Darwin's Dangerous Idea

Evolution and the Meaning of Life
Author: Daniel C. Dennett
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439126291
Category: Science
Page: 592
View: 7658
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In a book that is both groundbreaking and accessible, Daniel C. Dennett, whom Chet Raymo of The Boston Globe calls "one of the most provocative thinkers on the planet," focuses his unerringly logical mind on the theory of natural selection, showing how Darwin's great idea transforms and illuminates our traditional view of humanity's place in the universe. Dennett vividly describes the theory itself and then extends Darwin's vision with impeccable arguments to their often surprising conclusions, challenging the views of some of the most famous scientists of our day.

Von den Bakterien zu Bach – und zurück

Die Evolution des Geistes
Author: Daniel C. Dennett
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518757288
Category: Philosophy
Page: 512
View: 4073
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Was ist der menschliche Geist und wie ist er überhaupt möglich? Daniel Dennett ist der weltweit wohl bedeutendste Fürsprecher von Materialismus, Aufklärung und Wissenschaft. Seit über fünfzig Jahren wirbt und streitet er für seine Ansichten. Mit diesem Buch wagt er noch einmal einen Rundumschlag, eine Meistererzählung von den Ursprüngen des Lebens über die Geistesgrößen der Menschheit wie Johann Sebastian Bach, Marie Curie oder Pablo Picasso bis hin zur künstlichen Intelligenz. Dennett zeigt, wie eine vollkommen geistlose genetische und kulturelle Evolution es geschafft hat, zunächst die Einzeller, dann Pflanzen und Tiere sowie schließlich den Geist, die Kultur und das Bewusstsein hervorzubringen. Und er schießt dabei gewohnt scharf gegen Kreationisten, Antidarwinisten und alle anderen, denen ihr dogmatischer Schlummer wichtiger ist als die Wahrheit.

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Category: Science
Page: 489
View: 7537
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Darwin

Das Abenteuer des Lebens
Author: Jürgen Neffe
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641038359
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 544
View: 8293
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»Ein wirklich sensationell lesenswertes Buch über Charles Darwin.« Denis Scheck in »Druckfrisch« Nach seiner international gefeierten Einstein-Biografie ist Jürgen Neffe erneut ein literarischer Coup gelungen: Zum 200. Geburtstag reiste er auf den Spuren von Charles Darwin um die Welt. Er folgte Darwins Weltumrundung auf der »Beagle«, der berühmtesten Route der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Etappe für Etappe zeichnet Jürgen Neffe auch die geistige Reise Darwins zur Evolutionstheorie nach und beleuchtet die wissenschaftlichen, weltanschaulichen und religiösen Auseinandersetzungen unserer Tage. • Jürgen Neffe nimmt den Leser mit auf die berühmteste Reise der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. • Mit 32 Seiten Farbbildteil.

Darwin's DNA: A Brief Introduction to Evolutionary Philosophy


Author: N.A
Publisher: MSAC Philosophy Group
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 1011
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Darwin's DNA: A Brief Introduction to Evolutiionary Philossophy


Author: Andrea Diem-Lane
Publisher: MSAC Philosophy Group
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 72
View: 9420
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This is an illustrated version (replete with black and white pictures and graphs) of Dr. Andrea Diem-Lane's book, Darwin's DNA, which has been republished in a smaller paperback version entitled The DNA of Consciousness. Explores evolutionary theory and how Darwinian natural selection can help explain why consciousness developed as a virtual simulator over time. Fully illustrated.

Karl Marx

Die Biographie
Author: Gareth Stedman Jones
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104905584
Category: Fiction
Page: 896
View: 8103
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»Eine profunde Neubewertung von Marx und eine fesselnde Lektüre«, so urteilt Bestseller-Autor Christopher Clark über Gareth Stedman Jones‘ hochgelobte Studie »Karl Marx: Die Biographie«. Denn Karl Marx war kein Marxist – zum Marxisten haben ihn andere gemacht. Indem Gareth Stedman Jones Leben und Werk von Marx konsequent aus ihrem Kontext im 19. Jahrhundert beschreibt, gelingt ihm eine faszinierende neue Deutung dieses epochemachenden Denkers. Endlich verstehen wir Marx‘ Entwicklung aus seiner Zeit heraus und wie er die Gedanken von Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, Ricardo und anderen zu neuen Ideen schmiedete. Und wir verstehen Marx‘ grundlegende Begriffe wie z.B. »Mehrwert«, »Kapital« »Entfremdung«, »Ausbeutung«, »Proletarier«, »Revolution« usw. In einer Epoche des industriellen und politischen Umbruchs erscheint Marx als Zeitgenosse, der versucht, Antworten auf die neuen Herausforderungen zu finden. Antworten, von denen er nicht ahnen konnte, wie sehr sie die Welt verändern würden. »Eine profunde Neubewertung von Marx und eine fesselnde Lektüre.« Christopher Clark

