Crime in Context

A Critical Criminology of Market Societies
Author: Ian Taylor
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745668720
Category: Political Science
Page: 316
View: 2689
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This book is a timely and wide-ranging account of the relationship between the development of a 'free market society' in Europe and North America and the fears and anxieties provoked by crime. It offers an evaluation of the theoretical schools in social theory and in criminology which continue to dominate the academy, but whose purchase on contemporary realities is everywhere slipping.

Soziologie sozialer Probleme und sozialer Kontrolle

Realitäten, Repräsentationen und Politik
Author: Axel Groenemeyer,Silvia Wieseler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531157498
Category: Social Science
Page: 602
View: 2419
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Soziale Probleme werden als öffentliche und politische Themen problematisiert; die in diesen Prozessen etablierten Repräsentationen bilden die Grundlage für Prozesse der Institutionalisierung neuer Realitäten, die z. B. die Form politischer Maßnahmen annehmen können und über deren Funktionen und Effekte sie sich reproduzieren und verändern. So schien es vielen Beobachtern und Beobachterinnen in den letzten dreißig Jahren, dass das Konzept ‚Soziale Probleme’ soziologisch nur Sinn machen könne, wenn man es mit einem strikt konstruktivistischen Theorieprogramm und dessen Fragen nach der Prozessen und Bedingungen der öffentlichen Problemati-sierung sozialer Probleme identifizieren würde. Dieses Forschungsprogramm hat sich in den letzten Jahren zu einem fruchtbaren Feld theoretischer und empirischer Forschung entwickelt. Gesellschaftliche Konstruktion bedeutet allerdings nicht Beliebigkeit und Diskurse der Problematisierung sind genauso real wie ihre gesellschaftlichen, politischen und individuellen Konsequenzen. Mit ihnen befasst sich eine andere Soziologie sozialer Probleme, die sich der Analyse einzelner sozialer Probleme und der auf sie bezogenen Formen der Politik, Intervention und sozialer Kontrolle widmet. Es ist genau diese doppelte Fragestellung, die die Soziologie sozialer Probleme und sozialer Kontrolle auszeichnet. Der vorliegende Band bietet einen profunden Überblick über den aktuellen Diskussionsstand in diesem wichti-gen Forschungsfeld und reflektiert damit die Lebendigkeit und Fruchtbarkeit der Soziologie sozialer Probleme und sozialer Kontrolle.

Criminology

A Reader
Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Gayle Letherby
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1848605331
Category: Social Science
Page: 408
View: 480
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This reader provides a comprehensive introduction for students studying criminology at undergraduate level. Not only does the book include 34 essential readings, but also editorial commentary with section introductions, study questions, and suggestions for further reading. The reader will provide a thorough grounding in issues related to the study of crime, the criminal justice system, and social control. In their selection the editors have sought to indicate crime's varied and conflicting history as well as its current debates. The mixture of historical and more recent readings shows a variety of perspectives. The Reader will be an essential sourcebook for students and teachers in the fields of criminology, criminal justice studies, the sociology of crime and deviance, socio- legal studies, social policy, criminal law and social work.

Understanding Deviance

A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking
Author: David M. Downes,Paul Elliott Rock
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199278282
Category: Law
Page: 374
View: 5949
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Downes and Rock's popular textbook, Understanding Deviance provides the reader with an indispensable guide to criminological theory. It sympathetically outlines the principal theories of crime and rule-breaking, discussing them chronologically, and placing them in their European and NorthAmerican contexts, confronting major criticisms that have been voiced against them, and constructing defences where appropriate. The book has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date to include new issues of crime, deviance and theory in the early twenty-first century, and includes summaries of cultural criminology and the work of Laub and Sampson, and Gottfredson and Hirschi, on control theory.

Measuring Organised Crime in Europe

A Feasibility Study of a Risk-based Methodology Across the European Union
Author: Tom Vander Beken
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9789062159390
Category: Law
Page: 251
View: 4739
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Recent years have been characterised by growing awareness among European member states about serious shortcomings to the way organised crime is measured and assessed. Currently, organised crime reports primarily generate descriptive analyses of a past situation based on law enforcement data and do not always provide the necessary information for proactive and preventive policy strategies. Therefore an EU Action Plan has been issued to develop a more future oriented and risk based methodology for the measurement of organised crime and to convert the traditional organised crime situation reports into strategic reports for planning purposes. This book is the outcome of two studies undertaken by a team composed of Belgian, Italian and Swedish researchers for the European Commission. It presents an overview of current practices in the measurement of organised crime in Europe and includes a discussion about the concept and the assessment of the impact of the phenomenon. Further the feasibility of the implementation of the existing EU Action Plan was studied and evaluated. As a result of applied research Measuring Organised Crime in Europe provides an in depth and comparative analysis of current practice in drafting organised crime reports across and by the EU and offers new ideas to improve their quality.

