Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles

Standards and Technologies for Controlling Emissions
Author: Asif Faiz,Christopher S. Weaver,Michael P. Walsh
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821334447
Category: Political Science
Page: 246
View: 4852
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Contributions by Surhid Gautam and Lit-Mian Chan. This book presents a state-of-the art review of vehicle emission standards and regulations and provides a synthesis of worldwide experience with vehicle emission control technologies and their applications in both industrial and developing countries. Topics covered include: * The two principal international systems of vehicle emission standards: those of North America and Europe * Test procedures used to verify compliance with emissions standards and to estimate actual emissions * Engine and aftertreatment technologies that have been developed to enable new vehicles to comply with emission standards, as well as the cost and other impacts of these technologies * An evaluation of measures for controlling emissions from in-use vehicles * The role of fuels in reducing vehicle emissions, the benefits that could be gained by reformulating conventional gasoline and diesel fuels, the potential benefits of alternative cleaner fuels, and the prospects for using hydrogen and electric power to run motor vehicles with ultra-low or zero emissions. This book is the first in a series of publications on vehicle-related pollution and control measures prepared by the World Bank in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme to underpin the Bank's overall objective of promoting transport that is environmentally sustainable and least damaging to human health and welfare.

Emissions Control Technology for Gasoline Engines

Bosch Technical Instruction
Author: Robert Bosch
Publisher: Bentley Pub
ISBN: 9780837604749
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 96
View: 9100
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The familiar yellow Technical Instruction series from Bosch have long proved one of their most popular instructional aids. They provide a clear and concise overview of the theory of operation, component design, model variations, and technical terminology for the entire Bosch product line, and give a solid foundation for better diagnostic and servicing. Clearly written and illustrated with photos, diagrams and charts, these books are equally at home in the vocational classroom, apprentice's toolkit, or enthusiast's fireside chair. If you own a European car, you have Bosch components and systems. Each book deals with a single system, including a clear explanation of that system's principles. They also include circuit diagrams, an explanation of the Bosch model numbering system, and a glossary of technical terms. Fuel, operating conditions, ignition, fuel induction, lambda closed-loop control, regulations, testing

Characterization and control of emissions from heavy duty diesel and gasoline fueled engines


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 220
View: 5631
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Automotive Exhaust Emissions and Energy Recovery


Author: Apostolos Pesiridis
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781633214934
Category: Science
Page: 269
View: 8829
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Concerns for fuel economy and reduced emissions have turned the attention of automotive internal combustion engine manufacturers to the exhaust system and towards technological system development to account for the significant levels of potential energy that can be recovered. The present volume on Automotive Exhaust Emissions and Energy Recovery for both gasoline and diesel engines is therefore both timely and appropriate. Whereas diesel engines have been predominantly turbocharged, only a relatively small percentage of gasoline engines are similarly equipped, which has led to significant efforts by engine manufacturers in recent years to downsize and down-speed these engines. On the other hand, the relative focus in diesel engine development in terms of emissions and exhaust energy recovery has shifted toward devices other than the turbocharger for enhanced energy recovery and emissions control technologies in order to allow the diesel engines of the future to keep up with the dual-demand for very low emissions and increasing levels of fuel economy. The book focuses on the exhaust system and the technologies and methods used to reduce emissions and increase fuel economy by capitalising on the exhaust gas energy availability (either in the form of gas kinetic energy or as waste heat extracted from the exhaust gas). It is projected that in the short to medium term, advances in exhaust emissions and energy recovery technologies will lead the way in internal combustion engine development and pave the way towards increasing levels of engine hybridisation until fully electric vehicle technology can claim a level of maturity and corresponding market shares to turn the bulk of this focus away from the internal combustion engine. This book is aimed at engine research professionals in the industry and academia, but also towards students of powertrain engineering. The collection of articles in this book reviews the fundamentals of relevance, recent exhaust system technologies, details recent or on-going projects and uncovers future research directions and potentials.

