Crisis and Crossfire

The United States and the Middle East Since 1945
Author: Peter L. Hahn
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 1597973475
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 5027
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Although it seems almost incredible today, the United States had relatively little interest in the Middle East before 1945. But the dynamics and outcome of World War II elevated the importance of the Middle East in the American mind, and the United States has viewed the region with vital interest to its security and economy ever since. The projection of American power into the region has had consequences that have forever changed the United States and the Middle East, with the rise of al Qaeda and the turbulent occupation of Iraq being the latest examples. Crisis and Crossfire surveys and analyzes the broad contours of U.S. involvement in the region. It probes the reasons why the United States implemented various policies and assesses the wisdom of American leaders as they accepted greater responsibilities for preserving stability and security in the Middle East. Major themes include U.S.-Middle East policy in the context of the Cold War, the rise of Arab and Iranian nationalism, decolonization, the U.S. approach to the Arab-Israeli conflict, the politics of Western dependence on Middle Eastern oil, and America's military interventions, particularly its two wars against Iraq. This book's concise narrative and selection of primary-source documents make it an ideal introduction to U.S.-Middle East relations for students and for anyone with an interest in understanding the history behind today's events.

FDR and the End of Empire

The Origins of American Power in the Middle East
Author: C. O'Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137025255
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 9680
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Based upon extensive archival research in Great Britain, the United States, and the Middle East, including sources never previously utilized such as declassified intelligence records, postwar planning documents, and the personal papers of key officials, this is painstakingly researched account of the origins of American involvement in the Middle East during the Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt. It explores the effort to challenge British and French power, and the building of new relationships with Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the Levant states. It also reveals new and controversial discoveries about Roosevelt's views on Palestine, his relations with Middle East leaders, and his often bitter conflicts with Churchill and de Gaulle over European imperialism. Modern-day parallels make this story compelling for followers of current events, World War II, Franklin Roosevelt, the Middle East, or British imperialism.

Ukraine in the Crossfire


Author: Chris Kaspar De Ploeg
Publisher: SCB Distributors
ISBN: 099789654X
Category: HISTORY
Page: 353
View: 9978
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Ukraine in the Crossfire tackles the importance of ultranationalist violence during and after the EuroMaidan movement, and documents how many of these groups are heirs to former Nazi-collaborators. It shows how the Ukrainian state has seized on the ultranationalist war-rhetoric to serve its own agenda, clamping down on civil liberties on a scale unprecedented since Ukrainian independence. De Ploeg argues that Kiev itself has been the biggest obstacle to peace in Donbass, with multiple leaks suggesting that Washington is using its financial leverage to push a pro-war line in Ukraine. With the nation's eyes turned towards Russia, the EU and IMF have successfully pressured Ukraine into adopting far-reaching austerity programs, while oligarchic looting of state assets and massive tax-avoidance facilitated by Western states continue unabated. De Ploeg documents the local roots of the Donbass rebellion, the overwhelming popularity of Crimea's secession, and shows that support for Ukraine's pro-western turn remains far from unanimous, with large swathes of Ukraine's Russophone population opting out of the political process. Nevertheless, De Ploeg argues, the pro-Western and pro-Russian camps are often similar: neoliberal, authoritarian, nationalist and heavily dependent on foreign support. In a wider exploration of Russo-Western relations, he examines similarities between the contemporary Russian state and its NATO counterparts, showing how the two power blocs have collaborated in some of their worst violent excesses. A far cry from civilizational or ideological clashes, De Ploeg argues that the current tensions flow from NATO's military dominance and aggressive posture, both globally and within post-Soviet space, where Russia seeks to defend the status-quo"--Provided by publisher.

Caught in the Crossfire

Kids, Politics, and America's Future
Author: Lawrence Grossberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317262735
Category: Social Science
Page: 408
View: 3993
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Caught in the Crossfire reveals how the United States has been gradually changing from a society that celebrates childhood into one that is hostile to and afraid of its own children. Today kids are often seen as a threat to our social and moral values. In schools, some behavior is criminalized, and growing numbers of kids find themselves in penal and psychiatric confinement. This breakdown is often too readily attributed to bad parenting, the crisis of the family, or the greed of capitalism. Grossberg offers a new and original understanding of the changes transforming contemporary America, and of the choices Americans face about their future. He documents the relations between economic ideologies and economic realities and explores what is going on in the "culture wars" as well as on the Internet and other new media. Caught in the Crossfire argues that all of these changes and tn struggles, including those involving the state of kids, only make sense as integral parts of a larger transformation to define America's uniqueness and to develop its own sense of modern culture. Part of the Cultural Politics and the Promise of Democracy Series.

