Environmental program and policy evaluation

addressing methodological challenges
Author: American Evaluation Association
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 118
View: 6372
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Although environmental policy and program evaluation emerged rather late compared to many other areas of public policy, an energetic evaluation community in the environmental field has emerged during the last decade. This is a community of evaluators with diverse backgrounds in environmental sciences, social sciences, and general evaluation. Evaluation in the environmental field is characterized by complex policies and programs around wicked problems. They exist within complex systems composed of interacting environmental and socioeconomic systems. In furthering the state of evaluation in the environmental field, this issue of focuses on key methodological challenges: OL {list-style:disc} P:{margin-left 60px} time horizons scaling data credibility research designs and counterfactuals Contributors look at each challenge with two chapters, to enhance a pluralistic discourse for development of the theory and practice of environmental evaluation. The authorsfrom Australia, Europe, and North Americarepresent the diversity of the community with respect to their formal training, personal experiences, and institutional affiliations. The issue concludes with two commentaries reflecting on the discussions in relation to that of contemporary evaluation in general and a summary of the insights for the future of environmental evaluation. These chapters cumulatively hold promise for furthering the quality of evaluations not only in the environmental field but in other fields as well. This is the 122nd volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Evaluation, an official publication of the American Evaluation Association.

Evaluating Environment in International Development


Author: Juha Uitto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317803256
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 302
View: 2852
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More than twenty years after the Earth Summit was held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, both national and international actors in governmental and nongovernmental fields are still searching for insights into how sustainable development can be advanced and environmental concerns incorporated into the development agenda more effectively. Moreover, climate change has emerged as a preeminent challenge to both the environment and to development. Evaluating Environment in International Development provides international perspectives and in-depth knowledge of evaluating development and the environment and applies evaluation knowledge to climate change mitigation and adaptation. The book focuses on the approaches and experiences of leading international organizations, not-for-profits, and multilateral and bilateral aid agencies to illustrate how systematic evaluation is an essential tool for providing evidence for decision-makers. It provides novel and in-depth perspectives on evaluating environment and sustainability issues in developing countries. Moving beyond projects and programmes, it considers aspects such as evaluating normative work on the environment and evaluating environmental consequences of economic and social development efforts. This original collection should be of interest to scholars of environment studies, development studies, international relations, sustainable development and evaluation, as well as practitioners in international organizations and development and environmental NGOs.

Environmental Policy in the EU

Actors, institutions and processes
Author: Andrew Jordan,Camilla Adelle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136272208
Category: Law
Page: 424
View: 8941
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The European Union (EU) has a hugely important effect on the way in which environmental policies are framed and implemented in many different parts of the world, but especially Europe. The new and comprehensively revised edition of this well-known textbook provides a state-of-the-art analysis of all the EU’s environmental policies. Comprising five parts, it covers the rapidly changing context in which EU environmental policies are made, the key actors who interact to co-produce policy and the most salient dynamics of policy making, ranging from decision making through to implementation and evaluation. Written by leading experts in the field, individual chapters examine how the EU is responding to a multitude of different problems including biodiversity loss, climate change, energy insecurity, and water and air pollution. They tease out the many important ways in which the EU's policies on these topics co-evolve with national and international environmental policies. In this third edition a mixture of learning features are employed to ensure that undergraduate and postgraduate students fully understand how EU policies in this vital area developed in the past and how they are now adapting to the rapidly evolving challenges of the twenty-first century.

Context: A Framework for Its Influence on Evaluation Practice

New Directions for Evaluation, Number 135
Author: Debra J. Rog,Jody L. Fitzpatrick,Ross F. Conner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118465059
Category: Education
Page: 120
View: 5162
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Context is a force in evaluation. It shapes our practice, influencing how we approach and design our studies, how we carry them out, and how we report our findings. Context also moderates and mediates the outcomes of the programs and policies we evaluate. This issue focuses squarely on the role that context plays in practice and illuminates its effect on the implementation and outcomes of programs. Exploring the ways in which attending to context may improve the quality of evaluation practice, the contributions span theory, methods, and practice in an effort to move to a more comprehensive conceptualization of context that can guide our work. It: Provides an historical and theoretical view of evaluators’ treatment of context Illustrates how context has influenced evaluation practice Presents a five-area framework for guiding a contextual analysis of evaluations Introduces “context assessment,” which provides a means of integrating context and its implications within the important stages of evaluation. This is the 135th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Evaluation, an official publication of the American Evaluation Association.

