Crime in Context

A Critical Criminology of Market Societies
Author: Ian Taylor
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745668720
Category: Political Science
Page: 316
View: 5415
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This book is a timely and wide-ranging account of the relationship between the development of a 'free market society' in Europe and North America and the fears and anxieties provoked by crime. It offers an evaluation of the theoretical schools in social theory and in criminology which continue to dominate the academy, but whose purchase on contemporary realities is everywhere slipping.

Measuring Organised Crime in Europe

A Feasibility Study of a Risk-based Methodology Across the European Union
Author: Tom Vander Beken
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9789062159390
Category: Law
Page: 251
View: 6250
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Recent years have been characterised by growing awareness among European member states about serious shortcomings to the way organised crime is measured and assessed. Currently, organised crime reports primarily generate descriptive analyses of a past situation based on law enforcement data and do not always provide the necessary information for proactive and preventive policy strategies. Therefore an EU Action Plan has been issued to develop a more future oriented and risk based methodology for the measurement of organised crime and to convert the traditional organised crime situation reports into strategic reports for planning purposes. This book is the outcome of two studies undertaken by a team composed of Belgian, Italian and Swedish researchers for the European Commission. It presents an overview of current practices in the measurement of organised crime in Europe and includes a discussion about the concept and the assessment of the impact of the phenomenon. Further the feasibility of the implementation of the existing EU Action Plan was studied and evaluated. As a result of applied research Measuring Organised Crime in Europe provides an in depth and comparative analysis of current practice in drafting organised crime reports across and by the EU and offers new ideas to improve their quality.

Understanding Deviance

A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking
Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199569835
Category: Social Science
Page: 409
View: 3810
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'Understanding Deviance' provides an indispensable guide to the major themes and theories which have come to form the sociology of crime and deviance, from their origins in the research of the University of Chicago sociology department in the 1920s to the most recent work in cultural criminology.

New Directions in Criminological Theory


Author: Steve Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1843929147
Category: Social Science
Page: 354
View: 9575
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Steve Hall is Professor of Criminology at the Social Futures Institute, Teesside University, UK.He is the co-author of Violent Night (Berg, 2006), his recent co-authored book Criminal Identities and Consumer Culture (Willan/Routledge, 2008) has been described as ' an important landmark in criminology' and he is also the author of Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective (Sage, 2012).

The Dark Side of Prosperity

Late Capitalism’s Culture of Indebtedness
Author: Mark Horsley
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472436598
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 5385
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This book offers a critical analysis of consumer credit markets and the growth of outstanding debt, presenting in-depth interview material to explore the phenomenon of mass indebtedness through the life trajectories of self-identified debtors struggling with the pressures of owing money. A rich and original qualitative study of the close relationship between financial capitalism, consumer aspirations, social exclusion and the proliferation of personal indebtedness, The Dark Side of Prosperity examines questions of social identity, subjectivity and consumer motivation in close connection with the socio-cultural ideals of an ‘enjoyment society’ that binds the value of the lives of individuals to the endless acquisition and disposal of pecuniary resources and lifestyle symbols. Critically engaging with the work of Giddens, Beck and Bauman, this volume draws on the thought of contemporary philosophers including Žižek, Badiou and Rancière to consider the possibility that the expansion of outstanding consumer credit, despite its many consequences, may be integral to the construction of social identity in a radically indeterminate and increasingly divided society. A ground-breaking work of critical social research this book will appeal to scholars of social theory, contemporary philosophy and political and economic sociology, as well as those with interests in consumer credit and cultures of indebtedness.

Crime, Risk and Justice

The Politics of Crime Control in Liberal Democracies
Author: Kevin Stenson,Robert R. Sullivan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1903240395
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 2257
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From being a relatively marginal political issue, crime control has risen rapidly up the social and political agendas of western societies. As inequalities have increased, so the actual and perceived risks of crime and other social ills have grown rapidly for all sections of society: the management of risk has become a central concern. In response, the state has increasingly devolved responsibility for personal security onto individuals, resulting in an explosion of private security arrangements related to the home, the person and personal property. At the same time the state has addressed itself in increasingly draconian fashion to more serious crime: retributive sentencing has grown even harsher. This book addresses a range of themes arising from these developments. An eminent cast of criminologists from Britain, the USA and Australia explores the links between crime and risk -- from the depiction of crime in the media to the dilemmas of policing, from the new punitiveness of criminal justice systems to the custodial warehousing of the poor and excluded. A central connecting theme of the book is that crime control can no longer be viewed as a technical operation of law enforcement and adjudication; rather it has become a central feature of the increasingly pluralised and complex government of liberal societies.v

