Crime and Criminality

A multidisciplinary approach
Author: Sandie Taylor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317497562
Category: Social Science
Page: 822
View: 5275
The question of ‘why’ and ‘how’ certain individuals are drawn towards behaving in a way that contravenes the ‘Law of the Land’ is not an easy one to address. Researchers from various different fields have nevertheless attempted to develop theoretical explanations for the existence of different types of crime and why some individuals commit such acts. Crime and Criminality draws on criminology, sociology, psychology and neuroscience to offer a balanced perspective of crime, the criminal and criminality. Coverage includes: a comprehensive discussion of theoretical approaches to criminal behaviour, including biological, social and ‘rational choice’ approaches; an analysis of legal and social definitions of crime and how these definitions influence the way specific behaviours are labelled as criminal; an examination of different types of crime and criminals, from delinquents to ‘psychopaths’ and sex offenders; an exploration of different ways in which crime is predicted, including risk assessment and offender profiling and an overview of investigative techniques. Addressing a broad range of topics and offering a synthesis of competing theoretical explanations of criminality, this book is essential reading for students taking courses in criminology, criminal psychology, criminal behaviour, forensic psychology and psychological criminology.

Crime and Criminality

Causes and Consequences
Author: Ronald D. Hunter,Mark L. Dantzker
Publisher: Criminal Justice Press
ISBN: 9781588267733
Category: Social Science
Page: 277
View: 8972
This concise but thorough introductory textbook bridges the gap between theory and the real world of crime and criminal justice.

Measuring Crime and Criminality

Advances in Criminological Theory
Author: John MacDonald
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412844436
Category: Law
Page: 403
View: 5030
Measuring Crime and Criminality focuses on how different approaches to measuring crime and criminality are used to test existing criminological theories. Each chapter reviews a key approach for measuring criminal behavior and discusses its strengths or weaknesses for explaining the facts of crime or answers to central issues of criminological inquiry. The book describes the state of the field on different approaches for measuring crime and criminality as seen by prominent scholars in the field. Among the featured contributions are: The Use of Official Reports and Victimization Data for Testing Criminological Theories; The Design and Analysis of Experiments in Criminology; and Growth Curve/Mixture Models for Measuring Criminal Careers. Also included are papers titled: Counterfactual Methods of Causal Inference and Their Application to Criminology; Measuring Gene-Environment Interactions in the Cause of Antisocial Behavior and What Has Been Gained and Lost through Longitudinal Research and Advanced Statistical Models? This volume of Advances in Criminological Theory illustrates how understanding the various ways criminal behavior is measured is useful for developing theoretical insights on the causes of crime.

Of Crime and Criminality

The Use of Theory in Everyday Life
Author: Sally Simpson
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452264813
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 599
This collection of original essays is an innovative, effective way to teach crime theory to undergraduates. Each essay brings an important crime theory to life by applying that theory to a current crime event or topic of interest to students. An original introductory essay by Don Gibbons explains the origins of these different explanations for criminal behavior, and how they are similar to and different from one another.

Environmental Crime and Criminality

Theoretical and Practical Issues
Author: Sally M. Edwards,Terry D. Edwards,Charles B. Fields
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135813035
Category: Social Science
Page: 290
View: 6774
First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Crime and Coercion

An Integrated Theory of Chronic Criminality
Author: M. Colvin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0312292775
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 1164
In a major new theory of criminal behavior, Mark Colvin argues that chronic criminals emerge from a developmental process characterized by recurring, erratic episodes of coercion. Colvin's differential coercion theory, which integrates several existing criminological perspectives, lays out a compelling argument that coercive forces create social and psychological dynamics that lead to chronic criminal behavior. While Colvin's presentation focuses primarily on chronic street criminals, the theory is also applied to exploratory offenders and white-collar criminals. In addition, Colvin presents a critique of current crime control measures, which rely heavily on coercion, and offers in their place a comprehensive crime reduction program based on consistent, non-coercive practices.

Talking about Crime and Criminals

Problems and Issues in Theory Development in Criminology
Author: Don C. Gibbons
Publisher: N.A
Category: Crime.
Page: 227
View: 8093
Focuses on contemporary criminology theory about the causes of crime. This work outlines different theories and discusses: whether crime is homogenous; the social-structural processes in criminality; whether biosocial factors must be incorporated; and feminist criminology.

