Elements of Differential Topology


Author: Anant R. Shastri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439831637
Category: Mathematics
Page: 319
View: 6468
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Derived from the author’s course on the subject, Elements of Differential Topology explores the vast and elegant theories in topology developed by Morse, Thom, Smale, Whitney, Milnor, and others. It begins with differential and integral calculus, leads you through the intricacies of manifold theory, and concludes with discussions on algebraic topology, algebraic/differential geometry, and Lie groups. The first two chapters review differential and integral calculus of several variables and present fundamental results that are used throughout the text. The next few chapters focus on smooth manifolds as submanifolds in a Euclidean space, the algebraic machinery of differential forms necessary for studying integration on manifolds, abstract smooth manifolds, and the foundation for homotopical aspects of manifolds. The author then discusses a central theme of the book: intersection theory. He also covers Morse functions and the basics of Lie groups, which provide a rich source of examples of manifolds. Exercises are included in each chapter, with solutions and hints at the back of the book. A sound introduction to the theory of smooth manifolds, this text ensures a smooth transition from calculus-level mathematical maturity to the level required to understand abstract manifolds and topology. It contains all standard results, such as Whitney embedding theorems and the Borsuk–Ulam theorem, as well as several equivalent definitions of the Euler characteristic.

Elements of Combinatorial and Differential Topology


Author: Viktor Vasilʹevich Prasolov
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821838091
Category: Mathematics
Page: 331
View: 3704
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Modern topology uses very diverse methods. This book is devoted largely to methods of combinatorial topology, which reduce the study of topological spaces to investigations of their partitions into elementary sets, and to methods of differential topology, which deal with smooth manifolds and smooth maps. Many topological problems can be solved by using either of these two kinds of methods, combinatorial or differential. In such cases, both approaches are discussed. One of the main goals of this book is to advance as far as possible in the study of the properties of topological spaces (especially manifolds) without employing complicated techniques. This distinguishes it from the majority of other books on topology. The book contains many problems; almost all of them are supplied with hints or complete solutions.

Elements of Homology Theory


Author: Viktor Vasilʹevich Prasolov
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821838121
Category: Mathematics
Page: 418
View: 1053
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book is a continuation of the previous book by the author (Elements of Combinatorial and Differential Topology, Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Volume 74, American Mathematical Society, 2006). It starts with the definition of simplicial homology and cohomology, with many examples and applications. Then the Kolmogorov-Alexander multiplication in cohomology is introduced. A significant part of the book is devoted to applications of simplicial homology and cohomology to obstruction theory, in particular, to characteristic classes of vector bundles. The later chapters are concerned with singular homology and cohomology, and Cech and de Rham cohomology. The book ends with various applications of homology to the topology of manifolds, some of which might be of interest to experts in the area. The book contains many problems; almost all of them are provided with hints or complete solutions.

Basic Elements of Differential Geometry and Topology


Author: S.P. Novikov,A.T. Fomenko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401578967
Category: Mathematics
Page: 490
View: 614
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Elementary Differential Topology. (AM-54)


Author: James R. Munkres
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400882656
Category: Mathematics
Page: 112
View: 9353
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The description for this book, Elementary Differential Topology. (AM-54), Volume 54, will be forthcoming.

Differential Topology


Author: Morris W. Hirsch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146849449X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 222
View: 9057
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"A very valuable book. In little over 200 pages, it presents a well-organized and surprisingly comprehensive treatment of most of the basic material in differential topology, as far as is accessible without the methods of algebraic topology....There is an abundance of exercises, which supply many beautiful examples and much interesting additional information, and help the reader to become thoroughly familiar with the material of the main text." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Elements of Topological Dynamics


