Emissions Control Technology for Gasoline Engines

Bosch Technical Instruction
Author: Robert Bosch
Publisher: Bentley Pub
ISBN: 9780837604749
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 96
View: 8628
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The familiar yellow Technical Instruction series from Bosch have long proved one of their most popular instructional aids. They provide a clear and concise overview of the theory of operation, component design, model variations, and technical terminology for the entire Bosch product line, and give a solid foundation for better diagnostic and servicing. Clearly written and illustrated with photos, diagrams and charts, these books are equally at home in the vocational classroom, apprentice's toolkit, or enthusiast's fireside chair. If you own a European car, you have Bosch components and systems. Each book deals with a single system, including a clear explanation of that system's principles. They also include circuit diagrams, an explanation of the Bosch model numbering system, and a glossary of technical terms. Fuel, operating conditions, ignition, fuel induction, lambda closed-loop control, regulations, testing

Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles

Standards and Technologies for Controlling Emissions
Author: Asif Faiz,Christopher S. Weaver,Michael P. Walsh
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821334447
Category: Political Science
Page: 246
View: 8155
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Contributions by Surhid Gautam and Lit-Mian Chan. This book presents a state-of-the art review of vehicle emission standards and regulations and provides a synthesis of worldwide experience with vehicle emission control technologies and their applications in both industrial and developing countries. Topics covered include: * The two principal international systems of vehicle emission standards: those of North America and Europe * Test procedures used to verify compliance with emissions standards and to estimate actual emissions * Engine and aftertreatment technologies that have been developed to enable new vehicles to comply with emission standards, as well as the cost and other impacts of these technologies * An evaluation of measures for controlling emissions from in-use vehicles * The role of fuels in reducing vehicle emissions, the benefits that could be gained by reformulating conventional gasoline and diesel fuels, the potential benefits of alternative cleaner fuels, and the prospects for using hydrogen and electric power to run motor vehicles with ultra-low or zero emissions. This book is the first in a series of publications on vehicle-related pollution and control measures prepared by the World Bank in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme to underpin the Bank's overall objective of promoting transport that is environmentally sustainable and least damaging to human health and welfare.

Engine Emissions

Pollutant Formation and Advances in Control Technology
Author: B. P. Pundir
Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited
ISBN: 9781842654019
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 301
View: 6245
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"Engine Emissions: Pollutant Formation and Advances in Control Technology provides an up to date reference to academics and professionals on emissions from SI and CI engine powered vehicles. In this text, mechanism of formation of engine emissions, effect of engine design and operation variables, world wide vehicle emission standards and emission measurement and test procedures are presented. Advances in emission control technology that have taken place from those used initially and up to the ones employed on the present day vehicles meeting the stringent emission regulations e.g., Euro 4, ULEV, SULEV standards are discussed. Newer developments on exhaust aftertreatment such as HC adsorber systems, NO, traps and other de-NO, catalysts, and advanced engines like GDI and HCCI engines are covered in the book."--BOOK JACKET.

Pollution Control Technologies - Volume II


Author: Bhaskar Nath ,Georgi Stefanov Cholakov
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848261179
Category:
Page: 508
View: 3390
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Pollution Control Technologies is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume on Pollution Control Technologies focuses largely concerned with strategies for pollution reduction, and pollution prevention if at all possible, using scientific and technological methods. Focusing primarily but not exclusively on air pollution, the Theme is written in simple English, avoiding both mathematical and chemical equations as far as possible to facilitate effective and widest possible dissemination. The content of the Theme provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Control of Particulate Matter in Gaseous Emissions; Control of Gaseous Emissions; Pollution Control through Efficient Combustion Technology; Pollution Control in Industrial Processes; Pollution Control in Transportation, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Pollution Control Technologies - Volume I


Author: Bhaskar Nath ,Georgi Stefanov Cholakov
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848261160
Category:
Page: 402
View: 9924
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Pollution Control Technologies is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume on Pollution Control Technologies focuses largely concerned with strategies for pollution reduction, and pollution prevention if at all possible, using scientific and technological methods. Focusing primarily but not exclusively on air pollution, the Theme is written in simple English, avoiding both mathematical and chemical equations as far as possible to facilitate effective and widest possible dissemination. The content of the Theme provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Control of Particulate Matter in Gaseous Emissions; Control of Gaseous Emissions; Pollution Control through Efficient Combustion Technology; Pollution Control in Industrial Processes; Pollution Control in Transportation, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles


Author: National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee to Assess Fuel Economy Technologies for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309149827
Category: Science
Page: 250
View: 7124
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Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles evaluates various technologies and methods that could improve the fuel economy of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, such as tractor-trailers, transit buses, and work trucks. The book also recommends approaches that federal agencies could use to regulate these vehicles' fuel consumption. Currently there are no fuel consumption standards for such vehicles, which account for about 26 percent of the transportation fuel used in the U.S. The miles-per-gallon measure used to regulate the fuel economy of passenger cars. is not appropriate for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, which are designed above all to carry loads efficiently. Instead, any regulation of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles should use a metric that reflects the efficiency with which a vehicle moves goods or passengers, such as gallons per ton-mile, a unit that reflects the amount of fuel a vehicle would use to carry a ton of goods one mile. This is called load-specific fuel consumption (LSFC). The book estimates the improvements that various technologies could achieve over the next decade in seven vehicle types. For example, using advanced diesel engines in tractor-trailers could lower their fuel consumption by up to 20 percent by 2020, and improved aerodynamics could yield an 11 percent reduction. Hybrid powertrains could lower the fuel consumption of vehicles that stop frequently, such as garbage trucks and transit buses, by as much 35 percent in the same time frame.

