Theory and Decision

Essays in Honor of Werner Leinfellner
Author: G. Eberlein,H.A. Berghel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400938950
Category: Social Science
Page: 325
View: 9536
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This collection of articles contains contributions from a few of Werner Leinfellner's many friends and colleagues. Some of them are former students of Werner's. Others were colleagues of his at various American and European universities. Further, some have come to know Werner through his research, his long-standing editorship of Theory and Deci sion and his extensive participation in international conferences and congresses. The following articles are new to this volume. The areas covered are those in which Werner continues to play an active professional role. We offer them as a tribute to the many and multi-faceted contributions to the scientific enterprise for which Werner Leinfellner is so widely known. We believe such a festschrift to be fitting and long overdue. Because of the breadth of Werner's professional associations, it was difficult to select representatives from among his many spheres of influence. We apologize to the many scholars who could not be in cluded because of time and space considerations. Finally, we wish to express appreciation to Dean John Guilds of the University of Arkansas for providing financial support early on in the evolution of this project, to Jennifer Bauman for her bravura performance in copy-editing the manuscripts, and to our publisher at Reidel for bringing this volume to press.

Books in Series


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780835221092
Category: Monographic series
Page: 1756
View: 477
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Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series

1975: January-June
Author: N.A
Publisher: Copyright Office, Library of Congress
ISBN: N.A
Category: Copyright
Page: 1594
View: 5203
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Social and Personality Development

An Advanced Textbook
Author: Michael E. Lamb,Marc H. Bornstein
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113669966X
Category: Education
Page: 536
View: 2677
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First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Decision Theory and Social Ethics

Issues in Social Choice
Author: H.W. Gottinger,W. Leinfellner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400998384
Category: Social Science
Page: 351
View: 3500
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Ethics, as one of the most respectable disciplines of philosophy, has undergone a drastic and revolutionary change in recent time. There are three main trends of this development. The first trend can be described as a tendency towards a rigorous formal and analytical language. This means simply that ethics has created beside its own formalized set theoretical language a variety of new formalized, logical and mathemati cal methods and concepts. Thus ethics has become a formalized meta or epidiscipline which is going to replace the traditional concepts, principles and ethical methods in the realm of social sciences. It is clear that a formalized form of ethics can be used more easily in social, economic and political theories if there are ethical conflicts to be solved. This first trend can be regarded as a conditio sine qua non for application in, and imposing ethical solutions on, social scientific theories. The second trend may be characterized as an association- or unification-tendency of a formalized and analytical ethics with decision theory. Decision theory as a new interdiscipline of social sciences is actually an assemblage of a variety of subtheories such as value-utility theory, game theory, collective decision theory, etc. Harsanyi has called this complex of subtheories a general theory of human behavior. Analytical or formal ethics is actually using this general theory of human behavior as a vehicle simply because this theory deals from the beginning with conflict solution, i. e.

Methodological Issues in Accounting Research

Theories, Methods and Issues
Author: Zahirul Hoque
Publisher: Spiramus Press Ltd
ISBN: 9781904905134
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 538
View: 7408
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A major problem confronting a researcher is which theoretical perspective is considered most apt. This book provides a good guideline as to why and how to choose a particular theory or method to study an organizational phenomenon such as accounting. The contributors to this collection are world-renowned in their respective field. Each chapter documents the latest research in accounting and control systems. The book is primarily intended for research students and academic researchers in the areas of accounting and practices in organizations. The book can also be used for undergraduate and postgraduate accounting methodology courses, and research organizations/consulting firms in the accounting and business field.

