Elementary Probability


Author: David Stirzaker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139441032
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 340
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Now available in a fully revised and updated second edition, this well established textbook provides a straightforward introduction to the theory of probability. The presentation is entertaining without any sacrifice of rigour; important notions are covered with the clarity that the subject demands. Topics covered include conditional probability, independence, discrete and continuous random variables, basic combinatorics, generating functions and limit theorems, and an introduction to Markov chains. The text is accessible to undergraduate students and provides numerous worked examples and exercises to help build the important skills necessary for problem solving.

Elementary Probability for Applications


Author: Rick Durrett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521867568
Category: Mathematics
Page: 243
View: 9558
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Explains probability using genetics, sports, finance, current events and more.

Elementary Probability Theory with Stochastic Processes


Author: K. L. Chung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475751141
Category: Mathematics
Page: 325
View: 6861
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In the past half-century the theory of probability has grown from a minor isolated theme into a broad and intensive discipline interacting with many other branches of mathematics. At the same time it is playing a central role in the mathematization of various applied sciences such as statistics, opera tions research, biology, economics and psychology-to name a few to which the prefix "mathematical" has so far been firmly attached. The coming-of-age of probability has been reflected in the change of contents of textbooks on the subject. In the old days most of these books showed a visible split personality torn between the combinatorial games of chance and the so-called "theory of errors" centering in the normal distribution. This period ended with the appearance of Feller's classic treatise (see [Feller l]t) in 1950, from the manuscript of which I gave my first substantial course in probability. With the passage of time probability theory and its applications have won a place in the college curriculum as a mathematical discipline essential to many fields of study. The elements of the theory are now given at different levels, sometimes even before calculus. The present textbook is intended for a course at about the sophomore level. It presupposes no prior acquaintance with the subject and the first three chapters can be read largely without the benefit of calculus.

Elementary Probability


Author: Edward O. Thorp
Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780882753898
Category: Mathematics
Page: 152
View: 2968
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Elementary Probability with Applications, Second Edition


Author: Larry Rabinowitz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498771335
Category: Mathematics
Page: 218
View: 8390
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Elementary Probability with Applications, Second Edition shows students how probability has practical uses in many different fields, such as business, politics, and sports. In the book, students learn about probability concepts from real-world examples rather than theory. The text explains how probability models with underlying assumptions are used to model actual situations. It contains examples of probability models as they relate to: Bloc voting Population genetics Doubling strategies in casinos Machine reliability Airline management Cryptology Blood testing Dogs resembling owners Drug detection Jury verdicts Coincidences Number of concert hall aisles 2000 U.S. presidential election Points after deuce in tennis Tests regarding intelligent dogs Music composition Based on the author’s course at The College of William and Mary, the text can be used in a one-semester or one-quarter course in discrete probability with a strong emphasis on applications. By studying the book, students will appreciate the subject of probability and its applications and develop their problem-solving and reasoning skills.

Radically Elementary Probability Theory. (AM-117)


Author: Edward Nelson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400882141
Category: Mathematics
Page: 107
View: 4300
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Using only the very elementary framework of finite probability spaces, this book treats a number of topics in the modern theory of stochastic processes. This is made possible by using a small amount of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis and not attempting to convert the results into conventional form.

An Elementary Introduction to the Theory of Probability


Author: Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko,Aleksandr I?Akovlevich Khinchin
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486601557
Category: Mathematics
Page: 130
View: 7085
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This compact volume equips the reader with all the facts and principles essential to a fundamental understanding of the theory of probability. It is an introduction, no more: throughout the book the authors discuss the theory of probability for situations having only a finite number of possibilities, and the mathematics employed is held to the elementary level. But within its purposely restricted range it is extremely thorough, well organized, and absolutely authoritative. It is the only English translation of the latest revised Russian edition; and it is the only current translation on the market that has been checked and approved by Gnedenko himself. After explaining in simple terms the meaning of the concept of probability and the means by which an event is declared to be in practice, impossible, the authors take up the processes involved in the calculation of probabilities. They survey the rules for addition and multiplication of probabilities, the concept of conditional probability, the formula for total probability, Bayes's formula, Bernoulli's scheme and theorem, the concepts of random variables, insufficiency of the mean value for the characterization of a random variable, methods of measuring the variance of a random variable, theorems on the standard deviation, the Chebyshev inequality, normal laws of distribution, distribution curves, properties of normal distribution curves, and related topics. The book is unique in that, while there are several high school and college textbooks available on this subject, there is no other popular treatment for the layman that contains quite the same material presented with the same degree of clarity and authenticity. Anyone who desires a fundamental grasp of this increasingly important subject cannot do better than to start with this book. New preface for Dover edition by B. V. Gnedenko.

