Decolonization Since 1945

The Collapse of European Overseas Empires
Author: John Springhall
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780333746004
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 8033
One of the most significant changes of the post-1945 world has been the decline and final dismemberment of European colonial empires in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Pacific, and the Caribbean. In 1939, roughly a third of the world's entire population lived under colonial rule. At the end of the 20th-century, less than one per cent did so. In this study, each major European overseas colony, rather than being subject to chronological or thematic subdivision, receives separate, extensive, and consecutive treatment.

A Concise History of the World Since 1945

States and Peoples
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0230211208
Page: N.A
View: 7426

A Companion to Europe Since 1945

Author: Klaus Larres
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118890248
Category: History
Page: 536
View: 7620
A Companion to Europe Since 1945 provides a stimulatingguide to numerous important developments which have influenced thepolitical, economic, social, and cultural character of Europeduring and since the Cold War. Includes 22 original essays by an international team of expertscholars Examines the social, intellectual, economic, cultural, andpolitical changes that took place throughout Europe in the Cold Warand Post Cold War periods Discusses a wide range of topics including the Single Market,European-American relations, family life and employment,globalization, consumption, political parties, Europeandecolonization, European identity, security and defence policies,and Europe's fight against international terrorism Presents Europe in a broad geographical conception, to giveequal weighting to developments in the Eastern and Western Europeanstates

The Invention of Decolonization

The Algerian War and the Remaking of France
Author: Todd Shepard
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801443602
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 9314
In this account of the Algerian War's effect on French political structures and notions of national identity, Todd Shepard asserts that the separation of Algeria from France was truly a revolutionary event with lasting consequences for French social and political life. For more than a century, Algeria had been legally and administratively part of France; after the bloody war that concluded in 1962, it was other--its eight million Algerian residents deprived of French citizenship while hundreds of thousands of French pieds noirs were forced to return to a country that was never home. This rupture violated the universalism that had been the essence of French republican theory since the late eighteenth century. Shepard contends that because the amputation of Algeria from the French body politic was accomplished illegally and without explanation, its repercussions are responsible for many of the racial and religious tensions that confront France today. In portraying decolonization as an essential step in the inexorable "tide of history," the French state absolved itself of responsibility for the revolutionary change it was effecting. It thereby turned its back not only on the French of Algeria--Muslims in particular--but also on its own republican principles and the 1958 Constitution. From that point onward, debates over assimilation, identity, and citizenship--once focused on the Algerian "province/colony"--have troubled France itself. In addition to grappling with questions of race, citizenship, national identity, state institutions, and political debate, Shepard also addresses debates in Jewish history, gender history, and queer theory.


Das Ende der Imperien
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel,Jan C. Jansen
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406654657
Category: History
Page: 144
View: 854
Kaum ein Vorgang veränderte die Welt im 20. Jahrhundert so sehr wie das Ende kolonialer Herrschaft in Asien und Afrika. In systematischen und chronologischen Kapiteln beschreibt das Buch diesen Prozess mit seinen weiten Ausläufern im gesamten Jahrhundert und bietet lokale, imperiale und globale Erklärungen an. Es fragt nach den Auswirkungen der Dekolonisation auf Weltwirtschaft, internationales System und Ideengeschichte sowie nach den vielfältigen langfristigen Folgen für die ehemaligen Kolonien und Metropolen.

Union Education in Nigeria

Labor, Empire, and Decolonization since 1945
Author: H. Tijani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137003596
Category: History
Page: 176
View: 9947
This book aims to fill some of the gaps in historical narrative about labor unions, Nigerian leftists, and decolonization during the twentieth century. It emphasizes the significance of labor union education in British decolonization, labor unionism, and British efforts at modernizing the human resources of Nigeria.

Decolonization in South Asia

Meanings of Freedom in Post-independence West Bengal, 1947–52
Author: Sekhar Bandyopadhyay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134018231
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 8500
This book explores the meanings and complexities of India’s experience of transition from colonial to the post-colonial period. It focuses on the first five years – from independence on 15th August 1947 to the first general election in January 1952 – in the politics of West Bengal, the new Indian province that was created as a result of the Partition. The author, a specialist on the history of modern India, discusses what freedom actually meant to various individuals, communities and political parties, how they responded to it, how they extended its meaning and how in their anxiety to confront the realities of free India, they began to invent new enemies of their newly acquired freedom. By emphasising the representations of popular mentality rather than the institutional changes brought in by the process of decolonization, he draws attention to other concerns and anxieties that were related to the problems of coming to terms with the newly achieved freedom and the responsibility of devising independent rules of governance that would suit the historic needs of a pluralist nation. Decolonization in South Asia analyses the transitional politics of West Bengal in light of recent developments in postcolonial theory on nationalism, treating the ‘nation’ as a space for contestation, rather than a natural breeding ground for homogeneity in the complex political scenario of post-independence India. It will appeal to academics interested in political science, sociology, social anthropology and cultural and Asian studies.