Transient Control of Gasoline Engines


Author: Tielong Shen,Jiangyan Zhang,Xiaohong Jiao,Mingxin Kang,Junichi Kako,Akira Ohata
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584270
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 298
View: 5384
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Transient Control of Gasoline Engines drives to move progress forward. A stimulating examination of car electronics and digital processing technology, this book chronicles significant advances that have occurred over the past 20 years (including the change from combustion engines to computerized machines) and presents new and exciting ways to enhance engine efficiency using real-time control technology. Dedicated to improving the emissions of automotive powertrains, it provides an introduction to modeling, control design, and test bench, and explains the fundamentals of modeling and control design for engine transient operation. It also presents a model-based transient control design methodology from the perspective of the dynamical system control theory. Written with graduate students in mind, this book: Addresses issues relevant to transient operation, cycle-to-cycle transient, and cylinder-to-cylinder balancing Examines the real-time optimizing control problem (receding horizon optimization, for torque tracking control and speed control) Covers three benchmark problems related to the modeling and control of gasoline engines: engine start control, identification of the engines, and the boundary modeling and extreme condition control Transient Control of Gasoline Engines describes the behavior of engine dynamics operated at transient mode as a dynamical system and employs the advanced control theory to design a real-time control strategy that can be used to improve efficiency and emission performance overall. Geared toward graduate students, this book also serves as a trusted source for researchers and practitioners focused on engine and engine electronics design, car electronics, and control engineering.

Engine Emissions

Pollutant Formation and Advances in Control Technology
Author: B. P. Pundir
Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited
ISBN: 9781842654019
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 301
View: 4498
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Engine Emissions: Pollutant Formation and Advances in Control Technology provides an up to date reference to academics and professionals on emissions from SI and CI engine powered vehicles. In this text, mechanism of formation of engine emissions, effect of engine design and operation variables, world wide vehicle emission standards and emission measurement and test procedures are presented. Advances in emission control technology that have taken place from those used initially and up to the ones employed on the present day vehicles meeting the stringent emission regulations e.g., Euro 4, ULEV, SULEV standards are discussed. Newer developments on exhaust aftertreatment such as HC adsorber systems, NO, traps and other de-NO, catalysts, and advanced engines like GDI and HCCI engines are covered in the book."--BOOK JACKET.

Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts


Author: Isabella Nova,Enrico Tronconi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489980717
Category: Science
Page: 716
View: 1136
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts presents a complete overview of the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by ammonia/urea. The book starts with an illustration of the technology in the framework of the current context (legislation, market, system configurations), covers the fundamental aspects of the SCR process (catalysts, chemistry, mechanism, kinetics) and analyzes its application to useful topics such as modeling of full scale monolith catalysts, control aspects, ammonia injections systems and integration with other devices for combined removal of pollutants.

Gasoline Engine Management


Author: Robert Bosch GmbH
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 364
View: 4622
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The BOSCH handbook series on different automotive technologies has become one of the most definitive sets of reference books that automotive engineers have at their disposal. Starting with a brief review of the beginnings of automotive history, this book discusses the basics relating to the method of operation of gasoline-engine control systems. The descriptions of cylinder-charge control systems, fuel-injection systems (in-take manifold and gasoline direct injection), and ignition systems provide a comprehensive, firsthand overview of the control mechanisms indispensable for operating a modern gasoline engine. The practical implementation of engine management and control is described by the examples of various Motronic engine-management systems and of the control and regulation functions integrated in this particular management system. The 3rd edition offers new or completely revised chapters in the following areas - High pressure pumps for direct gasoline injection; Mixture formation for manifold injection; Gasoline engines fuelled by natural gas; Catalytic exhaust-gas treatment; Diagnostics. A key chapter looks at emission control legislation and provides an insight into the complexity of the statutory provisions.

Advanced Direct Injection Combustion Engine Technologies and Development

Gasoline and Gas Engines
Author: H Zhao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845697324
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 312
View: 7007
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Direct injection enables precise control of the fuel/air mixture so that engines can be tuned for improved power and fuel economy, but ongoing research challenges remain in improving the technology for commercial applications. As fuel prices escalate DI engines are expected to gain in popularity for automotive applications. This important book, in two volumes, reviews the science and technology of different types of DI combustion engines and their fuels. Volume 1 deals with direct injection gasoline and CNG engines, including history and essential principles, approaches to improved fuel economy, design, optimisation, optical techniques and their applications. Reviews key technologies for enhancing direct injection (DI) gasoline engines Examines approaches to improved fuel economy and lower emissions Discusses DI compressed natural gas (CNG) engines and biofuels