Crime and Criminals

Author: Michael Newton
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1604136286
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 128
View: 9518
Surveys the growth and development of crime and criminal justice, particularly in the United States; examines particular types of crime; and profiles notable examples.

Crime and criminality in British India

Author: Anand A. Yang
Publisher: Assn for Asian Studies Inc
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 4779

Crime Types and Criminals

Author: Frank E. Hagan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412964792
Category: Social Science
Page: 461
View: 4294
Crime Types and Criminals is an essential introduction to the study of criminology, focusing on crime types in particular. This book provides broad coverage of all major crime types, as well as coverage of research methods and theory. This book can be used both as a stand-alone and supplementary text in courses such as introduction to criminology, crime and society, deviant behaviour, crime profiling, and many other courses within the criminology and criminal justice discipline. Unlike many of the current criminology books on the market, this is a brief book that really talks about all kinds of crime and criminals in detail in a way to capture and retain student interest.


Crime and Criminality
Author: Martin R. Haskell,Lewis Yablonsky
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH)
Category: Social Science
Page: 672
View: 6038

Crime and Criminals of Victorian England

Author: Adrian Gray
Publisher: The History Press
ISBN: 075249676X
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 9400
Dark and foggy Victorian streets, the murderous madman, the arsenic-laced evening meal—we all think we know the realities of Victorian crime. Adrian Gray's book thrillingly reflects some of this, ranging over classic murders by knife and poison. But it also covers much more, taking the reader into less familiar parts of Victorian life, uncovering the wicked, the vengeful, the foolish, and the hopeless amongst the criminal world of the nineteenth century. Here you will encounter the women who sold their children, the bankers who stole the money they were supposed to keep safe, smugglers, highwaymen, the first terrorists, ruthless "footpads" and the "mesmerists" who fooled a credulous public, even the Salvationist band that went to gaol. The book takes in the cities, villages, lanes, mills, and ships of the period. In the process of telling a host of human tales, the author shows how our laws today have been shaped by what the Victorians considered acceptable—or made illegal.

Canadian criminology

perspectives on crime and criminality
Author: Margaret Jackson,Curt Taylor Griffiths,Alison Hatch
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 518
View: 5259

Media, Crime, and Criminal Justice

Author: Ray Surette
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305177959
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 7209
MEDIA, CRIME, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE is the definitive text on media and criminal justice. The book features impeccable scholarship, a direct and approachable style, and an engaging format--supported by visual examples and sidebar material that complements the narrative. With the ever-increasing role of media in both reporting crime and shaping it into infotainment, the importance of the interplay between contemporary media and the criminal justice system is greater today than ever before. Author Ray Surette comprehensively surveys this interplay and showcases its impact, emphasizing that people use media-provided knowledge to construct a picture of the world and then act based on this constructed reality. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Gender and Criminality in Bangla Crime Narratives

Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Author: Shampa Roy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137515988
Category: Social Science
Page: 247
View: 7785
This book examines diverse literary writings in Bangla related to crime in late nineteenth and early twentieth century colonial Bengal, with a timely focus on gender. It analyses crime-centred fiction and non-fiction in the region to see how actual or imagined crimes related to women were shaped and fashioned into images and narratives for contemporary genteel readers. The writings have been examined within a social-historical context where gender was a fiercely contested terrain for publicly fought debates on law, sexual relations, reform, and identity as moulded by culture, class, and caste. Both canonized literary writings (like those of Bankim Chatterji) as well as non-canonical, popular writings (of writers who have not received sufficient critical attention) are scrutinised in order to examine how criminal offences featuring women (as both victims and offenders) have been narrated in early manifestations of the genre of crime writing in Bangla. An empowered and thought-provoking study, this book will be of special interest to scholars of criminology and social justice, literature, and gender.