Exit Strategies and State Building

Author: Richard Caplan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199942706
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 4667
In the past two decades, states and multilateral organizations have devoted considerable resources toward efforts to stabilize peace and rebuild war-torn societies in places such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Kosovo, and Sierra Leone. Despite these prodigious efforts, there has been relatively little consideration of the critical questions arising from the "end game" of state-building operations. In Exit Strategies and State Building, sixteen leading scholars and practitioners focus on relevant historical and contemporary cases of exit to provide a comprehensive overview of this crucial issue. By examining the major challenges associated with the conclusion of international state-building operations and the requirements for the maintenance of peace in the period following exit, this book provides unique perspective on a critical aspect of military and political intervention. Deftly researched, Exit Strategies and State Building sheds new light on what is not merely an academic issue, but also a pressing global policy concern.

International Relations Since 1945

A History in Two Volumes
Author: J. P. D. Dunbabin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780582227194
Category: Cold War
Page: 1062
View: 6767

International Relations Since 1945

Author: John W. Young,John Kent
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199693064
Category: History
Page: 659
View: 5359
International Relations since 1945 offers undergraduate students a comprehensive and accessible introduction to global political history since World War II. The new edition is comprehensively updated to cover the period between 2001 and 2012. Discussing the World Trade Center attacks and concluding with the run up to the 2012 US presidential elections, a new final section outlines broad developments including the changing world order and the global financial crises. Three new chapters look at terrorism, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the rise of major new powers including China.Student learning is supported by a range of helpful learning features including biographies of key figures and chronologies of events.New to this edition A new final section covering the period between 2001 and 2012 outlines broad developments including changes in the international order and financial crises.Three new chapters add material on terrorism, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the rise of major new powers.


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 2676

Empire Europe?

Die EU im Licht neuer Imperiumstheorien
Author: Philipp Hofmann
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 3828856411
Category: Political Science
Page: 135
View: 7222
Die Europäische Union steht innerhalb des internationalen Systems seit geraumer Zeit im Fokus der Diskussion um innovative politische Ordnungs- bzw. Herrschaftsmodelle. Dabei nimmt zunehmend die Idee einer neuen imperialen Ordnung im Rahmen der EU Gestalt an. Sie steht im Widerspruch zu etablierten Ordnungskonzepten, die die EU auf dem Weg zum Staatenbund oder europäischen Einheitsstaat sehen. Philipp Hofmann widmet sich vier zentralen Beiträgen der "neuen Imperiumstheorien" aus der Governance-Perspektive. Dazu macht er die Qualität der EU als Imperium nicht vornehmlich in einer nach außen gerichteten Zwangsordnung fest, sondern an ihrer nach innen gerichteten Herrschaftsordnung. Nach Verortung jener Steuerungs- und Regelungs-Mechanismen, in denen sich imperiale Herrschaft widerspiegelt, identifiziert der Autor Anknüpfungspunkte von der imperialen Governance zur Multi-Level Governance der EU. Als Fallbeispiele zur Sprache kommen dabei die neuen EU-Entscheidungsregeln nach dem Lissabonvertrag sowie die Formung und Umsetzung der letzten Stufe der Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion.

Wirtschaft, Verbände, Integration

britische Industrie und westeuropäische Integration von 1945 bis 1975
Author: Jörg Leitolf,Arbeitskreis Deutsche England-Forschung
Publisher: N.A
Category: Employers' associations
Page: 299
View: 9460

Empire and Revolution

The United States and the Third World Since 1945
Author: Peter L. Hahn,Mary Ann Heiss
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814250602
Category: Political Science
Page: 295
View: 9164
The ten essays in this volume represent state-of-the-art surveys of ten singular episodes in U.S. interaction with the Third World since 1945. Each author seeks to present a unique approach to a specific topic within U.S. -- Third World relations. The essays cover the globe and include studies of the Middle East, Latin America, Africa, and Asia. They make use of a variety of source material and employ a wide range of analytical devices, such as the national security paradigm, the idea of economic development, and culture. The essays present a multihued portrait of the different ways policy makers in the United States dealt with Third World problems. The essays make clear the multitude of considerations that affected policy making; the many different actors, both official and nonofficial, who came to influence the policy-making process; and the possibilities for future research into U.S. relations with the nations of the Third World. They are designed not only to present the current state of the literature but also to suggest some avenues for future research.