NO[subscript X] Emission Controls for Heavy-duty Vehicles

Toward Meeting a 1986 Standard : Final Report of the Motor Vehicle Nitrogen Oxides Standard Committee, Assembly of Engineering, National Research Council
Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Air
Page: 113
View: 7742
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The Cost of Clean Air and Water

Report to Congress
Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Air quality management
Page: 320
View: 8260
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Gasoline Engine Management

Systems and Components
Author: Konrad Reif
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658039647
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 354
View: 483
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The call for environmentally compatible and economical vehicles necessitates immense efforts to develop innovative engine concepts. Technical concepts such as gasoline direct injection helped to save fuel up to 20 % and reduce CO2-emissions. Descriptions of the cylinder-charge control, fuel injection, ignition and catalytic emission-control systems provides comprehensive overview of today ́s gasoline engines. This book also describes emission-control systems and explains the diagnostic systems. The publication provides information on engine-management-systems and emission-control regulations.

Transient Control of Gasoline Engines


Author: Tielong Shen,Jiangyan Zhang,Xiaohong Jiao,Mingxin Kang,Junichi Kako,Akira Ohata
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584270
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 298
View: 4844
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Transient Control of Gasoline Engines drives to move progress forward. A stimulating examination of car electronics and digital processing technology, this book chronicles significant advances that have occurred over the past 20 years (including the change from combustion engines to computerized machines) and presents new and exciting ways to enhance engine efficiency using real-time control technology. Dedicated to improving the emissions of automotive powertrains, it provides an introduction to modeling, control design, and test bench, and explains the fundamentals of modeling and control design for engine transient operation. It also presents a model-based transient control design methodology from the perspective of the dynamical system control theory. Written with graduate students in mind, this book: Addresses issues relevant to transient operation, cycle-to-cycle transient, and cylinder-to-cylinder balancing Examines the real-time optimizing control problem (receding horizon optimization, for torque tracking control and speed control) Covers three benchmark problems related to the modeling and control of gasoline engines: engine start control, identification of the engines, and the boundary modeling and extreme condition control Transient Control of Gasoline Engines describes the behavior of engine dynamics operated at transient mode as a dynamical system and employs the advanced control theory to design a real-time control strategy that can be used to improve efficiency and emission performance overall. Geared toward graduate students, this book also serves as a trusted source for researchers and practitioners focused on engine and engine electronics design, car electronics, and control engineering.

Handbook of Air Pollution from Internal Combustion Engines

Pollutant Formation and Control
Author: Eran Sher
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080532752
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 663
View: 8919
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This handbook is an important and valuable source for engineers and researchers in the area of internal combustion engines pollution control. It provides an excellent updated review of available knowledge in this field and furnishes essential and useful information on air pollution constituents, mechanisms of formation, control technologies, effects of engine design, effects of operation conditions, and effects of fuel formulation and additives. The text is rich in explanatory diagrams, figures and tables, and includes a considerable number of references. An important resource for engineers and researchers in the area of internal combustion engines and pollution control Presents and excellent updated review of the available knowledge in this area Written by 23 experts Provides over 700 references and more than 500 explanatory diagrams, figures and tables

Gasoline Engine Management


Author: Robert Bosch GmbH
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 364
View: 4015
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The BOSCH handbook series on different automotive technologies has become one of the most definitive sets of reference books that automotive engineers have at their disposal. Starting with a brief review of the beginnings of automotive history, this book discusses the basics relating to the method of operation of gasoline-engine control systems. The descriptions of cylinder-charge control systems, fuel-injection systems (in-take manifold and gasoline direct injection), and ignition systems provide a comprehensive, firsthand overview of the control mechanisms indispensable for operating a modern gasoline engine. The practical implementation of engine management and control is described by the examples of various Motronic engine-management systems and of the control and regulation functions integrated in this particular management system. The 3rd edition offers new or completely revised chapters in the following areas - High pressure pumps for direct gasoline injection; Mixture formation for manifold injection; Gasoline engines fuelled by natural gas; Catalytic exhaust-gas treatment; Diagnostics. A key chapter looks at emission control legislation and provides an insight into the complexity of the statutory provisions.

