Experts

The Knowledge and Power of Expertise
Author: Nico Stehr,Reiner Grundmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136816771
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 5963

In this book, Stehr and Grundmann outline the theoretical significance and practical importance of the growing stratum of experts, counsellors and advisors in contemporary society. They argue that these experts perform knowledge based activities that mediate between the context of knowledge creation and application. Existing approaches tend to restrict the role of the expert to scientists, or to conflate the roles of professionals with experts. In avoiding such restrictions, this book sets out a framework to understanding the growing role of expertise in a better way.

Key Concepts in Critical Management Studies


Author: Mark Tadajewski,Pauline Maclaran,Elizabeth Parsons,Martin Parker
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1849205698
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 4567

Ideal as an introduction and as a quick reference, Key Concepts in Critical Management Studies explores the essential concepts used within the field today. Specially edited and written by a range of international experts, key ideas are succinctly explained and illustrated beyond a simple definition. Further reading suggestions and cross-referencing provide the reader with means to develop their knowledge further. With over 50 entries, from Actor Network Theory to Utopianism, readers have instant access and explanation of the most influential concepts in CMS literature.

How People Learn

Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309131979
Category: Education
Page: 384
View: 9129

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

The Tyranny of Experts

Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor
Author: William Easterly
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465080901
Category: Political Science
Page: 416
View: 2503

Over the last century, global poverty has largely been viewed as a technical problem that merely requires the right “expert” solutions. Yet all too often, experts recommend solutions that fix immediate problems without addressing the systemic political factors that created them in the first place. Further, they produce an accidental collusion with “benevolent autocrats,” leaving dictators with yet more power to violate the rights of the poor. In The Tyranny of Experts, economist William Easterly, bestselling author of The White Man's Burden, traces the history of the fight against global poverty, showing not only how these tactics have trampled the individual freedom of the world's poor, but how in doing so have suppressed a vital debate about an alternative approach to solving poverty: freedom. Presenting a wealth of cutting-edge economic research, Easterly argues that only a new model of development—one predicated on respect for the individual rights of people in developing countries, that understands that unchecked state power is the problem and not the solution —will be capable of ending global poverty once and for all.

Key Concepts in Modern Indian Studies


Author: Rachel Dwyer
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479848697
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 350
View: 1682

Modern Indian studies have recently become a site for new, creative, and thought-provoking debates extending over a broad canvas of crucial issues. As a result of socio-political transformations, certain concepts—such as ahimsa, caste, darshan, and race—have taken on different meanings. Bringing together ideas, issues, and debates salient to modern Indian studies, this volume charts the social, cultural, political, and economic processes at work in the Indian subcontinent. Authored by internationally recognized experts, this volume comprises over one hundred individual entries on concepts central to their respective fields of specialization, highlighting crucial issues and debates in a lucid and concise manner. Each concept is accompanied by a critical analysis of its trajectory and a succinct discussion of its significance in the academic arena as well as in the public sphere. Enhancing the shared framework of understanding about the Indian subcontinent, Key Concepts in Modern Indian Studies will provide the reader with insights into vital debates about the region, underscoring the compelling issues emanating from colonialism and postcolonialism.

Key ideas in human thought


Author: Kenneth McLeish
Publisher: Prima Lifestyles
ISBN: 9781559586504
Category: Education
Page: 789
View: 4686

"We vote Key ideas the year's best browse". -- Newsweek Key Ideas in Human Thought explains 2,500 of the most important terms and concepts that have shaped the modern world. Encompassing all fields of inquiry from science to history, this rich compendium is a valuable tool for anyone.

Handbook of Research on Collaborative Learning Using Concept Mapping


Author: Lupion Torres, Patricia
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1599049937
Category: Computers
Page: 548
View: 9269

This new encyclopedia discusses the extraordinary importance of internet technologies, with a particular focus on the Web.

Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy

Controversies in Practice
Author: Linda Robertson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118281543
Category: Medical
Page: 160
View: 9274

Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy is a key text for occupational therapy students and practitioners. Written by an internationally renowned group of clinicians, educators and academics and with a central case study running throughout, the book covers the theory and practice of the following key topics: Working and Thinking in Different Contexts; Teaching as Reasoning; Ethical Reasoning; Diversity in Reasoning; Working and Thinking within 'Evidence Frameworks'; Experience as a Framework; The Client. FEATURES includes case studies problem-solving framework questions at the end of each chapter commentaries on key topics relates theory to practice

The Death of Expertise

The Campaign Against Established Knowledge and Why it Matters
Author: Tom Nichols
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190469439
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 2566

People are now exposed to more information than ever before, provided both by technology and by increasing access to every level of education. These societal gains, however, have also helped fuel a surge in narcissistic and misguided intellectual egalitarianism that has crippled informed debates on any number of issues. Today, everyone knows everything: with only a quick trip through WebMD or Wikipedia, average citizens believe themselves to be on an equal intellectual footing with doctors and diplomats. All voices, even the most ridiculous, demand to be taken with equal seriousness, and any claim to the contrary is dismissed as undemocratic elitism. As Tom Nichols shows in The Death of Expertise, this rejection of experts has occurred for many reasons, including the openness of the internet, the emergence of a customer satisfaction model in higher education, and the transformation of the news industry into a 24-hour entertainment machine. Paradoxically, the increasingly democratic dissemination of information, rather than producing an educated public, has instead created an army of ill-informed and angry citizens who denounce intellectual achievement. Nichols has deeper concerns than the current rejection of expertise and learning, noting that when ordinary citizens believe that no one knows more than anyone else, democratic institutions themselves are in danger of falling either to populism or to technocracy-or in the worst case, a combination of both. The Death of Expertise is not only an exploration of a dangerous phenomenon but also a warning about the stability and survival of modern democracy in the Information Age.

Key Ideas in Sociology


Author: Peter Kivisto
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 0761988238
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 5413

Key Ideas in Sociology is the only compact and portable book for undergraduate readers that links issues regarding post-modern society to the ideas and individuals that gave rise to sociological thinking in the late 19th century. This is the ideal text for idea and history oriented introductory sociology courses.

Key Ideas in Sociology


Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1497056195
Category: Education
Page: 48
View: 9086

Facts101 is your complete guide to Key Ideas in Sociology. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Democracy at Large

NGOs, Political Foundations, Think Tanks and International Organizations
Author: B. Petric
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137032766
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 2321

An analysis of the transnationalization of politics in several societies concerned by programs of democracy promotion, the contributors to this book seek to understand how these new global norms and programs create forms of appropriation and resistance at the local level.

Key Concepts in Medical Sociology


Author: Jonathan Gabe,Michael Bury,Mary Ann Elston
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761974420
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 1894

This title provides a systematic and accessible introduction to medical sociology, beginning each 1500 word entry with a definition of the concept, then examines its origins, development, strengths and weaknesses, offering further reading guidance for independent learning, and drawing on international literature and examples.

Admission Assessment Exam Review E-Book


Author: HESI
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455738298
Category: Medical
Page: 184
View: 6911

Passing your admission assessment exam is the first step on the journey to becoming a successful health professional — make sure you’re prepared with Admission Assessment Exam Review, 3rd Edition from the testing experts at HESI! It offers complete content review and nearly 400 practice questions on the topics typically found on admission exams, including math, reading comprehension, vocabulary, grammar, biology, chemistry, anatomy and physiology, and physics. Plus, it helps you identify areas of weakness so you can focus your study time. Sample problems and step-by-step examples with explanations in the math and physics sections show you how to work through each problem so you understand the steps it takes to complete the equation. Practice tests with answer keys for each topic — located in the appendices for quick access — help you assess your understanding of each topic and familiarize you with the types of questions you’re likely to encounter on the actual exam. HESI Hints boxes offer valuable test-taking tips, as well as rationales, suggestions, examples, and reminders for specific topics. End-of-chapter review questions help you gauge your understanding of chapter content. A full-color layout and more illustrations in the life science chapters visually reinforce key concepts for better understanding. Expanded and updated content in each chapter ensures you’re studying the most current content. Basic algebra review in the math section offers additional review and practice. Color-coded chapters help you quickly find specific topic sections. Helpful organizational features in each chapter include an introduction, key terms, chapter outline, and a bulleted chapter summary to help you focus your study. A glossary at the end of the text offers quick access to key terms and their definitions.

