Dialogues and Natural History of Religion


Author: David Hume,John Charles Addison Gaskin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192838766
Category: Philosophy
Page: 218
View: 1956
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David Hume is the greatest and also one of the most provocative philosophers to have written in the English language. No philosopher is more important for his careful, critical, and deeply perceptive examination of the grounds for belief in divine powers and for his sceptical accounts of the causes and consequences of religious belief, expressed most powerfully in the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and The Natural History of Religion. The Dialogues ask if belief in God can be inferred from the nature of the universe or whether it is even consistent with what we know about the universe. The Natural History of Religion investigates the origins of belief, and follows its development from harmless polytheism to dogmatic monotheism. Together they constitute the most formidable attack upon the rationality of religious belief ever mounted by a philosopher. This edition also includes Section XI of The Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and a letter concerning the Dialogues, as well as particularly helpful critical apparatus and abstracts of the main texts, enabling the reader to locate or relocate key topics.

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, and The Natural History of Religion


Author: David Hume
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN: 9780199538324
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 8048
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David Hume is the greatest and also one of the most provocative philosophers to have written in the English language. No philosopher is more important for his careful, critical, and deeply perceptive examination of the grounds for belief in divine powers and for his sceptical accounts of the causes and consequences of religious belief, expressed most powerfully in the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and The Natural History of Religion. The Dialogues ask if belief in God can be inferred from the nature of the universe or whether it is even consistent with what we know about the universe. The Natural History of Religion investigates the origins of belief, and follows its development from harmless polytheism to dogmatic monotheism. Together they constitute the most formidable attack upon the rationality of religious belief ever mounted by a philosopher. This edition also includes Section XI of The Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and a letter concerning the Dialogues, as well as particularly helpful critical apparatus and abstracts of the main texts, enabling the reader to locate or relocate key topics.

Die Naturgeschichte der Religion. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei. Über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Über Selbstmord


Author: David Hume
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 3787323562
Category: Philosophy
Page: 144
View: 6444
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In der Naturgeschichte der Religion (1757) trägt Hume eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Religiösen vor und ergänzt damit die systematisch orientierte Fragestellung der Dialoge. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei ist ausschließlich religionsphilosophisch orientiert. In Über die Unsterblichleit der Seele und Über Selbstmord systematisiert Hume zunächst die jeweils entgegenstehenden Argumente, entkräftet sie dann und hält so nicht nur ein Plädoyer für die moralische wie politisch-rechtliche Legalität des Selbstmords, sondern erweist auch die Unsterblichkeitslehre als philosophisch unbegründet.

Dialoge über die natürliche Religion


Author: David Hume
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3843018995
Category: Philosophy
Page: 100
View: 5822
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David Hume: Dialoge über die natürliche Religion Demea, ein orthodox Gläubiger, der Skeptiker Philo und der Deist Cleanthes diskutieren den physiko-teleologischen Gottesbeweis, also die Frage, ob aus der Existenz von Ordnung und Zweck in der Welt auf einen intelligenten Schöpfer oder Baumeister zu schließen ist. Entstanden um 1751, revidierte Fassung 1761. Erstdruck (postum) unter dem Titel »Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion«: London 1779. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch Karl Gottfried Schreiter unter dem Titel »Gespräche über natürliche Religion«: Leipzig (Weygand) 1781. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Friedrich Paulsen von 1877. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: David Hume: Dialoge über natürliche Religion. Über Selbstmord und Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Ins Deutsche übersetzt und mit einer Einleitung versehen von Friedrich Paulsen, 3. Auflage, Leipzig: Felix Meiner, 1905 (Philosophische Bibliothek, Bd. 36). Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: David Hume (1766) Porträt von Allan Ramsay. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Wittgenstein and Natural Religion


Author: Gordon Graham
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019105609X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 7728
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Gordon Graham presents a radically innovative study of Wittgenstein's philosophy, in relation to the age-old impulse to connect ordinary human life with the transcendent reality of God. He offers an account of its relevance to the study of religion that is completely different to the standard version of 'Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion' expounded by both its adherents and critics. Graham goes on to revitalize the philosophy of 'true religion', an alternative, though not a rival, to the lively philosophical theology of Plantinga and Swinburne that currently dominates the subject. This alternative style of philosophy of religion has equally deep historical roots in the philosophical works of Spinoza, Hume, Schleiermacher, and Mill. At the same time, it is more easily connected to the psychological, sociological, and anthropological studies of William James, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Mircea Eliade, and Mary Douglas. Graham uses Wittgenstein's conception of philosophy to argue in favour of the idea that 'true religion' is to be understood as human participation in divine life.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Hume on Religion


Author: David O'Connor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134634099
Category: Philosophy
Page: 244
View: 504
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David Hume was the most important British philosopher of the eighteenth century. His Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a classic text in the philosophy of religion. Hume on Religion introduces and asseses: *Hume's life and the background to the Dialogues *the ideas and text of Dialogues *Hume's continuing importance to philosophy.