Rural Criminology


Author: Joseph F Donnermeyer,Walter DeKeseredy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136207619
Category: Social Science
Page: 178
View: 7026
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Rural crime is a fast growing area of interest among scholars in criminology. From studies of agricultural crime in Australia, to violence against women in Appalachia America, to poaching in Uganda, to land theft in Brazil -- the criminology community has come to recognize that crime manifests itself in rural localities in ways that both conform to and challenge conventional theory and research. For the first time, Rural Criminology brings together contemporary research and conceptual considerations to synthesize rural crime studies from a critical perspective. This book dispels four rural crime myths, challenging conventional criminological theories about crime in general. It also examines both the historical development of rural crime scholarship, recent research and conceptual developments. The third chapter recreates the critical in the rural criminology literature through discussions of three important topics: community characteristics and rural crime, drug use, production and trafficking in the rural context, and agricultural crime. Never before has rural crime been examined comprehensively, using any kind of theoretical approach, whether critical or otherwise. Rural Criminology does both, pulling together in one short volume the diverse array of empirical research under the theoretical umbrella of a critical perspective. This book will be of interest to those studying or researching in the fields of rural crime, critical criminology and sociology.

Transforming Managers

Engendering Change in the Public Sector
Author: Roy Moodley,Stephen Whitehead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135358559
Category: Education
Page: 256
View: 6693
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In the 1990s, considerable changes in the political and social world have impacted on the character of both public and private organizations. At a time of increased uncertainty and insecurity in these organizations, new ways of managing and being managed have emerged. Recognising that organizational life is part reflective and determined by dominant social discourses, factors of gender will inevitably be central to the dynamics of organizational change. This book addresses theoretical ideas and mythologies in the examination of gendered organizations. The need to examine men in relation to family, law and society in general is growing, and this book extends this interrogation to work and organizational life. It will be of interest to students in management studies, public sector management and those involved in public policy making as well as students and academics within gender studies and sociology.

Supranational Criminology

Towards a Criminology of International Crimes
Author: Alette Smeulers,Roelof Haveman
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 593
View: 9786
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The study of international crimes - such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide - deserves to grow into a separate and fully fledged specialization within criminology, called supranational criminology. Supranational criminology entails the study of international crimes, behavior that shows affinity with these crimes, the causes and the situations in which they are committed, as well as interventions and their effectiveness. What exactly entails supranational criminology? What are international crimes? Should other forms of behavior also be qualified as international crimes? What are the specific characteristics of international crimes as forms of state sponsored or state facilitated crimes? Explanatory theories have to be developed which can be translated into testable hypotheses. Which theories from mainstream criminology can provide answers for the prevalence or causes of international crimes? Have the international courts and tribunals succeeded in their aim? This book repairs the fundamental and historical neglect of criminology and breaks out of a state of denial by putting international crimes on the criminological agenda.

Sociology


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9798
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Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 7627
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Governing Through Crime

How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear
Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195181085
Category: History
Page: 330
View: 2254
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Across America today gated communities sprawl out from urban centers, employers enforce mandatory drug testing, and schools screen students with metal detectors. Social problems ranging from welfare dependency to educational inequality have been reconceptualized as crimes, with an attendant focus on assigning fault and imposing consequences. Even before the recent terrorist attacks, non-citizen residents had become subject to an increasingly harsh regime of detention and deportation, and prospective employees subjected to background checks. How and when did our everyday world become dominated by fear, every citizen treated as a potential criminal?In this startlingly original work, Jonathan Simon traces this pattern back to the collapse of the New Deal approach to governing during the 1960s when declining confidence in expert-guided government policies sent political leaders searching for new models of governance. The War on Crime offered a ready solution to their problem: politicians set agendas by drawing analogies to crime and redefined the ideal citizen as a crime victim, one whose vulnerabilities opened the door to overweening government intervention. By the 1980s, this transformation of the core powers of government had spilled over into the institutions that govern daily life. Soon our schools, our families, our workplaces, and our residential communities were being governed through crime.This powerful work concludes with a call for passive citizens to become engaged partners in the management of risk and the treatment of social ills. Only by coming together to produce security, can we free ourselves from a logic of domination by others, and from the fear that currently rules our everyday life.

Encyclopedia of crime and punishment


Author: David Levinson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780761922582
Category: Social Science
Page: 1876
View: 1481
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Scapegoats of September 11th

Hate Crimes & State Crimes in the War on Terror
Author: Michael Welch
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813538963
Category: Social Science
Page: 222
View: 444
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From its largest cities to deep within its heartland, from its heavily trafficked airways to its meandering country byways, America has become a nation racked by anxiety about terrorism and national security. In response to the fears prompted by the tragedy of September 11th, the country has changed in countless ways. Airline security has tightened, mail service is closely examined, and restrictions on civil liberties are more readily imposed by the government and accepted by a wary public. The altered American landscape, however, includes more than security measures and ID cards. The country's desperate quest for security is visible in many less obvious, yet more insidious ways. In Scapegoats of September 11th, criminologist Michael Welch argues that the "war on terror" is a political charade that delivers illusory comfort, stokes fear, and produces scapegoats used as emotional relief. Regrettably, much of the outrage that resulted from 9/11 has been targeted at those not involved in the attacks on the Pentagon or the Twin Towers. As this book explains, those people have become the scapegoats of September 11th. Welch takes on the uneasy task of sorting out the various manifestations of displaced aggression, most notably the hate crimes and state crimes that have become embarrassing hallmarks both at home and abroad.Drawing on topics such as ethnic profiling, the Abu Ghraib scandal, Guantanamo Bay, and the controversial Patriot Act, Welch looks at the significance of knowledge, language, and emotion in a post-9/11 world. In the face of popular and political cheerleading in the war on terror, this book presents a careful and sober assessment, reminding us that sound counterterrorism policies must rise above, rather than participate in, the propagation of bigotry and victimization. Michael Welch is a professor of criminal justice at Rutgers University. He is the author of numerous books including Ironies of Imprisonment and Detained: Immigration Laws and the Expanding INS Jail Complex.

