Electronic Structure of Materials


Author: Adrian P. Sutton
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191588539
Category:
Page: 276
View: 9363
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This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. - ;This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. -

Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission


Author: Kevin L. Jensen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119051754
Category: Science
Page: 712
View: 9944
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A practical, in-depth description of the physics behind electron emission physics and its usage in science and technology Electron emission is both a fundamental phenomenon and an enabling component that lies at the very heart of modern science and technology. Written by a recognized authority in the field, with expertise in both electron emission physics and electron beam physics, An Introduction to Electron Emission provides an in-depth look at the physics behind thermal, field, photo, and secondary electron emission mechanisms, how that physics affects the beams that result through space charge and emittance growth, and explores the physics behind their utilization in an array of applications. The book addresses mathematical and numerical methods underlying electron emission, describing where the equations originated, how they are related, and how they may be correctly used to model actual sources for devices using electron beams. Writing for the beam physics and solid state communities, the author explores applications of electron emission methodology to solid state, statistical, and quantum mechanical ideas and concepts related to simulations of electron beams to condensed matter, solid state and fabrication communities. Provides an extensive description of the physics behind four electron emission mechanisms—field, photo, and secondary, and how that physics relates to factors such as space charge and emittance that affect electron beams. Introduces readers to mathematical and numerical methods, their origins, and how they may be correctly used to model actual sources for devices using electron beams Demonstrates applications of electron methodology as well as quantum mechanical concepts related to simulations of electron beams to solid state design and manufacture Designed to function as both a graduate-level text and a reference for research professionals Introduction to the Physics of Electron Emission is a valuable learning tool for postgraduates studying quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, solid state physics, electron transport, and beam physics. It is also an indispensable resource for academic researchers and professionals who use electron sources, model electron emission, develop cathode technologies, or utilize electron beams.

From Small Fullerenes to Superlattices

Science and Applications
Author: Patrice Melinon,Bruno Masenelli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814241849
Category: Science
Page: 342
View: 5654
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Recently, carbon and silicon research has seen an outburst of new structures, experimentally observed or theoretically predicted (e.g., small fullerenes, heterofullerenes, schwarzite, and clathrates) with attractive properties. This book reviews these exotic futuristic species and their potential applications and critically examines the predicting models and the possible routes for their synthesis. The book starts with a review of 2D and 3D crystals based on carbon and/or silicon. The second part of the book is devoted to the description at the nanoscale of the new structures and complex architectures that ensue from them. The originality of the book lies in the fact that it deals with these scarcely evoked structures. The book is, therefore, complementary to the wide existing literature dedicated to popular nanostructures such as graphene, nanotube, and fullerenes.

Semiconductor Electrochemistry


Author: Rüdiger Memming
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527688714
Category: Science
Page: 484
View: 6095
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Providing both an introduction and an up-to-date survey of the entire field, this text captivates the reader with its clear style and inspiring, yet solid presentation. The significantly expanded second edition of this milestone work is supplemented by a completely new chapter on the hot topic of nanoparticles and includes the latest insights into the deposition of dye layers on semiconductor electrodes. In his monograph, the acknowledged expert Professor Memming primarily addresses physical and electrochemists, but materials scientists, physicists, and engineers dealing with semiconductor technology and its applications will also benefit greatly from the contents.

Electronic Structure and Magnetism of Complex Materials


Author: David J. Singh,Dimitrios A. Papaconstantopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662053101
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 645
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Recent developments in electronic structure theory have led to a new understanding of magnetic materials at the microscopic level. This enables a truly first-principles approach to investigations of technologically important magnetic materials. Among the advances treated here have been practical schemes for handling non-collinear magnetic systems, including relativity, and an understanding of the origins and role of orbital magnetism within band structure formalisms. This book provides deep theoretical insight into magnetism, mahneatic materials, and magnetic systems. It covers these recent developments with review articles by some of the main originators of these developments.

Oxide Surfaces


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080538310
Category: Science
Page: 676
View: 4244
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The book is a multi-author survey (in 15 chapters) of the current state of knowledge and recent developments in our understanding of oxide surfaces. The author list includes most of the acknowledged world experts in this field. The material covered includes fundamental theory and experimental studies of the geometrical, vibrational and electronic structure of such surfaces, but with a special emphasis on the chemical properties and associated reactivity. The main focus is on metal oxides but coverage extends from 'simple' rocksalt materials such as MgO through to complex transition metal oxides with different valencies.

Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

The Search for the Right Tools
Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid,Jorge Bravo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527664637
Category: Science
Page: 552
View: 515
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Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.

Bonding and Structure of Molecules and Solids


Author: David G. Pettifor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198517863
Category: Science
Page: 259
View: 8192
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This book explains the observed trends in the bonding and structure of molecules and solids within the framework of simple but predictive models of the electronic structure. It is directed at final year undergraduates and first uear postgraduates in physics, chemistry, and materials science.

Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials 1987, Proceedings of the Institute of Physics Conference, Oxford University, April 1987


Author: Cullis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780854981786
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 820
View: 4717
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The various forms of microscopy and related microanalytical techniques are making unique contributions to semiconductor research and development that underpin many important areas of microelectronics technology. Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials 1987 highlights the progress that is being made in semiconductor microscopy, primarily in electron probe methods as well as in light optical and ion scattering techniques. The book covers the state of the art, with sections on high resolution microscopy, epitaxial layers, quantum wells and superlattices, bulk gallium arsenide and other compounds, properties of dislocations, device silicon and dielectric structures, silicides and contacts, device testing, x-ray techniques, microanalysis, and advanced scanning microscopy techniques. Contributed by numerous international experts, this volume will be an indispensable guide to recent developments in semiconductor microscopy for all those who work in the field of semiconducting materials and research development.