Women in the Crossfire

Understanding and Ending Honor Killing
Author: Robert Paul Churchill
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190468580
Category: Philosophy
Page: 336
View: 2362
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Every year, thousands of girls and women die at the hands of blood relatives. These victims are accused of committing honor violations that bring shame upon their families: such 'transgressions' range from walking with a boy in their neighborhood to seeking to marry a man of their own choosing, to being a victim of rape. Women in the Crossfire presents a thorough examination of honor killing, an ages-old social practice through which women are trapped and subjected to terror and deadly violence as consequences of the evolution of dysfunctional patriarchal structures and competition among men for domination. To understand the practice of honor killing, its root causes, and possibilities for protection and prevention, Robert Paul Churchill considers the issues from a variety of perspectives: epistemic, anthropological, sociological, cultural, ethical, historical, and psychological. He makes use of original research by analyzing a database of honor killing cases, published here for the first time. Specifically, Women in the Crossfire addresses the salient traits and trends present in honor killing incidents and examines how honor is understood in socio-cultural contexts where these killings occur. The book aims to illuminate causal pathways that combine to produce the tragedy of honor killing. Socialization within honor-shame cultures, factors such as gender construction, child-rearing practices, and adverse experiences prime boys and men to take roles as one-day killers of sisters, daughters, and wives in the name of honor. The book further relies on theories of cultural evolution to explain how honor killing was an adaptation to specific ecological challenges and co-evolved with other patriarchic institutions. The ultimate aim of Women in the Crossfire is to convey promising methods of preventing future honor killings, and to protect girls and women from victimization.

In the Crossfire

Marcus Foster and the Troubled History of American School Reform
Author: John P. Spencer
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812207661
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 312
View: 395
DOWNLOAD NOW »
As media reports declare crisis after crisis in public education, Americans find themselves hotly debating educational inequalities that seem to violate their nation's ideals. Why does success in school track so closely with race and socioeconomic status? How to end these apparent achievement gaps? In the Crossfire brings historical perspective to these debates by tracing the life and work of Marcus Foster, an African American educator who struggled to reform urban schools in the 1960s and early 1970s. As a teacher, principal, and superintendent—first in his native Philadelphia and eventually in Oakland, California—Foster made success stories of urban schools and children whom others had dismissed as hopeless, only to be assassinated in 1973 by the previously unknown Symbionese Liberation Army in a bizarre protest against an allegedly racist school system. Foster's story encapsulates larger social changes in the decades after World War II: the great black migration from South to North, the civil rights movement, the decline of American cities, and the ever-increasing emphasis on education as a ticket to success. Well before the accountability agenda of the No Child Left Behind Act or the rise of charter schools, Americans came into sharp conflict over urban educational failure, with some blaming the schools and others pointing to conditions in homes and neighborhoods. By focusing on an educator who worked in the trenches and had a reputation for bridging divisions, In the Crossfire sheds new light on the continuing ideological debates over race, poverty, and achievement. Foster charted a course between the extremes of demanding too little and expecting too much of schools as agents of opportunity in America. He called for accountability not only from educators but also from families, taxpayers, and political and economic institutions. His effort to mobilize multiple constituencies was a key to his success—and a lesson for educators and policymakers who would take aim at achievement gaps without addressing the full range of school and nonschool factors that create them.

Caught in the Crossfire

Revolutions, Repression, and the Rational Peasant
Author: Thomas David Mason
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742525399
Category: Social Science
Page: 317
View: 1421
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The puzzle of revolution in the Third World -- Theories of revolution : the evolution of the field -- Dependent development and the crisis of rural stability -- Mobilizing peasant social movements -- The response of the state : reform or repression? -- State repression and the escalation of revolutionary violence -- Win, lose, or draw : how civil wars end -- Reform, repression, and revolution in El Salvador -- Peruvian land reform the rise of Sendero Luminoso -- The future of revolutions in the countryside : globalization, democratization, and peacekeeping.

