Contesting Spirit

Nietzsche, Affirmation, Religion
Author: Tyler T. Roberts
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400822614
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 9480
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Challenging the dominant scholarly consensus that Nietzsche is simply an enemy of religion, Tyler Roberts examines the place of religion in Nietzsche's thought and Nietzsche's thought as a site of religion. Roberts argues that Nietzsche's conceptualization and cultivation of an affirmative self require that we interrogate the ambiguities that mark his criticisms of asceticism and mysticism. What emerges is a vision of Nietzsche's philosophy as the enactment of a spiritual quest informed by transfigured versions of religious tropes and practices. Nietzsche criticizes the ascetic hatred of the body and this-worldly life, yet engages in rigorous practices of self-denial--he sees philosophy as such a practice--and affirms the need of imposing suffering on oneself in order to enhance the spirit. He dismisses the "intoxication" of mysticism, yet links mysticism, power, and creativity, and describes his own self-transcending experiences. The tensions in his relation to religion are closely related to that between negation and affirmation in his thinking in general. In Roberts's view, Nietzsche's transfigurations of religion offer resources for a postmodern religious imagination. Though as a "master of suspicion," Nietzsche, with Freud and Marx, is an integral part of modern antireligion, he has the power to take us beyond the flat, modern distinction between the secular and the religious--a distinction that, at the end of modernity, begs to be reexamined.

Modernism After the Death of God

Christianity, Fragmentation, and Unification
Author: Stephen Kern
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351603175
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 190
View: 1003
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Modernism After the Death of God explores the work of seven influential modernists. Friedrich Nietzsche, James Joyce, D. H. Lawrence, André Gide, and Martin Heidegger criticized the destructive impact that they believed Christian sexual morality had had or threatened to have on their love life. Although not a Christian, Freud criticized the negative effect that Christian sexual morality had on his clinical subjects and on Western civilization, while Virginia Woolf condemned how her society was sanctioned by a patriarchal Christian authority. All seven worked to replace the loss or absence of Christian unity with non-Christian unifying projects in their respective fields of philosophy, psychiatry, or literature. The basic structure of their main contributions to modernist culture was a dynamic interaction of radical fragmentation necessitating radical unification that was always in process and never complete.

The Religion of Existence

Asceticism in Philosophy from Kierkegaard to Sartre
Author: Noreen Khawaja
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022640465X
Category: Religion
Page: 312
View: 2677
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TheReligion of Existence reopens an old debate on an important question: What was existentialism? At the heart of existentialism, Noreen Khawaja argues, is a story about secular thought experimenting with the traditions of European Christianity. This book explores how a distinctly Protestant asceticism formed the basis for the chief existentialist ideal, personal authenticity, which is reflected in approaches ranging from Kierkegaard’s religious theory of the self to Heidegger’s phenomenology of everyday life to Sartre’s global mission of atheistic humanism. Through these three philosophers, she argues, we observe how ascetic norms have shaped one of the twentieth century’s most powerful ways of thinking about identity and difference—the idea that the “true” self is not simply given but something that each of us is responsible for producing. Engaging with many central figures in modern European thought, this book will appeal to philosophers and historians of European philosophy, scholars of modern Christianity, and those working on problems at the intersection of religion and modernity.

Religion, Theory, Critique

Classic and Contemporary Approaches and Methodologies
Author: Richard King
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231518242
Category: Religion
Page: 672
View: 3124
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Religion, Theory, Critique is an essential tool for learning about theory and method in the study of religion. Leading experts engage with contemporary and classical theories as well as non-Western cultural contexts. Unlike other collections, this anthology emphasizes the dynamic relationship between "religion" as an object of study and different methodological approaches and openly addresses the question of the manifold ways in which "religion," "secular," and "culture" are imagined within different disciplinary horizons. This volume is the first textbook which seeks to engage discussion of classical approaches with contemporary cultural and critical theories. Contributors write on the influence of the natural sciences in the study of religion; the role of European Christianity in modeling theories of religion; religious experience and the interface with cognitive science; the structure and function of religious language; the social-scientific study of religion; ritual in religion; the phenomenology of religion; critical theory and religion; embodiment and religion; the impact of colonialism and modernity; theorizing religion in terms of race and ethnicity; links among religion, nationalism, and globalization; the interplay of gender, sex, and religion; and religion and the environment. Each chapter introduces the topic, identifies key theorists and issues, and respects the pluralistic nature of the scholarship in the field. Altogether, this collection scrutinizes the explicit and implicit assumptions theorists make about religion as an object of analysis.

