Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Politics, Policies and Practices
Author: Adam Crawford
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780582294578
Category: Crime prevention
Page: 307
View: 5545
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This text brings together the growing theoretical and empirical literature on crime prevention, providing a study of a subject which is high on the public and political agenda. Outlining and evaluating the growing importance of crime prevention within the contemporary British system of crime control, the author draws upon British and comparative data, situating crime prevention within not only a criminological, but also a broader political and social context.

Community

A Contemporary Analysis of Policies, Programs, and Practices
Author: Katharine Kelly,Tullio Caputo
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442603666
Category: Political Science
Page: 126
View: 2368
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Using real-life case studies that include affordable housing and environmental and crime-prevention initiatives, Community is the perfect primer for understanding the theoretical and practical elements of contemporary community policies and practices.

Plural Policing

The Mixed Economy of Visible Patrols in England and Wales
Author: Crawford, Adam,Lister, Stuart,Sarah Blackburn
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861346719
Category: Political Science
Page: 109
View: 4666
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This report draws together the findings of a two-year study of developments in the provision of visible policing in England and Wales, combining an overview of national developments with a detailed analysis of six focused case studies.

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 2204
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Routledge Handbook of Criminology


Author: Cindy J. Smith,Sheldon X. Zhang,Rosemary Barberet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135193851
Category: Social Science
Page: 584
View: 2906
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This Handbook showcases the latest thinking and findings from a group of senior and promising young scholars around the world who have come together in an effort to broaden our perspectives in understanding crime and social control across borders and nationalities. It is divided into three parts, in which three distinct but overlapping types of crime are presented and discussed: international crime, transnational crime, and national crime.

The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear


Author: Vania Ceccato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940074210X
Category: Social Science
Page: 354
View: 2133
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How does the city’s urban fabric relate to crime and fear, and how is that fabric affected by crime and fear? Does the urban environment affect one’s decision to commit an offence? Is there a victimisation-related inequality within cities? How do crime and fear interrelate to inequality and segregation in cities of developing countries? What are the challenges to planning cities which are both safe and sustainable? This book searches for answers to these questions in the nature of the city, particularly in the social interactions that take place in urban space distinctively guided by different land uses and people’s activities. In other words, the book deals with the urban fabric of crime and fear. The novelty of the book is to place safety and security issues on the urban scale by (1) showing links between urban structure, and crime and fear, (2) illustrating how different disciplines deal with urban vulnerability to (and fear of) crime (3) including concrete examples of issues and challenges found in European and North American cities, and, without being too extensive, also in cities of the Global South.

Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention


Author: Andreas von Hirsch,David Garland,Alison Wakefield
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847313302
Category: Law
Page: 240
View: 3969
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Situational crime prevention has drawn increasing interest in recent years,yet the debate has looked mainly at whether it 'works' to prevent crime. This volume addresses the ethics of situational crime prevention and also examines the place of situational crime prevention within criminology. The contributors are twelve distinguished criminologists who together advance our understanding of the ethical and societal questions underlying crime prevention. Contributors: Ron Clarke, Adam Crawford, Antony Duff, David Garland, Tim Hope, Richard Jones, John Kleinig, Clifford Shearing, David J. Smith, Richard Sparks, Andrew von Hirsch and Alison Wakefield. "..presents several unique questions regarding the use of crime prevention strategies." Robert Hanser writing in The Literature of Criminal Justice January 2001

Policing the Caribbean

Transnational Security Cooperation in Practice
Author: Ben Bowling
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199577692
Category: Law
Page: 350
View: 9189
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Policing the Caribbean investigates the emergence of transnational policing practises in response to drug trafficking and organized crime in ten Caribbean territories. The book addresses questions of accountability and explores how understandings of national sovereignty are shifting in the face of domestic and global insecurity.

Crime Prevention and Community Safety

New Directions
Author: Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761974093
Category: Social Science
Page: 354
View: 9950
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This book provides an essential introduction to the complex issues and debates in the field of crime control and the new politics of safety and security across the globe. The contributions to this volume present a critique of current policy and open up the field of study to new directions.

The politics of crime prevention


Author: Brigitte C. M. Koch
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 213
View: 8179
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This book is a comprehensive account of crime prevention policy in England and Wales. It examines crime prevention policy under the Conservative Government and examines the direction that the newly elected Labour administration is taking. Particular attention is paid to the years 1995 to 1997. The book goes beyond the Home Office and examines the roles of the Police, Probation, Crime Concern, NACRO, the Local Government Association and the role of the national Community Safety Network in national crime prevention policy making. It examines how some agencies influence policy and how others have struggled to have a voice.The methods used to conduct the research include interviewing key persons involved in national crime prevention policy making; distributing questionnaires to police and probation officers of all ranks in Boroughville; and analyzing documents from various organizations such as the Police Probationer Training manual and minutes to the Association of Chief Police Officers sub-committee on crime prevention from their inaugural meeting in September 1986 until May 1995.