Criminals and Victims

Author: W. David Allen
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804777594
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 312
View: 6068
Criminals and Victims presents an economic analysis of decisions made by criminals and victims of crime before, during, and after a crime or victimization occurs. Its main purpose is to illustrate how the application of analytical tools from economics can help us to understand the causes and consequences of criminal and victim choices, aiding efforts to deter or reduce the consequences of crime. By examining these decisions along a logical timeline over which crimes take place, we can begin to think more clearly about how policy effects change when it is targeted at specific decisions within the body of a crime. This book differs from others by recognizing the timeline of a crime, paying particular attention to victim decisions, and examining each step in the crime cycle at the micro-level. It demonstrates that criminals plan their crimes in systematic, economically logical ways; that deterring the destruction of criminal evidence may deter crime in general; and that white-collar criminals exhibit recidivism patterns not unlike those of street criminals. It further shows that the degree of criminality in a society motivates a variety of self-protection behaviors by potential victims; that not all victim resistance makes matters worse (and some may help); and that victims who report their crimes do not receive high returns for going to the police, helping to explain why some crimes ultimately go unreported.

The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology

On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality
Author: Kevin M. Beaver,J.C. Barnes,Brian B. Boutwell
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483322653
Category: Social Science
Page: 472
View: 6928
The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. Kevin M. Beaver, J.C. Barnes, and Brian B. Boutwell aim to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.

The Mark of Criminality

Rhetoric, Race, and Gangsta Rap in the War-on-Crime Era
Author: Bryan J. McCann
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817319484
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 208
View: 4361
The Mark of Criminality illustrates the ways that the “war on crime” became conjoined—aesthetically, politically, and rhetorically—with the emergence of gangsta rap as a lucrative and deeply controversial subgenre of hip-hop. In The Mark of Criminality: Rhetoric, Race, and Gangsta Rap in the War-on-Crime Era, Bryan J. McCann argues that gangsta rap should be viewed as more than a damaging reinforcement of an era’s worst racial stereotypes. Rather, he positions the works of key gangsta rap artists, as well as the controversies their work produced, squarely within the law-and-order politics and popular culture of the 1980s and 1990s to reveal a profoundly complex period in American history when the meanings of crime and criminality were incredibly unstable. At the center of this era—when politicians sought to prove their “tough-on-crime” credentials—was the mark of criminality, a set of discourses that labeled members of predominantly poor, urban, and minority communities as threats to the social order. Through their use of the mark of criminality, public figures implemented extremely harsh penal polices that have helped make the United States the world’s leading jailer of its adult population. At the same time when politicians like Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton and television shows such as COPS and America’s Most Wanted perpetuated images of gang and drug-filled ghettos, gangsta rap burst out of the hip-hop nation, emanating mainly from the predominantly black neighborhoods of South Central Los Angeles. Groups like NWA and solo artists (including Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, and Tupac Shakur) became millionaires by marketing the very discourses political and cultural leaders used to justify their war on crime. For these artists, the mark of criminality was a source of power, credibility, and revenue. By understanding gangsta rap as a potent, if deeply imperfect, enactment of the mark of criminality, we can better understand how crime is always a site of struggle over meaning. Furthermore, by underscoring the nimble rhetorical character of criminality, we can learn lessons that may inform efforts to challenge our nation’s failed policies of mass incarceration.

Female Crime, Criminals, and Cellmates

An Exploration of Female Criminality and Delinquency
Author: Ronald B. Flowers
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786400690
Category: Social Science
Page: 286
View: 8100
In the United States female crime has grown at a faster rate than male crime over the past couple of decades. Despite this, only limited research has been done by criminologists, psychologists and sociologists on this growing problem. This study examines female criminals; who they are, where they come from, what crimes they commit, why they commit criminal and delinquent acts, and how they are incarcerated. Part One discusses the extent and nature of female crime in the United States, and compares it to male crime. Part Two looks at early theories on the topic. Part Three explores the criminality and deviance of women offenders, while Part Four concentrates on the crimes and delinquency of juveniles. The work concludes with a discussion of female offenders in the custody of correctional authorities.

Celebrity Culture and Crime

The Joy of Transgression
Author: R. Penfold-Mounce
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230248306
Category: Social Science
Page: 196
View: 1284
In the 21st century celebrities and celebrity culture thrives. This book explores the much noted but little analyzed relationship between celebrity and crime. Criminals who become celebrities and celebrities who become criminals are examined, drawing on Foucault's theory of governance.