Crime, Risk and Justice

The Politics of Crime Control in Liberal Democracies
Author: Kevin Stenson,Robert R. Sullivan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1903240395
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 2921
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From being a relatively marginal political issue, crime control has risen rapidly up the social and political agendas of western societies. As inequalities have increased, so the actual and perceived risks of crime and other social ills have grown rapidly for all sections of society: the management of risk has become a central concern. In response, the state has increasingly devolved responsibility for personal security onto individuals, resulting in an explosion of private security arrangements related to the home, the person and personal property. At the same time the state has addressed itself in increasingly draconian fashion to more serious crime: retributive sentencing has grown even harsher. This book addresses a range of themes arising from these developments. An eminent cast of criminologists from Britain, the USA and Australia explores the links between crime and risk -- from the depiction of crime in the media to the dilemmas of policing, from the new punitiveness of criminal justice systems to the custodial warehousing of the poor and excluded. A central connecting theme of the book is that crime control can no longer be viewed as a technical operation of law enforcement and adjudication; rather it has become a central feature of the increasingly pluralised and complex government of liberal societies.v

Unwanted

Muslim Immigrants, Dignity, and Drug Dealing
Author: Sandra M. Bucerius
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199968950
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 558
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The immigration of Muslims to Europe and the integration of later generations presents many challenges to European societies. Unwanted builds on five years of ethnographic research with a group of fifty-five second-generation Muslim immigrant drug dealers in Frankfurt, Germany to examine the relationship between immigration, social exclusion, and the informal economy. Having spent countless hours with these young men, hanging out in the streets, in cafes or bars and at the local community center, Sandra Bucerius explores the intimate aspects of one of the most discriminated and excluded populations in Germany. Bucerius looks at how the young men negotiate their participation in the drug market while still trying to adhere to their cultural and religious obligations and how they struggle to find a place within German society. The young men considered their involvement in the drug trade a response to their exclusion at the same time that it provides a means of forging an identity and a place within German society. The insights into the lives, hopes, and dreams of these young men, who serve as an example for many Muslim and otherwise marginalized immigrant youth groups in Western countries, provides the context necessary to understand their actions while never obscuring the many contradictory facets of their lives.

The Dark Side of Prosperity

Late Capitalism’s Culture of Indebtedness
Author: Mark Horsley
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472436598
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 8589
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This book offers a critical analysis of consumer credit markets and the growth of outstanding debt, presenting in-depth interview material to explore the phenomenon of mass indebtedness through the life trajectories of self-identified debtors struggling with the pressures of owing money. A rich and original qualitative study of the close relationship between financial capitalism, consumer aspirations, social exclusion and the proliferation of personal indebtedness, The Dark Side of Prosperity examines questions of social identity, subjectivity and consumer motivation in close connection with the socio-cultural ideals of an ‘enjoyment society’ that binds the value of the lives of individuals to the endless acquisition and disposal of pecuniary resources and lifestyle symbols. Critically engaging with the work of Giddens, Beck and Bauman, this volume draws on the thought of contemporary philosophers including Žižek, Badiou and Rancière to consider the possibility that the expansion of outstanding consumer credit, despite its many consequences, may be integral to the construction of social identity in a radically indeterminate and increasingly divided society. A ground-breaking work of critical social research this book will appeal to scholars of social theory, contemporary philosophy and political and economic sociology, as well as those with interests in consumer credit and cultures of indebtedness.

Supranational Criminology

Towards a Criminology of International Crimes
Author: Alette Smeulers,Roelof Haveman
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 593
View: 374
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The study of international crimes - such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide - deserves to grow into a separate and fully fledged specialization within criminology, called supranational criminology. Supranational criminology entails the study of international crimes, behavior that shows affinity with these crimes, the causes and the situations in which they are committed, as well as interventions and their effectiveness. What exactly entails supranational criminology? What are international crimes? Should other forms of behavior also be qualified as international crimes? What are the specific characteristics of international crimes as forms of state sponsored or state facilitated crimes? Explanatory theories have to be developed which can be translated into testable hypotheses. Which theories from mainstream criminology can provide answers for the prevalence or causes of international crimes? Have the international courts and tribunals succeeded in their aim? This book repairs the fundamental and historical neglect of criminology and breaks out of a state of denial by putting international crimes on the criminological agenda.

Jahrbuch für Rechts- und Kriminalsoziologie


Author: Wolfgang Stangl,Gerhard Hanak
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783832900847
Category: Criminal law
Page: 286
View: 5755
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Unsichere Grossstädte?

vom Mittelalter bis zur Postmoderne
Author: Martin Dinges,Fritz Sack
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783879406524
Category: Cities and towns
Page: 396
View: 7935
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Wieviel Kriminalität braucht die Gesellschaft?


