are especially important in the Middle East, an economic, religious, and geopolitical linchpin. The East Moves West details the growing interdependence of the Middle East and Asia and projects the likely ramifications of this evolving relationship. It also examines the role of Pakistan, Japan, and South Korea in the region. Geoffrey Kemp, a longtime analyst of global security and political economy, compares and contrasts Indian and Chinese involvement in the Middle East. He stresses an embedded historical dimension that gives India substantially more familiarity and interest in the region—India was there first, and it has maintained that head start. Both nations, however, are clearly on the rise and leaving an indelible mark on the Middle East, and that enhanced influence has international ramifications for the United States and throughout the world. Does the emergence of these Asian giants—with their increasingly huge need for energy—strengthen the case for cooperative security, particularly in the maritime arena? After all, safe and open sea-lanes remain an essential component of mutually beneficial intercontinental trade, making India and China increasingly dependent on safe passage of oil tankers. Or will we see reversion to more traditional competition and even conflict, given that the major Asian powers themselves have so many unresolved problems and that the future of the U.S. presence in the area is uncertain. Kemp believes the United States will remain the dominant military power in the region but will have to share some security responsibilities with the Asians, especially in the Indian Ocean.

Routledge Handbook of South Asian Politics

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal
Author: Paul R. Brass
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134078579
Category: Political Science
Page: 480
View: 5725
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The Routledge Handbook of South Asian Politics examines key issues in politics of the five independent states of the South Asian region: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. Written by experts in their respective areas, this Handbook introduces the reader to the politics of South Asia by presenting the prevailing agreements and disagreements in the literature. In the first two sections, the Handbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the modern political history of the states of the region and an overview of the independence movements in the former colonial states. The other sections focus on the political changes that have occurred in the postcolonial states since independence, as well as the successive political changes in Nepal during the same period, and the structure and functioning of the main governmental and non-governmental institutions, including the structure of the state itself (unitary or federal), political parties, the judiciary, and the military. Further, the contributors explore several aspects of the political process and political and economic change, especially issues of pluralism and national integration, political economy, corruption and criminalization of politics, radical and violent political movements, and the international politics of the region as a whole. This unique reference work provides a comprehensive survey of the state of the field and is an invaluable resource for students and academics interested in South Asian Studies, South Asian Politics, Comparative Politics and International Relations.

This Brave New World

India, China and the United States
Author: Anja Manuel
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1501121979
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 368
View: 5421
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"The US has the power to shape the geopolitical future of this century. We must stop obsessing about China alone and actively encourage India's enormous potential to balance China's power. India, China, and the US will be the twenty-first century's dynamic triumvirate. The axial shift of world power from the United States and Europe to China and India is unrelenting. By 2030, intelligence agencies estimate that Asia will surpass the combined power of North America and Europe in economic might, population size, and military spending. From a front row seat Anja Manuel argues and demonstrates that India has the assets and structure to grow democratically to full strength and balance the Chinese hegemony and aggression while it takes its proper place in leadership with India and the US. In This Brave New World, Manuel takes the reader along on her business trips as she meets leaders and counts the assets and deficiencies of the two giant countries. India has a youthful, English-speaking population and democratic traditions, but it is inefficient, misogynist, and often corrupt. China has an aging population, no tradition of citizen rule, an ideological central government, and is ruthlessly expansionist. India's democratic system slows it down; China's centralized authority races it erratically. Balancing these giants is the key to a prosperous and open global system and America's opportunity to maintain its world power. In the present and near future the US's aim should be to embrace the inevitable rise of India and China and with them continue to lead the global governance. We must stop our handwringing about China's rise and focus instead, warns Manuel, on forging harmonious relationships with both giants, to create this brave new world"--

