Xenophon's Imperial Fiction

On The Education of Cyrus
Author: James Tatum
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400860032
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 322
View: 9844
"If you inquire into the origins of the novel long enough," writes James Tatum in the preface to this work, ". . . you will come to the fourth century before our era and Xenophon's Education of Cyrus, or the Cyropaedia." The Cyrus in question is Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian empire celebrated in the Book of Ezra as the liberator of Israel, and the Cyropaedia, written to instruct future rulers by his example, became not only an inspiration to poets and novelists but a profoundly influential political work. With Alexander as its earliest student, and Elizabeth I of England one of its later pupils, it was the founding text for the tradition of "mirrors for princes" in the West, including Machiavelli's Prince. Xenophon's masterpiece has been overlooked in recent years: Tatum's goal is to make it fully meaningful for the twentieth-century reader. To accomplish this aim, he uses reception study, philological and historical criticism, and an intertextual and structural analysis of the narrative. Engaging the fictional and the political in a single reading, he explains how the form of the work allowed Xenophon to transcend the limitations of historical writing, although in the end the historian's passion for truth forced him to subvert the work in a controversial epilogue. Originally published in 1989. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Xenophon's Cyrus the Great

The Arts of Leadership and War
Author: Xenophon
Publisher: Truman Talley Books
ISBN: 142990531X
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 1880
In 1906, a stilted English translation of Xenophon of Athens' story about Cyrus the Great's military campaigns was published. Now, a century later, a much more accessible edition of one of history's most extraordinary and successful leaders is emerging. Among his many achievements, this great leader of wisdom and virtue founded and extended the Persian Empire; conquered Babylon; freed 40,000 Jews from captivity; wrote mankind's first human rights charter; and ruled over those he had conquered with respect and benevolence. According to historian Will Durant, Cyrus the Great's military enemies knew that he was lenient, and they did not fight him with that desperate courage which men show when their only choice is "to kill or die." As a result the Iranians regarded him as "The Father," the Babylonians as "The Liberator," the Greeks as the "Law-Giver," and the Jews as the "Anointed of the Lord." By freshening the voice, style and diction of Cyrus, Larry Hedrick has created a more contemporary Cyrus. A new generation of readers, including business executives and managers, military officers, and government officials, can now learn about and benefit from Cyrus the Great's extraordinary achievements, which exceeded all other leaders' throughout antiquity.


The Education of Cyrus
Author: Xenophon
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781544705491
Page: 246
View: 7777
The Cyropaedia is Xenophon's partly fictional biography of Cyrus the Great. Aspects of it would become a model for medieval writers of the genre known as mirrors for princes. In turn it was a strong influence upon the most well-known but atypical of these, Machiavelli's The Prince, which was an important influence in the rejection of medieval political thinking, and the development of modern politics. However, unlike most "mirrors of princes," and like The Prince, whether or not the Cyropaedia was really intended to describe an ideal ruler is a subject of debate. Translated by H. G. Dakyns, 1897. Revised by Revised by F. M. Stawell.

Cyropaedia; The Education of Cyrus

Author: Xenophon
Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive
ISBN: 1531264611
Category: History
Page: 478
View: 7477
Xenophon was an ancient Greek historian, soldier, and student of Socrates. Xenophon was not considered a philosopher during his time but he is now often considered one. Xenophon’s writings cover many different genres and are still widely studied by students today. This edition of Cyropaedia; The Education of Cyrus includes a table of contents.

Xenophon's Cyropaedia

Style, Genre, and Literary Technique
Author: Deborah Levine Gera
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198144779
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 348
View: 5435
This study focuses on the complex blend of literary genres to be found in the work, and combines general discussions of Xenophon's predecessors and contemporaries with a detailed commentary on selected passages.

The Education of Cyrus

Author: Xenophon,Wayne Ambler
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801471400
Category: Philosophy
Page: 336
View: 2900
Xenophon's masterpiece, The Education of Cyrus, is a work that was admired by Machiavelli for its lessons on leadership. Also known as the Cyropaedia, this philosophical novel is loosely based on the accomplishments of Cyrus the Great, founder of the vast Persian Empire that later became the archrival of the Greeks in the classical age. It offers an extraordinary portrait of political ambition, talent, and their ultimate limits. The writings of Xenophon are increasingly recognized as important works of political philosophy. In The Education of Cyrus, Xenophon confronts the vexing problem of political instability by exploring the character and behavior of the ruler. Impressive though his successes are, however, Cyrus is also examined in the larger human context, in which love, honor, greed, revenge, folly, piety, and the search for wisdom all have important parts to play. Wayne Ambler's translation captures the charm and drama of the work while also achieving great accuracy. His introduction, annotations, and glossary help the reader to appreciate both the engaging story itself and the volume's contributions to philosophy.

Xenophon's Prince

Republic and Empire in the Cyropaedia
Author: Christopher Nadon
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520224043
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 2676
The Cyropaedia, Xenophon's biography of the Persian king Cyrus the Great, was popular throughout antiquity and heavily influenced Renaissance writers, most notably Machiavelli, but has more recently been neglected.

Loving Humanity, Learning, and Being Honored

The Foundations of Leadership in Xenophon's Education of Cyrus
Author: Norman B. Sandridge
Publisher: Harvard Univ Center for Hellenic
ISBN: 9780674067028
Category: History
Page: 139
View: 787
In this new interpretation of the "Education of Cyrus, " in which Xenophon theorized about leadership, Sandridge considers Xenophon s portrait of Cyrus as sincerely laudatory though not idealized. He explores the wider context in which Xenophon s Theory of Leadership was conceived, as well as the problems of leadership he sought to address."