Crossfire

Philosophy and the Novel in Spain, 1900-1934
Author: Roberta Johnson
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813149673
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 248
View: 1596
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The marriage of philosophy and fiction in the first third of Spain's twentieth century was a fertile one. It produced some truly notable offspring -- novels that cross genre boundaries to find innovative forms, and treatises that fuse literature and philosophy in new ways. In her illuminating interdisciplinary study of Spanish fiction of the "Silver Age," Roberta Johnson places this important body of Spanish literature in context through a synthesis of social, literary, and philosophical history. Her examination of the work of Miguel de Unamuno, Pio Baroja, Azorin, Ramon Perez de Ayala, Juan Ramon Jimenez, Gabriel Miro, Pedro Salinas, Rosa Chacel, and Benjamin Jarnes brings to light philosophical frictions and debates and opens new interpersonal and intertextual perspectives on many of the period's most canonical novels. Johnson reformulates the traditional discussion of generations and "isms" by viewing the period as an intergenerational complex in which writers with similar philosophical and personal interests constituted dynamic groupings that interacted and constantly defined and redefined one another. Current narratological theories, including those of Todorov, Genette, Bakhtin, and Martinez Bonati, assist in teasing out the intertextual maneuvers and philosophical conflicts embedded in the novels of the period, while the sociological and biographical material bridges the philosophical and literary analyses. The result, solidly grounded in original archival research, is a convincingly complete picture of Spain's intellectual world in the first thirty years of this century. Crossfire should revolutionize thinking about the Generation of '98 and the Generation of '14 by identifying the heterogeneous philosophical sources of each and the writers' reactions to them in fiction.

Crossfire Christmas


Author: Julie Miller
Publisher: Harlequin
ISBN: 1460342208
Category: Fiction
Page: 224
View: 8022
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An injured undercover agent must keep an innocent nurse from getting caught in the crossfire in the latest installment of The Precinct With his life bleeding out from bullet wounds and a car crash, Charles Nash's best option is to kidnap the innocent nurse who stops to help him. At gunpoint, the jaded DEA undercover agent offers Teresa Rodriguez a desperate deal: if she keeps him alive long enough to find out who's blown his cover and set him up to die, she'll be home for Christmas. As the two go on the run from an unknown killer, the Good Samaritan gives Nash a bad case of unprofessional desire. He's drawn to the sexy little spitfire for her bravery, boldness and attitude. But how can he count on kissing her under the mistletoe when so many enemies are working to ensure they don't make it to the holidays?

Russische Archive und Geschichtswissenschaft

Rechtsgrundlagen, Arbeitsbedingungen, Forschungsperspektiven
Author: Stefan Creuzberger,Rainer Lindner
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 425
View: 1845
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Papers presented at an international conference held in 2000.

War on Sacred Grounds


Author: Ron E. Hassner
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801460401
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 9427
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Sacred sites offer believers the possibility of communing with the divine and achieving deeper insight into their faith. Yet their spiritual and cultural importance can lead to competition as religious groups seek to exclude rivals from practicing potentially sacrilegious rituals in the hallowed space and wish to assert their own claims. Holy places thus create the potential for military, theological, or political clashes, not only between competing religious groups but also between religious groups and secular actors. In War on Sacred Grounds, Ron E. Hassner investigates the causes and properties of conflicts over sites that are both venerated and contested; he also proposes potential means for managing these disputes. Hassner illustrates a complex and poorly understood political dilemma with accounts of the failures to reach settlement at Temple Mount/Haram el-Sharif, leading to the clashes of 2000, and the competing claims of Hindus and Muslims at Ayodhya, which resulted in the destruction of the mosque there in 1992. He also addresses more successful compromises in Jerusalem in 1967 and Mecca in 1979. Sacred sites, he contends, are particularly prone to conflict because they provide valuable resources for both religious and political actors yet cannot be divided. The management of conflicts over sacred sites requires cooperation, Hassner suggests, between political leaders interested in promoting conflict resolution and religious leaders who can shape the meaning and value that sacred places hold for believers. Because a reconfiguration of sacred space requires a confluence of political will, religious authority, and a window of opportunity, it is relatively rare. Drawing on the study of religion and the study of politics in equal measure, Hassner's account offers insight into the often-violent dynamics that come into play at the places where religion and politics collide.

Kreuzfeuer


Author: Dick Francis,Felix Francis
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
ISBN: 325760145X
Category: Fiction
Page: 400
View: 6646
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Captain Tom Forsyth kehrt schwerverletzt aus Afghanistan zurück. Zu Hause in England erwartet ihn jedoch ein nicht minder gefährliches Minenfeld: die Machenschaften um das große Geld aus dem Pferdebusiness. Wer hätte gedacht, dass Tom seine soldatischen Fähigkeiten im beschaulichen Lambourn noch mal zum Einsatz bringen könnte?

