Contemporary Anti-Muslim Politics

Aggressions and Exclusions
Author: Kenneth J. Long
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1498540341
Category: Political Science
Page: 170
View: 2090
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Contemporary Anti-Muslim Politics provides a succinct but potent critique of the foreign policies of Western nations toward majority Muslim nations. For decades, foreign policies that rely on exclusion, ghettoization, and war have triggered conflict escalation with majority Muslim nations and caused an increase in extremist activity.

Contemporary Anti-Muslim Politics

Aggressions and Exclusions
Author: Kenneth J. Long
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781498540339
Category: Political Science
Page: 170
View: 2558
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Contemporary Anti-Muslim Politics provides a succinct but potent critique of the foreign policies of Western nations toward majority Muslim nations. For decades, foreign policies that rely on exclusion, ghettoization, and war have triggered conflict escalation with majority Muslim nations and caused an increase in extremist activity.

Anti-Muslim Prejudice

Past and Present
Author: Maleiha Malik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317988981
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 9892
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This collection makes a unique contribution to the study of anti-Muslim prejudice by placing the issue in both its past and present context. The essays cover historical and contemporary subjects from the eleventh century to the present day. They examine the forms that anti-Muslim prejudice takes, the historical influences on these forms, and how they relate to other forms of prejudice such as racism, antisemitism or sexism, and indeed how anti-Muslim prejudice becomes institutionalized. This volume looks at anti-Muslim prejudice from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, including politics, sociology, philosophy, history, international relations, law, cultural studies and comparative literature. The essays contribute to our understanding of the different levels at which anti-Muslim prejudice emerges and operates - the local, the national and the transnational – by also including case studies from a range of contexts including Britain, Europe and the US. This book contributes to a deeper understanding of contemporary political problems and controversial topics, such as issues that focus on Muslim women: the 'headscarf' debates, honour killings and forced marriages. There is also analysis of media bias in the representation of Muslims and Islam, and other urgent social and political issues such as the social exclusion of European Muslims and the political mobilisation against Islam by far-right parties. This book was published as a special issue of Patterns of Prejudice.

Global Islamophobia

Muslims and Moral Panic in the West
Author: George Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317127714
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 6726
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The decade since 9/11 has seen a decline in liberal tolerance in the West as Muslims have endured increasing levels of repression. This book presents a series of case studies from Western Europe, Australia and North America demonstrating the transnational character of Islamophobia. The authors explore contemporary intercultural conflicts using the concept of moral panic, revitalised for the era of globalisation. Exploring various sites of conflict, Global Islamophobia considers the role played by 'moral entrepreneurs' in orchestrating popular xenophobia and in agitating for greater surveillance, policing and cultural regulation of those deemed a threat to the nation's security or imagined community. This timely collection examines the interpenetration of the global and the local in the West's cultural politics towards Islam, highlighting parallels in the responses of governments and in the worrying reversion to a politics of coercion and assimilation. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology and politics with interests in race and ethnicity; citizenship and assimilation; political communication, securitisation and The War on Terror; and moral panics.

Islamophobia and the Politics of Empire


Author: Deepa Kumar
Publisher: Haymarket Books
ISBN: 1608462110
Category: Political Science
Page: 238
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Islamophobia examines the origins of the ongoing assault on Muslims and Arabs in the U.S., and the "war on terror"

Islam and the Myth of Confrontation

Religion and Politics in the Middle East
Author: Fred Halliday
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860648687
Category: Political Science
Page: 255
View: 5065
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This volume sets out to reject anti-Islamic views of a future dominated by the conflict between "Islam" and "the West". It has been revised to encompass the events of 11 September 2001, spiralling violence in the Middle East and President George Bush's proposed identification of an "axis of evil".

Contemporary Muslim Apocalyptic Literature


Author: David Cook
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815631958
Category: Religion
Page: 272
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Although apocalyptic visions and predictions have been part of contemporary Islam, this work covers this disparate but influential body of writing. It suggests that Islam began as an apocalyptic movement and has retained an apocalyptic and messianic tone.