Environmental Program Evaluation

A Primer
Author: G. J. Knaap
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252023347
Category: Political Science
Page: 376
View: 3230
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This pioneer work in a complex, interdisciplinary, and still-developing field explores the prospects for a more comprehensive approach to evaluating environmental programs. Experts in the fields of biology, chemistry, ecology, economics, management, planning, sociology, political science, and public administration provide coherent, integrated perspectives on the task of environmental program evaluation. The essays are organized thematically, covering institutional, scientific, economic, and administrative topics. The volume will be a valuable text for practitioners, regulators, policymakers, and scholars in the fields of program evaluation, environmental policy, and environmental science

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Administrative law
Page: N.A
View: 4856
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The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

Social Experimentation, Program Evaluation, and Public Policy


Author: Maureen A. Pirog
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307401
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 6560
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Responding to Environmental Conflicts: Implications for Theory and Practice


Author: Eileen Petzold-Bradley,Alexander Carius,Arpád Vincze
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401003955
Category: Social Science
Page: 308
View: 6408
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A comprehensive tour d'horizon of the debate on the environment and security, focusing on the various policy options for building peace and preventing environmental conflict. Experts from the areas survey the key environmental challenges in Eastern and Central European states and those of the former Soviet Union, extending the debate to such regions as the Balkans, the Black Sea and Central Europe. This is the first time such extensive case study research has been reported for these regions. Both practical and theoretical approaches to the debate are presented, within a multi-disciplinary framework, the contributors ranging from academic experts involved with peace and conflict research to actual policy makers active in the fields of environmental and security policy. Readership: Experts already working in the relevant disciplines, both academic and governmental, as well as those seeking an introduction to the various policy fields. A graduate-level study text, excellent survey for policy makers and an academic contribution to ongoing studies.

Canadian Natural Resource and Environmental Policy

Political Economy and Public Policy
Author: Melody Hessing,Michael Howlett
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780774806145
Category: Political Science
Page: 338
View: 8032
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This book examines policy-making in one of the most significant areasof activity in the Canadian economy -- natural resources and theenvironment. It discusses the evolution of resource policies from theearly era of exploitation to the present era of resource andenvironmental management. Using an integrated political economy andpolicy perspective, the book provides an analytic framework from whichthe foundation of ideological perspectives, administrative structures,and substantive issues are explored. The integration of social scienceperspectives and the combination of theoretical and empirical work makethis innovative book one of the most comprehensive analyses of Canadiannatural resource and environmental policy to date.

Improving the proof: Evolution of and emerging trends in impact assessment methods and approaches in agricultural development


Author: Mywish K. Maredia
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 48
View: 1685
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Assessing impacts of public investments has long captured the interest and attention of the development community. This paper presents the evolution of different methods and approaches used for ex ante appraisal, monitoring, project evaluation, and impact assessment over the last five decades. Among these tools, impact assessment (IA) conducted retrospectively comes closest to providing the proof of development effectiveness. It is defined as the systematic analysis of the significant or lasting changes in people's lives brought about by a given action or series of actions in relation to a counterfactual. There are three basic types of retrospective IAs: macro-level IAs that focus on the contribution of developmental efforts to an impact goal aggregated at a sector or a system level; micro-level impact evaluations (IEs) concerned with estimating the average effect of an intervention on outcomes at the beneficiary level; and micro-level ex post impact analysis concerned with total effects of a development effort after the outputs are scaled-up. Ex post IAs have evolved and expanded over the decades in both breadth and depth of analysis in response to evolving development themes and methodological advancements. The increased emphasis on learning from evaluations has also seen responses from both quantitative and qualitative camps of the evaluation community. The paper argues that generation of robust knowledge that feeds into making developmental policies and investment decisions requires a hierarchical and cumulative approach to "improving the proof" through rigorous and a variety of impact assessment methods applied incrementally at the project, program and system level. Subjecting as many development interventions as resources allow to rigorous impact assessment based on a common framework can help build a critical body of evidence on impacts of development interventions, which can then be subjected to meta-analyses to help assimilate results across different studies and build a knowledge base on what works and what does not.

