Crime and Networks


Author: Carlo Morselli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113464339X
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 7387
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This innovative collection of original essays showcases the use of social networks in the analysis and understanding of various forms of crime. More than any other past research endeavor, the seventeen chapters in this book apply to criminology the many conceptual and methodological options from social network analysis. Crime and Networks is the only book of its kind that looks at the use of networks in understanding crime, and can be used for advanced undergraduate and beginner’s graduate level courses in criminal justice and criminology.

Digital Criminology

Crime and Justice in Digital Society
Author: Anastasia Powell,Gregory Stratton,Robin Cameron
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351795058
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 1331
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The infusion of digital technology into contemporary society has had significant effects for everyday life and for everyday crimes. Digital Criminology: Crime and Justice in Digital Society is the first interdisciplinary scholarly investigation extending beyond traditional topics of cybercrime, policing and the law to consider the implications of digital society for public engagement with crime and justice movements. This book seeks to connect the disparate fields of criminology, sociology, legal studies, politics, media and cultural studies in the study of crime and justice. Drawing together intersecting conceptual frameworks, Digital Criminology examines conceptual, legal, political and cultural framings of crime, formal justice responses and informal citizen-led justice movements in our increasingly connected global and digital society. Building on case study examples from across Australia, Canada, Europe, China, the UK and the United States, Digital Criminology explores key questions including: What are the implications of an increasingly digital society for crime and justice? What effects will emergent technologies have for how we respond to crime and participate in crime debates? What will be the foundational shifts in criminological research and frameworks for understanding crime and justice in this technologically mediated context? What does it mean to be a ‘just’ digital citizen? How will digital communications and social networks enable new forms of justice and justice movements? Ultimately, the book advances the case for an emerging digital criminology: extending the practical and conceptual analyses of ‘cyber’ or ‘e’ crime beyond a focus foremost on the novelty, pathology and illegality of technology-enabled crimes, to understandings of online crime as inherently social.

When Crime Appears

The Role of Emergence
Author: Jean Marie McGloin,Christopher J. Sullivan,Leslie W. Kennedy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136624481
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 5810
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In recent years, the idea of emergence, which suggests that observed patterns in behavior and events are not fully reductive and stem from complex lower-level interactions, has begun to take hold in the social sciences. Criminologists have started to use this framework to improve our general understanding of the etiology of crime and criminal behavior. When Crime Appears: The Role of Emergence is concerned with our ability to make sense of the complex underpinnings of the end-stage patterns and events that we see in studying crime and offers an early narrative on the concept of emergence as it pertains to criminological research. Collectively, the chapters in this volume provide a sense of why the emergence framework could be useful, outlines its core conceptual properties, provides some examples of its potential application, and presents some discussion of methodological and analytic issues related to its adoption.

Handbook of Quantitative Criminology


Author: Alex R. Piquero,David Weisburd
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387776507
Category: Social Science
Page: 787
View: 6136
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Quantitative criminology has certainly come a long way since I was ?rst introduced to a largely qualitative criminology some 40 years ago, when I was recruited to lead a task force on science and technology for the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. At that time, criminology was a very limited activity, depending almost exclusively on the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) initiated by the FBI in 1929 for measurement of crime based on victim reports to the police and on police arrests. A ty- cal mode of analysis was simple bivariate correlation. Marvin Wolfgang and colleagues were makingan importantadvancebytrackinglongitudinaldata onarrestsin Philadelphia,an in- vation that was widely appreciated. And the ?eld was very small: I remember attending my ?rst meeting of the American Society of Criminology in about 1968 in an anteroom at New York University; there were about 25–30 people in attendance, mostly sociologists with a few lawyers thrown in. That Society today has over 3,000 members, mostly now drawn from criminology which has established its own clear identity, but augmented by a wide variety of disciplines that include statisticians, economists, demographers, and even a few engineers. This Handbook provides a remarkable testimony to the growth of that ?eld. Following the maxim that “if you can’t measure it, you can’t understand it,” we have seen the early dissatisfaction with the UCR replaced by a wide variety of new approaches to measuring crime victimization and offending.

