Europe's Functional Constitution

A Theory of Constitutionalism Beyond the State
Author: Turkuler Isiksel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019875907X
Category:
Page: 288
View: 3434
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Constitutionalism has become a byword for legitimate government, but is it fated to lose its relevance as constitutional states relinquish power to international institutions? This book evaluates the extent to which constitutionalism, as an empirical idea and normative ideal, can be adapted to institutions beyond the state by surveying the sophisticated legal and political system of the European Union. Having originated in a series of agreements between states, the EU has acquired important constitutional features like judicial review, protections for individual rights, and a hierarchy of norms. Nonetheless, it confounds traditional models of constitutional rule to the extent that its claim to authority rests on the promise of economic prosperity and technocratic competence rather than on the democratic will of citizens. Critically appraising the European Union and its legal system, this book proposes the idea of 'functional constitutionalism' to describe this distinctive configuration of public power. Although the EU is the most advanced instance of functional constitutionalism to date, understanding this pragmatic mode of constitutional authority is essential for assessing contemporary international economic governance.

The Twilight of Constitutionalism?


Author: Petra Dobner,Martin Loughlin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199585008
Category: Law
Page: 352
View: 7745
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The essays gathered in this collection explore the effects of recent changes on two of the main building blocks of constitutionalism, statehood and democracy. It also looks at movements to overcome statehood in the EU and considers possible transformations to, or substitutes for statehood --

Global Constitutionalism and Its Challenges to Westphalian Constitutional Law


Author: Martin Belov
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509914897
Category: Law
Page: 304
View: 8408
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Westphalian constitutionalism has shaped our understanding of politics, socio-political institutions and personal and political freedom for centuries. It is historically based in the foundations of Western modernity, such as humanism and rationalism, and is organised around familiar principles of national sovereignty, the rule of law, the separation of powers, and democracy. But since the end of the twentieth century, global constitutionalism has gradually emerged, challenging both the constitutional ideology and the constitutional design of Westphalian constitutional law. This book critically assesses the structural and functional transformations in the Westphalian constitutional tradition produced by the emergence of supranational and global constitutionalism. In so doing, it evaluates the theory of global constitutionalism, its legal and socio-political limits, and important issues concerning the supranational constitutionalism of the EU. This leads to an articulation of the constitutional theory of the emerging post-Westphalian constitutionalism, examining its development during a period of significantly increased access to and sharing of information, increased mobility and more open statehood, as well as the rise of human rights and its encounter with populism and nationalism. This book will be of great interest to scholars of constitutional law and theory, particularly those with an interest in globalisation and supranationalism.

Handbook on Global Constitutionalism


Author: Anthony F. Lang, Jr.,Antje Wiener
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783477350
Category:
Page: 480
View: 8075
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This Handbook introduces scholars and students to the history, philosophy, and evidence of global constitutionalism. Contributors provide their insights from law, politics, international relations, philosophy, and history, drawing on diverse frameworks and empirical data sets. Across them all, however, is a recognition that the international order cannot be understood without an understanding of constitutional theory. The Handbook will define this field of inquiry for the next generation by bringing together some of the leading contemporary scholars.

Verfassungsfragmente

Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung
Author: Gunther Teubner
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518772805
Category: Law
Page: 291
View: 604
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Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.

Usurpation und Autorisierung

Konstituierende Gewalt im globalen Zeitalter
Author: Markus Patberg
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593508869
Category: Political Science
Page: 363
View: 7170
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Der politische Raum jenseits des Staates ist in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten zum Schauplatz folgenreicher Prozesse der Verfassungsbildung geworden. Markus Patberg argumentiert, dass der globale Konstitutionalismus mit Problemen der Usurpation einhergeht. Diese können überhaupt erst erkannt und einer Lösung zugeführt werden, wenn man die Kategorie der verfassunggebenden Gewalt für die suprastaatliche Ebene neu entwickelt. Im Zentrum seiner Studie steht die Frage, wie ein legitimer Modus der Autorisierung konstitutioneller Normsetzung aussehen könnte.

Constitutional Fragments

Societal Constitutionalism and Globalization
Author: Gunther Teubner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199644675
Category: Law
Page: 213
View: 532
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The powerful private sectors of the world economy remain largely unconstrained by fundamental constitutional rules, leading to human rights abuses on a massive scale. This book examines how the values of constitutional governance can be applied to the private sphere in the modern world, through a network of constitutional fragments.

Constitutionalism

Past, Present, and Future
Author: Dieter Grimm
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198766122
Category:
Page: 400
View: 5247
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Constitutionalism: Past, Present, and Future will offer a definitive collection of Professor Dieter Grimm's most important scholarly writings on constitutional thought and interpretation. The essays included in this volume explore the conditions under which the modern constitution could emerge; they treat the characteristics that must be given if the constitution may be called an achievement, the appropriate way to understand and interpret constitutional law under current conditions, the function of judicial review, the remaining role of national constitutions in a changing world, as well as the possibility of supra-national constitutionalism. Many of these essays have influenced the German and European discussion on constitutionalism and for the first time, much of the work of one of German's leading scholars of public law will be available in the English language.