Zoonomie oder Gesetze des organischen Lebens


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 592
View: 6596
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Clausewitzian Friction and Future War


Author: Barry D. Watts
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788146176
Category: Entropy (Information theory)
Page: 133
View: 7238
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Since the end of the U.S.-Soviet Cold War, there has been growing discussion of the possibility that technological advances in the means of combat would produce ftmdamental changes in how future wars will be fought. A number of observers have suggested that the nature of war itself would be transformed. Some proponents of this view have gone so far as to predict that these changes would include great reductions in, if not the outright elimination of, the various impediments to timely and effective action in war for which the Prussian theorist and soldier Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) introduced the term "friction." Friction in war, of course, has a long historical lineage. It predates Clausewitz by centuries and has remained a stubbornly recurring factor in combat outcomes right down to the 1991 Gulf War. In looking to the future, a seminal question is whether Clausewitzian friction would succumb to the changes in leading-edge warfare that may lie ahead, or whether such impediments reflect more enduring aspects of war that technology can but marginally affect. It is this question that the present essay will examine.

Den Bann brechen

Religion als natürliches Phänomen
Author: Daniel C. Dennett
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518297896
Category:
Page: 550
View: 3719
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Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl


Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Heredity
Page: 377
View: 5338
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Darwin's Dice

The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin
Author: Curtis Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199361436
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 1485
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For evolutionary biologists, the concept of chance has always played a significant role in the formation of evolutionary theory. As far back as Greek antiquity, chance and "luck" were key factors in understanding the natural world. Chance is not just an important concept; it is an entire way of thinking about nature. And as Curtis Johnson shows, it is also one of the key ideas that separates Charles Darwin from other systematic biologists of his time. Studying the concept of chance in Darwin's writing reveals core ideas in his theory of evolution, as well as his reflections on design, purpose, and randomness in nature's progression over the course of history. In Darwin's Dice: The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin, Curtis Johnson examines Darwin's early notebooks, his collected correspondence (now in 19 volumes), and most of his published writing to trace the evolution of his ideas about chance in evolution. This proved to be one of Darwin's most controversial ideas among his reading public, so much so that it drew hostile reactions even from Darwin's scientific friends, not to mention the more general reader. The firestorm of criticism forced Darwin to forge a retreat, not in terms of removing chance from his theory--his commitment to it was unshakable--but in terms of how he chose to present his theory. Briefly, by changing his wording and by introducing metaphors and images (the stone-house metaphor, the evolution of giraffes, and others), Darwin succeeded in making his ideas seem less threatening than before without actually changing his views. Randomness remained a focal point for Darwin throughout his life. Through the lens of randomness, Johnson reveals implications of Darwin's views for religion, free will, and moral theory. Darwin's Dice presents a new way to look at Darwinist thought and the writings of Charles Darwin.

Die Entstehung der Arten (Illustriert)


Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: AuraBooks | eClassica
ISBN: 3943797171
Category:
Page: 760
View: 5610
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Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe ums Dasein • Für die eBook-Ausgabe neu editiert • Mit eingeklinkter Bilderstrecke (22 Illustrationen) • An die moderne Rechtschreibung angepasst, ohne den Charakter des Textes zu verfälschen • Mit Hypertext-Inhaltsverzeichnis und vollständig verlinkten Kapiteln, Unterkapiteln und Fußnoten Bestseller-Autor Rolf Dobelli (»Die Kunst des klaren Denkens«) über dieses Buch: »›Über die Entstehung der Arten‹ war 1859 ein Paukenschlag, wie es ihn in der Geschichte der Wissenschaft vorher und nachher kaum je gegeben hat. Seither spielt sich praktisch jede Diskussion unter Biologen vor dem Hintergrund der Evolutionstheorie ab. Zahlreiche Wissenschaftler machten sich Darwins Thesen rasch zu Eigen und vertraten sie energisch, während die Gegnerschaft sich vor allem aus weltanschaulichen Motiven speiste. Darwins Evolutionstheorie wurde, ohne dass er diese Möglichkeit besonders betont hätte, sofort auch auf den Menschen bezogen – und naturgemäß war dies der Punkt, an dem sich die Geister am erbittertsten schieden.« Die für viele schockierende grundlegende Einsicht Darwins hat sich erst in den letzten Jahrzehnten in der Wissenschaft vollständig durchgesetzt: »Der Unterschied zwischen Mensch und Tier ist auf keinem Gebiet ein grundsätzlicher, sondern stets nur ein gradueller.« (Dobelli)