Quantitative Sociodynamics

Stochastic Methods and Models of Social Interaction Processes
Author: D. Helbing
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792331926
Category: Science
Page: 339
View: 9493
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Quantitative Sociodynamics presents a general strategy for interdisciplinary model building and its application to a quantitative description of behavioural changes based on social interaction processes. Originally, the crucial methods for the modeling of complex systems (stochastic methods and nonlinear dynamics) were developed in physics but they have very often proved their explanatory power in chemistry, biology, economics and the social sciences. Quantitative Sociodynamics provides a unified and comprehensive overview of the different stochastic methods, their interrelations and properties. In addition, it introduces the most important concepts from nonlinear dynamics (synergetics, chaos theory). The applicability of these fascinating concepts to social phenomena is carefully discussed. By incorporating decision-theoretical approaches a very fundamental dynamic model is obtained which seems to open new perspectives in the social sciences. It includes many established models as special cases, e.g. the logistic equation, the gravity model, some diffusion models, the evolutionary game theory and the social field theory, but it also implies numerous new results. Examples concerning opinion formation, migration, social field theory; the self-organization of behavioural conventions as well as the behaviour of customers and voters are presented and illustrated by computer simulations. Quantitative Sociodynamics is relevant both for social scientists and natural scientists who are interested in the application of stochastic and synergetics concepts to interdisciplinary topics.

Essays on Ethics, Social Behaviour, and Scientific Explanation


Author: J.C. Harsanyi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940109327X
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 8485
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When John Harsanyi came to Stanford University as a candidate for the Ph.D., I asked him why he was bothering, since it was most un likely that he had anything to learn from us. He was already a known scho lar; in addition to some papers in economics, the first two papers in this vol ume had already been published and had dazzled me by their originality and their combination of philosophical insight and technical competence. However, I am very glad I did not discourage him; whether he learned any thing worthwhile I don't know, but we all learned much from him on the foundations of the theory of games and specifically on the outcome of bar gaining. The central focus of Harsanyi's work has continued to be in the theory of games, but especially on the foundations and conceptual problems. The theory of games, properly understood, is a very broad approach to social interaction based on individually rational behavior, and it connects closely with fundamental methodological and substantive issues in social science and in ethics. An indication of the range of Harsanyi's interest in game the ory can be found in the first paper of Part B -though in fact his owncontri butions are much broader-and in the second paper the applications to the methodology of social science. The remaining papers in that section show more specifically the richness of game theory in specific applications.

The Sociology and Politics of Development

A Theoretical Study
Author: Baidya Nath Varma
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113685567X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 7991
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Originally published in 1980, this work answers the crucial question of how social change should be guided in the developing countries. Professor Varma begins by posing the problems of the general scope of modernization and the general criteria used in the modernization process. He examines carefully some of the models that have been used for this purpose in the past, providing extensive summaries of the views on modernization of theorists in various social science disciplines, including sociology, politics, economics, and anthropology, and stresses the importance of these views in guiding policy decisions. The book concludes with a comparison of the development processes of the United States, the Soviet Union, China, Japan and India.

The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods


Author: Bruce Thyer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761919056
Category: Social Science
Page: 546
View: 4839
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This volume is the definitive resource for anyone doing research in social work. It details both quantitative and qualitative methods and data collection, as well as suggesting the methods appropriate to particular types of studies. It also covers issues such as ethics, gender and ethnicity, and offers advice on how to write up and present your research.

Methods of Research in Sport Sciences

Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches
Author: Gershon Tenenbaum,Marcy Perkins Driscoll
Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag
ISBN: 1841261335
Category: Social Science
Page: 774
View: 1992
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This handbook consists of a solid theoretical and scientific rationale that is presented in a simple language. It also presents a balance between quantitative and qualitative methods of research and analysis, and advocates for problem-focused methodology, and mixed design when the questions asked by the researcher or the scientists require doing so. The most distinctive feature of the book is that the contents are presented in a hierarchy in terms of complexity

Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare


Author: Kenneth Joseph Arrow,Amartya Sen,Kōtarō Suzumura
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444829146
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 633
View: 2000
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One of two volumes, 'The Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare' contains a series of essays that examine past and on-going social choice theory and welfare economics. It provides a means to making collective decisions on such issues.