Crime prevention and community safety

new directions
Author: Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 354
View: 8465
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`This text represents a major contribution to the literature on crime prevention and community safety. It goes beyond existing literature in bringing together sophisticated theoretical analysis on these topics which are core issues for government at local as well as national levels. And it also brings a much needed international perspective to our understanding of the local governance of crime' - Kevin Stenson, Professor of Criminology, Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides an essential introduction to the complex issues and debates in the field of crime control and the new politics of safety and security across the globe. Collectively the contributions to this volume present a critique of current policy and open up the field of study to new directions. While engaging with the dominant focus on `what works' in crime reduction and community safety, the book also moves beyond the traditionally narrow, technical boundaries of much previous debate. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions looks at: -The relationship between crime control, communities and the nation state; -The diverse and changing sites of conflict, compromise and collusion around crime control policies; -Wider issues relating to `risk', 'safety' and `security'. The central feature of the volume as a whole is a commitment to exploring new directions for research and analysis, theoretically, empirically and comparatively. In opening up the varying and volatile spaces for crime prevention and community safety within the more general politics of social order, the book provides a critical rethinking of traditional connections between criminology, social policy and politics. Crime Prevention and Community Safety will be essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, socio-legal studies, sociology of crime and deviance and social policy. This is a course Reader for The Open University course D863 Community Safety, Crime Prevention and Social Control

Evaluating Safety and Crime Prevention Policies in Europe


Author: Tim Hope,Philippe Robert,Sybille Smeets,Carrol Tange,Karin Wittebrood
Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA
ISBN: 9054875887
Category: Law
Page: 125
View: 1060
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Ideal for policymakers, journalists, academics, and researchers, this review of European practices in the evaluation of safety and crime-prevention policies--ranging from mere incantation to highly sophisticated techniques--offers a methodological discussion of the uses of evaluative research in criminology and sociology. Estimating policy impact and revealing the controversial conditions required for evaluation, the volume examines the different legislation and crime policies, both good and bad, in Belgium, France, the Netherlands, England, and Wales. With a complete summary of its findings, the book also provides a final conclusion for all of Europe.

The Emancipatory City?

Paradoxes and Possibilities
Author: Loretta Lees
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412932718
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 5886
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'The Emancipatory City is a wonderful addition to a growing literature on the public culture of the city. In these spaces, tolerance and intolerance, difference and indifference, transgressions, resistances, and playful spontaneity erupt to give texture to urban life. The book broadens our gaze and deepens our understanding of how cities enable people to express themselves and be free' - Robert A Beauregard, New School University, New York Who are cities for? What kinds of societies might they most democratically embody? And, how can cities be emancipatory sites? The ambivalent status of urban space in terms of emancipation, democratisation, justice and citizenship is central to recent work in urban geography, `new' cultural geography, critical geography and postmodern planning, as well as literature on urban social justice, public space and the politics of identity. Seeking alternative and progressive visions of the emancipatory city through an exploration of the tensions and possibilities between the freedoms and constraints offered by the city, the authors of The Emancipatory City? build on this wealth of current perspectives to present an critical analysis of urban experience.

Narrative Criminology

Understanding Stories of Crime
Author: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479823414
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 2641
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Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.

Greening the Academy

Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts
Author: Samuel Fassbinder,Anthony Nocella,Richard Kahn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9462091013
Category: Education
Page: 226
View: 2074
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This is the academic Age of the Neoliberal Arts. Campuses—as places characterized by democratic debate and controversy, wide ranges of opinion typical of vibrant public spheres, and service to the larger society—are everywhere being creatively destroyed in order to accord with market and military models befitting the academic-industrial complex. While it has become increasingly clear that facilitating the sustainability movement is the great 21st century educational challenge at hand, this book asserts that it is both a dangerous and criminal development today that sustainability in higher education has come to be defined by the complex-friendly “green campus” initiatives of science, technology, engineering and management programs. By contrast, Greening the Academy: Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts takes the standpoints of those working for environmental and ecological justice in order to critique the unsustainable disciplinary limitations within the humanities and social sciences, as well as provide tactical reconstructive openings toward an empowered liberal arts for sustainability. Greening the Academy thus hopes to speak back with a collective demand that sustainability education be defined as a critical and moral vocation comprised of the diverse types of humanistic study that will benefit the well-being of our emerging planetary community and its numerous common locales.