The Constitutionalization of International Law


Author: Jan Klabbers,Anne Peters,Geir Ulfstein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199543429
Category: Law
Page: 393
View: 7120
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An important ongoing debate in international law concerns the extent to which the international legal system is becoming constitutionalized. This book examines whether such constitutionalization is taking place and what a constitutionalized world order could or should imply, by critically analysing constitutionalist theories and advancing new ideas

Souveränität

Herkunft und Zukunft eines Schlüsselbegriffs
Author: Dieter Grimm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sovereignty
Page: 135
View: 572
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The Three Branches

A Comparative Model of Separation of Powers
Author: Christoph Möllers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199602115
Category: Law
Page: 263
View: 3815
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The idea of the separation of powers is still popular in much political and constitutional discourse, though its meaning for the modern state remains unclear and contested. This book develops a new, comprehensive, and systematic account of the principle. It then applies this new concept to legal problems of different national constitutional orders, the law of the European Union, and international institutional law. It connects an argument from normative political theory with phenomena taken from comparative constitutional law. The book argues that the conflict between individual liberty and democratic self-determination that is characteristic of modern constitutionalism is proceduralized through the establishment of different governmental branches. A close analysis of the relation between individual and collective autonomy on the one hand and the ways lawmaking through public institutions can be established on the other hand helps us identify criteria for determining how legislative, administrative, and judicial lawmaking can be distinguished and should be organized. These criteria define a common ground in the confusing variety of western constitutional traditions and their diverse use of the notion of separated powers. They also enable us to establish a normative framework that throws a fresh perspective on problems of constitutional law in different constitutional systems: constitutional judicial review of legislation, limits of legislative delegation, parliamentary control of the executive, and standing. Linking arguments from comparative constitutional law and international law, the book then uses this framework to offer a new perspective on the debate on constitutionalism beyond the state. The concept permits certain institutional insights of the constitutional experiences within states to be applied at the international level without falling into any form of methodological nationalism.

Die Zukunft der Verfassung


Author: Dieter Grimm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Constitutional law
Page: 447
View: 3768
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Constitutionalism, Legitimacy, and Power

Nineteenth-century Experiences
Author: Kelly L. Grotke,Markus J. Prutsch
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198723059
Category: Law
Page: 431
View: 5104
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""This volume is the result of two working group meetings on constitutional history, held at the University of Helsinki in May 2010 and April 2011 under the auspices of the Research Project Europe 1815-1914"--Acknowledgements.

Demokratische Gesetzgebung in der Europäischen Union

Theorie und Praxis der dualen Legitimationsstruktur europäischer Hoheitsgewalt
Author: Jelena von Achenbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364223917X
Category: Law
Page: 522
View: 5961
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Das Mitentscheidungsverfahren (Art. 294 AEUV) ist seit dem Vertrag von Lissabon das ordentliche Gesetzgebungsverfahren der Europäischen Union. Mit der Monographie wird die Co-Gesetzgeberschaft von Europäischem Parlament und Rat als Mittel der demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Gesetzgebung untersucht. Im Zentrum steht dabei eine demokratietheoretische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Modell der dualen demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Hoheitsgewalt, das mit Art. 10 EUV nunmehr im Demokratieprinzip der Union verankert ist. Daneben steht eine empirisch gestützte Untersuchung der Praxis des Mitentscheidungsverfahrens, die sich insbesondere der zunehmenden Informalisierung des Gesetzgebungsprozesses („Triloge“) kritisch widmet.

The Language of Liberal Constitutionalism


Author: Howard Schweber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139462598
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 3135
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This book explores two basic questions regarding constitutional theory. First, in view of a commitment to democratic self-rule and widespread disagreement on questions of value, how is the creation of a legitimate constitutional regime possible? Second, what must be true about a constitution if the regime that it supports is to retain its claim to legitimacy? Howard Schweber shows that the answers to these questions appear in a theory of constitutional language that combines democratic theory with constitutional philosophy. The creation of a legitimate constitutional regime depends on a shared commitment to a particular and specialized form of language. Out of this simple observation, Schweber develops arguments about the characteristics of constitutional language, the necessary differences between constitutional language and the language of ordinary law or morality, as well as the authority of officials such as judges to engage in constitutional review of laws.

