Creating An Islamic State

Khomeini and the Making of a New Iran
Author: Vanessa Martin
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860649004
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 5952
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Here is a major contribution to understanding notions of Political Islam.

Das digitale Kalifat

Die geheime Macht des Islamischen Staates
Author: Abdel Bari Atwan
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406697283
Category: Political Science
Page: 299
View: 6859
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Der "Islamische Staat“ beruht auf zwei Pfeilern: auf seinem Territorium und auf einer digitalen Infrastruktur, mit der er hocheffizient organisiert wird. Abdel Bari Atwan, der das IS-Gebiet bereist und zahllose Interviews mit Jihadisten geführt hat, bietet in seinem Buch erstmals Einblicke in die digitalen Institutionen und Kommandostrukturen des IS und stellt dessen führende Köpfe vor. Viele Computerspiele faszinieren durch die Verbindung von mittelalterlichem Ambiente und Hightech. Genau hier liegt für viele Jihadisten auch die Faszination des IS, der eine "mittelalterliche“ Ordnung mit Hilfe des Internets aufrechterhält. Das Steuersystem orientiert sich am Koran, wird aber digital organisiert. Das Finanzwesen beruht auf dem Zinsverbot, verwaltet aber den Staatshaushalt und die Einnahmen aus Ölexport, Antiquitätenhandel und Entführung mit elektronischen Krypto-Währungen. Das Bildungswesen sorgt für Koranlektüre, aber auch für digital kompetenten Nachwuchs – auch weiblichen. Der Propagandaapparat setzt auf die Inszenierung von Gewalt und beschäftigt dafür eine ganze Armee von Fotografen, Video-Filmern und Spiele-Entwicklern. Atwan beschreibt die Rolle des Darknet und erklärt, warum die Cyber-Jihadisten dem elektronischen "Counter-Jihad“ immer eine Nasenlänge voraus sein werden. Sein alarmierender Bericht sollte allen zu denken geben, die den IS mit militärischen Mitteln besiegen wollen.

Khomeini

Life of the Ayatollah
Author: Baqer Moin
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850431282
Category: Heads of state
Page: 352
View: 4798
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This biography examines the process which saw an old Muslim theologian overthrow the Shah of Iran and become the leader of a militant Islamic regime. It examines the background and early life of the Ayatollah and the ideas and beliefs that lay behind his opposition to the Shah and formed the foundation of the new Islamic state.

Khomeinism

Essays on the Islamic Republic
Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850437796
Category: Iran
Page: 188
View: 9291
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Fanatic, dogmatic, fundamentalist - these are the words most commonly used to describe the Ayatollah Khomeini. Ervand Abrahamian's book challenges that view, arguing that Khomeini and his Islamic movement should be seen as a form of Third World political populism - a radical but pragmatic middle-class movement that strives to enter, rather than reject, the modern age.

Islam and the Making of the Nation

Kartosuwiryo and Political Islam in 20th Century Indonesia
Author: Chiara Formichi
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004260463
Category: Political Science
Page: 262
View: 904
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A testament to the relevance of historical research in understanding contemporary politics, Islam and the Making of the Nation guides the reader through the contingencies of the past that have led to the transformation of a nationalist leader into a 'separatist rebel' and a 'martyr', while at the same time shaping the public perception of political Islam and strengthening the position of the Pancasila in contemporary Indonesia.

The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia


Author: B. J. Boland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940117895X
Category: Religion
Page: 283
View: 9446
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With deep interest I have followed the Indonesian people's fight for freedom and independence from 1945 onwards. This interest has come to be centred in particular on the question of how religions, especially Islam, were involved in this struggle, and what role they would fulfil in the new Indonesia. After having lived and worked in Indonesia from 1946 to the end of 1959, I was twice more enabled to yisit I ndonesia thanks to grants from the Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research (WOTRO). It was during these sojourns in particular, from May to October 1966 and from February to July 1969, that the material for this study was collected, supplemented and checked. For the help I received during these visits I am greatly indebted to so many Indonesian informants that it is impossible to mention them all. Moreover, some of them would not appreciate being singled out by name. But while offering them these general thanks I am thinking of them all individually. In spite of all the help given and patience shown me, this publication is bound to be full of shortcomings. An older Muslim friend, however, once encouraged me by reminding me that perfection belongs only to God (al-kamal li'llah). Nevertheless, I should like to offer my apologies for errors and mistakes; I would appreciate it if readers drew my attention to them.