Evaluating Research Efficiency in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Evaluating the Efficiency of Research and Development Programs at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309178198
Category: Political Science
Page: 152
View: 2399
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A new book from the National Research Council recommends changes in how the federal government evaluates the efficiency of research at EPA and other agencies. Assessing efficiency should be considered only one part of gauging a program's quality, relevance, and effectiveness. The efficiency of research processes and that of investments should be evaluated using different approaches. Investment efficiency should examine whether an agency's R&D portfolio, including the budget, is relevant, of high quality, matches the agency's strategic plan. These evaluations require panels of experts. In contrast, process efficiency should focus on "inputs" (the people, funds, and facilities dedicated to research) and "outputs" (the services, grants, publications, monitoring, and new techniques produced by research), as well as their timelines and should be evaluated using quantitative measures. The committee recommends that the efficiency of EPA's research programs be evaluated according to the same standards used at other agencies. To ensure this, OMB should train and oversee its budget examiners so that the PART questionnaire is implemented consistently and equitably across agencies.

New Tools for Environmental Protection

Education, Information, and Voluntary Measures
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309169424
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 1833
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Many people believe that environmental regulation has passed a point of diminishing returns: the quick fixes have been achieved and the main sources of pollution are shifting from large "point sources" to more diffuse sources that are more difficult and expensive to regulate. The political climate has also changed in the United States since the 1970s in ways that provide impetus to seek alternatives to regulation. This book examines the potential of some of these "new tools" that emphasize education, information, and voluntary measures. Contributors summarize what we know about the effectiveness of these tools, both individually and in combination with regulatory and economic policy instruments. They also extract practical lessons from this knowledge and consider what is needed to make these tools more effective. The book will be of interest to environmental policy practitioners and to researchers and students concerned with applying social and behavioral sciences knowledge to improve environmental quality.

The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution


Author: Rosemary O'Leary,Lisa B. Bingham
Publisher: Resources for the Future
ISBN: 9781891853647
Category: Law
Page: 368
View: 8813
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Environmental conflict resolution has been used since 1974 and an official part of policymaking since the mid-1990s. This book describes the kinds of disputes where it has been applied and critically investigates its record and potential, drawing on political science, anthropology and more.

Public Program Evaluation

A Statistical Guide
Author: Laura Langbein
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 0765635852
Category: Philosophy
Page: 304
View: 8453
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This book covers all your basics and introduces the reader to more advanced methods. It is very well written and includes examples that make even complicated procedures understandable. It even includes codes for STATA! A wonderful text that is a must have.

Environmental Policy Evaluation

Concepts and Practice
Author: Per Mickwitz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789516533349
Category: 1990-luku
Page: 188
View: 940
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Environmental Evaluation

Perception and Public Policy
Author: Ervin H. Zube
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521319720
Category: Psychology
Page: 148
View: 4202
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Thsi book describes ways of evaluating environments; based on users' perceptions and experiences.

Review of EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program

Overall Evaluation
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee to Review the EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Programs
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309052866
Category: Political Science
Page: 178
View: 9975
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This is the fourth and final volume reviewing EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP). After 4 years of review, the authoring committee retains its belief that EMAP's goals are laudable. However, because achieving the goals of this ambitious program will require that EMAP successfully meet the difficult scientific, practical, and management challenges, the committee continues to question whether and how well all these goals can be achieved. This final overall review reiterates that general assessment.

Reality Check

The Nature and Performance of Voluntary Environmental Programs in the United States, Europe, and Japan
Author: Richard D. Professor Morgenstern,William A. Pizer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136527311
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 204
View: 349
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Since the early 1990s, voluntary programs have played an increasingly prominent role in environmental management in the U.S. and other industrialized countries. Programs have attempted to address problems ranging from climate change and energy efficiency, to more localized air and water pollution problems. But do they work? Despite a growing theoretical literature, there is limited empirical evidence on their success or the situations most conducive to the approaches. Even less is known about their cost-effectiveness. Getting credible answers is important. Research to date has been largely limited to individual programs. This innovative book seeks to clarify what is known by looking at a range of program types, including different approaches adopted in different nations. The focus is on assessing actual performance via seven case studies, including the U.S. Climate Wise program, the U.S. EPA's 33/50 program on toxic chemicals, the U.K. Climate Change Agreements, and the Keidanren Voluntary Action Plan in Japan. The central goals of Reality Check are understanding outcomes and, more specifically, the relationship between outcomes and design. By including in-depth analyses by experts from the U.S., Europe, and Japan, the book advances scholarship and provides practical information for the future design of voluntary programs to stakeholders and policymakers on all sides of the Atlantic and Pacific.

Defense environmental programs annual report to Congress: Environmental Management Systems (2004)


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 142898254X
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3821
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Workshop on Review and Assessment of European Air Pollution Policies


Author: A (NA)
Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9289311630
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 159
View: 3163
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