The EU, ASEAN and Interregionalism

Regionalism Support and Norm Diffusion between the EU and ASEAN
Author: L. Allison
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137494816
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 6590
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Using a framework of norm diffusion to determine the EU's international actorness in the context of its relations with ASEAN, this book provides a timely and in-depth analysis of EU-ASEAN relations. By investigating three aspects of regionalism support by the EU it presents a comprehensive account of norm diffusion between the EU and ASEAN.

Concepts of Law

Comparative, Jurisprudential, and Social Science Perspectives
Author: Dr Lukas Heckendorn Urscheler,Dr Seán Patrick Donlan
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472401549
Category: Law
Page: 270
View: 4429
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Debates surrounding the concept of law are not new. For a wide variety of reasons and in a wide variety of ways, the meaning of 'law' has long been an important part of Western thought, both within legal scholarship and beyond. The contributors to Concepts of Law are international experts from the fields of comparative law, legal philosophy, and the social sciences. Combining theoretical analyses with case studies, they explore various legal concepts and contexts from diverse national and disciplinary perspectives. Legal and normative pluralism is a theme throughout. Some chapters discuss the development of state law and legal systems. Others wrestle with law’s rhetoric and the potential utility of alternative vocabularies, e.g., 'governance' and ‘governmentality’. Others reveal the rich polyjurality of the present, from the local to the global. The result is a rich picture of both present scholarship on laws and norms and the state of contemporary legal complexity, each crossing traditional boundaries.

Theory Construction and Model-building Skills

A Practical Guide for Social Scientists
Author: James Jaccard,Jacob Jacoby
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606233408
Category: Psychology
Page: 391
View: 4810
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Meeting a crucial need for graduate students and newly minted researchers, this innovative text provides hands-on tools for generating ideas and translating them into formal theories. It is illustrated with numerous practical examples drawn from multiple social science disciplines and research settings. The authors offer clear guidance for defining constructs, thinking through relationships and processes that link constructs, and deriving new theoretical models (or building on existing ones) based on those relationships. Step by step, they show readers how to use causal analysis, mathematical modeling, simulations, and grounded and emergent approaches to theory construction. A chapter on writing about theories contains invaluable advice on crafting effective papers and grant applications. Useful pedagogical features in every chapter include: Application exercises and concept exercises Lists of key terms and engaging topical boxes Annotated suggestions for further reading. This book is intended for graduate students in a range of disciplines, including psychology, education, sociology, health, and management, as well as social scientists pursing research careers in academic or other settings. It can serve as a primary text in graduate-level courses in theory construction or as a supplemental text in courses on research methodology, theories of a particular discipline, grant writing, or the dissertation.

Environmental Social Sciences

Methods and Research Design
Author: Ismael Vaccaro,Eric Alden Smith,Shankar Aswani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491725
Category: Medical
Page: N.A
View: 7150
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The relationship between human communities and the environment is extremely complex. In order to resolve the issues involved with this relationship, interdisciplinary research combining natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities is necessary. In this 2010 book, specialists summarise methods and research strategies for various aspects of social research devoted to environmental issues. Each chapter is illustrated with ethnographic and environmental examples, ranging from Australia to Amazonia, from Madagascar to the United States, and from prehistoric and historic cases to contemporary rural and urban ones. It deals with climate change, deforestation, environmental knowledge, natural reserves, politics and ownership of natural resources, and the effect of differing spatial and temporal scales. Contributing to the intellectual project of interdisciplinary environmental social science, this book shows the possibilities social science can provide to environmental studies and to larger global problems and thus will be of equal interest to social and natural scientists and policy makers.