Sufi Shrines and the Pakistani State

The Making of an Islamic Identity
Author: Umber Bin Ibad
Publisher: I. B. Tauris
ISBN: 9781788311816
Category:
Page: 224
View: 3147
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After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Sufi shrines became highly contested. Considered deviant and 'un-Islamic', they soon fell under government control as part of a state-led strategy to create an 'official', more unified, Islamic identity. This book, the first to address the political history of Sufi shrines in Pakistan, explores the various ways in which the postcolonial state went about controlling their activities. Of key significance, Umber Bin Ibad shows, was the 'West Pakistan Waqf Properties Ordinance', a governmental decree issued in 1959. Formed when General Ayub Khan assumed the role of Chief Martial Law Administrator, this allowed the state to take over shrines as 'waqf property'. According to Islamic law, a waqf, or charitable endowment, had to be used for charitable or religious purposes and the state created a separate Auqaf department to control the finances and activities of all the shrines which were now under a state sponsored waqf system. Focusing on the Punjab - famous for its large number of shrines - the book is based on extensive primary research including newspapers, archival sources, interviews, court records and the official reports of the Auqaf department. At a time when Sufi shrines are being increasingly targeted by Islamist extremists, who view Sufism as heretical, this book sheds light on the shrines' contentious historical relationship with the state. An original contribution to South Asian Studies, the book will also be relevant to scholars of Colonial and Post-Colonial History and Sufism Studies.

Chasing a mirage

the tragic illusion of an Islamic state
Author: Tarek Fatah
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 410
View: 4232
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Contrasting the divergent goals, beliefs, aspirations, and motivations of Islamists and Muslims, a Canadian journalist examines the implications of an "Islamic State" vs. "state of Islam" for the world's Muslims and their non-Muslim neighbors.

The Islamic State in Britain

Radicalization and Resilience in an Activist Network
Author: Michael Kenney
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108470807
Category: Political Science
Page: 302
View: 4644
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Presents the first ethnographic study of al-Muhajiroun, an outlawed activist network that survived British counter-terrorism efforts and sent fighters to the Islamic State.

An Island of Stability

The Islamic Revolution of Iran and the Dutch Opinion
Author: Mark Thiessen
Publisher: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088900191
Category: History
Page: 77
View: 3784
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In 1979, the world was taken by surprise when the Iranian people revolted against their westernized ruling elite, and traded in the Shah for a radical Islamic republic ruled by the most senior Shiite cleric, ayatollah Khomeini. The Islamic revolution of Iran was a breaking point in history. It was the defining moment for Islam in the twentieth century and fuelled the Islamic confidence that has since then only grown. The roots of the revolution were deeply entrenched in the recent history of Iran, yet in the West, almost no one knew what was happening. The rise of ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic republic seemed to have come out of nowhere. In this book, historian Mark Thiessen tries to answer the most important questions of the Islamic revolution. What happened, and where did it come from? This book explores the background of the revolution, and gives a detailed account of its course. It analyzes the rise of Khomeini, and his ideology. By studying the archives of the Dutch embassy in Tehran, Thiessen finally tries to find out about the way the Dutch mission experienced and interpreted the revolution, at a time when the outcome was not yet clear.

Creating Enemies of the State

Religious Persecution in Uzbekistan
Author: Acacia Shields
Publisher: Human Rights Watch
ISBN: 9781564322999
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 319
View: 2560
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Ich bin eure Stimme

Das Mädchen, das dem Islamischen Staat entkam und gegen Gewalt und Versklavung kämpft
Author: Nadia Murad
Publisher: Knaur eBook
ISBN: 3426450127
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 376
View: 5221
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Am 3. August 2014 endet das Leben, wie Nadia Murad es kannte. Truppen des IS überfallen ihr jesidisches Dorf Kocho im Norden Iraks. Sie töten die Älteren und verschleppen die Jüngeren. Kleine Jungen sollen als Soldaten ausgebildet werden. Die Mädchen werden verschleppt und als Sklavinnen verkauft. An diesem Tag verliert Nadia Murad 44 Angehörige. Für sie beginnt ein beispielloses Martyrium: Drei Monate ist sie in der Gewalt des IS, wird Opfer von Demütigung, Folter, Vergewaltigung. Nur mit Glück und unvorstellbarem Mut gelingt ihr die Flucht vor ihren Peinigern. Sie schafft es in ein Flüchtlingslager und kommt von dort aus nach Deutschland. Tausende andere junge Frauen befinden sich bis heute in der Gewalt des IS. Deren Stimme zu sein und sie zu befreien hat Nadia Murad sich zur Aufgabe gemacht. Heute kämpft sie dafür, dass das Verbrechen des IS als Völkermord anerkannt wird und die Verantwortlichen vor den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof gestellt werden. Die Vereinten Nationen ernannten Nadia Murad zur Sonderbotschafterin, darüber hinaus wurde sie für den Friedensnobelpreis nominiert und mit dem Vaclav-Havel-Preises für Menschenrecht ausgezeichnet. Nun erzählt sie ihre bewegende Geschichte.