Shakespeare and the Literary Tradition


Author: Stephen Orgel,Sean Keilen
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780815329671
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 344
View: 9303
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Shakespeare has never been more ubiquitous, not only on the stage and in academic writing, but in film, video and the popular press. On television, he advertises everything from cars to fast food. His birthplace, the tiny Warwickshire village of Stratford-Upon-Avon, has been transformed into a theme park of staggering commercialism, and the New Globe, in its second season, is already a far bigger business than the old Globe could ever have hoped to be. If popular culture cannot do without Shakespeare, continually reinventing him and reimagining his drama and his life, neither can the critical and scholarly world, for which Shakespeare has, for more than two centuries, served as the central text for analysis and explication, the foundation of the western literary canon and the measure of literary excellence.The Shakespeare the essays collected in these volumes reveal is fully as multifarious as the Shakespeare of theme parks, movies and television. Indeed, it is part of the continuing reinvention of Shakespeare. The essays are drawn for the most part from work done in the past three decades, though a few essential, enabling essays from an earlier period have been included. They not only chart the directions taken by Shakespeare studies in the recent past, but they serve to indicate the enormous and continuing vitality of the enterprise, and the extent to which Shakespeare has become a metonym for literary and artistic endeavor generally.

Der Untergang des Morgenlandes

Warum die islamische Welt ihre Vormacht verlor
Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3838757920
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 1054
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Die Probleme der islamischen Welt sind unübersehbar, ebenso deren Folgen für den Westen. Mit dieser provokanten Feststellung analysiert Beranard Lewis die historische Entwicklung des Orients - insbesondere des Osmanischen Reiches und seine Nachfolgestaaten: Die einstige Drehscheibe der Kultur, des Fortschritts und der Kunst verlor im Laufe der Geschichte ihre zivilisatorische Vormachtrolle gegenüber dem Westen und geriet in einen konfliktträchtigen Dualismus zwischen Tradition und Moderne. Das E-Book wendet sich an Leser und Leserinnen, die sich für Lösungsansätze der Krise zwischen der islamischen und der westlichen Welt interessieren: Themenfelder wie Wohlstand und Macht, soziale und kulturelle Schranken, Modernisierung und soziale Gleichheit, Säkularismus und Zivilgesellschaft. Zeit, Raum und Modernität sind die Leitfäden der Darstellung. Die Originalausgabe des Bandes aus der Feder des Princeton-Emeritus Lewis erschien unter dem Titel "What went wrong?".

Guter Moslem, böser Moslem

Amerika und die Wurzeln des Terrors
Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783894014759
Category: Afghanistan
Page: 317
View: 1217
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"Der in Uganda geborene Sohn indischer Einwanderer, heute Professor an der Columbia Universität in New York, schreibt über religiösen Fundamentalismus und seine politischen Auswirkungen. Er wendet sich gegen die Vorstellung vom "Clash of civilizations" zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen und schildert, wie die "Achse des Bösen" aus den von den US-Amerikanern geförderten antikommunistischen Stellvertreterkriegen nach der Niederlage in Vietnam entstand. In diesem Buch-protegiert von Edward Said-zeigt sich Mamdani als leidenschaftlicher Häretiker."

Islamophobia/Islamophilia

Beyond the Politics of Enemy and Friend
Author: Andrew Shryock
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253004543
Category: Social Science
Page: 260
View: 7740
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"Islamophobia" is a term that has been widely applied to anti-Muslim ideas and actions, especially since 9/11. The contributors to this provocative volume explore and critique the usefulness of the concept for understanding contexts ranging from the Middle Ages to the modern day. Moving beyond familiar explanations such as good Muslim/bad Muslim stereotypes or the "clash of civilizations," they describe Islamophobia's counterpart, Islamophilia, which deploys similar oppositions in the interest of fostering public acceptance of Islam. Contributors address topics such as conflicts over Islam outside and within Muslim communities in North America, Europe, the Middle East, and South Asia; the cultural politics of literature, humor, and urban renewal; and religious conversion to Islam.