Author: Nils Christie
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406527876
Category: Crime
Page: 190
View: 5219
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Communities, Crime and Social Capital in Contemporary China


Author: Lena Y. Zhong
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 277
View: 1360
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This book explores the theoretical and empirical dimensions of community crime prevention in China, examining in particular the role of social capital in a rapidly modernizing economic, social and political context. In doing so it provides a vivid picture of contemporary crime and crime control in China as well as analyzing the very particular Chinese approach to community crime prevention, looking at such social institutions as the household registration system, the neighbourhood committee, the work unit and the public security bureau. The particular focus of this book is on BLSCC â^' Building Little Safe and Civilized Communities â^' in the city of Shenshen which has been undergoing rapid change. The book looks at two contrasting communities within the city, looking at their different characteristics and the differing ways in which social capital operates in relation to crime and crime prevention. As well as shedding light on the hitherto largely hidden subject of crime prevention in China this book also makes an important contribution to wider debates about social capital and its potential, an invaluable study based on unique research.

Corrections

A Critical Approach
Author: Michael Welch
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social
ISBN: 9780072817232
Category: Law
Page: 512
View: 9294
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Welch's CORRECTIONS is the only text to take a critical approach to the field of corrections. This unique and refreshing text encourages students to think analytically about punishment. By establishing a greater social context, corrections is presented against the backdrop of social forces--namely, political economic, religious, and technological forces that affect the corrections system. Students gain an understanding of the corrections system through the authors critical and issues-oriented presentation of materials. The book consistently introduces clear, meaningful, and exciting examples illustrating various issues and concepts.

Marginality and Condemnation

An Introduction to Critical Criminology
Author: Bernard Schissel,Carolyn Brooks
Publisher: Halifax, N.S. : Fernwood Publishing
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 451
View: 1149
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This introduction to criminology uses the ethics of social justice to confront traditional views of criminals. Key questions are addressed, including What is defined as criminal? How do we respond to crime? and Why do individuals behave in ways that reproduce social inequalities? Applied real-life scenarios address such realities as the prison experience, young men in the sex trade, race and crime in the media, and racial profiling. This text provides an alternative pedagogy for teaching criminology that discusses both the abstract theory and contemporary implications of the criminal justice system.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 3046
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment


Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761922582
Category: Social Science
Page: 2104
View: 1113
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"The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences." Larry E. Sullivan, Ph.D. Chief Librarian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Crime. It started with Cain and Abel, and it won’t end with the Sopranos. Our fascination with transgression and its punishment is universal. And now, from Sage – the publisher of criminal justice abstracts and other standards in the field – comes the ultimate reference source on this all-consuming subject: comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-the second. Comprehensive and balanced coverage of: Concepts and theories Correction Law Crimes Methods and statistics National surveys Organizations Police science Social and cultural context Features and benefits: - 100% original content - Broader, more up-to-date coverage than any other source on the market 275 Contributors 425 Signed entries 150 Illustrations Prestigious advisory board overseeing quality 1.5 million words 250 sidebars offering key primary source documents 100 "factoids," spotlighting important, and sometimes startling, information International coverage, with focus on the contemporary United States Chronology, master bibliography, and general index Appendixes: Careers in criminal justice; Professional organizations; Guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment covers the waterfront. Entries include: Broken windows theory Child witness Environmental crime Interpol Media Pathology Prison industry Religion in prison Securities fraud Spectator violence Television Victimization War crimes Wrongful convictions ADVISORY BOARD Anita Blowers University of North Carolina, Charlotte Eve Buzawa University of Massachusetts, Lowell Ric Curtis John Jay College of Criminal Justice Harry Dammer Niagara University Obi Ebbe University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Frank Horvath Michigan State University Phyllis Schultze Rutgers University Larry Sullivan John Jay College of Criminal Justice

The Oxford handbook of criminology


Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 1227
View: 1444
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This is the substantially updated and revised third edition of the highly acclaimed Handbook of Criminology. It is the most comprehensible and authoritative single volume guide to the subject; combining masterly reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the history of the discipline and reviews of different theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date reviews of such diverse topics as crime statistics, the criminal justice process, race and gender and the media and crime. It is essential reading for all teachers and students of criminology and an indispensable source book for professionals.

Criminology


Author: Chris Hale
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 594
View: 3381
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"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

Marxism and Criminological Theory

A Critique and a Toolkit
Author: Mark Cowling
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403945990
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 8504
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This volume details existing uses of Marxist thought in criminology, including examination of the work of Willem Bonger, Georg Rusche and Otto Kircheimer, as well as assessing the role of Marxist analysis within particular schools of thought such as Critical Criminology and Left Realism. Arguing for the continued relevance of Marxism in the post-Soviet era, this study also offers a 'toolkit' of Marxist theories detailing how theorists can make a fully systematic use of a set of Marxist ideas.