Agricola and Germany


Author: Cornelius Tacitus,Anthony Birley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019953926X
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 7225
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Cornelius Tacitus, Rome's greatest historian, was inspired to take up his pen when the assassination of Domitian ended `fifteen years of enforced silence'. Agricola is the biography of his late father-in-law and an account of Roman Britain. Germania gives insight into Rome's most dangerous enemies, the Germans, and is the only surviving specimen from the ancient world of an ethnographic study. Each in its way has had immense influence on our perception of Rome and the northern `barbarians' and the edition reflects recent research in Roman-British and Roman-German history.

The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science


Author: Philip Clayton,Zachary Simpson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199279272
Category: Philosophy
Page: 1023
View: 3913
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The field of `science and religion' is exploding in popularity among both academics and the reading public. This is a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the debate, written by the leading experts yet accessible to the general reader.

Philosophy and Religion from Plato to Postmodernism


Author: Max Charlesworth
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780744609
Category: Religion
Page: 218
View: 8540
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From the works of the Greek philosophers to the Postmodernist theories of Jacques Derrida and Richard Rorty, this authoritative survey encompasses over two thousand years of interaction between philosophical and religious though. Exploring the various ways in which philosophy can relate to the monotheistic religions, the author tracks five key approaches in a carefully structured and accessible manner. Following a chronological pattern, these five chapters consider both major and less well-known philosophers, and feature detailed coverage of: Plato, Aristotle and the Ancient Greeks Philosophy and theology in St Augustine and Thomas Aquinas reason, agnosticism and the works of Kant and Kierkegaard Linguistic Analysis, religion and Wittgenstein Postmodernism and religion: Heidegger, Derrida and Rorty Accompanied by full reference notes, this thorough and up to date text is essential reading for all students and thinkers who wish to know more about philosophy,religion and the diverse ways in which these two fields have come together over the centures.

'The Tempest' in Context

Sin, Repentance and Forgiveness
Author: Keith Linley
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 178308376X
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 288
View: 4054
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This engaging book provides detailed in-depth discussion of the various influences that an audience in 1611 would have brought to interpreting ‘The Tempest’. How did people think about the world, about God, about sin, about kings, about civilized conduct? Learn about the social hierarchy, gender relationships, parenting and family dynamics, court corruption, class tensions, the concept of tragi-comedy – and all the subversions, transgressions, and oppositions that made the play an unsettling picture of a world attempting to come to terms with capitalism and colonialism while re-addressing the nature of rule.

The Oxford Handbook of Hume


Author: Paul Russell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199742847
Category:
Page: 840
View: 4847
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The Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) is widely regarded as the greatest and most significant English-speaking philosopher and often seen as having had the most influence on the way philosophy is practiced today in the West. His reputation is based not only on the quality of his philosophical thought but also on the breadth and scope of his writings, which ranged over metaphysics, epistemology, morals, politics, religion, and aesthetics. The Handbook's 38 newly commissioned chapters are divided into six parts: Central Themes; Metaphysics and Epistemology; Passion, Morality and Politics; Aesthetics, History, and Economics; Religion; Hume and the Enlightenment; and After Hume. The volume also features an introduction from editor Paul Russell and a chapter on Hume's biography.

An Introduction to Religion and Literature


Author: Mark Knight
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441117873
Category: Religion
Page: 176
View: 3519
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Religion has always been an integral part of the literary tradition: many canonical and non-canonical texts engage extensively with religious ideas, and the development of English Literature as a professional discipline began with an explicit consideration of the relationship between religion and literature. Literature also plays an important role in religious writing, as twentieth-century work on narrative theology has acknowledged. Both the recent theological turn of literary theory and the renewed political significance of religious debate in contemporary western culture have generated further interest in this interdisciplinary area. An Introduction to Religion and Literature offers a lucid, accessible and thoughtful introduction to the study of religion and literature. While the focus is on Christian theology and post-1800 British literature, substantial reference is made to earlier writers, texts from North America and mainland Europe, and other faith positions. Each chapter takes up a major theological idea and explores it through close readings of well-known and influential literary texts.

A Treatise of Human Nature


Author: David Hume
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486432502
Category: Philosophy
Page: 455
View: 9649
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Unpopular in its day, David Hume's sprawling, three-volume 'A Treatise of Human Nature' (1739-40) has withstood the test of time and had enormous impact on subsequent philosophical thought. Hume's comprehensive effort to form an observationally grounded study of human nature employs John Locke's empiric principles to construct a theory of knowledge from which to evaluate metaphysical ideas. A key to modern studies of eighteenth-century Western philosophy, the Treatise considers numerous classic philosophical issues, including causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality. Unabridged republication of the edition originally published by Oxford at the Clarendon Press, London, 1888.