The Ulama in Contemporary Islam

Custodians of Change
Author: Muhammad Qasim Zaman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837519
Category: Religion
Page: 312
View: 6044
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From the cleric-led Iranian revolution to the rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan, many people have been surprised by what they see as the modern reemergence of an antimodern phenomenon. This book helps account for the increasingly visible public role of traditionally educated Muslim religious scholars (the `ulama) across contemporary Muslim societies. Muhammad Qasim Zaman describes the transformations the centuries-old culture and tradition of the `ulama have undergone in the modern era--transformations that underlie the new religious and political activism of these scholars. In doing so, it provides a new foundation for the comparative study of Islam, politics, and religious change in the contemporary world. While focusing primarily on Pakistan, Zaman takes a broad approach that considers the Taliban and the `ulama of Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, India, and the southern Philippines. He shows how their religious and political discourses have evolved in often unexpected but mutually reinforcing ways to redefine and enlarge the roles the `ulama play in society. Their discourses are informed by a longstanding religious tradition, of which they see themselves as the custodians. But these discourses are equally shaped by--and contribute in significant ways to--contemporary debates in the Muslim public sphere. This book offers the first sustained comparative perspective on the `ulama and their increasingly crucial religious and political activism. It shows how issues of religious authority are debated in contemporary Islam, how Islamic law and tradition are continuously negotiated in a rapidly changing world, and how the `ulama both react to and shape larger Islamic social trends. Introducing previously unexamined facets of religious and political thought in modern Islam, it clarifies the complex processes of religious change unfolding in the contemporary Muslim world and goes a long way toward explaining their vast social and political ramifications.

Unterwerfung

Roman
Author: Michel Houellebecq
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832188371
Category: Fiction
Page: 272
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Es ist vielleicht der umstrittenste Roman des letzten Jahres: ›Unterwerfung‹ handelt vom Zusammenprall der Kulturen und stellt Fragen zum Verhältnis von Orient und Okzident, von Judentum, Islam und Christentum – Fragen, die heute so relevant sind wie nie. Goncourt-Preisträger Michel Houellebecq präsentiert sich als furchtloser Gesellschaftsdenker, der die bestimmenden Spannungsverhältnisse unserer Epoche mit großer Ernsthaftigkeit – und zugleich mit virtuoser Ironie – ausdeutet. Er erzählt in ›Unterwerfung‹ die Geschichte des Literaturwissenschaftlers François. Der Akademiker forscht im Frankreich einer sehr nahen Zukunft zu dem dekadenten Schriftsteller Huysmans, der ihn sein Leben lang fasziniert. Zugleich verfolgt er die Ereignisse um die anstehende Präsidentschaftswahl: Während es dem charismatischen Kandidaten der Bruderschaft der Muslime gelingt, immer mehr Stimmen auf sich zu vereinigen, kommt es in der Hauptstadt zu tumultartigen Ausschreitungen. Als schließlich ein Bürgerkrieg unabwendbar scheint, verlässt François Paris ohne ein bestimmtes Ziel. Es ist der Beginn einer Reise in sein Inneres.

The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia

Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought
Author: Cemil Aydin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231510683
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 6467
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In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in modern Asia is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the age of high imperialism. Aydin compares Ottoman pan-Islamic and Japanese pan-Asian visions of world order from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He looks at when the idea of a universal "West" first took root in the minds of Asian intellectuals and reformers and how it became essential in criticizing the West for violating its own "standards of civilization." Aydin also illustrates why these anti-Western visions contributed to the decolonization process and considers their influence on the international relations of both the Ottoman and Japanese Empires during WWI and WWII. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia offers a rare, global perspective on how religious tradition and the experience of European colonialism interacted with Muslim and non-Muslim discontent with globalization, the international order, and modernization. Aydin's approach reveals the epistemological limitations of Orientalist knowledge categories, especially the idea of Eastern and Western civilizations, and the way in which these limitations have shaped not only the contradictions and political complicities of anti-Western discourses but also contemporary interpretations of anti-Western trends. In moving beyond essentialist readings of this history, Aydin provides a fresh understanding of the history of contemporary anti-Americanism as well as the ongoing struggle to establish a legitimate and inclusive international society.