Acts of Conscience

Christian Nonviolence and Modern American Democracy
Author: Joseph Kip Kosek
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231513054
Category: History
Page: 376
View: 7127
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In response to the massive bloodshed that defined the twentieth century, American religious radicals developed a modern form of nonviolent protest, one that combined Christian principles with new uses of mass media. Greatly influenced by the ideas of Mohandas Gandhi, these "acts of conscience" included sit-ins, boycotts, labor strikes, and conscientious objection to war. Beginning with World War I and ending with the ascendance of Martin Luther King Jr., Joseph Kip Kosek traces the impact of A. J. Muste, Richard Gregg, and other radical Christian pacifists on American democratic theory and practice. These dissenters found little hope in the secular ideologies of Wilsonian Progressivism, revolutionary Marxism, and Cold War liberalism, all of which embraced organized killing at one time or another. The example of Jesus, they believed, demonstrated the immorality and futility of such violence under any circumstance and for any cause. Yet the theories of Christian nonviolence are anything but fixed. For decades, followers have actively reinterpreted the nonviolent tradition, keeping pace with developments in politics, technology, and culture. Tracing the rise of militant nonviolence across a century of industrial conflict, imperialism, racial terror, and international warfare, Kosek recovers radical Christians' remarkable stance against the use of deadly force, even during World War II and other seemingly just causes. His research sheds new light on an interracial and transnational movement that posed a fundamental, and still relevant, challenge to the American political and religious mainstream.

American Orientalism

The United States and the Middle East Since 1945
Author: Douglas Little
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807855393
Category: History
Page: 419
View: 4510
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Douglas Little exposes the persistence of "orientalist" stereotypes in American popular culture and examines United States policy toward the Middle East from many angles. Chapters focus on America's increasing dependence on petroleum; U.S.-Israeli relations; the rise of revolutionary nationalist movements in Egypt, Iran, Iraq, and Libya; the futility of U.S. military and covert intervention; and the unsuccessful attempt to broker a "peace-for-land" settlement between the Israelis and the Palestinians. A new epilogue addresses the recent U.S. war in Iraq. Little offers valuable historical context for anyone seeking a better understanding of the complicated relationship between the U.S. and the Middle East.

Children in the Crossfire

Violence in the Home-How Does It Affect Our Children?
Author: Maria Roy
Publisher: Hci
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 211
View: 3269
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Looks at children from violent homes, describes connections between child and spouse abuse and tells the stories of individual children

Jordan

Living in the Crossfire
Author: Alan George
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 184813715X
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 1822
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Jordan has played a bigger role in Middle Eastern affairs than its size and economy might warrant, due to its huge Palestinian population, its strategic location between Israel, the West Bank, Syria and Iraq, and its uniquely close relationship with successive British and US administrations. Drawing on numerous visits to the country and interviews with a diversity of people from King Abdullah down, Alan George describes how its reasonably stable monarchical system, unlike that in most Arab countries, has allowed the halting development of civil society and maintained control through the skilful co-option of opponents rather than heavy-handed reliance on its secret police. What is daily life like? How do its parliamentary system and political parties work? How free are the media? What are the future prospects of this buffer 'state without a nation'?

Crisis!


Author: Kevin D. Randle
Publisher: Speaking Volumes
ISBN: 162815182X
Category: Fiction
Page: 175
View: 7764
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Caught in the Crossfire

Encountering God on the Battlefield of the Heart
Author: Joyce Strong
Publisher: Christian Publications
ISBN: 9780889651609
Category: Religion
Page: 195
View: 2258
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Intimacy with God. It has always been the heart cry of true believers. But, as in any love relationship, intimacy can become strained, fellowship broken. Caught in the Crossfire holds up a mirror to the deceptiveness of the human heart and challenges readers to make choices of obedience in order to bring freedom and restore intimacy. Pardoxically, it is through the pain of conviction and the struggle to positively respond (crossfire in the soul) that renewal comes.

Crossfire education

metaphor, cultural evolution and chaos in the schools
Author: William Amos Jordan
Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 231
View: 3364
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book discusses public education reform in the United States. The author focuses on the relationship between education and a dynamic culture. He proposes three metaphors which reveal the cultural breaks in the educational system. The metaphors are: mind as muscle, mind as machine, and mind as a technological system.