Pious Nietzsche

Decadence and Dionysian Faith
Author: Bruce Ellis Benson
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253003571
Category: Philosophy
Page: 296
View: 4752
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Bruce Ellis Benson puts forward the surprising idea that Nietzsche was never a godless nihilist, but was instead deeply religious. But how does Nietzsche affirm life and faith in the midst of decadence and decay? Benson looks carefully at Nietzsche's life history and views of three decadents, Socrates, Wagner, and Paul, to come to grips with his pietistic turn. Key to this understanding is Benson's interpretation of the powerful effect that Nietzsche thinks music has on the human spirit. Benson claims that Nietzsche's improvisations at the piano were emblematic of the Dionysian or frenzied, ecstatic state he sought, but was ultimately unable to achieve, before he descended into madness. For its insights into questions of faith, decadence, and transcendence, this book is an important contribution to Nietzsche studies, philosophy, and religion.

The Politics of Postsecular Religion

Mourning Secular Futures
Author: Ananda Abeysekara
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231512678
Category: Philosophy
Page: 324
View: 4903
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Ananda Abeysekara contends that democracy, along with its cherished secular norms, is founded on the idea of a promise deferred to the future. Rooted in democracy's messianic promise is the belief that religious political identity-such as Buddhist, Hindu, Sinhalese, Christian, Muslim, or Tamil can be critiqued, neutralized, improved, and changed, even while remaining inseparable from the genocide of the past. This facile belief, he argues, is precisely what distracts us from challenging the violence inherent in postcolonial political sovereignty. At the same time, we cannot simply dismiss the democratic concept, since it permeates so deeply through our modernist, capitalist, and humanist selves. In The Politics of Postsecular Religion, Abeysekara invites us to reconsider our ethical-political legacies, to look at them not as problems, but as aporias, in the Derridean sense-that is, as contradictions or impasses incapable of resolution. Disciplinary theorizing in religion and politics, he argues, is unable to identify the aporias of our postcolonial modernity. The aporetic legacies, which are like specters that cannot be wished away, demand a new kind of thinking. It is this thinking that Abeysekara calls mourning and un-inheriting. Un-inheriting is a way of meditating on history that both avoids the simple binary of remembering and forgetting and provides an original perspective on heritage, memory, and time. Abeysekara situates aporias in the settings and cultures of the United States, France, England, Sri Lanka, India, and Tibet. In presenting concrete examples of religion in public life, he questions the task of refashioning the aporetic premises of liberalism and secularism. Through close readings of Nietzsche, Heidegger, Arendt, Derrida, Butler, and Agamben, as well as Foucault, Asad, Chakrabarty, Balibar, and Zizek, he offers readers a way to think about the futures of postsecular politics that is both dynamic and creative.

Spirit and the Obligation of Social Flesh

A Secular Theology for the Global City
Author: Sharon V. Betcher
Publisher: Fordham University Press
ISBN: 0823253929
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 2351
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Drawing on philosophical reflection, spiritual and religious values, and somatic practice, Spirit and the Obligation of Social Flesh offers guidance for moving amidst the affective dynamics that animate the streets of the global cities now amassing around our planet. Here theology turns decidedly secular. In urban medieval Europe, seculars were uncloistered persons who carried their spiritual passion and sense of an obligated life into daily circumambulations of the city. Seculars lived in the city, on behalf of the city, but contrary to the new profit economy of the time with a different locus of value: spirit. Betcher argues that for seculars today the possibility of a devoted life, the practice of felicity in history, still remains. Spirit now names a necessary "prosthesis," a locus for regenerating the elemental commons of our interdependent flesh and thus for cultivating spacious and fearless empathy, forbearance, and generosity. Her theological poetics, though based in Christianity, are frequently in conversation with other religions resident in our postcolonial cities.