Internal Combustion Engines

Performance, Fuel Economy and Emissions
Author: Institution of Mechanical Engineers
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 178242184X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 8408
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents the papers from the Internal Combustion Engines: Performance, fuel economy and emissions held in London, UK. This popular international conference from the Institution of Mechanical Engineers provides a forum for IC engine experts looking closely at developments for personal transport applications, though many of the drivers of change apply to light and heavy duty, on and off highway, transport and other sectors. These are exciting times to be working in the IC engine field. With the move towards downsizing, advances in FIE and alternative fuels, new engine architectures and the introduction of Euro 6 in 2014, there are plenty of challenges. The aim remains to reduce both CO2 emissions and the dependence on oil-derivate fossil fuels whilst meeting the future, more stringent constraints on gaseous and particulate material emissions as set by EU, North American and Japanese regulations. How will technology developments enhance performance and shape the next generation of designs? The book introduces compression and internal combustion engines’ applications, followed by chapters on the challenges faced by alternative fuels and fuel delivery. The remaining chapters explore current improvements in combustion, pollution prevention strategies and data comparisons. presents the latest requirements and challenges for personal transport applications gives an insight into the technical advances and research going on in the IC Engines field provides the latest developments in compression and spark ignition engines for light and heavy-duty applications, automotive and other markets

Characteristics and Control of Low Temperature Combustion Engines

Employing Gasoline, Ethanol and Methanol
Author: Rakesh Kumar Maurya
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319685082
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 544
View: 5449
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book deals with novel advanced engine combustion technologies having potential of high fuel conversion efficiency along with ultralow NOx and particulate matter (PM) emissions. It offers insight into advanced combustion modes for efficient utilization of gasoline like fuels. Fundamentals of various advanced low temperature combustion (LTC) systems such as HCCI, PCCI, PPC and RCCI engines and their fuel quality requirements are also discussed. Detailed performance, combustion and emissions characteristics of futuristic engine technologies such as PPC and RCCI employing conventional as well as alternative fuels are analyzed and discussed. Special emphasis is placed on soot particle number emission characterization, high load limiting constraints, and fuel effects on combustion characteristics in LTC engines. For closed loop combustion control of LTC engines, sensors, actuators and control strategies are also discussed. The book should prove useful to a broad audience, including graduate students, researchers, and professionals Offers novel technologies for improved and efficient utilization of gasoline like fuels; Deals with most advanced and futuristic engine combustion modes such as PPC and RCCI; Comprehensible presentation of the performance, combustion and emissions characteristics of low temperature combustion (LTC) engines; Deals with closed loop combustion control of advanced LTC engines; State-of-the-art technology book that concisely summarizes the recent advancements in LTC technology. .

Handbook of Air Pollution from Internal Combustion Engines

Pollutant Formation and Control
Author: Eran Sher
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080532752
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 663
View: 1863
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This handbook is an important and valuable source for engineers and researchers in the area of internal combustion engines pollution control. It provides an excellent updated review of available knowledge in this field and furnishes essential and useful information on air pollution constituents, mechanisms of formation, control technologies, effects of engine design, effects of operation conditions, and effects of fuel formulation and additives. The text is rich in explanatory diagrams, figures and tables, and includes a considerable number of references. An important resource for engineers and researchers in the area of internal combustion engines and pollution control Presents and excellent updated review of the available knowledge in this area Written by 23 experts Provides over 700 references and more than 500 explanatory diagrams, figures and tables

Pollution Control Technologies - Volume II


Author: Bhaskar Nath ,Georgi Stefanov Cholakov
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848261179
Category:
Page: 508
View: 3302
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Pollution Control Technologies is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume on Pollution Control Technologies focuses largely concerned with strategies for pollution reduction, and pollution prevention if at all possible, using scientific and technological methods. Focusing primarily but not exclusively on air pollution, the Theme is written in simple English, avoiding both mathematical and chemical equations as far as possible to facilitate effective and widest possible dissemination. The content of the Theme provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Control of Particulate Matter in Gaseous Emissions; Control of Gaseous Emissions; Pollution Control through Efficient Combustion Technology; Pollution Control in Industrial Processes; Pollution Control in Transportation, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Pollution Control Technologies - Volume I