Author: Jan Vries
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792322870
Category: Mathematics
Page: 748
View: 7227
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This major volume presents a comprehensive introduction to the study of topological transformation groups with respect to topological problems which can be traced back to the qualitative theory of differential equations, and provides a systematic exposition of the fundamental methods and techniques of abstract topological dynamics. The contents can be divided into two parts. The first part is devoted to a broad overview of the topological aspects of the theory of dynamical systems (including shift systems and geodesic and horocycle flows). Part Two is more specialized and presents in a systematic way the fundamental techniques and methods for the study of compact minima flows and their morphisms. It brings together many results which are scattered throughout the literature, and, in addition, many examples are worked out in detail. The primary purpose of this book is to bridge the gap between the `beginner' and the specialist in the field of topological dynamics. All proofs are therefore given in detail. The book will, however, also be useful to the specialist and each chapter concludes with additional results (without proofs) and references to sources and related material. The prerequisites for studying the book are a background in general toplogy and (classical and functional) analysis. For graduates and researchers wishing to have a good, comprehensive introduction to topological dynamics, it will also be of great interest to specialists. This volume is recommended as a supplementary text.

Basic Algebraic Topology


Author: Anant R. Shastri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466562447
Category: Mathematics
Page: 551
View: 7907
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Building on rudimentary knowledge of real analysis, point-set topology, and basic algebra, Basic Algebraic Topology provides plenty of material for a two-semester course in algebraic topology. The book first introduces the necessary fundamental concepts, such as relative homotopy, fibrations and cofibrations, category theory, cell complexes, and simplicial complexes. It then focuses on the fundamental group, covering spaces and elementary aspects of homology theory. It presents the central objects of study in topology visualization: manifolds. After developing the homology theory with coefficients, homology of the products, and cohomology algebra, the book returns to the study of manifolds, discussing Poincaré duality and the De Rham theorem. A brief introduction to cohomology of sheaves and Čech cohomology follows. The core of the text covers higher homotopy groups, Hurewicz’s isomorphism theorem, obstruction theory, Eilenberg-Mac Lane spaces, and Moore-Postnikov decomposition. The author then relates the homology of the total space of a fibration to that of the base and the fiber, with applications to characteristic classes and vector bundles. The book concludes with the basic theory of spectral sequences and several applications, including Serre’s seminal work on higher homotopy groups. Thoroughly classroom-tested, this self-contained text takes students all the way to becoming algebraic topologists. Historical remarks throughout the text make the subject more meaningful to students. Also suitable for researchers, the book provides references for further reading, presents full proofs of all results, and includes numerous exercises of varying levels.

A History of Algebraic and Differential Topology, 1900 - 1960


Author: Jean Dieudonné
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817649074
Category: Mathematics
Page: 648
View: 1674
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a well-informed and detailed analysis of the problems and development of algebraic topology, from Poincaré and Brouwer to Serre, Adams, and Thom. The author has examined each significant paper along this route and describes the steps and strategy of its proofs and its relation to other work. Previously, the history of the many technical developments of 20th-century mathematics had seemed to present insuperable obstacles to scholarship. This book demonstrates in the case of topology how these obstacles can be overcome, with enlightening results.... Within its chosen boundaries the coverage of this book is superb. Read it! —MathSciNet

Differential Algebraic Topology

From Stratifolds to Exotic Spheres
Author: Matthias Kreck
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821848984
Category: Mathematics
Page: 218
View: 7757
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents a geometric introduction to the homology of topological spaces and the cohomology of smooth manifolds. The author introduces a new class of stratified spaces, so-called stratifolds. He derives basic concepts from differential topology such as Sard's theorem, partitions of unity and transversality. Based on this, homology groups are constructed in the framework of stratifolds and the homology axioms are proved. This implies that for nice spaces these homology groups agree with ordinary singular homology. Besides the standard computations of homology groups using the axioms, straightforward constructions of important homology classes are given. The author also defines stratifold cohomology groups following an idea of Quillen. Again, certain important cohomology classes occur very naturally in this description, for example, the characteristic classes which are constructed in the book and applied later on. One of the most fundamental results, Poincare duality, is almost a triviality in this approach. Some fundamental invariants, such as the Euler characteristic and the signature, are derived from (co)homology groups. These invariants play a significant role in some of the most spectacular results in differential topology. In particular, the author proves a special case of Hirzebruch's signature theorem and presents as a highlight Milnor's exotic 7-spheres. This book is based on courses the author taught in Mainz and Heidelberg. Readers should be familiar with the basic notions of point-set topology and differential topology. The book can be used for a combined introduction to differential and algebraic topology, as well as for a quick presentation of (co)homology in a course about differential geometry.