Criminal Justice and Regulation Revisited

Essays in Honour of Peter Grabosky
Author: Lennon Y.C. Chang,Russell Brewer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351702637
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 1367
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This volume brings together leading researchers to celebrate the significant contributions of Peter Grabosky to the field of Criminology, and in particular his work developing and adapting regulatory theory to the study of policing and security. Over the past three decades, his path-breaking theoretical and empirical research has contributed to a burgeoning literature on the myriad ways regulatory systems drive state and non-state interactions in an effort to control crime. This collection of essays showcases Grabosky’s pioneering treatment of key regulatory concepts as they relate to such interactions, and illustrate how his work has been instrumental in shaping contemporary scholarship and practice around the governance of security. Revisiting the work of a key figure in the field, this book will be of interest to criminologists, sociologists, socio-legal studies and those engaged with security and policy studies.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412950325
Category: Social Science
Page: 479
View: 3507
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Based on Russell Schutt's bestselling text Investigating the Social World, this Third Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is the most comprehensive research methods text available to students in criminal justice and criminology. Specifically designed for criminal justice courses and programs, this innovative text uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. With expanded coverage of topics like causation, ethics, and qualitative analysis, along with a comprehensive and one-of-a-kind ancillary package, the Third Edition is a text both students and instructors will appreciate.

Criminal Justice Theory

Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice
Author: Edward R. Maguire,David E. Duffee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134706189
Category: Social Science
Page: 504
View: 978
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Criminal Justice Theory, Second Edition is the first and only text, edited by U.S. criminal justice educators, on the theoretical foundations of criminal justice, not criminological theory. This new edition includes entirely new chapters as well as revisions to all others, with an eye to accessibility and coherence for upper division undergraduate and beginning graduate students in the field.

Criminology and Criminal Justice

A Study Guide
Author: Peter Joyce
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315310279
Category: Social Science
Page: 342
View: 1721
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A broad and comprehensive guide to the study of criminology and criminal justice at undergraduate level, this book is essential reading for new students. Assuming no prior knowledge, it offers an essential overview to key themes and issues, brings together theory with practice, and provides useful hints and suggestions for developing the skills required to see you on your way throughout your degree. Features of the book include: A detailed discussion of the study of criminology and criminal justice in Higher Education, An overview of theories of crime and deviance, A discussion as to why and how we punish offenders, An exploration of the criminal justice system in England and Wales, A guide to criminological research and the methods and concepts involved, Examples of original sources in criminology, including key websites, Tips and advice on skills in criminology and criminal justice, including referencing and the presentation of written work, A full glossary of key terms. The new edition has been fully revised and updated and includes a new chapter on theories and explanations of punishment. Each chapter includes a series of ‘Taking It Further’ exercises to encourage well-developed essays and critical thinking. They culminate in a final chapter offering guidelines as to how these exercises might be answered. This book is indispensable for the criminology undergraduate and a benchmark for academic success.

Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Dantzker,Ronald D. Hunter,Susan T. Quinn
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 1284113019
Category: Medical
Page: 258
View: 8435
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Ideal for undergraduate or graduate-level courses, Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice, Fourth Edition introduces students to the functions of criminal justice research including basic ideas behind scientific theory, research language, and research design.

Biosocial Criminology

New Directions in Theory and Research
Author: Anthony Walsh,Kevin M Beaver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135857792
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 5695
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Ideal for use, either as a second text in a standard criminology course, or for a discrete course on biosocial perspectives, this book of original chapters breaks new and important ground for ways today's criminologists need to think more broadly about the crime problem.

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime


Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317575903
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 6632
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Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. The author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.

Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Travis C. Pratt,Jacinta M. Gau,Travis W. Franklin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412970148
Category: Law
Page: 189
View: 8385
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By focusing on key ideas in both criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective to understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice -- heretofore, the practice has been to separate criminology and criminal justice. However, given their interconnected nature, this book brings both together cohesively. In going beyond simply identifying and discussing key contributions and their effects by giving students a broader socio-political context for each key idea, this book concretely conceptualizes the key ideas in ways that students will remember and understand.

