Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites


Author: Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530970
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 4572
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

FRC 2000 – Composites for the Millennium

Proceedings from the Eighth International Conference on Fibre Reinforced Composites, 13-15 September 2000, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
Author: A G Gibson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093134
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 656
View: 7902
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents the proceeding of the 8th in this successful series of conferences organised by the Centre for Composite Materials Engineering of the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and sponsored by the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (ImechE) and The Institute of Materials (IoM). The papers presented show how FRCs are being used in a steadily increasing range of technologies and how their properties make them appropriate choices for designers and processors interested in exploiting the potential of these highly versatile materials. Composites applications now extend well beyond their established uses in aerospace, marine and land transport and, although exciting developments are still taking place in these fields, it is the rapidly expanding range of civil engineering and infrastructure applications which offers the greatest potential for novel uses. FRC's high strength, light weight and durability make them appropriate for large scale structures and, as these proceedings demonstrate, they are increasingly being specified as an advantageous alternative to more traditional materials.

Fatigue in Composites

Science and Technology of the Fatigue Response of Fibre-Reinforced Plastics
Author: B. Harris
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855736085
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 742
View: 7017
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fiber composites, like metals, exhibit a form of degradation in service described as fatigue. Engineers must understand composite fatigue because it is a causative agent of design and structural failures. Engineers need to increase their knowledge of the mechanisms which result in degradation in order to predict the life of a composite under specified conditions and produce composites with greater durability. This book provides an extensive account of contemporary research on fatigue from a selection of internationally recognized researchers. Part one introduces the concept, delivering a historical review of the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics and illustrating fatigue test methods and fatigue under multiaxial stress systems. The second part reviews current research on micromechanical aspects, emphasizing long-term behavior, interface performance, delamination, and damage accumulation. The next two sections cover the analysis and testing of fatigue behavior and detail physical, micromechanical, computational, statistical, and life-prediction models for constant and variable stress. The final parts offer an overview of the wide range of composite fatigue-related problems experienced by engineers in aerospace, marine, and structural engineering.

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application

Volume B: Carbon Nanotube Based Polymer Composites
Author: Kamal K. Kar,Jitendra K. Pandey,Sravendra K. Rana
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642452299
Category: Science
Page: 601
View: 7154
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Volume B forms one volume of a Handbook about Polymer Nanocomposites. Volume B deals with Carbon nanotube based polymer composites. The preparation, architecture, characterisation, properties and application of polymer nanocomposites are discussed within some 25 chapters. Each chapter has been authored by experts in the respective field.

Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites


Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081023006
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 478
View: 7714
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites covers key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic fiber reinforced polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Topics of interest include mechanical properties, such as tensile, flexural, compression, shear, impact, fracture toughness, low and high velocity impact, and anti-ballistic properties of natural fiber, synthetic fibers and hybrid composites materials. It also covers physical properties, such as density, water absorption, thickness swelling, and void content of composite materials fabricated from natural or synthetic materials. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Impact Behaviour of Fibre-reinforced Composite Materials and Structures


Author: S.R. Reid,G. Zhou
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849308475
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 280
View: 9371
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Much of the early, pioneering work on the properties of composites under impact is still conceptually relevant, yet the results of many such analyses are outdated. The accuracy of these results depend specifically on the materials used (fibre, resin), interface, and method of fabrication. Development of new materials, cost effective design, and analysis and prediction of structural behaviour have all established a need for timely, wide ranging research on impact behaviour. Impact Behaviour of Fibre-Reinforced Composite Materials and Structures brings together - for the first time - state-of-the-art research from the most recent works of leading, international experts. An important new study, this book extensively investigates impact response, damage tolerance, and failure of fibre-reinforced composite materials and structure, from a number of expert viewpoints. This book explores the nature of modern polymer composites based on glass, carbon, aramid, ceramic and polymer fibres in a polymer matrix, and details various ways of analysing the impact process. Impact Behaviour of Fibre-Reinforced Composite Materials and Structures will prove itself a valuable tool for research and development engineers, structural engineers, materials scientists, designers, and students and researchers of related disciplines.

Proceedings of the ... International Congress on Experimental Mechanics


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780912053691
Category: Science
Page: 1020
View: 1308
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Interfacial Engineering of the Interphase Between Carbon Fibers and Vinyl Ester Resin


Author: Lanhong Xu
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Adhesion
Page: 406
View: 7390
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6075
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Acta Geodynamica Et Geomaterialia


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geodynamics
Page: N.A
View: 6945
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Comprehensive structural integrity


Author: I. Milne,Robert O. Ritchie,B. Karihaloo
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: N.A
View: 8572
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Multi-scale modelling of composite material systems

the art of predictive damage modelling
Author: Costas Soutis,Peter W. R. Beaumont
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855739369
Category: Science
Page: 506
View: 1747
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This new book focuses on the fundamental understanding of composite materials at the microscopic scale, from designing micro-structural features, to the predictive equations of the functional behaviour of the structure for a specific end-application. The papers presented discuss stress and temperature-related behavioural phenomena based on knowledge of physics of microstructure and microstructural change over time. CONTENTS Molecular modelling of composite matrix properties; Interfacial damage modelling of composites; Multiscale predictive modelling of cracking in laminate composites; Modelling the strength of fibre-reinforced composites; Cracking models; Multi-scale modelling of cracking in cross-ply laminates; Modelling damage in laminate composites; Progressive multi-scale modelling of composite laminates; Predicting fracture of laminate composites; Modelling the compressive response behaviour of monolithic and sandwich composite structures; Modelling composite reinforcement by stitching and z-pinning; Finite element modelling of brittle matrix composites; Wear modelling of polymer composites; Modelling impact damage in composite structural elements; Modelling structural damage using elastic wave-based techniques; Modelling the fatigue behaviour of bonded joints in composite materials.