Differential Geometry and Topology

With a View to Dynamical Systems
Author: Keith Burns,Marian Gidea
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584882534
Category: Mathematics
Page: 400
View: 8512
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Accessible, concise, and self-contained, this book offers an outstanding introduction to three related subjects: differential geometry, differential topology, and dynamical systems. Topics of special interest addressed in the book include Brouwer's fixed point theorem, Morse Theory, and the geodesic flow. Smooth manifolds, Riemannian metrics, affine connections, the curvature tensor, differential forms, and integration on manifolds provide the foundation for many applications in dynamical systems and mechanics. The authors also discuss the Gauss-Bonnet theorem and its implications in non-Euclidean geometry models. The differential topology aspect of the book centers on classical, transversality theory, Sard's theorem, intersection theory, and fixed-point theorems. The construction of the de Rham cohomology builds further arguments for the strong connection between the differential structure and the topological structure. It also furnishes some of the tools necessary for a complete understanding of the Morse theory. These discussions are followed by an introduction to the theory of hyperbolic systems, with emphasis on the quintessential role of the geodesic flow. The integration of geometric theory, topological theory, and concrete applications to dynamical systems set this book apart. With clean, clear prose and effective examples, the authors' intuitive approach creates a treatment that is comprehensible to relative beginners, yet rigorous enough for those with more background and experience in the field.

Differential Forms in Algebraic Topology


Author: Raoul Bott,Loring W. Tu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475739516
Category: Mathematics
Page: 338
View: 4435
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Developed from a first-year graduate course in algebraic topology, this text is an informal introduction to some of the main ideas of contemporary homotopy and cohomology theory. The materials are structured around four core areas: de Rham theory, the Cech-de Rham complex, spectral sequences, and characteristic classes. By using the de Rham theory of differential forms as a prototype of cohomology, the machineries of algebraic topology are made easier to assimilate. With its stress on concreteness, motivation, and readability, this book is equally suitable for self-study and as a one-semester course in topology.

A Short Course in Differential Topology


Author: Bjørn Ian Dundas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108425798
Category: Mathematics
Page: 260
View: 3827
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Concise and modern introduction to differential topology with a hands-on approach and plentiful examples and exercises.

Elementary Concepts of Topology


Author: Paul Alexandroff
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486155064
Category: Mathematics
Page: 64
View: 363
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Concise work presents topological concepts in clear, elementary fashion, from basics of set-theoretic topology, through topological theorems and questions based on concept of the algebraic complex, to the concept of Betti groups. Includes 25 figures.

Topology and Geometry for Physicists


Author: Charles Nash,Siddhartha Sen
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318362
Category: Mathematics
Page: 320
View: 3320
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Differential geometry and topology are essential tools for many theoretical physicists, particularly in the study of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Written by physicists for physics students, this text introduces geometrical and topological methods in theoretical physics and applied mathematics. It assumes no detailed background in topology or geometry, and it emphasizes physical motivations, enabling students to apply the techniques to their physics formulas and research. "Thoroughly recommended" by The Physics Bulletin, this volume's physics applications range from condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics to elementary particle theory. Its main mathematical topics include differential forms, homotopy, homology, cohomology, fiber bundles, connection and covariant derivatives, and Morse theory.