Elementary Probability Theory

With Stochastic Processes and an Introduction to Mathematical Finance
Author: Kai Lai Chung,Farid AitSahlia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387215484
Category: Mathematics
Page: 404
View: 8610
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This book provides an introduction to probability theory and its applications. The emphasis is on essential probabilistic reasoning, which is illustrated with a large number of samples. The fourth edition adds material related to mathematical finance as well as expansions on stable laws and martingales. From the reviews: "Almost thirty years after its first edition, this charming book continues to be an excellent text for teaching and for self study." -- STATISTICAL PAPERS

Elementary Applications of Probability Theory, Second Edition


Author: Henry C. Tuckwell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780412576201
Category: Mathematics
Page: 296
View: 4145
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This book provides a clear and straightforward introduction to applications of probability theory with examples given in the biological sciences and engineering. The first chapter contains a summary of basic probability theory. Chapters two to five deal with random variables and their applications. Topics covered include geometric probability, estimation of animal and plant populations, reliability theory and computer simulation. Chapter six contains a lucid account of the convergence of sequences of random variables, with emphasis on the central limit theorem and the weak law of numbers. The next four chapters introduce random processes, including random walks and Markov chains illustrated by examples in population genetics and population growth. This edition also includes two chapters which introduce, in a manifestly readable fashion, the topic of stochastic differential equations and their applications.

Lectures in Elementary Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes


Author: Jean-Claude Falmagne
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science Engineering
ISBN: 9780072448900
Category: Mathematics
Page: 274
View: 5124
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Designed for undergraduate mathematics students or graduate students in the sciences. This book can be used in a prerequisite course for Statistics (for math majors) or Mathematical Modeling. The first eighteen chapters could be used in a one-quarter course, and the entire text is suitable for a one-semester course.

Introduction to Probability


Author: Charles Miller Grinstead,James Laurie Snell
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821894145
Category: Probabilities
Page: 510
View: 2834
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This text is designed for an introductory probability course at the university level for sophomores, juniors, and seniors in mathematics, physical and social sciences, engineering, and computer science. It presents a thorough treatment of ideas and techniques necessary for a firm understanding of the subject. The text is also recommended for use in discrete probability courses. The material is organized so that the discrete and continuous probability discussions are presented in a separate, but parallel, manner. This organization does not emphasize an overly rigorous or formal view of probability and therefore offers some strong pedagogical value. Hence, the discrete discussions can sometimes serve to motivate the more abstract continuous probability discussions. Features: Key ideas are developed in a somewhat leisurely style, providing a variety of interesting applications to probability and showing some nonintuitive ideas. Over 600 exercises provide the opportunity for practicing skills and developing a sound understanding of ideas. Numerous historical comments deal with the development of discrete probability. The text includes many computer programs that illustrate the algorithms or the methods of computation for important problems. The book is a beautiful introduction to probability theory at the beginning level. The book contains a lot of examples and an easy development of theory without any sacrifice of rigor, keeping the abstraction to a minimal level. It is indeed a valuable addition to the study of probability theory. --Zentralblatt MATH

From Elementary Probability to Stochastic Differential Equations with MAPLE®


Author: Sasha Cyganowski,Peter Kloeden,Jerzy Ombach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642561446
Category: Mathematics
Page: 310
View: 1663
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This is an introduction to probabilistic and statistical concepts necessary to understand the basic ideas and methods of stochastic differential equations. Based on measure theory, which is introduced as smoothly as possible, it provides practical skills in the use of MAPLE in the context of probability and its applications. It offers to graduates and advanced undergraduates an overview and intuitive background for more advanced studies.

Elementary Probability Theory


Author: Melvin Hausner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461517532
Category: Mathematics
Page: 310
View: 1239
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This text contains ample material for a one term precalculus introduction to probability theory. lt can be used by itself as an elementary introduc tion to probability, or as the probability half of a one-year probability statistics course. Although the development of the subject is rigorous, experimental motivation is maintained throughout the text. Also, statistical and practical applications are given throughout. The core of the text consists of the unstarred sections, most of chapters 1-3 and 5-7. Included are finite probability spaces, com binatorics, set theory, independence and conditional probability, random variables, Chebyshev's theorem, the law of large numbers, the binomial distribution, the normal distribution and the normal approxi mation to the binomial distribution. The starred sections include limiting and infinite processes, a mathematical discussion of symmetry, and game theory. These sections are indicated with an*, and are optional and sometimes more difficult. I have, in most places throughout the text, given decimal equivalents to fractional answers. Thus, while the mathematician finds the answer p = 17/143 satisfactory, the scientist is best appeased by the decimal approximation p = 0.119. A decimal answer gives a ready way of find ing the correct order of magnitude and of comparing probabilities.