Encyclopedia Iranica

Homosexuality III - Human Migration II
Author: Ehsan Yarshater
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780933273795
Category: Social Science
Page: 449
View: 6064

Cyrus the Great

Author: Jacob Abbott
Publisher: N.A
Page: 289
View: 7246

The Cavalry General

Author: Xenophon
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3732620808
Category: Fiction
Page: 40
View: 8855
Reproduction of the original.

The Cyropaedia

Xenophon's aims and methods
Author: Bodil Due
Publisher: Aarhus Univ Pr
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 1379
A literary analysis of the Cyropaedia, examining structure and content in order to demonstrate that its author was an able artist who mastered his subject with style and elegance.

Excellence Unleashed

Machiavelli's Critique of Xenophon and the Moral Foundation of Politics
Author: Paul J. Rasmussen
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073913311X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 168
View: 4291
What is Machiavelli's place in the history of political thought? Did he seek to revive the civic virtues espoused by ancient Greek and Roman political theorists, or was he an intellectual rebel whose radical critique of the classical philosophic tradition made him a harbinger of the modern era? Almost every significant book on Machiavelli since the beginning of the twentieth century has addressed the question of his relation to classical thought in one form or another. Yet, there has never been a comprehensive study of the relationship between Machiavelli and Xenophon, the classical political theorist whose shrewd analysis of effective politics comes closest to Machiavelli's. Excellence Unleashedis a detailed comparison of Machiavelli and Xenophon's political philosophy, focusing on Xenophon's Education of Cyrus and Hiero or On Tyranny and Machiavelli's The Prince and Discourses on Livy. This study examines a number of major themes essential to both writers: the moral and political requirements of healthy republics; imperial expansion; the relationship between human nature, politics, and virtue; the role of religion in politics; the distinction between legitimate and illegitimate rule; and the influence of philosophy on politics. By elucidating the remarkable scope, depth, and subtlety of the debate between these two great thinkers, this book offers a fresh perspective on the philosophic and political significance of Machiavelli's proto-modern break from the classical tradition.

The Cambridge Companion to Xenophon

Author: Michael A. Flower
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107050065
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 5903
This Companion, the first dedicated to the philosopher and historian Xenophon of Athens, gives readers a sense of why he has held such a prominent place in literary and political culture from antiquity to the present and has been a favourite author of individuals as diverse as Machiavelli, Thomas Jefferson, and Leo Tolstoy. It also sets out the major problems and issues that are at stake in the study of his writings, while simultaneously pointing the way forward to newer methodologies, issues, and questions. Although Xenophon's historical, philosophical, and technical works are usually studied in isolation because they belong to different modern genres, the emphasis here is on themes that cut across his large and varied body of writings. This volume is accessible to students and general readers, including those previously unfamiliar with Xenophon, and will also be of interest to scholars in various fields.

The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates

Author: Xenophon
Publisher: N.A
Page: 192
View: 8567

Cyrus the Great

The Making of the Persian Empire
Author: Massoume Price,Freydis Welland
Publisher: Anahita Prod Limited
ISBN: 9780980971460
Category: History
Page: 48
View: 3432
The first book of its kind. Cyrus the Great (c. 559-530 BCE) founded the Achaemenid Dynasty, the first major world empire. Often known as the Persian Empire, it extended from Egypt to the Indus River. The empire at its height included Greece, Cyprus, Macedonia, Turkey, Armenia, Caucasia, Afghanistan, Central Asia, Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Palestine, Israel and the Persian Gulf states. Greek and Roman historians wrote extensively about Cyrus. The most important texts about his life and times are by the Greek historian Herodotus (d. 430 or 420). Xenophon composed a book called Cyropaedia, or the Education of Cyrus. Xenophon's Cyropaedia was read extensively by politicians, soldiers, academics, and rulers for centuries. Xenophon shows Cyrus as a kind, righteous and tolerant monarch who tried to use persuasion when possible-rather than force-to expand his empire. This pictorial history aimed for young readers covers Cyrus' life, legacy, the formation of the Persian Empire and the legends about his life.

The Education of Cyrus. Translated from the Greek of Xenophon

Author: Xenophon,Dakyns Henry Graham,Stawell Florence Melian
Publisher: Andesite Press
ISBN: 9781296813727
Page: 326
View: 2321
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

I Think, Therefore I Draw

Understanding Philosophy Through Cartoons
Author: Thomas Cathcart,Daniel Klein
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0525504850
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 887
A hilarious new exploration of philosophy through cartoons from the duo who brought you the New York Times bestselling Plato and a Platypus Walk Into A Bar... Thomas Cathcart and Daniel Klien have been thinking deep thoughts and writing jokes for decades, and now they are here to help us understand Philosophy through cartoons, and cartoons through Philosophy. Covering topics as diverse as religion, gender, knowledge, morality, and the meaning of life (or the lack thereof), I Think, Therefore I Draw gives a thorough introduction to all of the major debates in philosophy through history and the present. And since they explain with the help of a selection of some of the smartest cartoonists working today, you'll breeze through these weighty topics as you guffaw and slap your knee. Cathcart and Klein's Plato and a Platypus Walk into a Bar... and Heidegger and a Hippo Walk Through Those Pearly Gates have been a favorite of philosophers and non-philosophers alike for years. Packed with dozens of witty cartoons and loaded with profound philosophical insight, I Think, Therefore I Draw will delight readers and leave them enlightened.

Every Inch a King

Comparative Studies on Kings and Kingship in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds
Author: Lynette Mitchell,Charles Melville
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004228977
Category: History
Page: 430
View: 5990
Drawing on studies of kings from Cyrus to Shah Abbas, this volume provides a rich variety of readings on royal authority and its limitations in medieval societies in both Europe and the Middle East, exemplified especially in the case of Alexander the Great, God and King, and the persistence of his legend in later eras.