Key Ideas in Sociology


Author: Martin Slattery
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748765652
Category: Social Science
Page: 295
View: 5980

Key Ideas in Sociology provides a tour d'horizon of the great sociological thinkers of the last two centuries -- their lives, their main ideas, and their influence on further thinking and practice in sociology. Fifty key thinkers in sociology are represented, both to give a sense of history to the development of the discipline and to exemplify the range of issues that have been covered. Each essay concludes with an annotated Suggested Readings list, and a General Bibliography is also provided.

Key Ideas in Teaching Mathematics

Research-based guidance for ages 9-19
Author: Anne Watson,Keith Jones,Dave Pratt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191643416
Category: Mathematics
Page: 272
View: 2331

Big ideas in the mathematics curriculum for older school students, especially those that are hard to learn and hard to teach, are covered in this book. It will be a first port of call for research about teaching big ideas for students from 9-19 and also has implications for a wider range of students. These are the ideas that really matter, that students get stuck on, and that can be obstacles to future learning. It shows how students learn, why they sometimes get things wrong, and the strengths and pitfalls of various teaching approaches. Contemporary high-profile topics like modelling are included. The authors are experienced teachers, researchers and mathematics educators, and many teachers and researchers have been involved in the thinking behind this book, funded by the Nuffield Foundation. An associated website, hosted by the Nuffield Foundation, summarises the key messages in the book and connects them to examples of classroom tasks that address important learning issues about particular mathematical ideas.

Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language


Author: Siobhan Chapman
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631429
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 4035

This book offers introductory entries on 80 ideas that have shaped the study of language up to the present day. Entries are written by experts in the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to reflect the full range of approaches and modes of thought. Each entry includes a brief description of the idea, an account of its development, and its impact on the field of language study. The book is written in an accessible style with clear descriptions of technical terms, guides to further reading, and extensive cross-referencing between entries. A useful additional feature of this book is that it is cross-referenced throughout with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing significant connections and continuities in the two related disciplines. Ideas covered range from Sense Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Logic, through Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and Conversation Analysis, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.

Key Ideas in Teaching Mathematics

Research-based guidance for ages 9-19
Author: Anne Watson,Keith Jones,Dave Pratt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191643424
Category: Mathematics
Page: 272
View: 1105

Big ideas in the mathematics curriculum for older school students, especially those that are hard to learn and hard to teach, are covered in this book. It will be a first port of call for research about teaching big ideas for students from 9-19 and also has implications for a wider range of students. These are the ideas that really matter, that students get stuck on, and that can be obstacles to future learning. It shows how students learn, why they sometimes get things wrong, and the strengths and pitfalls of various teaching approaches. Contemporary high-profile topics like modelling are included. The authors are experienced teachers, researchers and mathematics educators, and many teachers and researchers have been involved in the thinking behind this book, funded by the Nuffield Foundation. An associated website, hosted by the Nuffield Foundation, summarises the key messages in the book and connects them to examples of classroom tasks that address important learning issues about particular mathematical ideas.

Expert Secrets

The Underground Playbook for Finding Your Message, Building a Tribe, and Changing the World
Author: Russell Brunson
Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1683504593
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 5029

Your message has the ability to change someone’s life. The impact that the right message can have on someone at the right time in their life is immeasurable. It could help to save marriages, repair families, change someone’s health, grow a company or more... But only if you know how to get it into the hands of the people whose lives you have been called to change. Expert Secrets will put your message into the hands of people who need it.

Rule of Experts

Egypt, Techno-politics, Modernity
Author: Timothy Mitchell
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520232624
Category: History
Page: 413
View: 7331

Drawing upon two decades of fieldwork in Egypt, a political scientist and ethnographer offers a sweeping critique of social science theory, arguing that we need to move beyond postmoderism to examine the fundemental constructs of the social sciences: the nation, the economy, and violence.