Making people behave

anti-social behaviour, politics and policy
Author: Elizabeth Burney
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 9274
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This book seeks to explain why anti-social behavior, as a focus of political rhetoric, legislative activity and social action, has gained a high profile in Britain in recent years, and it provides a critical examination of current policies of enforcement and exclusion. It also analyzes the thematic elements in the drive against anti-social behavior, within the wider law and order agenda. Public concern about anti-social behavior is real enough, and it remains high on the political agenda. This book will describe the wide range of offensiveness and incivility involved, showing different intensity and causation. It will examine the methods adopted to deal with anti-social behavior and particularly the increasingly managed response orchestrated by the government, and evident in new and recent legislation. These concerns are not confined to Britain, and this book also seeks to situate the growing concern with anti-social behavior with developments in both North America and Europe.

Youth Crime and Juvenile Justice: Juvenile corrections


Author: Barry Goldson,John Muncie
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Juvenile delinquency
Page: 367
View: 921
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This three-volume set of original readings is designed to reveal how and why children and young people have been repeatedly the subject of adult concern, censure and intervention. It conceptualises notions of 'childhood', 'youth' and 'adolescence' whilst also tracing the complex history of adult intervention and juvenile justice. This collection is particularly timely not only because of persistent concerns over 'out of control' youth but also because of an apparent hardening of adult reactions in many jurisdictions. Youth justice...

Questioning Crime and Criminology


Author: Moira T. Peelo,Keith Soothill
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: 9781843921271
Category: Law
Page: 171
View: 678
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This is a text for criminology students designed to take them to the heart of the contradictions, confusions and blurred boundaries around the subject of crime ­ about what crime is, about social regulation and control, and about social responsibility. It focuses on the key questions and issues underpinning them in contemporary definitions, representations and explanations of crime. It aims to question the platitudes and clichés surrounding public discussion of crime, by acknowledging the individual, social and political frameworks within which we explore crime and criminality. At the same time this book seeks to explore the nature of criminology as a discipline in order to better understand the key issues explored in the book. It assumes that for students to understand crime and criminology they need to understand the wider societal and sociological implications of all crime related phenomena, and not just explore individual, psychological meanings. The key issues selected for examination are this seen as essential to this wider framework which those concerned with crime require in order to interpret information about crime, as well as to make more intelligent sense of individual crimes and criminals.

Criminology


Author: Chris Hale
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 594
View: 4271
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"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

Refocusing crime prevention

collective action and the quest for community
Author: Stephen Schneider
Publisher: Univ of Toronto Pr
ISBN: 9780802035509
Category: Law
Page: 359
View: 6748
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Despite widespread concern over urban crime, public participation in local crime prevention programs is generally low and limited to a small, homogeneous group of middle-class home-owing residents. Conspicuously absent from these programs are the very people who are the most vulnerable to crime: the poor, immigrants, and visible minorities. In Refocusing Crime Prevention Stephen Schneider explores the capacity of disadvantaged neighbourhoods to organize around issues related to local crime and disorder. It identifies obstacles to community mobilization, many of which are strongly related to demographic and socio-psychological factors, including low socio-economic status and a lack of local social integration. Other obstacles stem from weaknesses in program implementation, such as inappropriate or ineffectual community outreach and communications, a lack of resources, and leadership voids. Many of these barriers flow from broader structural factors, including political and economic forces that contribute to the concentration of poverty, crime, and apathy in certain areas; a culture of pervasive individualism and a reliance on the welfare state for solving social problems. Based on extensive ethnographic research, Refocusing Crime Prevention identifies and critically examines the many factors that obstruct public participation in community crime prevention programs, while formulating strategies and theories that attempt to empower disadvantaged and marginalized communities

Marxism and Criminological Theory

A Critique and a Toolkit
Author: Mark Cowling
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403945990
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 1175
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This volume details existing uses of Marxist thought in criminology, including examination of the work of Willem Bonger, Georg Rusche and Otto Kircheimer, as well as assessing the role of Marxist analysis within particular schools of thought such as Critical Criminology and Left Realism. Arguing for the continued relevance of Marxism in the post-Soviet era, this study also offers a 'toolkit' of Marxist theories detailing how theorists can make a fully systematic use of a set of Marxist ideas.