Folk Devils and Moral Panics


Author: Stanley Cohen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136807047
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 3390
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'Richly documented and convincingly presented' -- New Society Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, designer drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. Every era has its own moral panics. It was Stanley Cohen’s classic account, first published in the early 1970s and regularly revised, that brought the term ‘moral panic’ into widespread discussion. It is an outstanding investigation of the way in which the media and often those in a position of political power define a condition, or group, as a threat to societal values and interests. Fanned by screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this leads to such groups being marginalised and vilified in the popular imagination, inhibiting rational debate about solutions to the social problems such groups represent. Furthermore, he argues that moral panics go even further by identifying the very fault lines of power in society. Full of sharp insight and analysis, Folk Devils and Moral Panics is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand this powerful and enduring phenomenon. Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology (1985) and is on the Board of the International Council on Human Rights. He is a member of the British Academy.

Psychology and Crime

Myths and Reality
Author: Peter B. Ainsworth
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 212
View: 5636
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Peter B. Ainsworth examines the relationship of psychology to crime, criminals and the different stages and aspects of the criminal justice system in this student text that will also be relevant to general readers trained in law.

Crime and Power

A History of Criminal Justice, 1688-1998
Author: Philip Rawlings
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: N.A
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 212
View: 1100
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"This book presents the first extended history of criminal justice policy in England and Wales from the late seventeenth century to the late twentieth century, and provides an essential historical context for the study of the modern criminal justice system. Crime and Power traces the origins and development of the principal institutions of the criminal justice system - such as the police, capital punishment, transportation and prisons - and shows how governments have responded to crime through reformulations of criminal justice policy. A number of key themes emerge in the period covered by this book, including: how criminal justice policy has come out of the interplay between various factors, such as the relationship between central and local government, the development of bureaucracies, finance, and the contribution of particular individuals; the marginalisation of the victim in the criminal justice system as it became dominated by officials and experts whose supposed accountability and possession of expert knowledge were presented as important in ensuring that the system worked in the public interest. It is suggested, however, that as we stand at the end of the twentieth century, this burcaucracy seems to have failed in its task of controlling crime, and this failure has fuelled many of the current criticisms of the criminal justice system."

Media, Crime and Racism


Author: Monish Bhatia,Scott Poynting,Waqas Tufail
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319717766
Category: Social Science
Page: 391
View: 5453
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Media, Crime and Racism draws together contributions from scholars at the leading edge of their field across three continents to present contemporary and longstanding debates exploring the roles played by media and the state in racialising crime and criminalising racialised minorities. Comprised of empirically rich accounts and theoretically informed analysis, this dynamic text offers readers a critical and in-depth examination of contemporary social and criminal justice issues as they pertain to racialised minorities and the media. Chapters demonstrate the myriad ways in which racialised ‘others’ experience demonisation, exclusion, racist abuse and violence licensed – and often induced – by the state and the media. Together, they also offer original and nuanced analysis of how these processes can be experienced differently dependent on geography, political context and local resistance. This collection critically reflects on a number of globally significant topics including the vilification of Muslim minorities, the portrayal of the refugee ‘crisis’ and the representations and resistance of Indigenous and Black communities. This volume demonstrates that processes of racialisation and criminalisation in media and the state cannot be understood without reference to how they are underscored and inflected by gender and power. Above all, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the resistance of racialised minorities in localised contexts across the globe: against racialisation and criminalisation and in pursuit of racial justice.

Sex Offenses and Sex Offenders


Author: Teela Sanders
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190213639
Category: Sex crimes
Page: 680
View: 9027
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There has been a significant increase in the focus on sex offending in recent years in both the academic and public spheres. From heightened media attention on sex crimes to new waves of legislation aimed at crime prevention, issues related to sexual assault, harassment, and sexual violence have become a top priority in the Western countries. The Oxford Handbook on Sex Offenses and Sex Offenders provides comprehensive, even-handed analysis of the myriad of topics related to sex offenses, including pornography, sex trafficking, criminal justice responses, and the role of social media in sex crimes. Extending beyond the existing scholarly research on the topic, this volume teases out the key debates, controversies, and challenges involved in addressing sex crimes. While most discourse regarding sex offenders either involves prevention and control or, conversely, potential treatment options, this Handbook delves into the psychological, historical, and social contexts related to sex offenses, providing a more holistic view of the topic. The definitive volume on sex crimes and sex offenders, The Oxford Handbook on Sex Offenses and Sex Offenders makes an invaluable contribution to criminological literature.