Encountering Religion

Responsibility and Criticism After Secularism
Author: Tyler T. Roberts
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023114752X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 300
View: 4241
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Tyler Roberts encourages scholars to abandon the conceptual opposition between "secular" and "religious" to better understand how human beings actively and thoughtfully engage with their worlds and make meaning. The artificial distinction between a self-conscious and critical "academic study of religion" and an ideological and authoritarian "religion," he argues, only obscures the phenomenon. Instead, Roberts calls on intellectuals to approach the field as a site of "encounter" and "response," illuminating the agency, creativity, and critical awareness of religious actors. To respond to religion is to ask what religious behaviors and representations mean to us in our individual worlds, and scholars must confront questions of possibility and becoming that arise from testing their beliefs, imperatives, and practices. Roberts refers to the work of Hent de Vries, Eric Santner, and Stanley Cavell, each of whom exemplifies encounter and response in their writings as they traverse philosophy and religion to expose secular thinking to religious thought and practice. This approach highlights the resources religious discourse can offer to a fundamental reorientation of critical thought. In humanistic criticism after secularism, the lines separating the creative, the pious, and the critical themselves become the subject of question and experimentation.

Journal of Nietzsche Studies


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 5109
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The Reconstruction of Religion

Lessing, Kierkegaard, and Niezsche
Author: Jan-Olav Henriksen
Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 208
View: 2355
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Henriksen (systematic theology, Norwegian Lutheran School of Theology) compares the thought of Lessing, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche, particularly in concern to their approach to the conflict between religious traditions and modernity. He offers new interpretations of each philosopher's work, emphasiz

Telos


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 5981
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Nietzsche and the Divine


Author: John Lippitt,Jim Urpeth
Publisher: Clinamen PressLtd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 315
View: 5777
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This work represents a collaboration between scholars of Nietzsche and philosophers of religion. Nietzsche was responsible throughout his writing for the most telling modern meditation on the nature of religions of the world.

Pious Nietzsche

decadence and Dionysian faith
Author: Bruce Ellis Benson
Publisher: Indiana Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780253349644
Category: Philosophy
Page: 269
View: 2738
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Bruce Ellis Benson puts forward the surprising idea that Nietzsche was never a godless nihilist, but was instead deeply religious. But how does Nietzsche affirm life and faith in the midst of decadence and decay? Benson looks carefully at Nietzsche's life history and views of three decadents, Socrates, Wagner, and Paul, to come to grips with his pietistic turn. Key to this understanding is Benson's interpretation of the powerful effect that Nietzsche thinks music has on the human spirit. Benson claims that Nietzsche's improvisations at the piano were emblematic of the Dionysian or frenzied, ecstatic state he sought, but was ultimately unable to achieve, before he descended into madness. For its insights into questions of faith, decadence, and transcendence, this book is an important contribution to Nietzsche studies, philosophy, and religion.