Descartes

An Analytic and Historical Introduction
Author: Georges Dicker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195380320
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 1810
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This new edition of Georges Dicker's commentary on Descartes's Meditations serves as an introduction to Descartes's philosophy for undergraduates and as a sophisticated companion to his Meditations for advanced readers, and it incorporates much recent Descartes scholarship.

'King Lear' in Context

The Cultural Background
Author: Keith Linley
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783083743
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 306
View: 1592
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This engaging book provides in-depth discussion of the various influences that an audience in 1606 would have brought to interpreting ‘King Lear’. How did people think about the world, about God, about sin, about kings, about civilized conduct? Learn about the social hierarchy, gender relationships, parenting and family dynamics, court corruption, class tensions, the literary profile of the time, the concept of tragedy – and all the subversions, transgressions, and oppositions that made the play an unsettling picture of a disintegrating world in free fall.

The Nature of the Gods


Author: Cicero
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191623148
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 7501
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`My present intention is to clear myself of any suspicion of partiality by presenting the views of the generality of philosophers concerning the nature of the gods.' Cicero's philosophical works are now exciting renewed interest, in part because he provides vital evidence of the views of the (largely lost) Greek philosophers of the Hellenistic age, and partly because of the light he casts on the intellectual life of first century Rome. The Nature of the Gods is a text of central significance, presenting a detailed account of the theologies of the Epicureans and of the Stoics, together with the critical objections to these doctrines raised by the Academic school. When these Greek theories of deity are translated into the Roman context, a fascinating clash of ideologies results. This fine translation by P. G. Walsh includes a summary of the Text, and an Index and Glossary of Names. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Science, Religion, and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence


Author: David Wilkinson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019166961X
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 8644
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If the discovery of life elsewhere in the universe is just around the corner, what would be the consequences for religion? Would it represent another major conflict between science and religion, even leading to the death of faith? Some would suggest that the discovery of any suggestion of extraterrestrial life would have a greater impact than even the Copernican and Darwinian revolutions. It is now over 50 years since the first modern scientific papers were published on the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Yet the religious implications of this search and possible discovery have never been systematically addressed in the scientific or theological arena. SETI is now entering its most important era of scientific development. New observation techniques are leading to the discovery of extra-solar planets daily, and the Kepler mission has already collected over 1000 planetary candidates. This deluge of data is transforming the scientific and popular view of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence. Earth-like planets outside of our solar system can now be identified and searched for signs of life. Now is a crucial time to assess the scientific and theological questions behind this search. This book sets out the scientific arguments undergirding SETI, with particular attention to the uncertainties in arguments and the strength of the data already assembled. It assesses not only the discovery of planets but other areas such as the Fermi paradox, the origin and evolution of intelligent life, and current SETI strategies. In all of this it reflects on how these questions are shaped by history and pop culture and their relationship with religion, especially Christian theology. It is argued that theologians need to take seriously SETI and to examine some central doctrines such as creation, incarnation, revelation, and salvation in the light of the possibility of extraterrestrial life.

Mind-forg'd manacles

William Blake und das Moralgesetz
Author: Daniela Tandecki
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 303
View: 2601
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Sport and Spectacle in the Ancient World


Author: Donald G. Kyle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118613805
Category: History
Page: 376
View: 3102
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The second edition of Sport and Spectacle in the AncientWorld updates Donald G. Kyle’s award-winning introductionto this topic, covering the Ancient Near East up to the late RomanEmpire. • Challenges traditional scholarship on sport andspectacle in the Ancient World and debunks claims that there wereno sports before the ancient Greeks • Explores the cultural exchange of Greek sport and Romanspectacle and how each culture responded to the other’sentertainment • Features a new chapter on sport and spectacle during theLate Roman Empire, including Christian opposition to pagan gamesand the Roman response • Covers topics including violence, professionalism insport, class, gender and eroticism, and the relationship ofspectacle to political structures

A Science and Religion Primer


Author: Heidi A. Campbell,Heather Looy
Publisher: Baker Academic
ISBN: 1441205136
Category: Religion
Page: 230
View: 7805
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A Science and Religion Primer is a unique resource: an encyclopedia, an annotated bibliography, and a survey of the relationship between two equally complex fields. Editors Heidi Campbell and Heather Looy begin their work with four chapters from expert contributors: history of the science and religion dialogue, the role of philosophy in the science and religion dialogue, theology's intersection with the science and religion dialogue, and science and technology in light of religion. Entries cover such diverse topics as philosopher of science Karl Popper, the anthropic principle, Gaia, theodicy, hermeneutics, Intelligent Design, and more. Professors and students of theology, religion, and science--at both the undergraduate and graduate levels--will welcome this contribution. A Science and Religion Primer is an accessible and affordable contribution to interdisciplinary studies and provides a respectful conversation between science and faith.