Forgotten Armies

The Fall of British Asia, 1941-1945
Author: Christopher Alan Bayly,Timothy Norman Harper
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674017481
Category: History
Page: 555
View: 4714
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In the early stages of the Second World War, the vast crescent of British-ruled territories stretching from India to Singapore appeared as a massive Allied asset. It provided scores of soldiers and great quantities of raw materials and helped present a seemingly impregnable global defense against the Axis. Yet, within a few weeks in 1941-42, a Japanese invasion had destroyed all this, sweeping suddenly and decisively through south and southeast Asia to the Indian frontier, and provoking the extraordinary revolutionary struggles which would mark the beginning of the end of British dominion in the East and the rise of today's Asian world. More than a military history, this gripping account of groundbreaking battles and guerrilla campaigns creates a panoramic view of British Asia as it was ravaged by warfare, nationalist insurgency, disease, and famine. It breathes life into the armies of soldiers, civilians, laborers, businessmen, comfort women, doctors, and nurses who confronted the daily brutalities of a combat zone which extended from metropolitan cities to remote jungles, from tropical plantations to the Himalayas. Drawing upon a vast range of Indian, Burmese, Chinese, and Malay as well as British, American, and Japanese voices, the authors make vivid one of the central dramas of the twentieth century: the birth of modern south and southeast Asia and the death of British rule.

Governance in Pacific Asia

Political Economy and Development from Japan to Burma
Author: Peter Ferdinand
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441134956
Category: Political Science
Page: 432
View: 6050
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This book examines the political economy of the states of Pacific Asia, stretching from Japan to Burma since the end of WWII.

Looking at the Sun

The Rise of the New East Asian Economic and Political System
Author: James Fallows
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 9780679761624
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 5023
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Offers an economic, political, and social analysis of East Asia's growing power, explaining how it challenges the West's economic strength and political ideals and detailing its potential for long-term impact

Between Democracy and Technocracy

Regulating Administrative Guidance in Japan
Author: Franklin Barr Lebo
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498562221
Category: Political Science
Page: 177
View: 1206
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Classically, studies of the Japanese government are both tantalizing and frustrating as scholars standing outside of the system draw conclusions from significant events like crises, disasters, and moments of reform. This has led to a sense of mystery as scholars have developed sophisticated competing theories about how the system actually operates often with resigned comments that there is a black curtain (kuromaku) drawn over the system. The primary challenge is gaining access to the actual process of policymaking on a daily basis given the seemingly impenetrable nature of the bureaucracy. This study is unusual as it cracks open the curtain to see the wheels and rotating gears along with those pulling the levers. Specifically, through the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Fellowship program, the only congressionally authorized opportunity allowing American officials to be placed directly inside a foreign government, the reader is given a firsthand account of these machinations. Through their eyes, readers will be introduced to Japan’s messy policymaking process in telecommunications regulation, pharmaceutical approvals, diplomatic relations, and much more. This approach also allows the author to refine existing theories of Japan’s bureaucratic elite and assess the weak system of control exercised over them by the National Personnel Authority (NPA). This understudied agency is the last vestige of MacArthur’s legacy as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers in Japan following World War II. Thus, this study ambitiously hopes to lend a realistic glimpse into the only developed, non-western, industrialized democratic state in the world. More boldly, this study intends to lend a greater appreciation of the complex tug-of-war between democracy and technocracy in other national contexts.

Japan's Foreign Policy Since 1945


Author: Kevin J. Cooney
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765616494
Category: History
Page: 295
View: 1956
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Provides a detailed and up-to-date assessment of Japan's foreign policy since 1945, including policy options and choices that Japan faces in the twenty-first century.

Geo-economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century

The Revival of Economic Statecraft
Author: Mikael Wigell,Sören Scholvin,Mika Aaltola
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351172263
Category: Political Science
Page: 250
View: 2667
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Starting from the key concept of geo-economics, this book investigates the new power politics and argues that the changing structural features of the contemporary international system are recasting the strategic imperatives of foreign policy practice. States increasingly practice power politics by economic means. Whether it is about Iran’s nuclear programme or Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Western states prefer economic sanctions to military force. Most rising powers have also become cunning agents of economic statecraft. China, for instance, is using finance, investment and trade as means to gain strategic influence and embed its global rise. Yet the way states use economic power to pursue strategic aims remains an understudied topic in International Political Economy and International Relations. The contributions to this volume assess geo-economics as a form of power politics. They show how power and security are no longer simply coupled to the physical control of territory by military means, but also to commanding and manipulating the economic binds that are decisive in today’s globalised and highly interconnected world. Indeed, as the volume shows, the ability to wield economic power forms an essential means in the foreign policies of major powers. In so doing, the book challenges simplistic accounts of a return to traditional, military-driven geopolitics, while not succumbing to any unfounded idealism based on the supposedly stabilising effects of interdependence on international relations. As such, it advances our understanding of geo-economics as a strategic practice and as an innovative and timely analytical approach. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, international political economy, foreign policy and International Relations in general.