Verhältnismäßigkeit im Völkerrecht


Author: Björnstjern Baade,Sebastian Ehricht,Matthäus Fink,Mirka Moldner,Robert Frau,Isabella Risini,Torsten Stirner
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161542435
Category:
Page: 180
View: 2349
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English summary: Proportionality has taken root in many fields of public international law. This volume approaches proportionality on an abstract as well as more tangible level. Not only is its theoretical and philosophical background analysed, but also its effect in specific fields of investment, the European Union, humanitarian law and human rights. Proportionality's increased popularity is critically reflected on in each contribution. German description: Das Prinzip der Verhaltnismassigkeit erhalt in verschiedenen Bereichen des Volkerrechts Aufmerksamkeit und Relevanz. Dies war Anlass fur den Arbeitskreis junger Volkerrechtswissenschaftler und die Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationales Recht, gemeinsam einen Blick auf dieses Prinzip zu werfen. Der daraus entstandene Tagungsband liefert Einsichten aus diversen Blickwinkeln: Er stellt allgemeine gebietsubergreifende Fragen, etwa ob Verhaltnismassigkeit als globales Verfassungsprinzip verstanden und als Mittel zur Harmonisierung und Defragmentierung nutzbar gemacht werden kann. Daruber hinaus enthalt der Band philosophische Grunduberlegungen. Es werden die Relevanz und Wirkungsweise in verschiedenen konkreten Teilgebieten wie dem humanitaren Volkerrecht und dem Menschenrechtsschutz untersucht. Auch aktuelle Fragen internationaler Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit werden kritisch aufgegriffen. Nicht zuletzt setzen sich die Beitrage mit der aktuellen Rechtsprechung des Europaischen Gerichtshofes zur Verhaltnismassigkeit als Kompetenzregulativ auf Unionsebene auseinander. Mit Beitragen von: Frederik Becker, Michael Goldhammer, Sue Gonzalez Hauck, Thomas Muller, Anne Peters, Lars Schonwald, Rike Sinder, Sebastian Wuschka

Opposition im Völkerrecht

Ein Beitrag zur Legitimation internationaler Rechtserzeugung
Author: Isabelle Ley
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662444526
Category: Law
Page: 452
View: 7351
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Dieses mit der Otto-Hahn-Medaille der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft ausgezeichnete Werk entwickelt eine eigene These vom völkerrechtlichen Legitimationsdefizit: Völkerrechtlicher Rechtserzeugung fehlt es an Mechanismen institutionalisierter Opposition. Obwohl die Rechtserzeugungskompetenzen internationaler Institutionen zunehmen, fehlt es an Möglichkeiten, Regelungsalternativen und Änderungsvorschläge in völkerrechtlichen Verfahren zu artikulieren. „Opposition im Völkerrecht“ entwirft im Anschluss an Hannah Arendt und Claude Lefort eine Theorie des Konzepts der Opposition, die auch im Völkerrecht Anwendung finden kann. ​Es folgt eine interdisziplinäre Studie, die zum ersten Mal völkerrechtliche Rechtserzeugungsprozesse (konkret an drei Beispielen der Parlamentarischen Versammlung des Europarats, des WTO waiver-Mechanismus, der UNESCO Konvention zur kulturellen Vielfalt und des Cartagena-Protokolls zur Biodiversität) unter dem Gesichtspunkt mangelnder Politisierung untersucht und die in der Völkerrechtswissenschaft bisher nicht rezipierten philosophischen Ansätze von Hannah Arendt und Claude Lefort hierfür fruchtbar macht.

Kritik, Norm und Utopie

Die normativen Grundlagen der Krititschen Theorie
Author: Seyla Benhabib
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105615970
Category: Philosophy
Page: 270
View: 4703
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Seyla Benhabib liefert eine sorgfältige Darstellung der philosophischen Fundamente der Kritischen Theorie – eine intensive Befragung ihrer Ideenquellen bei Kant und Hegel und ihrer Entwicklungsgeschichte bis zu Jürgen Habermas. Verglichen mit anderen Werken zu diesem Thema ist die Arbeit der amerikanischen Philosophin sowohl systematischer komponiert als auch in ihren philosophiehistorischen Differenzierungen von erstaunlicher Schlüssigkeit und Präzision. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

In Whose Name?

A Public Law Theory of International Adjudication
Author: Armin von Bogdandy,Ingo Venzke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191026956
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 6257
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The vast majority of all international judicial decisions have been issued since 1990. This increasing activity of international courts over the past two decades is one of the most significant developments within the international law. It has repercussions on all levels of governance and has challenged received understandings of the nature and legitimacy of international courts. It was previously held that international courts are simply instruments of dispute settlement, whose activities are justified by the consent of the states that created them, and in whose name they decide. However, this understanding ignores other important judicial functions, underrates problems of legitimacy, and prevents a full assessment of how international adjudication functions, and the impact that it has demonstrably had. This book proposes a public law theory of international adjudication, which argues that international courts are multifunctional actors who exercise public authority and therefore require democratic legitimacy. It establishes this theory on the basis of three main building blocks: multifunctionality, the notion of an international public authority, and democracy. The book aims to answer the core question of the legitimacy of international adjudication: in whose name do international courts decide? It lays out the specific problem of the legitimacy of international adjudication, and reconstructs the common critiques of international courts. It develops a concept of democracy for international courts that makes it possible to constructively show how their legitimacy is derived. It argues that ultimately international courts make their decisions, even if they do not know it, in the name of the peoples and the citizens of the international community.

After Public Law


Author: Cormac Mac Amhlaigh,Claudio Michelon,Neil Walker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199669317
Category: Law
Page: 313
View: 8317
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An examination of the nature and scope of public law, this volume assesses its continued usefulness as a distinct area of legal inquiry and normativity in light of various historical trends and contemporary pressures affecting the global configuration of law in general. Divided into three parts, it studies the origins and nature of public law as a distinct legal concept, the values and functions of public law as practiced and understood in mainstream contemporarylegal discourse, and the evolution of public law in the context of global governance.