Perspectives on Uncertainty and Risk

The PRIMA Approach to Decision Support
Author: Marjolein Van Asselt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792366560
Category: Nature
Page: 436
View: 5109
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This volume is intended to stimulate a change in the practice of decision support, advocating an interdisciplinary approach centred on both social and natural sciences, both theory and practice. It addresses the issue of analysis and management of uncertainty and risk in decision support corresponding to the aims of Integrated Assessment. A pluralistic method is necessary to account for legitimate plural interpretations of uncertainty and multiple risk perceptions. A wide range of methods and tools is presented to contribute to adequate and effective pluralistic uncertainty management and risk analysis in decision support endeavours. Special attention is given to the development of one such approach, the Pluralistic fRamework for Integrated uncertainty Management and risk Analysis (PRIMA), of which the practical value is explored in the context of the Environmental Outlooks produced by the Dutch Institute for Public Health and Environment (RIVM). Audience: This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners whose work involves decision support, uncertainty management, risk analysis, environmental planning, and Integrated Assessment.

Games and Decisions

Introduction and Critical Survey
Author: R. Duncan Luce,Howard Raiffa
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486134830
Category: Mathematics
Page: 544
View: 7149
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Superb non-technical introduction to game theory, primarily applied to social sciences. Clear, comprehensive coverage of utility theory, 2-person zero-sum games, 2-person non-zero-sum games, n-person games, individual and group decision-making, more. Bibliography.

Jurisprudence for a Free Society

Studies in Law, Science, and Policy
Author: Harold Dwight Lasswell,Myres Smith Macdougal
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9780792309895
Category: Law
Page: 1
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"Jurisprudence For a Free Society" is a remarkable contribution to legal theory. In its comprehensiveness and systematic elaboration, it stands among the major theories. It is also the most important jurisprudential statement to emerge in the post-war period. The pioneering work of Lasswell and McDougal on law and policy is already legendary. Most of the work produced by these scholars together and in collaboration with their students represent applications of their basic theory to a wide assortment of international and national legal and policy problems. Now, for the first time, the authoritative statement of their legal philosophy appears as a single volume. In Part I the authors develop their fundamental criteria for a theory about law, including the requirements of clarifying observational standpoint, focus of inquiry and the pertinent intellectual tasks incumbent on the scholar and decisionmaker for determining and achieving common interests. Trends in theories about law, including Natural Law, the Historical School, Positivism, the Sociological Study of Law, American Legal Realism and other contemporary theories, are explored for what they might contribute to the achievement to the authors' conception of an adequate jurisprudence. In Part II, the social process as a whole and the particular value-institutional processes that comprise it are described and analyzed. Because people establish, maintain and change institutions, the dynamics of personality and personality's relation to law is delineated. Part III explores the intellectual tasks of policy thinking, from clarification of values, through description of trend, the scientific examination of conditions, projection of futuredevelopments and the invention of alternatives. Part IV examines the structure of decision in a free society, a society in which the achievement of human dignity is confirmed in both word and deed. Six appendices bring together monographs by the authors over a period of forty years which deal, in more detail, with particular matters treated in the body of the book.

An Essay Concerning Sociocultural Evolution

Theoretical Principles and Mathematical Models
Author: J rgen Kl ver,Jürgen Klüver
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007507
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 775
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Writing about sociocultural evolution is always a complicated enterprise, because the subject is not only difficult in a scientific way but also in a political one. In particular since the events of September 11, 2001 the debates about the differences between cultures and their evolutionary developments have left the fields of pure scientific research once and for all. However, there have probably never been scientific discourses that did not touch the realms of political discussions - Darwin, Marx, the atomic physicists and the recent debates about genetic engineering are just a few examples. The aim of this book is not to take part in these debates but it is written as a contribution to the foundations of evolutionary theories in the social sciences. The readers will have to judge if I have succeeded with it. Perhaps essays like this one will help to clarify the problems we all have to face just now in regard to intercultural discourses. Theoretically and mathematically grounded insights into cultural development as the source of many political problems will not solve to how to deal with them them immediately but may serve as signposts in the long run.