Nietzsche and Asian Thought


Author: Graham Parkes
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226646855
Category: Philosophy
Page: 253
View: 5960
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Nietzsche's work has had a significant impact on the intellectual life of non-Western cultures and elicited responses from thinkers outside of the Anglo-American philosophical traditions as well. These essays address the connection between his ideas and ph

Chinese Politics and Government

Power, Ideology and Organization
Author: Sujian Guo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415551382
Category: Political Science
Page: 342
View: 8360
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Over the past two decades, China's political reforms, open-door policy, dramatic economic growth, and increasingly assertive foreign policy have had an unprecedented regional and global impact. This introductory textbook provides students with a fundamental understanding of government and politics in China as well as the conceptual ability to explore the general patterns, impacts, and nature of continuities and changes in Chinese politics. Further, it equips students with analytical frameworks by which they can understand, analyse and evaluate the major issues in Chinese politics, including: The basic methodologies and theoretical controversies in the study of Chinese politics. The major dimensions, structures, processes, functions and characteristics of the Chinese political system, such as ideology, politics, law, society, economy, and foreign policy. The impact of power, ideology, and organization on different spheres of Chinese society. The structure, process, and factors in Chinese foreign policy making. Whether China is a "strategic partner" or "potential threat" to the United States. By examining contending theoretical models in the study of Chinese politics, this book combines an essentialist approach that keeps focus on the fundamental, unique and defining features of Chinese politics and government with other theoretical approaches or analytical models which reveal and explore the complexities inherent in the Chinese political system. Extensively illustrated, the textbook includes maps, photographs and diagrams, as well as providing questions for class discussions and suggestions for further reading. Written by an experienced academic with working knowledge of the Chinese Government, this textbook will provide students with a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of Chinese Politics.

Japanese Philosophy


Author: H. Gene Blocker,Christopher L. Starling
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791490386
Category: Philosophy
Page: 213
View: 1817
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By doing so, and by providing an overview of Japanese philosophy from the seventh century to the present, the authors contribute to a greater cross-cultural understanding between East and West."--BOOK JACKET.

Southeast Asia in the New International Era


Author: Robert Dayley
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 0813350115
Category: Political Science
Page: 360
View: 5015
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Provides readers with up-to-date, country-by-country coverage on a vibrant region of vast cultural diversity and dynamic globalized markets.

Intimate Rivals

Japanese Domestic Politics and a Rising China
Author: Sheila A. Smith
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538022
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 8689
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No country feels China's rise more deeply than Japan. Through intricate case studies of visits by Japanese politicians to the Yasukuni Shrine, conflicts over the boundaries of economic zones in the East China Sea, concerns about food safety, and strategies of island defense, Sheila A. Smith explores the policy issues testing the Japanese government as it tries to navigate its relationship with an advancing China. Smith finds that Japan's interactions with China extend far beyond the negotiations between diplomats and include a broad array of social actors intent on influencing the Sino-Japanese relationship. Some of the tensions complicating Japan's encounters with China, such as those surrounding the Yasukuni Shrine or territorial disputes, have deep roots in the postwar era, and political advocates seeking a stronger Japanese state organize themselves around these causes. Other tensions manifest themselves during the institutional and regulatory reform of maritime boundary and food safety issues. Smith scrutinizes the role of the Japanese government in coping with contention as China's influence grows and Japanese citizens demand more protection. Underlying the government's efforts is Japan's insecurity about its own capacity for change and its waning status as the leading economy in Asia. For many, China's rise means Japan's decline, and Smith suggests how Japan can maintain its regional and global clout as confidence in its postwar diplomatic and security approach diminishes.