The Race to 270

The Electoral College and the Campaign Strategies of 2000 and 2004
Author: Daron R. Shaw
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226751368
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 3544
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The Electoral College has played an important role in presidential politics since our nation’s founding, but surprisingly little information exists about precisely how it affects campaign strategy. Daron R. Shaw, a scholar who also worked as a strategist in both Bush-Cheney campaigns, has written the first book to go inside the past two presidential elections and reveal how the race to 270 was won—and lost. Shaw’s nonpartisan study lays out how both the Democrats and the Republicans developed strategies to win decisive electoral votes by targeting specific states and media markets. Drawing on his own experience with Republican battle plans, candidate schedules, and advertising purchases—plus key contacts in the Gore and Kerry camps—Shaw goes on to show that both sides used information on weekly shifts in candidate support to reallocate media buys and schedule appearances. Most importantly, he uses strikingly original research to prove that these carefully constructed plans significantly affected voters’ preferences and opinions—not in huge numbers, but enough to shift critical votes in key battlegrounds. Bridging the gap between those who study campaigns and those who conduct them, The Race to 270 will provide political scientists and practitioners alike with fresh insights about the new strategies that stem from one of our oldest institutions.

Out of Order

An incisive and boldly original critique of the news media's domination of Ameri
Author: Thomas E. Patterson
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307761495
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 9440
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Why are our politicians almost universally perceived as liars? What made candidate Bill Clinton's draft record more newsworthy than his policy statements? How did George Bush's masculinity, Ronald Reagan's theatrics with a microphone, and Walter Mondale's appropriation of a Wendy's hamburger ad make or break their presidential campaigns? Ever since Watergate, says Thomas E. Patterson, the road to the presidency has led through the newsrooms, which in turn impose their own values on American politics. The results are campaigns that resemble inquisitions or contests in which the candidates' game plans are considered more important than their goals. Lucid and aphoristic, historically informed and as timely as a satellite feed, Out of Order mounts a devastating inquest into the press's hijacking of the campaign process -- and shows what citizens and legislators can do to win it back. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Art and Democracy in Post-Communist Europe


Author: Piotr Piotrowski
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861899319
Category: Art
Page: 312
View: 8386
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When the Iron Curtain fell in 1989, Eastern Europe saw a new era begin, and the widespread changes that followed extended into the world of art. Art and Democracy in Post-Communist Europe examines the art created in light of the profound political, social, economic, and cultural transformations that occurred in the former Eastern Bloc after the Cold War ended. Assessing the function of art in post-communist Europe, Piotr Piotrowski describes the changing nature of art as it went from being molded by the cultural imperatives of the communist state and a tool of political propaganda to autonomous work protesting against the ruling powers. Piotrowski discusses communist memory, the critique of nationalism, issues of gender, and the representation of historic trauma in contemporary museology, particularly in the recent founding of contemporary art museums in Bucharest, Tallinn, and Warsaw. He reveals the anarchistic motifs that had a rich tradition in Eastern European art and the recent emergence of a utopian vision and provides close readings of many artists—including Ilya Kavakov and Krzysztof Wodiczko—as well as Marina Abramovic’s work that responded to the atrocities of the Balkans. A cogent investigation of the artistic reorientation of Eastern Europe, this book fills a major gap in contemporary artistic and political discourse.

What Does the Ruling Class Do When it Rules?

State Apparatuses and State Power under Feudalism, Capitalism and Socialism
Author: Goran Therborn
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1786630117
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 366
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Moderne in Bukarest


Author: Ana Gabriela Castello Branco dos Santos,Horia Georgescu
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 128
View: 7902
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Kapitza in Cambridge and Moscow