Actor-Network Theory and Crime Studies

Explorations in Science and Technology
Author: Dominique Robert,Martin Dufresne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317185617
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 9965
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Developed by Bruno Latour and his collaborators, actor-network theory (ANT) offers crimes studies a worthy intellectual challenge. It requires us to take the performativity turn, consider the role of objects in our analysis and conceptualize all actants (human and non-human) as relational beings. Thus power is not the property of one party, but rather it is an effect of the relationships among actants. This innovative collection provides a series of empirical and theoretical contributions that shows: ¢ The importance of conceptualizing and analyzing technologies as crucial actants in crime and crime control. ¢ The many facets of ANT: its various uses, its theoretical blending with other approaches, its methodological implications for the field. ¢ The fruitfulness of ANT for studying technologies and crime studies: its potential and limitations for understanding the world and revamping crime studies research goals. Students, academics and policy-makers will benefit from reading this collection in order to explore criminology-related topics in a different way.

Today's White Collar Crime

Legal, Investigative, and Theoretical Perspectives
Author: Hank J. Brightman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135843511
Category: Law
Page: 448
View: 2340
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Written as a text for undergraduate courses, this book appeals to instructors interested in teaching the field of white-collar crime, both from a matter-of-fact investigative perspective as well as a decidedly academic endeavor. Accordingly, it goes beyond discussing the basic theories and typologies of commonly-encountered offenses such as fraud, forgery, embezzlement, and currency counterfeiting, to include the legalistic aspects of white-collar crime. It also explores the investigative tools and analytical techniques needed if students wish to pursue careers in this field. Because of the inextricable links between abuse-of-trust crimes such as misuse of government office, nepotism, and bribery and the realm of corporate corruption, these issues are also included. The text also maintains a connection between white-collar crime and acts of international terrorism; as well as the more controversial aspects of possible abuses of power within the public arena posed by the USA Patriot Act of 2001 and the asset forfeiture process. Adapted readings at the end of each chapter provide readable cases of white collar crime in action to illustrate the principles / theories presented. Activities, Exercises, and Photographs are also included in each of the 10 chapters and a Companion Web Site provides additional test items and other instructor support material.

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology


Author: Michael G. Maxfield,Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337091820
Category: Education
Page: 496
View: 1982
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Featuring real-world examples throughout and comprehensive coverage of quantitative and qualitative methods, the market-leading RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY combines the scholarship, accuracy, and conversational tone of Earl Babbie's best-selling THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH with Mike Maxfield's expertise in criminology and criminal justice. Providing the most comprehensive, authoritative introduction to criminal justice research available today -- and enhanced by new examples, research, applications, and built-in study tools -- the eighth edition continues its focus on getting students to DO research. Updates include the latest techniques and technologies for sampling and surveys as well as current methods in content analysis and secondary data analysis. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Transnational Crime and Criminal Justice


Author: Marinella Marmo,Nerida Chazal
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473966167
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 3256
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Providing you with a wide-ranging introduction to key international issues in crime and its control, this book covers all essential theories, and clearly explains their relevance to the world today. Going beyond just looking at organized crime, the book covers a range of topics including: Human rights Terrorism Trafficking Cybercrime Environmental crime International Law Plenty of case studies and examples are included throughout, including the Bali 9, Rana Plaza and the shooting of Charles De Menezes , and tips on further reading make it easy to know where to go to engage with more debates in the field. Making sure you’re up to date with current issues, this book will be essential reading for students in Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as those in Law and International Relations.

Statistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Jeffery T. Walker,Sean Maddan
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449616305
Category: Law
Page: 594
View: 3166
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This updated Fourth Edition of Statistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice: Analysis and Interpretation provides students with a firm knowledge base in the theory and application of statistical analysis. It focuses on data collection, knowing which statistics to use with what data, how to interpret output of SPSS (an IBM company), explanations and demonstrations of statistical procedures, why procedures give the results they do, how to interpret the output of statistical analyses, and more. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Contacts, Opportunities, and Criminal Enterprise


Author: Carlo Morselli
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802038115
Category: Social Science
Page: 159
View: 1335
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In Contacts, Opportunities, and Criminal Enterprise, Carlo Morselli examines how business-oriented criminals who have personal networks designed to promote high numbers of diverse contacts achieve and maintain competitive advantages in their earning activities and overall criminal careers.

The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Beth M. Huebner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118868781
Category: Social Science
Page: 600
View: 6294
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This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Narrative Criminology

Understanding Stories of Crime
Author: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479823414
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 6409
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Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.