Radically Elementary Probability Theory


Author: Edward Nelson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691084749
Category: Mathematics
Page: 97
View: 8523
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Using only the very elementary framework of finite probability spaces, this book treats a number of topics in the modern theory of stochastic processes. This is made possible by using a small amount of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis and not attempting to convert the results into conventional form.

Activities in elementary probability


Author: Daniel J. Fouch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 59
View: 6045
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Probability Theory

The Logic of Science
Author: E. T. Jaynes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139435167
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 5775
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The standard rules of probability can be interpreted as uniquely valid principles in logic. In this book, E. T. Jaynes dispels the imaginary distinction between 'probability theory' and 'statistical inference', leaving a logical unity and simplicity, which provides greater technical power and flexibility in applications. This book goes beyond the conventional mathematics of probability theory, viewing the subject in a wider context. New results are discussed, along with applications of probability theory to a wide variety of problems in physics, mathematics, economics, chemistry and biology. It contains many exercises and problems, and is suitable for use as a textbook on graduate level courses involving data analysis. The material is aimed at readers who are already familiar with applied mathematics at an advanced undergraduate level or higher. The book will be of interest to scientists working in any area where inference from incomplete information is necessary.

Basic Probability Theory with Applications


Author: Mario Lefebvre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387749950
Category: Mathematics
Page: 340
View: 1111
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The main intended audience for this book is undergraduate students in pure and applied sciences, especially those in engineering. Chapters 2 to 4 cover the probability theory they generally need in their training. Although the treatment of the subject is surely su?cient for non-mathematicians, I intentionally avoided getting too much into detail. For instance, topics such as mixed type random variables and the Dirac delta function are only brie?y mentioned. Courses on probability theory are often considered di?cult. However, after having taught this subject for many years, I have come to the conclusion that one of the biggest problems that the students face when they try to learn probability theory, particularly nowadays, is their de?ciencies in basic di?erential and integral calculus. Integration by parts, for example, is often already forgotten by the students when they take a course on probability. For this reason, I have decided to write a chapter reviewing the basic elements of di?erential calculus. Even though this chapter might not be covered in class, the students can refer to it when needed. In this chapter, an e?ort was made to give the readers a good idea of the use in probability theory of the concepts they should already know. Chapter 2 presents the main results of what is known as elementary probability, including Bayes’ rule and elements of combinatorial analysis.

Elementary probability models and statistical inference


Author: Douglas George Chapman,Ronald A. Schaufele
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 358
View: 6516
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Discrete random variables and probability models; The binomial probability model; Point estimation and hypothesis testing for the binomial distribution; Random sampling, sampling distributions, summarization of data, and estimation of parameters; Continuous distributions, the normal probability model, and approximations; point estimation and hypothesis testing for the mean of a normal population; Confidence intervals; Joint probability models; Regression and correlation; Chi-square tests; Nonparametric tests.

Introduction to Probability Models


Author: Sheldon M. Ross
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483276589
Category: Mathematics
Page: 568
View: 7379
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Introduction to Probability Models, Fifth Edition focuses on different probability models of natural phenomena. This edition includes additional material in Chapters 5 and 10, such as examples relating to analyzing algorithms, minimizing highway encounters, collecting coupons, and tracking the AIDS virus. The arbitrage theorem and its relationship to the duality theorem of linear program are also covered, as well as how the arbitrage theorem leads to the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. Other topics include the Bernoulli random variable, Chapman-Kolmogorov equations, and properties of the exponential distribution. The continuous-time Markov chains, single-server exponential queueing system, variations on Brownian motion; and variance reduction by conditioning are also elaborated. This book is a good reference for students and researchers conducting work on probability models.

Taking Chances

Winning with Probability
Author: John Haigh
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198526636
Category: Games
Page: 373
View: 957
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"What are the odds against winning the Lotto, The Weakest Link, or Who Wants to be a Millionaire? The answer lies in the science of probability, yet many of us are unaware of how this science works. Every day, people make judgements on a wide variety of situations where chance plays a role, including buying insurance, betting on horse-racing, following medical advice - even carrying an umbrella. In Taking Chances, John Haigh guides the reader round common pitfalls, demonstrates how to make better-informed decisions, and shows where the odds can be unexpectedly in your favour. This new edition has been fully updated, and includes information on top television shows, plus a new chapter on Probability for Lawyers."--BOOK JACKET.