Entscheidungen


Author: Hillary Rodham Clinton
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426437716
Category: Fiction
Page: 912
View: 7448
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Seit mehr als zwanzig Jahren steht Hillary Rodham Clinton im Rampenlicht der internationalen Politik – zunächst als First Lady im Weißen Haus, dann als Senatorin des Bundesstaates New York und schließlich als Außenministerin im Kabinett von Barack Obama. Nun bewirbt sie sich für die Demokraten als Kandidatin für die nächste Präsidentschaft. In ihrem so politischen wie persönlichen Buch schildert Clinton Hintergründe und Zusammenhänge der wichtigsten politischen Ereignisse und formuliert ihre Vorstellungen von der Rolle, die die Vereinigten Staaten angesichts der globalen Herausforderungen spielen sollte.

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East


Author: Roger Owen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134432917
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 7451
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Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

The Political Thought of Ayatollah Murtaza Mutahhari

An Iranian Theoretician of the Islamic State
Author: Mahmood T. Davari
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134294883
Category: History
Page: 216
View: 3046
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Ayatollah Murtaza Mutahhari was a significant figure in the movement which brought the Islamic Republic of Iran into being. Mutahhari, a student of Ayatollah Khomeini and particularly close to his mentor, had broad theoretical concerns regarding religion, society and economy. He is generally considered as a prominent contemporary intellectual figure among the Iranian and Shi'ite scholars of the time. This book describes the life and works of this philosopher, jurist, preacher and writer, who was educated in the Qum Seminary and worked in Tehran.

Women and Politics in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Action and Reaction
Author: Sanam Vakil
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441197346
Category: Political Science
Page: 254
View: 8872
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Democracy and Islam in Indonesia


Author: Mirjam Künkler,Alfred Stepan
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231535058
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 6952
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Indonesia's military government collapsed in 1998, igniting fears that economic, religious, and political conflicts would complicate any democratic transition. Yet in every year since 2006, the world's most populous Muslim country has received high marks from international democracy-ranking organizations. In this volume, political scientists, religious scholars, legal theorists, and anthropologists examine the theory and practice of Indonesia's democratic transition and its ability to serve as a model for other Muslim countries. They compare the Indonesian example with similar scenarios in Chile, Spain, India, and Tunisia, as well as with the failed transitions of Yugoslavia, Egypt, and Iran. Essays explore the relationship between religion and politics and the ways in which Muslims became supportive of democracy even before change occurred, and they describe how innovative policies prevented dissident military groups, violent religious activists, and secessionists from disrupting Indonesia's democratic evolution. The collection concludes with a discussion of Indonesia's emerging "legal pluralism" and of which of its forms are rights-eroding and rights-protecting.

Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia


Author: Michael Leifer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135129452
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 7303
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This comprehensive Dictionary provides descriptive and analytical coverage of the turbulent political history and striking changes which have occurred both regionally and in key countries since the end of the Second World War. Substantially rewritten to take into account the dramatic political events and developments since 1995, the third edition of this acclaimed Dictionary will provide non-specialists and specialists alike with an essential resource on this constantly changing and volatile region. Including new entries, updated country profiles on Indonesia, Malaysia and Cambodia and a revised reading list, leading authority and commentator on this rapidly developing region Michael Leifer has brought this Dictionary fully up-to-date. Changes in government, the rise of new leaders and the knock-on effect on economy and society are covered including: the death of key figures such as Pol Pot and the rise of a new generation of leaders, dramatic changes of government in Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines and elections in Malaysia. Countries covered include Brunei, Burma (Myanmar),Cambodia (Kampuchea), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Key features include: * Individual entries provide detailed information and authoritative commentary on the central figures, political parties and organizations, political systems and structures, major events and key documents. * For each state covered, an extended narrative analyses its recent history and political and social development. * Extensive cross-referencing and a subject index lead the reader to the vital material. * Subject bibliographies refer researchers to source and secondary matter.

New Religions in Global Perspective

Religious Change in the Modern World
Author: Peter B. Clarke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113451705X
Category: Religion
Page: 408
View: 8277
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Peter B. Clarke’s in-depth account explores the innovative character of new religious movements and new forms of spirituality from a global vantage point. Ranging from North America and Europe to Japan, Latin America, South Asia, Africa and the Caribbean, it is the perfect introduction to NRMs such as Falun Gong, Aum Shirikyo, the Brahma Kumaris, the Ikhwan or Muslim Brotherhood, Sufism, the Engaged Buddhist and Engaged Hindi movements, Messianic Judaism and Rastafarianism. Charting the cultural significance and global impact of NRMs, he discusses the ways in which various religious traditions are shaping, rather than displacing, each other’s understanding of notions such as transcendence and faith, good and evil, of the meaning, purpose and function of religion, and of religious belonging. He then examines the responses of governments, churches, the media and general public to new religious movements, as well as the reaction to older, increasingly influential religions, such as Buddhism and Islam, in new geographical and cultural contexts. Taking into account the degree of continuity between old and new religions, each chapter contains not only an account of the rise of the NRMs and new forms of spirituality in a particular region, but also an overview of change in the regions’ mainstream religions.