Factional Politics in Post-Khomeini Iran


Author: Mehdi Moslem
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815629788
Category: History
Page: 366
View: 3007
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Since President Mohammad Khatami's landslide victory in May 1997, the Islamic Republic of Iran has been a study in contradictions. Whilst Khatami condemned his nations's fanatical past, there still remains an opposing faction towards the West. This study analyses Iran's post-revolutionary politics.

The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics


Author: Emad El-Din Shahin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190631937
Category:
Page: 704
View: 5228
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Over the past three decades, scholars, government analysts and terrorism experts have examined the relationship between Islam and politics. But specialists have tended to limit their analysis to a specific country or focus. Few works have provided a geographically comprehensive, in-depth analysis. Since 9/11, another wave of literature on political Islam and global terrorism has appeared, much of it superficial and sensationalist. This situation underscores the need for a comprehensive, analytical, and in-depth examination of Islam and politics in the post-9/11 era and in an increasingly globalizing world. The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics, with contributions from prominent scholars and specialists, provides a comprehensive analysis of what we know and where we are in the study of political Islam. It enables scholars, students, and policymakers to understand the interaction of Islam and politics and the multiple and diverse roles of Islamic movements, as well as issues of authoritarianism and democratization, religious extremism and terrorism regionally and globally.

Iran Divided

The Historical Roots of Iranian Debates on Identity, Culture, and Governance in the Twenty-First Century
Author: Shireen T. Hunter
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442233206
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 5541
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This text discusses the historical roots of Iran’s current divisions and debates. It identifies major conflicts, such as Iran versus Islam, secularism versus religion, and constitutionalism versus Islamic government. It also discusses politics and discourses in the Islamic republic regarding fundamental issues of identity, culture, and governance.

Guardians of the Revolution

Iran and the World in the Age of the Ayatollahs
Author: Ray Takeyh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199716609
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 1372
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For over a quarter century, Iran has been one of America's chief nemeses. Ever since Ayatollah Khomeini overthrew the Shah in 1979, the relationship between the two nations has been antagonistic: revolutionary guards chanting against the Great Satan, Bush fulminating against the Axis of Evil, Iranian support for Hezbollah, and President Ahmadinejad blaming the U.S. for the world's ills. The unending war of words suggests an intractable divide between Iran and the West, one that may very well lead to a shooting war in the near future. But as Ray Takeyh shows in this accessible and authoritative history of Iran's relations with the world since the revolution, behind the famous personalities and extremist slogans is a nation that is far more pragmatic--and complex--than many in the West have been led to believe. Takeyh explodes many of our simplistic myths of Iran as an intransigently Islamist foe of the West. Tracing the course of Iranian policy since the 1979 revolution, Takeyh identifies four distinct periods: the revolutionary era of the 1980s, the tempered gradualism following the death of Khomeini and the end of the Iran-Iraq war in 1989, the "reformist" period from 1997-2005 under President Khatami, and the shift toward confrontation and radicalism since the election of President Ahmadinejad in 2005. Takeyh shows that three powerful forces--Islamism, pragmatism, and great power pretensions--have competed in each of these periods, and that Iran's often paradoxical policies are in reality a series of compromises between the hardliners and the moderates, often with wild oscillations between pragmatism and ideological dogmatism. The U.S.'s task, Takeyh argues, is to find strategies that address Iran's objectionable behavior without demonizing this key player in an increasingly vital and volatile region. With its clear-sighted grasp of both nuance and historical sweep, Guardians of the Revolution will stand as the standard work on this controversial--and central--actor in world politics for years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History


Author: Touraj Daryaee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190208821
Category: History
Page: 432
View: 1425
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This Handbook is a current, comprehensive single-volume history of Iranian civilization. The authors, all leaders in their fields, emphasize the large-scale continuities of Iranian history while also describing the important patterns of transformation that have characterized Iran's past. Each of the chapters focuses on a specific epoch of Iranian history and surveys the general political, social, cultural, and economic issues of that era. The ancient period begins with chapters considering the anthropological evidence of the prehistoric era, through to the early settled civilizations of the Iranian plateau, and continuing to the rise of the ancient Persian empires. The medieval section first considers the Arab-Muslim conquest of the seventh century, and then moves on to discuss the growing Turkish influence filtering in from Central Asia beginning in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last third of the book covers Iran in the modern era by considering the rise of the Safavid state and its accompanying policy of centralization, the introduction of Shi'ism, the problems of reform and modernization in the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, and the revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath. The book is a collaborative exercise among scholars specializing in a variety of sub-fields, and across a number of disciplines, including history, art history, classics, literature, politics, and linguistics. Here, readers can find a reliable and accessible narrative that can serve as an authoritative guide to the field of Iranian studies.

Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies
Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886520
Category: Religion
Page: 310
View: 8561
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Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.