Nietzsche and theology


Author: Craig Hovey
Publisher: T&T Clark
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 173
View: 2447
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Over a century ago, Nietzsche famously declared the death of God, but this has hardly kept Christian theologians from making positive use of this 'master of suspicion'. Nietzsche and Theology displays how his most generative and provocative ideas are also

Reading Nietzsche at the margins


Author: Steven V. Hicks,Alan Rosenberg
Publisher: Purdue Univ Pr
ISBN: 9781557534514
Category: Philosophy
Page: 227
View: 4324
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Reading Nietzsche at the Margins brings together leading Nietzsche scholars-Christa Davis Acampora, David B. Allison, Stuart Elden, Lawrence Hatab, Kathleen Higgins, Tyler Roberts, Richard Schacht, Gary Shapiro, Charles E. Scott, and Michael E. Zimmerman, among others. The scholars' essays examine a variety of key ideas in Nietzsche's writings that have been marginalized or slighted simply because they do not fit neatly into any of the usual categories of Nietzsche scholarship, for example, his ideas on love, laughter, friendship, compassion, forgetfulness, autocritique, convalescence, ecology, geo-philosophy, spirituality, music, war, terrorism, and the conflict of Islam and the West. These so-called "marginal" matters appear repeatedly in Nietzsche's writings, and his views on them are essential to his unique understanding of philosophy as "a way of life" or "in service of life" as opposed to a merely academic undertaking.

The shadow of the antichrist

Nietzsche's critique of Christianity
Author: Stephen Nantlais Williams
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780801027024
Category: Philosophy
Page: 311
View: 5418
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This unique look at Nietzsche's continuing influence invites evangelicals to listen to Nietzsche's critique of the church and perhaps learn from it

The Re-enchantment of the World

Secular Magic in a Rational Age
Author: Joshua Landy,Michael T. Saler
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 387
View: 5747
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The Re-Enchantment of the World is an interdisciplinary volume that challenges the long-prevailing view of modernity as "disenchanted." There is of course something to the widespread idea, so memorably put into words by Max Weber, that modernity is characterized by the "progressive disenchantment of the world." Yet what is less often recognized is the fact that a powerful counter-tendency runs alongside this one, an overwhelming urge to fill the vacuum left by departed convictions, and to do so without invoking superseded belief systems. In fact, modernity produces an array of strategies for re-enchantment, each fully compatible with secular rationality. It has to, because God has many "aspects"—or to put it in more secular terms, because traditional religion offers so much in so many domains. From one thinker to the next, the question of just what, in religious enchantment, needs to be replaced in a secular world receives an entirely different answer. Now, for the first time, many of these strategies are laid out in a single volume, with contributions by specialists in literature, history, and philosophy.

Hallowed Secularism

Theory, Belief, Practice
Author: B. Ledewitz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230619525
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 2056
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Bruce Ledewitz proposes a Reformation in secular thinking. He shows that in opposition to today's aggressive Atheism, religious sources are necessary if secularism is to promote fulfilling human relationships and peaceful international relations. Amid signs that secularism is growing in unhealthy ways, Ledewitz proposes a new secular way to live.

Nietzsche's Zarathustra and political thought


Author: James D. Stewart
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 237
View: 8626
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The Romance of Individualism in Emerson and Nietzsche


Author: David Mikics
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 263
View: 967
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The great American thinker Ralph Waldo Emerson and the influential German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, though writing in different eras and ultimately developing significantly different philosophies, both praised the individual's wish to be transformed, to be fully created for the first time. Emerson and Nietzsche challenge us to undertake the task of identity on our own, in order to see (in Nietzsche's phrase) “how one becomes what one is.” David Mikics's The Romance of Individualism in Emerson and Nietzsche examines the argument, as well as the affinity, between these two philosophers. Nietzsche was an enthusiastic reader of Emerson and inherited from him an interest in provocation as a means of instruction, an understanding of the permanent importance of moods and transitory moments in our lives, and a sense of the revolutionary character of impulse. Both were deliberately outrageous thinkers, striving to shake us out of our complacency. Rather than choosing between Emerson and Nietzsche, Professor Mikics attends to Nietzsche's struggle with Emerson's example and influence. Elegant in its delivery, The Romance of Individualism in Emerson and Nietzsche offers a significant commentary on the visions of several contemporary theorists whose interests intersect with those of Emerson and Nietzsche, especially Stanley Cavell, Jacques Lacan, Slavoj Zizek, and Harold Bloom.