Life and Letters of a Russian Physicist
Author: J.W. Boag,P.E. Rubinin,D. Shoenberg
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444596178
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 5376
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The unusual career of the famous Soviet physicist Peter Kapitza was divided between Cambridge and Moscow. In Cambridge he was a protegé of Rutherford and while studying there he opened up a new area of research in magnetism and low temperature physics. However, in 1934, during a summer visit to the Soviet Union, Kapitza was prevented from returning to Cambridge and remained in Moscow for the rest of his long life. In spite of many ups and downs and considerable difficulties in his relations with top political figures in the Kremlin, he continued to enhance his scientific reputation and late in life was awarded the Nobel Prize. After an introductory biographical memoir, the greater part of the book consists of extracts from the numerous letters Kapitza wrote throughout his life, letters which are distinguished by their eloquence, the originality of his opinions and his forthrightness. His very interesting correspondence with Rutherford and above all his many letters to top political figures in the Soviet Union such as Molotov, Stalin and Khrushchev on questions of scientific and industrial policy are all included in this unique document. Together they provide a rounded picture of a remarkable personality who contributed so much to the scientific and cultural life of both England and the Soviet Union. This fascinating book is illustrated with an impressive collection of historical photographs and should be of interest to science historians, to low temperature physicists and to `Sovietologists', but above all the book should appeal to the general reader for its human interest. Some of the letters reveal his emotional reactions to the major blows he had to suffer on several occasions, while others provide penetrating and often amusing comments on English life and institutions as seen by a Russian, and on Soviet life from the inside.

Science Under Control

The French Academy of Sciences 1795-1914
Author: Maurice Crosland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521524759
Category: Science
Page: 476
View: 4964
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This book examines French science in the 19th Century under the auspices of the French Academy of Sciences.

Science, Women and Revolution in Russia


Author: Koblitz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113441806X
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 218
View: 7921
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While the women's movement might seem like a relatively new concept, Russian women of the 1860s deserve to be acknowledged as individuals who changed the direction of science and opened the doors of higher education to women throughout Europe. The 1860's and 1870's witnessed a rise in women's consciousness and the beginnings of the Russian revolutionary movement that saw women pursue and receive doctorates in many areas of science. These same women went on to become some of the brightest in their fields. This book provides a look at Russian women scientists of the 1860's, their personal independence, and technical and literary achievements that made science the popular social movement of the time and changed the face of the Russian intellectual culture.

Understanding Social Inequality


Author: Tim Butler,Paul Watt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761963707
Category: Social Science
Page: 222
View: 7922
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Moving beyond the traditional dichotomies of social theory, Understanding Social Inequality brings the study of social stratification and inequality into the 21st century. Starting with the widely agreed "fact" that the world is becoming more unequal, this book pulls together the "identity of displacement" in sociology and the "spaces of flow" of geography to show how place has become an increasingly important focus for understanding new trends in social inequality. The book charts a path through current debates and issues that studies of social inequality cannot afford to ignore. Accessible and engagingly written, this book stimulates the "sociological imagination", prompting readers to link personal experiences and public issues.

Elites in transition

elite research in Central and Eastern Europe
Author: Heinrich Best,Ulrike Becker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 250
View: 8580
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Studying Elites Using Qualitative Methods


Author: Rosanna Hertz,Jonathan B. Imber
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803970374
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 4857
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The very nature of elites makes them difficult for social researchers to study. This volume provides valuable insights into how researchers can successfully gain access to elite settings. Using their actual experiences, the contributors provide constructive advice as well as cautionary tales about how they learned to manoeuvre and become accepted in worlds otherwise closed to them. Three broad research areas are covered: business elites; professional elites; and community and political elites. Useful information is given on how researchers in these areas can gather data, construct interview strategies, write about their subjects and come to experience the research process.

Prospects for Russian Military R&D


Author: Sharon Leiter
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833023629
Category: History
Page: 89
View: 2655
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A revealing look at the downfall of the Russian scientific community following defense downsizing.

Totalitarian Science and Technology


Author: Paul R. Josephson
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 9781573925525
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 123
View: 5266
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Considers how physicists, biologists, and engineers fared in totalitarian regimes. This book includes an analysis of science and technology in various authoritarian regimes. It argues that politics plays an important role in shaping research and development in countries, but nowhere with greater risk to citizens than in closed political systems.