Emissions and Demonstration of an Emissions Control Technology for Small 2-stroke Utility Engines


Author: Thomas Durbin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Two-stroke cycle engines
Page: 19
View: 582
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Emissions from combustion engines and their control


Author: Donald J. Patterson,Naeim Abdou Henein
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 355
View: 1627
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Advanced Direct Injection Combustion Engine Technologies and Development

Gasoline and Gas Engines
Author: H Zhao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845697324
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 312
View: 1989
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Direct injection enables precise control of the fuel/air mixture so that engines can be tuned for improved power and fuel economy, but ongoing research challenges remain in improving the technology for commercial applications. As fuel prices escalate DI engines are expected to gain in popularity for automotive applications. This important book, in two volumes, reviews the science and technology of different types of DI combustion engines and their fuels. Volume 1 deals with direct injection gasoline and CNG engines, including history and essential principles, approaches to improved fuel economy, design, optimisation, optical techniques and their applications. Reviews key technologies for enhancing direct injection (DI) gasoline engines Examines approaches to improved fuel economy and lower emissions Discusses DI compressed natural gas (CNG) engines and biofuels

Schadstoffreduzierung und Kraftstoffverbrauch von Pkw-Verbrennungsmotoren


Author: Fred Schäfer,Richard van Basshuysen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3709193052
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 214
View: 3272
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Das Buch behandelt die Entstehung von Schadstoffemissionen und die Möglichkeiten zu deren Verringerung sowie den Kraftstoffverbrauch bei Otto- und Dieselmotoren einschließlich Dieselmotoren mit Direkteinspritzung. Neben den motorischen Aspekten der Schadstoffbildung und Schadstoffminderung werden Systeme und Verfahren zur Abgasnachbehandlung dargestellt. Die wichtigsten Einflüsse der Kraft- und Schmierstoffe (sowohl konventionelle als auch alternative Kraftstoffe) auf das Schadstoffverhalten werden beschrieben. Neben konventionellen Otto- und Dieselmotoren werden auch Magermotoren und Ottomotoren mit Direkteinspritzung sowie Zweitakt-Otto- und Dieselmotoren behandelt. Auch das Potential der Möglichkeiten im Hinblick auf Verbrauchsabsenkung und Minimierung der Schadstoffemissionen wird dargestellt, ebenso die damit verbundene Verringerung der CO2-Emission. Am Ende des Buches sind die wichtigsten Gesetze und Verordnungen über Emissions- und Verbrauchsgrenzwerte in einer ausführlichen Übersicht zusammengestellt.

Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts


Author: Isabella Nova,Enrico Tronconi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489980717
Category: Science
Page: 716
View: 8475
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Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts presents a complete overview of the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by ammonia/urea. The book starts with an illustration of the technology in the framework of the current context (legislation, market, system configurations), covers the fundamental aspects of the SCR process (catalysts, chemistry, mechanism, kinetics) and analyzes its application to useful topics such as modeling of full scale monolith catalysts, control aspects, ammonia injections systems and integration with other devices for combined removal of pollutants.

National air toxics program the integrated urban strategy, report to Congress


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 142890199X
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6602
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Automotive Spark-Ignited Direct-Injection Gasoline Engines


Author: F. Zhao,M.-C. Lai,D.L. Harrington
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080552798
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 128
View: 3305
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The process of fuel injection, spray atomization and vaporization, charge cooling, mixture preparation and the control of in-cylinder air motion are all being actively researched and this work is reviewed in detail and analyzed. The new technologies such as high-pressure, common-rail, gasoline injection systems and swirl-atomizing gasoline fuel injections are discussed in detail, as these technologies, along with computer control capabilities, have enabled the current new examination of an old objective; the direct-injection, stratified-charge (DISC), gasoline engine. The prior work on DISC engines that is relevant to current GDI engine development is also reviewed and discussed. The fuel economy and emission data for actual engine configurations have been obtained and assembled for all of the available GDI literature, and are reviewed and discussed in detail. The types of GDI engines are arranged in four classifications of decreasing complexity, and the advantages and disadvantages of each class are noted and explained. Emphasis is placed upon consensus trends and conclusions that are evident when taken as a whole; thus the GDI researcher is informed regarding the degree to which engine volumetric efficiency and compression ratio can be increased under optimized conditions, and as to the extent to which unburned hydrocarbon (UBHC), NOx and particulate emissions can be minimized for specific combustion strategies. The critical area of GDI fuel injector deposits and the associated effect on spray geometry and engine performance degradation are reviewed, and important system guidelines for minimizing deposition rates and deposit effects are presented. The capabilities and limitations of emission control techniques and after treatment hardware are reviewed in depth, and a compilation and discussion of areas of consensus on attaining European, Japanese and North American emission standards presented. All known research, prototype and production GDI engines worldwide are reviewed as to performance, emissions and fuel economy advantages, and for areas requiring further development. The engine schematics, control diagrams and specifications are compiled, and the emission control strategies are illustrated and discussed. The influence of lean-NOx catalysts on the development of late-injection, stratified-charge GDI engines is reviewed, and the relative merits of lean-burn, homogeneous, direct-injection engines as an option requiring less control complexity are analyzed.

A Review of Alternative Fuels and Emission Control Technologies for Motor Vehicles


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Automobiles
Page: 148
View: 7502
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