PRO 30: 4th International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites (HPFRCC 4)


Author: Antoine E. Naaman,Hans Wolfgang Reinhardt
Publisher: RILEM Publications
ISBN: 9782912143372
Category: Cement composites
Page: 546
View: 392
DOWNLOAD NOW »


The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 6299
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Advanced Technology for Design and Fabrication of Composite Materials and Structures

Applications to the Automotive, Marine, Aerospace and Construction Industry
Author: George C. Sih,Alberto Carpinteri,G. Surace
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792333036
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 438
View: 4537
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The last decade has seen a significant growth in the processing and fabrication of advanced composite materials. This volume contains the up-to-date contributions of those with working experience in the automotive, marine, aerospace and construction field. Starting with modern technologies concerned with assessing the change in material microstructure in terms of the processing parameters, methodologies are offered to account for tradeoffs between the fundamental variables such as temperature and pressure that control the product quality. The book contains new ideas and data, not available in the open literature.

Properties of Graphite Fiber Reinforced Copper Matrix Composites for Space Power Applications


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Composite materials
Page: 14
View: 9882
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Composite Materials Research Progress


Author: Lucas P. Durand
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600219948
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 307
View: 6630
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Composite materials are engineered materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties and which remain separate and distinct on a macroscopic level within the finished structure. Fibre Reinforced Polymers or FRPs include Wood comprising (cellulose fibers in a lignin and hemicellulose matrix), Carbon-fiber reinforced plastic or CFRP, Glass-fibre reinforced plastic or GFRP (also GRP). If classified by matrix then there are Thermoplastic Composites, short fiber thermoplastics, long fibre thermoplastics or long fibre reinforced thermoplastics There are numerous thermoset composites, but advanced systems usually incorporate aramid fibre and carbon fibre in an epoxy resin matrix. Composites can also utilise metal fibres reinforcing other metals, as in Metal matrix composites or MMC. Ceramic matrix composites include Bone (hydroxyapatite reinforced with collagen fibres), Cermet (ceramic and metal) and Concrete. Organic matrix/ceramic aggregate composites include Asphalt concrete, Mastic asphalt, Mastic roller hybrid, Dental composite, Syntactic foam and Mother of Pearl. Chobham armour is a special composite used in military applications. Engineered wood includes a wide variety of different products such as Plywood, Oriented strand board, Wood plastic composite (recycled wood fibre in polyethylene matrix), Pykrete (sawdust in ice matrix), Plastic-impregnated or laminated paper or textiles, Arborite, Formica (plastic) and Micarta. Composite materials have gained popularity (despite their generally high cost) in high-performance products such as aerospace components (tails, wings , fuselages, propellors), boat and scull hulls, and racing car bodies. More mundane uses include fishing rods and storage tanks. This new book presents the latest research from around the world.

Composites Industry Abstracts


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Composite materials
Page: N.A
View: 2638
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Ceramic Matrix Composites

Materials, Modeling and Technology
Author: Narottam P. Bansal,Jacques Lamon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118832892
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 712
View: 1790
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a comprehensive source of information on various aspects of ceramic matrix composites (CMC). It covers ceramic and carbon fibers; the fiber-matrix interface; processing, properties and industrial applications of various CMC systems; architecture, mechanical behavior at room and elevated temperatures, environmental effects and protective coatings, foreign object damage, modeling, life prediction, integration and joining. Each chapter in the book is written by specialists and internationally renowned researchers in the field. This book will provide state-of-the-art information on different aspects of CMCs. The book will be directed to researchers working in industry, academia, and national laboratories with interest and professional competence on CMCs. The book will also be useful to senior year and graduate students pursuing degrees in ceramic science and engineering, materials science and engineering, aeronautical, mechanical, and civil or aerospace engineering. Presents recent advances, new approaches and discusses new issues in the field, such as foreign object damage, life predictions, multiscale modeling based on probabilistic approaches, etc. Caters to the increasing interest in the application of ceramic matrix composites (CMC) materials in areas as diverse as aerospace, transport, energy, nuclear, and environment. CMCs are considered ans enabling technology for advanced aeropropulsion, space propulsion, space power, aerospace vehicles, space structures, as well as nuclear and chemical industries. Offers detailed descriptions of ceramic and carbon fibers; fiber-matrix interface; processing, properties and industrial applications of various CMC systems; architecture, mechanical behavior at room and elevated temperatures, environmental effects and protective coatings, foreign object damage, modeling, life prediction, integration/joining.

PRO 6: 3rd International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites (HPFRCC 3)


Author: Hans Wolfgang Reinhardt,Antoine E. Naaman
Publisher: RILEM Publications
ISBN: 9782912143068
Category: Cement composites
Page: 666
View: 5774
DOWNLOAD NOW »