Grossbritannien, das Empire und die Welt

Britische Aussenpolitik zwischen "Grösse" und "Selbstbehauptung", 1850-1990
Author: Ursula Lehmkuhl
Publisher: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: 324
View: 3833

Ambivalent Anti-colonialism

The United States and the Genesis of West Indian Independence, 1940-1964
Author: Cary Fraser
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
Category: History
Page: 233
View: 9215
Until recently, historians have defined the Commonwealth Caribbean territories by their relationship with Britian and have attributed little importance to American relations with these territories. Fraser provides a reinterpretation of U.S. policy toward the West Indies since 1940. He establishes links between Afro-West Indian groups and African Americans who successfully influenced both American and British policy in the West Indies. Thus, he explores a little-understood and little-studied aspect of American policy toward Britain's disengagement from empire after 1945 and the way decolonization in the Caribbean helped to shape the pattern and strategy of the Anglo-American relationship from Roosevelt to Kennedy. The book will force a rethinking of American policy toward the West Indies since 1940, the impact of race on American foreign policy, and the historiography of inter-American relations.

Menschenrechte im Schatten kolonialer Gewalt

die Dekolonisierungskriege in Kenia und Algerien 1945-1962
Author: Fabian Klose
Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
Category: Algeria
Page: 346
View: 2770
Anhand des Mau-Mau-Kriegs in Kenia und des Algerienkriegs zeigt Fabian Klose, wie ahnlich die Gewaltpolitik und Notstandsmassnahmen der beiden Kolonialmachte Grossbritannien und Frankreich waren. Dabei stehen Fragen der "antisubversiven Militarstrategie" im Mittelpunkt, vor deren Hintergrund die Radikalisierung kolonialer Gewalt in den Dekolonisierungskriegen nach 1945 dargestellt wird. Die These lautet, dass die Gewaltpraktiken der Ausbreitung der Menschenrechte diametral entgegen standen und infolge des Widerstands der Kolonialmachte bis zum Abschluss der Dekolonisation das internationale Menschenrechtsregime lahmten. Methodisch betritt der Autor Neuland, indem er die bisher weitgehend getrennten Forschungsfelder "internationaler Menschenrechtsdiskurs" und "den Prozess der Dekolonisation" zum ersten Mal miteinander verbindet und die wechselseitigen Auswirkungen beider Entwicklungen aufeinander untersucht. Die Dissertation stutzt sich auf neu erschlossenes internationales Archivmaterial, z.B. des Internationalen Komitees vom Roten Kreuz oder der Menschenrechtskommission der Vereinten Natione

British Imperial Policy and Decolonization, 1938-64

Author: N.A
Publisher: Palgrave Schol, Print UK
ISBN: 9780333385135
Category: Decolonization
Page: 601
View: 1333
Current interest in Britain's imperial past and the loss of her formal empire since World War II is substantial. This book, the second of a two-part study, brings together a collection of original and hitherto unpublished source material, throwing light on the approaches of those politicians, civil servants and expert advisers who were responsible for Britain's changing relations with her colonies and the Commonwealth. Major themes touched on include the impact on the empire of the international upheavals of the 1950s, the place of colonies in Britain's strategic defence planning, problems of colonial economic development, and relations with the USA.

War since 1945

Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861894635
Category: History
Page: 216
View: 4734
Most writing on modern warfare begins with the French Revolutionary Wars and continues through World Wars I and II, giving post-1945 conflicts only a cursory glance through the lens of Cold War politics. Distinguished military historian Jeremy Black corrects that imbalance with War since 1945, a comprehensive look at the many large- and small-scale wars fought around the world in the past sixty years. Black argues strenuously that, in order fully to understand recent warfare, we must discard the Cold War narrative that has until now framed the majority of historical inquiry. By treating conflicts—especially those in and between developing nations—on their own terms, he is able to bring proper attention to the wide varieties of force structures, methods, goals, and military cultures that have been employed in post-World War II battles. Rather than recapitulate the familiar assessments that consider improvements in weaponry or increases in the size of armies without adequately weighing the wider context of their uses in specific wars, Black presents an account of warfare that focuses on the actual tasks the military is ordered to undertake. His global coverage of warfare is unparalleled, and his insistence on the centrality of developing nations to this period of military history brings new knowledge to bear on understudied aspects of recent history. Black brings the book up to date with considerations of the current "war on terror" and the U.S.-led war in Iraq. Timely and accessible, War since 1945 will be essential to anyone who wants to understand the state of warfare in the present day.

European Decolonization

Author: Martin Thomas
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780754625681
Category: History
Page: 547
View: 8298
This collection brings together twenty-one key articles that explore the nature and impact of colonial withdrawal. Ranging across all the European colonial powers, the articles discuss various aspects of decolonization, including the role of political violence, changing popular attitudes to empire and the inter-actions between colonial conflict and Cold War.