Fundamentals of Natural Computing

Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications
Author: Leandro Nunes de Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420011448
Category: Science
Page: 696
View: 6810
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Natural computing brings together nature and computing to develop new computational tools for problem solving; to synthesize natural patterns and behaviors in computers; and to potentially design novel types of computers. Fundamentals of Natural Computing: Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications presents a wide-ranging survey of novel techniques and important applications of nature-based computing. This book presents theoretical and philosophical discussions, pseudocodes for algorithms, and computing paradigms that illustrate how computational techniques can be used to solve complex problems, simulate nature, explain natural phenomena, and possibly allow the development of new computing technologies. The author features a consistent and approachable, textbook-style format that includes lucid figures, tables, real-world examples, and different types of exercises that complement the concepts while encouraging readers to apply the computational tools in each chapter. Building progressively upon core concepts of nature-inspired techniques, the topics include evolutionary computing, neurocomputing, swarm intelligence, immunocomputing, fractal geometry, artificial life, quantum computing, and DNA computing. Fundamentals of Natural Computing is a self-contained introduction and a practical guide to nature-based computational approaches that will find numerous applications in a variety of growing fields including engineering, computer science, biological modeling, and bioinformatics.

On the Origin of Species


Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1460401530
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 3562
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Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, in which he writes of his theories of evolution by natural selection, is one of the most important works of scientific study ever published. This unabridged edition also includes a rich selection of primary source material: substantial selections from Darwin's other works (Autobiography, notebooks, letters, Voyage of the Beagle, and The Descent of Man) and selections from Darwin's sources and contemporaries (excerpts from Genesis, Paley, Lamarck, Spencer, Lyell, Malthus, Huxley, and Wallace).

Kinds Of Minds

Toward An Understanding Of Consciousness
Author: Danile C. Dennett
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0786723629
Category: Psychology
Page: 192
View: 9523
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Combining ideas from philosophy, artificial intelligence, and neurobiology, Daniel Dennett leads the reader on a fascinating journey of inquiry, exploring such intriguing possibilities as: Can any of us really know what is going on in someone else's mind? What distinguishes the human mind from the minds of animals, especially those capable of complex behavior? If such animals, for instance, were magically given the power of language, would their communities evolve an intelligence as subtly discriminating as ours? Will robots, once they have been endowed with sensory systems like those that provide us with experience, ever exhibit the particular traits long thought to distinguish the human mind, including the ability to think about thinking? Dennett addresses these questions from an evolutionary perspective. Beginning with the macromolecules of DNA and RNA, the author shows how, step-by-step, animal life moved from the simple ability to respond to frequently recurring environmental conditions to much more powerful ways of beating the odds, ways of using patterns of past experience to predict the future in never-before-encountered situations. Whether talking about robots whose video-camera ”eyes” give us the powerful illusion that ”there is somebody in there” or asking us to consider whether spiders are just tiny robots mindlessly spinning their webs of elegant design, Dennett is a master at finding and posing questions sure to stimulate and even disturb.

Notebook M


Author: Gillian Savigny
Publisher: Insomniac Press
ISBN: 1554830931
Category: Life sciences
Page: 95
View: 6326
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Gillian Savigny's Notebook M imagines what scientific creativity might accomplish if given the space to play, free of the burden of empirical proof and the need to control meaning. Inspired by Charles Darwin's own Notebook M, in which he brought his scientific sensibility towards decidedly unscientific notions of metaphysics, morals, imagination, and expression, in this collection the poet dons a lab coat and brings together the techniques and procedures of poetry and science. The result is a remarkably accomplished first collection of poetry. Natural selection becomes a technique to pull poems from Darwin's prose, in a series of found poems. Metaphor becomes an experiment -- a way of testing hypotheses about the nature of being and seeing. Savigny manipulates the lyric mode to address issues pertinent to both poets and scientists: issues of authorship, originality, copyright, and value. Invested with wonder, mystery, wit, and pathos, these poems strain against their own procedures and logic, affirming the wild, expressive potential of words.