Islam, Politics, Anthropology


Author: Filippo Osella,Benjamin Soares
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444324419
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 3465
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Part of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute SpecialIssue Book Series, Islam, Politics, Anthropology offerscritical reflections on past and current studies of Islam andpolitics in anthropology and charts new analytical approaches toexamining Islam in the post-9/11 world. Challenges current and past approaches to the study of Islamand Muslim politics in anthropology Offers a critical comprehensive review of past and currentliterature on the subject Presents innovative ethnographic description and analysis ofeveryday Muslim politics in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, andNorth America Proposes new analytical approaches to the study of Islam andMuslim politics

The Making of Anti-Muslim Protest

Grassroots Activism in the English Defence League
Author: Joel Busher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317339916
Category: Political Science
Page: 196
View: 1409
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Activism in any social movement group is, as Deborah Gould observes, a project of collective ‘world-making’. It is about changing the world out there by influencing policy and public opinion, but is also about the way it transforms the lives of participants – activists generate new identities, cultures, social ties, rich and varied emotional experiences and interpretations of the world around them. Movements are more likely to be able to attract and sustain support when as projects of collective world-making they feel compelling to activists and would-be activists. In this book Busher explores what has made activism in the English Defence League (EDL), an anti-Muslim protest movement that has staged demonstrations across the UK since 2009, so compelling to those who have chosen to march under its banner. Based on sixteen months of overt observation with grassroots activists, he explores how people became involved with the group; how they forged and intensified belief in the EDL cause; how they negotiated accusations that they were just another racist, far right group; and how grassroots EDL activism began to unravel during the course of 2011 but did not do so altogether. Providing a fresh insight as to how contemporary anti-minority protest movements work on the inside, this book will be of interest to students, scholars and activists working in the areas of British politics, extremism, social movements, community relations and current affairs more generally.

Orientalismus


Author: Edward W. Said
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783100710086
Category: Europa - Orientbild - Kultur - Geschichte 1800-2000
Page: 459
View: 4881
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Contemporary Issues in Islam


Author: Asma Afsaruddin
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748695753
Category: Religion
Page: 232
View: 9195
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This book deals with certain "e;hot-button"e; contemporary issues in Islam, including the Shari'a, jihad, the caliphate, women's status, and interfaith relations. Notably, it places the discussion of these topics within a longer historical framework in order

Muslim Politics


Author: Dale F. Eickelman,James P. Piscatori
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691120539
Category: Political Science
Page: 235
View: 7037
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In this updated paperback edition, Dale Eickelman and James Piscatori explore how the politics of Islam play out in the lives of Muslims throughout the world. They discuss how recent events such as September 11 and the 2003 war in Iraq have contributed to reshaping the political and religious landscape of Muslim-majority countries and Muslim communities elsewhere. As they examine the role of women in public life and Islamic perspectives on modernization and free speech, the authors probe the diversity of the contemporary Islamic experience, suggesting general trends and challenging popular Western notions of Islam as a monolithic movement. In so doing, they clarify concepts such as tradition, authority, ethnicity, pro-test, and symbolic space, notions that are crucial to an in-depth understanding of ongoing political events. This book poses questions about ideological politics in a variety of transnational and regional settings throughout the Muslim world. Europe and North America, for example, have become active Muslim centers, profoundly influencing trends in the Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, and South and Southeast Asia. The authors examine the long-term cultural and political implications of this transnational shift as an emerging generation of Muslims, often the products of secular schooling, begin to reshape politics and society--sometimes in defiance of state authorities. Scholars, mothers, government leaders, and musicians are a few of the protagonists who, invoking shared Islamic symbols, try to reconfigure the boundaries of civic debate and public life. These symbolic politics explain why political actions are recognizably Muslim, and why "Islam" makes a difference in determining the politics of a broad swath of the world.