Microanalysis of Solids


Author: B.G. Yacobi,D.B. Holt,L L Kazmerski,L.L. Kazmerski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306444333
Category: Science
Page: 460
View: 5950
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This book systematically describes the most widely used techniques for the microanalysis of the physical, structural, and compositional properties of solids. Covering electron beams, ion beams, photon beams, and acoustic waves, it will provide physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, chemists, and their students with a comprehensive reference source.

Materials Science and Technology, Electronic Structure and Properties of Semiconductors


Author: Wolfgang Schröter
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527268177
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 603
View: 7103
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Materials Science and Technology A Comprehensive Treatment Edited by R.W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E.J. Kramer The 18-volume series ‘Materials Science and Technology’ is the first in-depth, topic-oriented reference work devoted to this growing interdisciplinary field. A compendium of current, state-of-the-art information, it covers the most important classes of materials: metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers, semiconductors, and composites, from the fundamentals of perfect semiconductors via the physics of defects, to "artifical" and amorphous semiconductors. Edited by internationally renowned figures in materials science, this series is sure to establish itself as a seminal work. Volume 4: This volume spans the field of semiconductor physics, with particular emphasis on concepts relevant to semiconductor technology. Topics included are: band theory applied to semiconductors • optical properties and charge transport • intrinsic point defects in semiconductors • deep centers in semiconductors • equilibria, nonequilibria, diffusion, and precipitation • dislocations • grain boundaries in semiconductors • interfaces • the hall effect in quantum wires • material properties of hydrogenated amorphous silicon • high-temperature properties of three-dimensional transition elements in silicon.

Transition Metal Oxides

An Introduction to Their Electronic Structure and Properties
Author: P.A. Cox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588945
Category: Science
Page: 284
View: 6544
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Transition metal oxides form a series of compounds with a uniquely wide range of electronic properties. The main aim of this book is to describe the varied electronic behaviour shown by transition metal oxides, and to discuss the different types of theoretical models that have been proposed to interpret this behaviour.

Concise Encyclopedia of the Properties of Materials Surfaces and Interfaces


Author: John Wilson Martin
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN: 9780080548111
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 628
View: 2057
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The Concise Encyclopedia of The Properties of Materials Surfaces and Interfaces draws together in a single volume a range of articles from the periodically updated internet version of the Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Technology (EMSAT). The structure and thermodynamics of solid surfaces are covered, including their reactivity and catalytic role, as well as their tribological features such as friction, lubrication, adhesion and wear. The importance of surface coatings and surface films upon material properties is reviewed, and a range of articles on the production and characterisation of thin films is also included. The importance of internal interfaces is recognised, as in the case of grain boundaries in crystalline materials, or inter-phase boundaries. Their structure, their chemistry and their cohesion are all reviewed. Approximately 100 articles have been selected which discuss the above features in a range of materials, i.e. metallic, ceramic and polymeric. Reviews of the surface properties of wood and paper are also included. Magnetic and superconducting materials have deliberately been excluded as a Concise Encyclopedia embracing this field of materials already exists. The encyclopedia provides engineers, materials scientists, consultants and students with an up-to-date resource that enables understanding of the surface/interface properties of a wide range of materials of engineering importance.

Lectures on the electrical properties of materials


Author: Laszlo Solymar,Donald Walsh
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198561934
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 465
View: 8388
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These lectures stress the fundamental ideas relevant to understanding the electrical properties of materials. Topics have been selected to explain the operation of devices that have direct application in the field of engineering, and the text is kept at a level comprehensible to second-year engineering students. Over the past few years there have been remarkable advances in the technology of semiconductor and laser devices. Revised and updated to include these new developments, the book covers the field of superconductivity and contains a completely new chapter on optoelectronics. The chapter on lasers has been rewritten and new problems and examples have been added throughout the text. The book thus serves as an informative, up-to-date reference for students in electrical engineering and physical electronics as well as for practicing engineers.

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 4929
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Density-Functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules


Author: Robert G. Parr,Yang Weitao
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195357738
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 9004
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This book is a rigorous, unified account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. Containing a detailed discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives, it provides an understanding of the concepts of electronegativity, hardness and softness, and chemical reactivity. Both the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham and the Levy-Lieb derivations of the basic theorems are presented, and extensive references to the literature are included. Two introductory chapters and several appendices provide all the background material necessary beyond a knowledge of elementary quantum theory. The book is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.

Journal de physique


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Physics
Page: N.A
View: 9039
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Los Alamos Science


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Laboratories
Page: N.A
View: 493
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Los Alamos science


Author: Los Alamos National Laboratory,Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 7091
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The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction


Author: Christopher Hammond
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198505525
Category: Science
Page: 331
View: 4847
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A classic textbook providing a clear and comprehensive introduction to the topic of crystallography and diffraction for undregraduate and beginning graduate students and lecturers in physics, chemistry, materials and earth sciences. For this second edition the existing material has been throughly updated.