Author: Bhaskar Nath ,Georgi Stefanov Cholakov
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848261160
Category:
Page: 402
View: 1930
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Pollution Control Technologies is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume on Pollution Control Technologies focuses largely concerned with strategies for pollution reduction, and pollution prevention if at all possible, using scientific and technological methods. Focusing primarily but not exclusively on air pollution, the Theme is written in simple English, avoiding both mathematical and chemical equations as far as possible to facilitate effective and widest possible dissemination. The content of the Theme provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Control of Particulate Matter in Gaseous Emissions; Control of Gaseous Emissions; Pollution Control through Efficient Combustion Technology; Pollution Control in Industrial Processes; Pollution Control in Transportation, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

NO[subscript X] Emission Controls for Heavy-duty Vehicles

Toward Meeting a 1986 Standard : Final Report of the Motor Vehicle Nitrogen Oxides Standard Committee, Assembly of Engineering, National Research Council
Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Air
Page: 113
View: 8062
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Technologies, Modeling and Control - A Mechatronic Approach
Author: Amir Khajepour,M. Saber Fallah,Avesta Goodarzi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111840310X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 4987
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An advanced level introductory book covering fundamental aspects, design and dynamics of electric and hybrid electric vehicles There is significant demand for an understanding of the fundamentals, technologies, and design of electric and hybrid electric vehicles and their components from researchers, engineers, and graduate students. Although there is a good body of work in the literature, there is still a great need for electric and hybrid vehicle teaching materials. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Technologies, Modeling and Control – A Mechatronic Approach is based on the authors’ current research in vehicle systems and will include chapters on vehicle propulsion systems, the fundamentals of vehicle dynamics, EV and HEV technologies, chassis systems, steering control systems, and state, parameter and force estimations. The book is highly illustrated, and examples will be given throughout the book based on real applications and challenges in the automotive industry. Designed to help a new generation of engineers needing to master the principles of and further advances in hybrid vehicle technology Includes examples of real applications and challenges in the automotive industry with problems and solutions Takes a mechatronics approach to the study of electric and hybrid electric vehicles, appealing to mechanical and electrical engineering interests Responds to the increase in demand of universities offering courses in newer electric vehicle technologies

Pollution Control Technologies - Volume III


Author: Bhaskar Nath,Georgi Stefanov Cholakov
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848261187
Category:
Page: 398
View: 8425
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Pollution Control Technologies is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Pollution Control Technologies focuses largely concerned with strategies for pollution reduction, and pollution prevention if at all possible, using scientific and technological methods. Focusing primarily but not exclusively on air pollution, the Theme is written in simple English, avoiding both mathematical and chemical equations as far as possible to facilitate effective and widest possible dissemination. The content of the Theme provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Control of Particulate Matter in Gaseous Emissions; Control of Gaseous Emissions; Pollution Control through Efficient Combustion Technology; Pollution Control in Industrial Processes; Pollution Control in Transportation, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Diesel Emissions and Their Control


Author: W. Addy Majewski,Magdi K. Khair
Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers
ISBN: 9780768006742
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 561
View: 3452
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book will assist readers in meeting today's tough challenges of improving diesel engine emissions, diesel efficiency, and public perception of the diesel engine. It can be used as an introductory text, while at the same time providing practical information that will be useful for experienced readers. This comprehensive book is well illustrated with more than 560 figures and 80 tables. Each main section is broken down into chapters that offer more specific and extensive information on current issues, as well as answers to technical questions.

Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership

Third Report
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee to Review the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Phase 3
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309377137
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 202
View: 6235
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The 21st Century Truck Partnership (21CTP) works to reduce fuel consumption and emissions, increase heavy-duty vehicle safety, and support research, development, and demonstration to initiate commercially viable products and systems. This report is the third in a series of three by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine that have reviewed the research and development initiatives carried out by the 21CTP. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Third Report builds on the Phase 1 and 2 reviews and reports, and also comments on changes and progress since the Phase 2 report was issued in 2012.

The Cost of Clean Air and Water

Report to Congress
Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Air quality management
Page: 320
View: 6950
DOWNLOAD NOW »