The Middle East & South Asia Folklore Bulletin


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Folklore
Page: N.A
View: 4266
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Orient


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Middle East
Page: N.A
View: 7790
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Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Africa, North
Page: N.A
View: 1449
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The films of Makhmalbaf

cinema, politics & culture in Iran
Author: Eric Egan
Publisher: Mage Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 229
View: 7504
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The "Films of Makhmalbaf examines the close and volatile relationship between a highly popular art form, the production of culture, and the politics of power in a society. Through a critical analysis of Mohsen Makhmalbaf's films, this book reveals the social and political context of Iran's national cinema under the Islamic Republic. It tracks the emergence of Iranian cinema since the Islamic Revolution, as Makhmalbaf, one of Iran's most influential filmmakers, and a committed artist whose work is provocative and never far from controversy, sought to engage the dramatic social and political upheavals that have taken place over the past twenty-four years. Makhmalbaf's films have always been reflexive meditations on the nature of cinema and art within a society, and Makhmalbaf's art, as part of that system, provides a view of film as an extension of its political environment. And as Iranian society has changed, so Makhmalbaf's films have progressed, from ardently advocating the declared ideals ofthe new regime to criticizing the failures of the revolution and examining controversial issues, all the while elucidating the social and political role of art and the artist.

How do political religious groups develop sustainable democratic commitments

the cases of Iran and Turkey
Author: Murat Gunes Tezcur
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 8904
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Choice


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Best books
Page: N.A
View: 9084
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The politics of economic restructuring in post-Khomeini Iran


Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami,University of Durham. Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 26
View: 4918
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Makhmalbaf at Large

The Making of a Rebel Filmmaker
Author: Hamid Dabashi
Publisher: I B Tauris & Company Limited
ISBN: 9781845115319
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 255
View: 9981
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The name of Mohsen Makhmalbaf is almost synonymous with the dramatic rise of Iranian cinema in the aftermath of the Islamic Revolution, and over the last 25 years, his career as filmmaker and writer has reflected the history of his homeland and the fate of its neighbours.

Twenty Years of Islamic Revolution

Political and Social Transition in Iran Since 1979
Author: Eric James Hooglund
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815629757
Category: History
Page: 193
View: 337
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The works gathered here are based on contemporary fieldwork in Iran by scholars of Iranian culture. The contributors cover topics such as civil society, foreign relations, Islamism, religious-secular debates and women's issues. These essays challenge stereotypes that have developed about modern-day Iran and should stimulate debate and discussion among scholars and students of the Middle East.

Religious Statecraft

The Politics of Islam in Iran
Author: Mohammad Ayatollahi Tabaar
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231545061
Category: Political Science
Page: 378
View: 2268
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Since the 1979 revolution, scholars and policy makers alike have tended to see Iranian political actors as religiously driven—dedicated to overturning the international order in line with a theologically prescribed outlook. This provocative book argues that such views have the link between religious ideology and political order in Iran backwards. Religious Statecraft examines the politics of Islam, rather than political Islam, to achieve a new understanding of Iranian politics and its ideological contradictions. Mohammad Ayatollahi Tabaar traces half a century of shifting Islamist doctrines against the backdrop of Iran’s factional and international politics, demonstrating that religious narratives in Iran can change rapidly, frequently, and dramatically in accordance with elites’ threat perceptions. He argues that the Islamists’ gambit to capture the state depended on attaining a monopoly over the use of religious narratives. Tabaar explains how competing political actors strategically develop and deploy Shi’a-inspired ideologies to gain credibility, constrain political rivals, and raise mass support. He also challenges readers to rethink conventional wisdom regarding the revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, the U.S. embassy hostage crisis, the Iran-Iraq War, the Green Movement, nuclear politics, and U.S.–Iran relations. Based on a micro-level analysis of postrevolutionary Iranian media and recently declassified documents as well as theological journals and political memoirs, Religious Statecraft constructs a new picture of Iranian politics in which power drives Islamist ideology.

After Khomeini

The Iranian Second Republic
Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134838859
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 6304
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For Iran the years since Ayatollah Khomeini's death have been dominated by the need for political consolidation and economic reconstruction. The book assesses the critical dilemmas of the regime both previous to and since the demise of its first spiritual leader. The vital issues of political succession and constitutional reform are addressed, contributing to an analysis of the structures and politics of power. How these have reflected upon economic policy is considered with close atttention being given to the reform policies of Rafsanjani. Foreign policy and security issues are discussed in both regional and global terms and include a study of Iranian defence strategy and its controversial re-armament drive. The final chapter examines the direction and context of all of these major policy areas, providing an analysis of whether the Islamic Republic truly represents a revolutionary alternative for the Third World or whether in fact it has developed in time to fall within a similar mould to other notable revolutions, casting by the wayside any uniquely Islamic agenda and alternatives. At the heart of this study is the belief that the Islamic regime has, since the cease-fire with Iraq, but more specifically since Ayatollah Khomeini's death passed into a new stage of development, referred to in the book as the `Second Republic'.