Introduction to Differential and Algebraic Topology


Author: Yu.G. Borisovich,N.M. Bliznyakov,T.N. Fomenko,Y.A. Izrailevich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401719594
Category: Mathematics
Page: 493
View: 7593
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Topology as a subject, in our opinion, plays a central role in university education. It is not really possible to design courses in differential geometry, mathematical analysis, differential equations, mechanics, functional analysis that correspond to the temporary state of these disciplines without involving topological concepts. Therefore, it is essential to acquaint students with topo logical research methods already in the first university courses. This textbook is one possible version of an introductory course in topo logy and elements of differential geometry, and it absolutely reflects both the authors' personal preferences and experience as lecturers and researchers. It deals with those areas of topology and geometry that are most closely related to fundamental courses in general mathematics. The educational material leaves a lecturer a free choice in designing his own course or his own seminar. We draw attention to a number of particularities in our book. The first chap ter, according to the authors' intention, should acquaint readers with topolo gical problems and concepts which arise from problems in geometry, analysis, and physics. Here, general topology (Ch. 2) is presented by introducing con structions, for example, related to the concept of quotient spaces, much earlier than various other notions of general topology thus making it possible for students to study important examples of manifolds (two-dimensional surfaces, projective spaces, orbit spaces, etc.) as topological spaces, immediately.

Elements of Differential Geometry


Author: Richard S. Millman,George D. Parker
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 265
View: 4641
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This text is intended for an advanced undergraduate (having taken linear algebra and multivariable calculus). It provides the necessary background for a more abstract course in differential geometry. The inclusion of diagrams is done without sacrificing the rigor of the material. For all readers interested in differential geometry.

Differential Topology


Author: Victor Guillemin,Alan Pollack
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821851934
Category: Mathematics
Page: 222
View: 4915
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Differential Topology provides an elementary and intuitive introduction to the study of smooth manifolds. In the years since its first publication, Guillemin and Pollack's book has become a standard text on the subject. It is a jewel of mathematical exposition, judiciously picking exactly the right mixture of detail and generality to display the richness within. The text is mostly self-contained, requiring only undergraduate analysis and linear algebra. By relying on a unifying idea--transversality--the authors are able to avoid the use of big machinery or ad hoc techniques to establish the main results. In this way, they present intelligent treatments of important theorems, such as the Lefschetz fixed-point theorem, the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem, and Stokes theorem. The book has a wealth of exercises of various types. Some are routine explorations of the main material. In others, the students are guided step-by-step through proofs of fundamental results, such as the Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem. An exercise section in Chapter 4 leads the student through a construction of de Rham cohomology and a proof of its homotopy invariance. The book is suitable for either an introductory graduate course or an advanced undergraduate course.

Differential Topology


Author: C. T. C. Wall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316673286
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 6789
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Exploring the full scope of differential topology, this comprehensive account of geometric techniques for studying the topology of smooth manifolds offers a wide perspective on the field. Building up from first principles, concepts of manifolds are introduced, supplemented by thorough appendices giving background on topology and homotopy theory. Deep results are then developed from these foundations through in-depth treatments of the notions of general position and transversality, proper actions of Lie groups, handles (up to the h-cobordism theorem), immersions and embeddings, concluding with the surgery procedure and cobordism theory. Fully illustrated and rigorous in its approach, little prior knowledge is assumed, and yet growing complexity is instilled throughout. This structure gives advanced students and researchers an accessible route into the wide-ranging field of differential topology.

Differential Topology


Author: Amiya Mukherjee
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319190458
Category: Mathematics
Page: 349
View: 4735
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents a systematic and comprehensive account of the theory of differentiable manifolds and provides the necessary background for the use of fundamental differential topology tools. The text includes, in particular, the earlier works of Stephen Smale, for which he was awarded the Fields Medal. Explicitly, the topics covered are Thom transversality, Morse theory, theory of handle presentation, h-cobordism theorem and the generalised Poincaré conjecture. The material is the outcome of lectures and seminars on various aspects of differentiable manifolds and differential topology given over the years at the Indian Statistical Institute in Calcutta, and at other universities throughout India. The book will appeal to graduate students and researchers interested in these topics. An elementary knowledge of linear algebra, general topology, multivariate calculus, analysis and algebraic topology is recommended.